A causal relationship
A direct relationship
A probabilistic causal relation
A spurious relationship
Holding the extraneous variable constant
Statistical control
Matching
Random assignment
Descriptive
Predictive
Explanatory
Descriptive
Predictive
Explanatory
Matching
Independent
Dependent
Partial
Spurious
Due to a third-variable
Nonspurious
Both a and b
Predictive research
Retrospective research
Exploratory research
Descriptive research
True
False
General Logit Model
General Limited Model
General Lab Model
General Linear Model
Making the argument that because A preceded B, A must have caused B
Making the argument that because A preceded B, A and B must be correlated
Making the argument that because A preceded B, they cannot be correlated
None of the above
Determine research problem and hypotheses
Analyze data
Interpret results
All are steps
The observed result is probably not due to chance
The observed result cannot possibly be due to chance
The observed result is probably a chance result
The null hypothesis of “no relationship” is probably true
The relationship condition
The temporal antecedence condition
The lack of alternative explanation condition
All of the above
Gender
Ethnicity
Intelligence and other traits
None of ht above can be manipulated in a research study
True
False