A.p. Biology Chapter 1 (introduction To Biology)

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  • 1. 
    ____ is the unifying concept of biology.
    • A. 

      Life

    • B. 

      Growth

    • C. 

      Genetics

    • D. 

      Evolution


  • 2. 
    What is evolution?
    • A. 

      A change over time

    • B. 

      DNA mutation

    • C. 

      Organisms developing new traits

    • D. 

      A religious belief created by Charles Darwin


  • 3. 
    Name the four steps to natural selection
    • A. 

      Variations in living organisms, variations are inherited, too many offspring for environment to support, all organisms change

    • B. 

      Variations in DNA, variations are inherited, offspring are born, only the fittest survive

    • C. 

      Variations in living organisms, variations are inherited, too many offspring for environment to support, only the fittest survive

    • D. 

      Variations in living organisms, variations in nonliving factors, too many offspring for environment to support, only the fittest survive


  • 4. 
    What is differential reproductive success?
    • A. 

      Every time an organism mates, it will differ in its success

    • B. 

      Mating in organisms causes mutations, resulting in evolution

    • C. 

      Your mom.

    • D. 

      An organism survives, mates, and its offspring look like it


  • 5. 
    What are the 7 properties of life?
    • A. 

      Regulation, growth and development, order, reproduction, response to environment and behavior, evolution, energy processing

    • B. 

      Regulation, growth and development, order, reproduction, response to environment and behavior, evolution, energy usage

    • C. 

      Regulation, growth, order, reproduction, response to environment and behavior, evolution, energy consumption

    • D. 

      Cellular processes, development, order, reproduction, response to environment and behavior, evolution, energy processing


  • 6. 
    What is the difference between growth and developement?
    • A. 

      Growth involves changing and specializing, while development involves getting bigger

    • B. 

      They are the same.

    • C. 

      Growth involves getting bigger, while development involves changing and specializing

    • D. 

      Puddin' Pop


  • 7. 
    Name the hierarcy for life from smallest to largest.
    • A. 

      Atoms and molecules, organelles, cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, organism, population, community, ecosystem, biome, biosphere

    • B. 

      Atoms and molecules, organelles, cells, organs, organism, population, community, ecosystem, biome, biosphere

    • C. 

      Atoms and molecules, cells, organelles, tissues, organs, organ systems, organism, ecosystem, community, population, biome, biosphere

    • D. 

      Biosphere, biome, ecosystem, community, population, organism, organ system, organ, tissues, cells, organelles, atoms and molecules


  • 8. 
    What is a prokaryote?
    • A. 

      A cell with no nucleus or membranes

    • B. 

      A cell with a nucleus and membranes

    • C. 

      A cell with no nucleus, but with membranes

    • D. 

      A cell with a nucleus, but no membranes


  • 9. 
    What is a eukaryote?
    • A. 

      A cell with no nucleus or membranes

    • B. 

      A cell with a nucleus and membranes

    • C. 

      A cell with no nucleus, but with membranes

    • D. 

      A cell with a nucleus, but no membranes


  • 10. 
    What is a population?
    • A. 

      All different species that live in a given area

    • B. 

      All different species that live in a given area as well as all abiotic factors, such as climate

    • C. 

      All individuals of the same species in a given area

    • D. 

      A largescale ecosystem


  • 11. 
    What is a community?
    • A. 

      All different species that live in a given area

    • B. 

      All different species that live in a given area as well as all abiotic factors, such as climate

    • C. 

      All individuals of the same species in a given area

    • D. 

      A largescale ecosystem


  • 12. 
    What is an ecosystem?
    • A. 

      All different species that live in a given area

    • B. 

      All different species that live in a given area as well as all abiotic factors, such as climate

    • C. 

      All individuals of the same species in a given area

    • D. 

      All of the biomes on Earth


  • 13. 
    What is a biome?
    • A. 

      All different species that live in a given area

    • B. 

      All different species that live in a given area as well as all abiotic factors, such as climate

    • C. 

      All individuals of the same species in a given area

    • D. 

      A largescale ecosystem


  • 14. 
    What is a biosphere?
    • A. 

      All of the biomes on Earth

    • B. 

      A largescale ecosystem

    • C. 

      All individuals of the same species in a given area

    • D. 

      All different species that live in a given area as well as all abiotic factors, such as climate


  • 15. 
    What is taxonomy?
    • A. 

      The study of how Congress taxes the American people

    • B. 

      The study of classifying organisms

    • C. 

      The study of naming organisms

    • D. 

      The study of how organisms interact with each other


  • 16. 
    Name the hierarchy of classifying organisms, from smallest to largest
    • A. 

      Domain, kingdom, phylum, genus, order, family, species

    • B. 

      Domain, kingdom, phylum, class, family, order, genus, species

    • C. 

      Species, genus, family, order, class, phylum, kingdom, domain

    • D. 

      Domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species


  • 17. 
    Name the 3 domains
    • A. 

      Virus, bacteria, eukaria

    • B. 

      Archaea, eukaria, prokaria

    • C. 

      Bacteria, archaea, eukaria

    • D. 

      Animalia, plantae, fungi


  • 18. 
    Which of the 3 domains are prokaryotes?
    • A. 

      Bacteria and archaea

    • B. 

      Bacteria only

    • C. 

      Archaea only

    • D. 

      Eukaria and bacteria


  • 19. 
    Which of the 3 domains are eukaryotes?
    • A. 

      Bacteria and eukaria

    • B. 

      Archaea and eukaria

    • C. 

      Eukaria only

    • D. 

      Archaea only


  • 20. 
    What is included in the domain archaea?
    • A. 

      Newer bacteria

    • B. 

      All bacteria

    • C. 

      Extinct organisms, such as dinosaurs

    • D. 

      Primitive bacteria


  • 21. 
    What is included in the domain bacteria?
    • A. 

      Newer bacteria

    • B. 

      All bacteria

    • C. 

      Primitive bacteria

    • D. 

      Bacteria, as well as viruses


  • 22. 
    What is included in the domain eukaria?
    • A. 

      Primitive forms of life

    • B. 

      All eukaryotes

    • C. 

      Animals and plants only

    • D. 

      All prokaryotes and eukaryotes


  • 23. 
    Name the 4 kingdoms of eukaria
    • A. 

      Plantae, Animalia, Fungi, Protistia

    • B. 

      Plantae, Animalia, Archaea, Protistia

    • C. 

      Plantae, Animalia, Fungi, Bacteria

    • D. 

      Plantae, Animalia, Bacteria, Archaea


  • 24. 
    What phylum are humans in?
    • A. 

      Brachiopoda

    • B. 

      Annelida

    • C. 

      Nematoda

    • D. 

      Chordata


  • 25. 
    What class are humans in?
    • A. 

      Aves

    • B. 

      Mammalia

    • C. 

      Reptila

    • D. 

      Osteichthyes


  • 26. 
    What order are humans in?
    • A. 

      Humana

    • B. 

      Primata

    • C. 

      Primatomorpha

    • D. 

      Scandentia


  • 27. 
    What family are humans in?
    • A. 

      Humana

    • B. 

      Daubentoniidae

    • C. 

      Galagidae

    • D. 

      Hominidae


  • 28. 
    What genus are humans in?
    • A. 

      Homo

    • B. 

      Humans are not in a genus

    • C. 

      Australopithecus

    • D. 

      Both A and C


  • 29. 
    What species are humans?
    • A. 

      Homo Erectus

    • B. 

      Homo Neanderthal

    • C. 

      Homo Habilis

    • D. 

      Homo Sapien


  • 30. 
    In the species name "Homo sapien," which is the genus and which is the epitat?
    • A. 

      Homo is the epitat, sapien is the genus

    • B. 

      Both are epitats

    • C. 

      Homo is the genus, sapien is the epitat

    • D. 

      Both are genuses


  • 31. 
    What is homeostasis?
    • A. 

      A genetic disorder

    • B. 

      A steady state

    • C. 

      An unsteady state

    • D. 

      An extinct form of human


  • 32. 
    What is positive feedback?
    • A. 

      Homeostasis where the end product stops the process

    • B. 

      Homeostasis that is really good

    • C. 

      Homeostasis where the end product stimulates the process

    • D. 

      Homeostasis where the end product turns the process on and off randomly


  • 33. 
    Name an example of positive feedback
    • A. 

      Eating food

    • B. 

      Child birth

    • C. 

      Pain

    • D. 

      Body temperature


  • 34. 
    What is negative feedback?
    • A. 

      Homeostasis where the end product stops the process

    • B. 

      Homeostasis that is really bad

    • C. 

      Homeostasis where the end product turns the process on and off at random

    • D. 

      Homeostasis where the end product stimulates the process


  • 35. 
    What must be true for something to be science?
    • A. 

      It must be falsifiable

    • B. 

      Both A and D

    • C. 

      None of these

    • D. 

      It must be testable


  • 36. 
    What is an indicator of a good experiement?
    • A. 

      It uses a control

    • B. 

      It uses an experimental group

    • C. 

      It only changes one thing

    • D. 

      All of these


  • 37. 
    What is the control?
    • A. 

      The thing not changed

    • B. 

      The thing changed

    • C. 

      The thing kept under wraps

    • D. 

      The thing shown at the beginning of the experiment


  • 38. 
    What is the experiemental group?
    • A. 

      The thing not changed

    • B. 

      The thing changed

    • C. 

      The thing kept under wraps

    • D. 

      The thing shown at the beginning of the experiement


  • 39. 
    What is the dependent variable?
    • A. 

      What is measured

    • B. 

      What is kept the same

    • C. 

      What is changed

    • D. 

      None of these


  • 40. 
    What axis does the dependent variable go on?
    • A. 

      X

    • B. 

      Y

    • C. 

      Z

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 41. 
    What is the independent variable?
    • A. 

      What is measured

    • B. 

      What is changed

    • C. 

      What is kept the same

    • D. 

      None of these


  • 42. 
    What axis does the independent variable go on?
    • A. 

      X

    • B. 

      Y

    • C. 

      Z

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 43. 
    When creating a graph, what should you do after marking points?
    • A. 

      Connect the points

    • B. 

      Connect the points and use best smooth line

    • C. 

      Do not connect the points

    • D. 

      Do not connect the points and use best smooth line


  • 44. 
    What is an example of negative feedback?
    • A. 

      Child birth

    • B. 

      None of These

    • C. 

      Body temperature

    • D. 

      Both A and C


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