A.p U.S History Test

86 Questions  I  By Tmaldonado
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 a.p U.S history test
Ap test for class- ms. Maldonado

  
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  • 1. 
    The term Reconstruction refers to the
    • A. 

      Period immediately following the Civil War

    • B. 

      The attempt to rebuild Atlanta

    • C. 

      The treatment of African Americans after the Emancipation Proclamation

    • D. 

      The Gettysburg struggle

    • E. 

      The attempt to change Confederate ideas about slavery


  • 2. 
    A minimal Reconstruction policy was favored by
    • A. 

      President Lincoln

    • B. 

      Congress

    • C. 

      Northern states

    • D. 

      The Supreme Court

    • E. 

      Republican senators


  • 3. 
    The man who became president of the United States after Lincoln's assassination was
    • A. 

      Robert Smalls

    • B. 

      Andrew Johnson

    • C. 

      Ulysses S. Grant

    • D. 

      William H. Seward

    • E. 

      Andrew Jackson


  • 4. 
    Which of the following required 50 percent of southern voters to take an oath of loyalty to the Union before the southern states could regain their status as states?
    • A. 

      Wade Davis Bill

    • B. 

      Fourteenth Amendment

    • C. 

      Fifteenth Amendment

    • D. 

      Loyalty Act

    • E. 

      Tenure of Office Act


  • 5. 
    Which one of the following constitutional amendments abolished slavery?>
    • A. 

      Thirteenth

    • B. 

      Fourteenth

    • C. 

      Fifteenth

    • D. 

      Sixteenth

    • E. 

      Seventeenth


  • 6. 
    Black Codes showed that
    • A. 

      Southerners were willing to allow African Americans legal equality

    • B. 

      Southerners wanted African Americans to return to positions of servility

    • C. 

      Southerners were interested in improving the education of the freedmen

    • D. 

      The freedmen would be allowed to vote and participate in the political process

    • E. 

      The idea of 'seperate but equal' was already established


  • 7. 
    Which one of the following constitutional amendments abolished slavery?>
    • A. 

      Thirteenth

    • B. 

      Fourteenth

    • C. 

      Fifteenth

    • D. 

      Sixteenth

    • E. 

      Seventeenth


  • 8. 
    Which of the following constitutional amendments attempted to give civil rights to the former slaves?
    • A. 

      Thirteenth

    • B. 

      Fourteenth

    • C. 

      Fifteenth

    • D. 

      Sixteenth

    • E. 

      Seventeenth


  • 9. 
    Andrew Johnson was indicted by the House for his violation of the
    • A. 

      Civil RIghts Act of 1866

    • B. 

      Tenure of Office Act

    • C. 

      Wade Davis Bill

    • D. 

      Fourteenth Amendment

    • E. 

      Loyalty Act


  • 10. 
    For the South,recovery from devastation of the Civil War
    • A. 

      Would be a quick and easy process

    • B. 

      Would be long and difficult

    • C. 

      Was resisted by white society

    • D. 

      Depended on a new economic system

    • E. 

      Was complete by 1870


  • 11. 
    Andrew Johnson was indicted by the House for his violation of the
    • A. 

      Civil RIghts Act of 1866

    • B. 

      Tenure of Office Act

    • C. 

      Wade Davis Bill

    • D. 

      Fourteenth Amendment

    • E. 

      Loyalty Act


  • 12. 
    The federal agency designed to assist former slaves in making the economic adjustment to freedom was known as the
    • A. 

      Freedman's Bureau

    • B. 

      Department of Education

    • C. 

      African American Rights Association

    • D. 

      Liberty Association

    • E. 

      Southern Reconstruction Agency


  • 13. 
    Northerners who moved South during Reconstruction were called
    • A. 

      Scalawags

    • B. 

      Copperheads

    • C. 

      Klansmen

    • D. 

      Carpetbaggers

    • E. 

      Redeemers


  • 14. 
    As early as 1863, Lincoln proposed a plan for restoring southern state governments based on _______ percent of the voting population of 1860 taking a loyalty oath to the Union.
    • A. 

      5

    • B. 

      10

    • C. 

      20

    • D. 

      25

    • E. 

      50


  • 15. 
    Northerners who moved South during Reconstruction were called
    • A. 

      Scalawags

    • B. 

      Copperheads

    • C. 

      Klansmen

    • D. 

      Carpetbaggers

    • E. 

      Redeemers


  • 16. 
    The invention in the 1790s that permitted the great expansion of cotton cultivation was the
    • A. 

      Railroad

    • B. 

      Cotton gin

    • C. 

      Cotton reaper

    • D. 

      Steel plow

    • E. 

      Mechanical seed planter


  • 17. 
    As early as 1863, Lincoln proposed a plan for restoring southern state governments based on _______ percent of the voting population of 1860 taking a loyalty oath to the Union.
    • A. 

      5

    • B. 

      10

    • C. 

      20

    • D. 

      25

    • E. 

      50


  • 18. 
    Slavery would not have lasted as long as it did except for
    • A. 

      The place it held in the southern economy

    • B. 

      The South's lack of moral sensitivity

    • C. 

      The willingness of slaves to submit to the system

    • D. 

      The North 's lack of interest in the problem

    • E. 

      The constant supply of slaves from Africa


  • 19. 
    About _________ percent of whites in the South in 1860 were large landowners wth dozens of slaves.
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      4

    • C. 

      10

    • D. 

      40

    • E. 

      50


  • 20. 
    Slavery would not have lasted as long as it did except for
    • A. 

      The place it held in the southern economy

    • B. 

      The South' s lack of moral sensitivity

    • C. 

      The willingness of slaves to submit to the system

    • D. 

      The North's lack of interest in the problem

    • E. 

      The constant supply of slaves from Africa


  • 21. 
    About _________ percent of whites in the South in 1860 were large landowners wth dozens of slaves.
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      4

    • C. 

      10

    • D. 

      40

    • E. 

      50


  • 22. 
    In the South, social prestige and influence were determined by
    • A. 

      Birth order and family heritage

    • B. 

      Ties to prominent, English families

    • C. 

      The ownership of slaves

    • D. 

      The region of the South where one lived

    • E. 

      The amount of land one owned


  • 23. 
    Most African Americans experienced slavery
    • A. 

      On farms

    • B. 

      In mines and small factories

    • C. 

      In small southern towns

    • D. 

      On plantations

    • E. 

      In large southern cities


  • 24. 
    Most African Americans experienced slavery
    • A. 

      On farms

    • B. 

      In mines and small factories

    • C. 

      In small southern towns

    • D. 

      On plantations

    • E. 

      In large southern cities


  • 25. 
    In the South, social prestige and influence were determined by
    • A. 

      Birth order and family heritage

    • B. 

      Ties to prominent, English families

    • C. 

      The ownership of slaves

    • D. 

      The region of the South where one lived

    • E. 

      The amount of land one owned


  • 26. 
    Slaveholders continually indocrinated their slaves with the idea of
    • A. 

      The God-ordained supremacy of whites

    • B. 

      Self-sufficiency

    • C. 

      The work ethic

    • D. 

      Patriotism

    • E. 

      Their superiority to Native Americans


  • 27. 
    Most African Americans experienced slavery
    • A. 

      On farms

    • B. 

      In mines and small factories

    • C. 

      In small southern towns

    • D. 

      On plantations

    • E. 

      In large southern cities


  • 28. 
    Slaveholders continually indocrinated their slaves with the idea of
    • A. 

      The God-ordained supremacy of whites

    • B. 

      Self-sufficiency

    • C. 

      The work ethic

    • D. 

      Patriotism

    • E. 

      Their superiority to Native Americans


  • 29. 
    The foundation of the African American culture was
    • A. 

      Religion

    • B. 

      Political activity

    • C. 

      Art

    • D. 

      Music

    • E. 

      A shared language


  • 30. 
    The foundation of the African American culture was
    • A. 

      Religion

    • B. 

      Political activity

    • C. 

      Art

    • D. 

      Music

    • E. 

      A shared language


  • 31. 
    Slaveholders continually indocrinated their slaves with the idea of
    • A. 

      The God-ordained supremacy of whites

    • B. 

      Self-sufficiency

    • C. 

      The work ethic

    • D. 

      Patriotism

    • E. 

      Their superiority to Native Americans


  • 32. 
    The most likely way for most slaves to express discontent was
    • A. 

      Political protest

    • B. 

      Open, armed rebellion

    • C. 

      Passive resistance

    • D. 

      Participation in conspiracies

    • E. 

      Organizing boycotts


  • 33. 
    The most likely way for most slaves to express discontent was
    • A. 

      Political protest

    • B. 

      Open, armed rebellion

    • C. 

      Passive resistance

    • D. 

      Participation in conspiracies

    • E. 

      Organizing boycotts


  • 34. 
    The foundation of the African American culture was
    • A. 

      Religion

    • B. 

      Political activity

    • C. 

      Art

    • D. 

      Music

    • E. 

      A shared language


  • 35. 
    Good physical conditions for slaves were necessary to
    • A. 

      Ensure that they could work hard and bear children

    • B. 

      Meet the requirements of federal law

    • C. 

      Lessen the probability of slave revolts

    • D. 

      Meet southern Christina ethical requirements

    • E. 

      Maintain good standing in the white community


  • 36. 
    Good physical conditions for slaves were necessary to
    • A. 

      Ensure that they could work hard and bear children

    • B. 

      Meet the requirements of federal law

    • C. 

      Lessen the probability of slave revolts

    • D. 

      Meet southern Christina ethical requirements

    • E. 

      Maintain good standing in the white community


  • 37. 
    The most likely way for most slaves to express discontent was
    • A. 

      Political protest

    • B. 

      Open, armed rebellion

    • C. 

      Passive resistance

    • D. 

      Participation in conspiracies

    • E. 

      Organizing boycotts


  • 38. 
    Southern proslavery arguments did NOT include the belief that slavery was
    • A. 

      The natural status for Blacks

    • B. 

      Sanctioned by the Bible

    • C. 

      Mandated by the United States Constitution

    • D. 

      Consistent with the humanitarian spirit

    • E. 

      Eventually going to become unnecessary


  • 39. 
    Southern proslavery arguments did NOT include the belief that slavery was
    • A. 

      The natural status for Blacks

    • B. 

      Sanctioned by the Bible

    • C. 

      Mandated by the United States Constitution

    • D. 

      Consistent with the humanitarian spirit

    • E. 

      Eventually going to become unnecessary


  • 40. 
    Good physical conditions for slaves were necessary to
    • A. 

      Ensure that they could work hard and bear children

    • B. 

      Meet the requirements of federal law

    • C. 

      Lessen the probability of slave revolts

    • D. 

      Meet southern Christina ethical requirements

    • E. 

      Maintain good standing in the white community


  • 41. 

    Each of the following is a valid statement regarding the instrument pictured below EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      It was instrumental in creating the cotton agriculture in the south and in revitalizing slavery as an economically viable institution

    • B. 

      It made it possible for one slave to do the work of several while producing large quantities of clean cotton fiber each workday

    • C. 

      An affordable machine to manufacture, it separated cotton seeds from the fibers

    • D. 

      It was invented by a creative Louisiana plantation foreman

    • E. 

      It turned cotton into the most important agriculture product grown in the south and Americaʹs most important export crop


  • 42. 

    Each of the following is a valid statement regarding the instrument pictured below EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      It was instrumental in creating the cotton agriculture in the south and in revitalizing slavery as an economically viable institution

    • B. 

      It made it possible for one slave to do the work of several while producing large quantities of clean cotton fiber each workday

    • C. 

      An affordable machine to manufacture, it separated cotton seeds from the fibers

    • D. 

      It was invented by a creative Louisiana plantation foreman

    • E. 

      It turned cotton into the most important agriculture product grown in the south and Americaʹs most important export crop


  • 43. 
    Southern proslavery arguments did NOT include the belief that slavery was
    • A. 

      The natural status for Blacks

    • B. 

      Sanctioned by the Bible

    • C. 

      Mandated by the United States Constitution

    • D. 

      Consistent with the humanitarian spirit

    • E. 

      Eventually going to become unnecessary


  • 44. 
    Which of the following is true of cotton agriculture in the pre-Civil War er
    • A. 

      Many planters worked their land until it was exhausted.

    • B. 

      Changes in the price of cotton were relatively insignificant between 1830 and 1860.

    • C. 

      Cotton was a major export for the South, but relatively unimportant to the national economy.

    • D. 

      Both A and C

    • E. 

      Both B and C


  • 45. 

    Each of the following is a valid statement regarding the instrument pictured below EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      It was instrumental in creating the cotton agriculture in the south and in revitalizing slavery as an economically viable institution

    • B. 

      It made it possible for one slave to do the work of several while producing large quantities of clean cotton fiber each workday

    • C. 

      An affordable machine to manufacture, it separated cotton seeds from the fibers

    • D. 

      It was invented by a creative Louisiana plantation foreman

    • E. 

      It turned cotton into the most important agriculture product grown in the south and Americaʹs most important export crop


  • 46. 
    Which of the following is true of cotton agriculture in the pre-Civil War er
    • A. 

      Many planters worked their land until it was exhausted.

    • B. 

      Changes in the price of cotton were relatively insignificant between 1830 and 1860.

    • C. 

      Cotton was a major export for the South, but relatively unimportant to the national economy.

    • D. 

      Both A and C

    • E. 

      Both B and C


  • 47. 
    In the large cities of the North, abolitionism
    • A. 

      Was wholeheartedly supported

    • B. 

      Received little attention

    • C. 

      Garnered thousands of supporters

    • D. 

      Was often violently opposed

    • E. 

      Was a foregone conclusion


  • 48. 
    Which of the following is true of cotton agriculture in the pre-Civil War er
    • A. 

      Many planters worked their land until it was exhausted.

    • B. 

      Changes in the price of cotton were relatively insignificant between 1830 and 1860.

    • C. 

      Cotton was a major export for the South, but relatively unimportant to the national economy.

    • D. 

      Both A and C

    • E. 

      Both B and C


  • 49. 
    In the large cities of the North, abolitionism
    • A. 

      Was wholeheartedly supported

    • B. 

      Received little attention

    • C. 

      Garnered thousands of supporters

    • D. 

      Was often violently opposed

    • E. 

      Was a foregone conclusion


  • 50. 
    Historians have evaluated abolitionism as
    • A. 

      Successfully turning most Americans against slavery

    • B. 

      Having little effect on the South

    • C. 

      Successfully bringing slavery to the forefront of the American consciousness

    • D. 

      Winning powerful supporters throughout the country

    • E. 

      A peaceful solution to the problem of slavery


  • 51. 
    In the large cities of the North, abolitionism
    • A. 

      Was wholeheartedly supported

    • B. 

      Received little attention

    • C. 

      Garnered thousands of supporters

    • D. 

      Was often violently opposed

    • E. 

      Was a foregone conclusion


  • 52. 
    Historians have evaluated abolitionism as
    • A. 

      Successfully turning most Americans against slavery

    • B. 

      Having little effect on the South

    • C. 

      Successfully bringing slavery to the forefront of the American consciousness

    • D. 

      Winning powerful supporters throughout the country

    • E. 

      A peaceful solution to the problem of slavery


  • 53. 
    The American population moved westward in the 1830s and 1840s for all of the following reasons, EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Fertile land

    • B. 

      Economic opportunity

    • C. 

      Religious freedom

    • D. 

      Loyalty to Mexico and Great Britain

    • E. 

      A sense of adventure


  • 54. 
    Historians have evaluated abolitionism as
    • A. 

      Successfully turning most Americans against slavery

    • B. 

      Having little effect on the South

    • C. 

      Successfully bringing slavery to the forefront of the American consciousness

    • D. 

      Winning powerful supporters throughout the country

    • E. 

      A peaceful solution to the problem of slavery


  • 55. 
    The American population moved westward in the 1830s and 1840s for all of the following reasons, EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Fertile land

    • B. 

      Economic opportunity

    • C. 

      Religious freedom

    • D. 

      Loyalty to Mexico and Great Britain

    • E. 

      A sense of adventure


  • 56. 
    The Webster- Ashburton Treaty of 1842 settled a boundary dispute between ________ over _____________.
    • A. 

      The United States and Mexico; Arizona and Sonora

    • B. 

      England and the United States; British Honduras

    • C. 

      The United States and Canada; Maine and New Brunswick

    • D. 

      The United States and Spain; Cuba and Puerto Rico

    • E. 

      England and the United States; the Virgin Islands


  • 57. 
    The American population moved westward in the 1830s and 1840s for all of the following reasons, EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Fertile land

    • B. 

      Economic opportunity

    • C. 

      Religious freedom

    • D. 

      Loyalty to Mexico and Great Britain

    • E. 

      A sense of adventure


  • 58. 
    The Webster- Ashburton Treaty of 1842 settled a boundary dispute between ________ over _____________.
    • A. 

      The United States and Mexico; Arizona and Sonora

    • B. 

      England and the United States; British Honduras

    • C. 

      The United States and Canada; Maine and New Brunswick

    • D. 

      The United States and Spain; Cuba and Puerto Rico

    • E. 

      England and the United States; the Virgin Islands


  • 59. 
    Which of the following was NOT Mexican territory in 1825?
    • A. 

      California

    • B. 

      Oregon

    • C. 

      Texas

    • D. 

      New Mexico

    • E. 

      Arizona


  • 60. 
    Which of the following was NOT Mexican territory in 1825?
    • A. 

      California

    • B. 

      Oregon

    • C. 

      Texas

    • D. 

      New Mexico

    • E. 

      Arizona


  • 61. 
    The most plausible reason for the Texas Revolution was
    • A. 

      The harsh oppression of the Catholic Church

    • B. 

      The discovery of fertile cottonlands in east Texas

    • C. 

      The unwillingness of Anglo-Americans to accept Mexican rule

    • D. 

      The Texansʹ desire to create an independent nation

    • E. 

      The inability of Texans to settle their land disputes


  • 62. 
    The Webster- Ashburton Treaty of 1842 settled a boundary dispute between ________ over _____________.
    • A. 

      The United States and Mexico; Arizona and Sonora

    • B. 

      England and the United States; British Honduras

    • C. 

      The United States and Canada; Maine and New Brunswick

    • D. 

      The United States and Spain; Cuba and Puerto Rico

    • E. 

      England and the United States; the Virgin Islands


  • 63. 
    Which one of the following states actually existed for ten years as an independent nation before its admission to the Union?
    • A. 

      California

    • B. 

      New Mexico

    • C. 

      Colorado

    • D. 

      Texas

    • E. 

      Arizona


  • 64. 
    The most plausible reason for the Texas Revolution was
    • A. 

      The harsh oppression of the Catholic Church

    • B. 

      The discovery of fertile cottonlands in east Texas

    • C. 

      The unwillingness of Anglo-Americans to accept Mexican rule

    • D. 

      The Texansʹ desire to create an independent nation

    • E. 

      The inability of Texans to settle their land disputes


  • 65. 
    Which of the following was NOT Mexican territory in 1825?
    • A. 

      California

    • B. 

      Oregon

    • C. 

      Texas

    • D. 

      New Mexico

    • E. 

      Arizona


  • 66. 
    The most important overland route for American migration to the far West was
    • A. 

      The Sante Fe Trail

    • B. 

      The Chisholm Trail

    • C. 

      The Cumberland Road

    • D. 

      The Oregon Trail

    • E. 

      The California Trail


  • 67. 
    The most plausible reason for the Texas Revolution was
    • A. 

      The harsh oppression of the Catholic Church

    • B. 

      The discovery of fertile cottonlands in east Texas

    • C. 

      The unwillingness of Anglo-Americans to accept Mexican rule

    • D. 

      The Texansʹ desire to create an independent nation

    • E. 

      The inability of Texans to settle their land disputes


  • 68. 
    Which one of the following states actually existed for ten years as an independent nation before its admission to the Union?
    • A. 

      California

    • B. 

      New Mexico

    • C. 

      Colorado

    • D. 

      Texas

    • E. 

      Arizona


  • 69. 
    John Tyler initiated the politics of Manifest Destiny
    • A. 

      To win the support of his fellow Whigs

    • B. 

      To bring together the Whig and Democratic parties

    • C. 

      With the aid of Henry Clay

    • D. 

      To build a base for his re-election in 1844

    • E. 

      In hopes of identifying himself with James Monroe


  • 70. 
    Which one of the following states actually existed for ten years as an independent nation before its admission to the Union?
    • A. 

      California

    • B. 

      New Mexico

    • C. 

      Colorado

    • D. 

      Texas

    • E. 

      Arizona


  • 71. 
    The most important overland route for American migration to the far West was
    • A. 

      The Sante Fe Trail

    • B. 

      The Chisholm Trail

    • C. 

      The Cumberland Road

    • D. 

      The Oregon Trail

    • E. 

      The California Trail


  • 72. 
    The most important overland route for American migration to the far West was
    • A. 

      The Sante Fe Trail

    • B. 

      The Chisholm Trail

    • C. 

      The Cumberland Road

    • D. 

      The Oregon Trail

    • E. 

      The California Trail


  • 73. 
    John Tyler initiated the politics of Manifest Destiny
    • A. 

      To win the support of his fellow Whigs

    • B. 

      To bring together the Whig and Democratic parties

    • C. 

      With the aid of Henry Clay

    • D. 

      To build a base for his re-election in 1844

    • E. 

      In hopes of identifying himself with James Monroe


  • 74. 
    John Tyler initiated the politics of Manifest Destiny
    • A. 

      To win the support of his fellow Whigs

    • B. 

      To bring together the Whig and Democratic parties

    • C. 

      With the aid of Henry Clay

    • D. 

      To build a base for his re-election in 1844

    • E. 

      In hopes of identifying himself with James Monroe


  • 75. 
    Opposition to Tyler's plan for the annexation of Texas came,primarily,for
    • A. 

      Southern agricultural interests

    • B. 

      Great Britain

    • C. 

      Northern antislavery Whigs

    • D. 

      New England merchants.

    • E. 

      Mexican Catholics


  • 76. 
    The winner of the election of 1844 was
    • A. 

      James K. Polk

    • B. 

      Zachary Taylor

    • C. 

      John Tyler

    • D. 

      Martin Van Buren

    • E. 

      William Henry Harrison


  • 77. 
    Manifest Destiny was based,in part,on
    • A. 

      The belief that God was on the side of American expansionism

    • B. 

      The political needs of the Democratic party

    • C. 

      The desire for new territory for slavery

    • D. 

      The desire to drive Spain out of North America

    • E. 

      Simple greed


  • 78. 
    Which one of the following was an important premise of Manifest Destiny?
    • A. 

      God supported American expansion

    • B. 

      The ʺarea of freedomʺ should be expanded

    • C. 

      Population growth required new territories

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 79. 
    James Polk went to war with Mexico
    • A. 

      To retaliate for the harsh Mexican treatment of Texans

    • B. 

      To protect the southern border of the United States

    • C. 

      To force the cession of New Mexico and California

    • D. 

      To prevent a Mexican attempt to reacquire Texas

    • E. 

      To distract Americans from other domestic issues.


  • 80. 
    In 1856,Congressman Preston Brooks of South Carolina,on the floor of the U.S. Senate,almost beat Senator ________ of Massachusetts to death
    • A. 

      Thaddeus Stevens

    • B. 

      John C. Calhoun

    • C. 

      Charles Sumner

    • D. 

      Zachary Taylor

    • E. 

      William Graham Sumner


  • 81. 
    The Free Soil movement supported the exclusion of slavery from the territories because of
    • A. 

      Its belief in racial justice.

    • B. 

      Its belief in the immorality of slavery

    • C. 

      Its desire to dominate the political process

    • D. 

      Racial prejudice and fear of labor competition from slaves

    • E. 

      The abundance of land that was unsuited for plantation agriculture


  • 82. 
    According to the principle of popular sovereignty
    • A. 

      Congress would determine whether a territory would have slavery

    • B. 

      Territorial legislatures would determine whether a territory would have slavery

    • C. 

      Settlers would determine whether a territory would have slavery

    • D. 

      The Supreme Court would determine whether a territory would have slavery

    • E. 

      The House of Representatives would determine whether a territory would have slavery


  • 83. 
    The most outrageous component of the Compromise of 1850 was the
    • A. 

      Admission of California as a free state

    • B. 

      Opening of New Mexico and Utah territories to slavery under popular sovereignty

    • C. 

      Reduction of Texas to its present boundaries

    • D. 

      Enactment of the new Fugitive Slave Law

    • E. 

      Prohibition of slavery in the District of Columbia


  • 84. 
    Underlying the rapid growth of the Republican Party was its
    • A. 

      Appeal to anti-immigrant elements

    • B. 

      Support of agricultural expansion

    • C. 

      Position on slavery in the territories.

    • D. 

      Excellent candidates.

    • E. 

      Support of the railroad and federal subsidies to finance it


  • 85. 
    In the 1850s,the most important example of literary abolitionism was
    • A. 

      Uncle Tomʹs Cabin

    • B. 

      Moby Dick

    • C. 

      Walden

    • D. 

      The Raven

    • E. 

      Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl


  • 86. 
    The Dred Scott decision
    • A. 

      Supported the gradual emancipation of slaves

    • B. 

      Reinforced the principles of the Missouri Compromise

    • C. 

      Was looked upon favorably by the South

    • D. 

      Helped reduce sectional tensions

    • E. 

      Was looked upon favorably by abolitionists


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