NCLEX-rn Practice 100 Questions

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NCLEX Quizzes & Trivia
NCLEX-RN Practice 100 Questions

  
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  • 1. 
    A client has a total laryngectomy with a permanent tracheostomy. The nurse plans nutritional intake for the next 3 days. Which of the following is necessary for the nurse to consider regarding the client’s nutrition?
    • A. 

      To facilitate healing of the surgical area, a nasogastric tube may be utilized and tube feedings may be implemented.

    • B. 

      The client will be unable to maintain any oral intake as long as the tracheotomy is in place.

    • C. 

      Nutritional and/or gastric feedings will not be attempted for approximately 3 weeks to decrease the incidence of aspiration.

    • D. 

      Because the client is dependent on the ventilator, nutritional intake will be delayed.


  • 2. 
    The nurse cares for a client who presents with confusion, mood lability, impaired communication, and lethargy. The nurse should question which of the following orders?
    • A. 

      Dexamethasone suppression test.

    • B. 

      Thyroid studies.

    • C. 

      Drug toxicology screen.

    • D. 

      Trendelenburg test.


  • 3. 
    For a client with a neurologic disorder, which of the following nursing assessments is MOST helpful in determining subtle changes in the client’s level of consciousness?
    • A. 

      Client posturing.

    • B. 

      Glasgow coma scale.

    • C. 

      Client thinking pattern.

    • D. 

      Occurrence of hallucinations.


  • 4. 
    The nurse conducts a physical examination of a client suspected to have bulimia. Which of the following observations by the nurse MOST likely indicates bulimia?
    • A. 

      The client has edema of the lower extremities.

    • B. 

      Physical exam of the client reveals the presence of lanugo.

    • C. 

      The client has ulcerated mucous membranes of the mouth.

    • D. 

      The client has dry, yellowish color of the skin.


  • 5. 
    The nurse prepares a dopamine (Intropin) infusion on a client. Before beginning the infusion the nurse should take which of the following actions?
    • A. 

      Evaluate the urine output.

    • B. 

      Obtain the client’s weight.

    • C. 

      Determine the patency of the IV line.

    • D. 

      Measure pulmonary artery pressures.


  • 6. 
    The nurse assists a nursing assistant in providing a bed bath to a comatose patient with incontinence. The nurse should intervene if which of the following actions is noted?
    • A. 

      The nursing assistant answers the phone while wearing gloves.

    • B. 

      The nursing assistant log rolls the patient to provide back care.

    • C. 

      The nursing assistant places an incontinent pad under the patient.

    • D. 

      The nursing assistant positions the patient on the left side, head elevated.


  • 7. 
    The nurse instructs a client who is receiving imipramine (Tofranil). It is MOST important for the nurse to instruct the client to immediately report which of the following?
    • A. 

      Sore throat, fever, increased fatigue, vomiting, diarrhea.

    • B. 

      Dry mouth, nasal stuffiness, weight gain.

    • C. 

      Rapid heartbeat, frequent headaches, yellowing of eyes or skin.

    • D. 

      Weakness, staggering gait, tremor, feeling of drunkenness.


  • 8. 
    The nurse receives report from the previous shift. Which of the following patients should the nurse see FIRST?
    • A. 

      A patient post coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) having the atrioventricular (AV) wires removed later in the day.

    • B. 

      A patient with type 1 diabetes scheduled for a cardiac catheterization later today.

    • C. 

      A patient 1 day postoperative with an epidural catheter in place.

    • D. 

      A patient diagnosed with cardiomyopathy being evaluated for a heart transplant.


  • 9. 
    A child has a closed transverse fracture of the right ulna. Which of the following actions, if performed by the nurse before the application of a cast, is MOST important?
    • A. 

      Check the radial pulses bilaterally and compare.

    • B. 

      Evaluate the skin temperature and tissue turgor in the area.

    • C. 

      Assess sensation of each foot while the child closes her eyes.

    • D. 

      Apply baby powder to decrease skin irritation under the cast.


  • 10. 
    The nurse cares for a multipara client who delivered a female infant 1 hour ago. The nurse observes that the client’s breasts are soft; the uterus is boggy to the right of the midline and 2 cm below the umbilicus; moderate lochia rubra. It is MOST important for the nurse to take which of the following actions?
    • A. 

      Perform a straight catheterization.

    • B. 

      Offer the client the bedpan.

    • C. 

      Put the baby to breast.

    • D. 

      Massage the uterine fundus.


  • 11. 
    The nurse checks for placement of a nasogastric (NG) tube prior to initiating a tube feeding for a client. Which of the following results indicates to the nurse that the tube feeding can begin?
    • A. 

      A small amount of white mucus is aspirated from the NG tube.

    • B. 

      The contents aspirated from the NG tube have a pH of 3.

    • C. 

      No bubbles are seen when the nurse inverts the NG tube in water.

    • D. 

      The client says he can feel the NG tube in the back of his throat.


  • 12. 
    The nurse cares for a client after right cataract surgery. The nurse should intervene if which of the following is observed?
    • A. 

      Client is in the supine position.

    • B. 

      The head of the bed is elevated 30 degrees.

    • C. 

      The client is lying on the right side.

    • D. 

      An eye shield is over the right eye.


  • 13. 
    A young adult immobilized for trauma to the spinal cord has periods of diaphoresis, a draining abdominal wound, and diarrhea. On the basis of the nursing assessment, which of the following is the MOST important nursing diagnosis?
    • A. 

      Risk for constipation related to immobilization.

    • B. 

      Risk for impaired skin integrity related to immobilization and secretions.

    • C. 

      Risk for wound infection related to involuntary bowel secretions.

    • D. 

      Risk for fluid volume excess related to secretions.


  • 14. 
    The nurse cares for a client one day after a thoracotomy. Nursing actions listed on the care plan include turn, cough, and deep breathe q 2 h. The nurse understands that the purpose of this nursing action includes which of the following?
    • A. 

      Promote ventilation and prevent respiratory acidosis.

    • B. 

      Increase oxygenation and removal of secretions.

    • C. 

      Increase pH and facilitate balance of bicarbonate.

    • D. 

      Prevent respiratory alkalosis by increasing oxygenation.


  • 15. 
    The mother of a 7-year-old child is dying. The nurse anticipates the child will have which of the following concepts of death?
    • A. 

      Death is punishment for his/her actions.

    • B. 

      Death is inevitable and irreversible.

    • C. 

      Death is temporary and gradual.

    • D. 

      Death as a concept based on past experience.


  • 16. 
    A client with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes says to the nurse, "I know that I have to take good care of my feet. When I buy new shoes, is there anything special I should do?" Which of the following responses by the nurse is BEST?
    • A. 

      "It is best to buy new shoes in the morning."

    • B. 

      "Have each foot measured every time you buy new shoes."

    • C. 

      "Buy shoes a half-size larger than your foot size so the fit is roomy."

    • D. 

      "Buy vinyl shoes because they won’t lose their shape easily."


  • 17. 
    A neonate weighing 7 lb 4 oz with Apgar scores of 7 and 8 at 1 and 5 minutes, respectively, is admitted to the nursery. Because the infant’s mother is diagnosed with a type 1 diabetes, the nurse knows the infant is at GREATEST risk for developing which of the following?
    • A. 

      Hypovolemia.

    • B. 

      Hypoglycemia.

    • C. 

      Hyperglycemia.

    • D. 

      Cold stress.


  • 18. 
    The nurse in the outpatient clinic assists with the application of a cast to the left arm of a pre-school-aged child. After the cast is applied, the nurse should take which of the following actions?
    • A. 

      Petal the edges of the cast to prevent irritation.

    • B. 

      Elevate the client’s left arm on two pillows.

    • C. 

      Apply cool, humidified air to dry the cast.

    • D. 

      Ask the client to move the fingers to maintain mobility.


  • 19. 
    The nurse cares for patients on the pediatric unit. The mother of a 2-year-old who is one day postoperative tells the nurse, "My child is so restless and overactive." The nurse should take which of the following actions?
    • A. 

      Direct the LPN/LVN to obtain the child’s vital signs.

    • B. 

      Ask the mother if the child’s sutures are still intact.

    • C. 

      Tell the nursing assistant to take the child for a walk.

    • D. 

      Check to see when the child last received pain medication.


  • 20. 
    The nurse plans a diet for a child diagnosed with cystic fibrosis (CF). Which of the following dietary requirements should be considered by the nurse?
    • A. 

      High protein, high fat, and high calories.

    • B. 

      High protein, low fat, and high calories.

    • C. 

      Low protein, low fat, and low carbohydrate.

    • D. 

      High protein, high fat, and low carbohydrate.


  • 21. 
    A male client is admitted with urinary tract problems. A prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and acid phosphatase test are to be done. The nurse knows that
    • A. 

      these tests are valuable screening tests for prostatic cancer.

    • B. 

      the level of PSA is decreased in clients with renal stones.

    • C. 

      the tests reflect the level of renal involvement in acid-base problems.

    • D. 

      the level of PSA is elevated in clients in early-stage renal failure.


  • 22. 
    A client with clear lung sounds and unlabored breathing receives aminophylline IV. Which of the following is the MOST appropriate nursing action if the client’s IV infiltrates?
    • A. 

      Apply warm soaks to the infiltration site, start a new IV, and continue IV medications.

    • B. 

      Wait 2 hours, reassess the client, and restart the IV if the client has wheezing or labored breathing.

    • C. 

      Restart the IV and continue the previous medication schedule.

    • D. 

      Call the physician and recommend that the IV medications be changed to PO.


  • 23. 
    A client diagnosed with bipolar disorder is in a manic phase with combative behavior. Which of the following is the INITIAL priority nursing action?
    • A. 

      Provide adequate hygiene and nutrition.

    • B. 

      Decrease environmental stimuli.

    • C. 

      Slowly involve the client in unit activities.

    • D. 

      Administer and monitor sedative and mood-stabilizing medications.


  • 24. 
    A client is admitted to the neurosurgery unit for the removal of a cerebellar tumor. The nurse expects the patient to make which of the following statements about symptoms?
    • A. 

      "I have been having difficulty with my hearing."

    • B. 

      "I lose my balance easily."

    • C. 

      "I can't tell the difference between a sweet and sour taste."

    • D. 

      "It is not easy for me to remember names and faces."


  • 25. 
    Nursing management prior to an intravenous pyelogram (IVP) would include which of the following?
    • A. 

      A fat-free meal the evening before the examination and radiopaque tablets at bedtime.

    • B. 

      Placement of a retention urinary catheter to facilitate dilation of the bladder sphincter.

    • C. 

      Cleansing enemas the evening before to provide for adequate visualization of the urinary tract.

    • D. 

      Explaining the importance of following directions regarding voiding during the test.


  • 26. 
    A client is admitted to the trauma intensive care unit (ICU) with a gunshot wound of the neck. The client, diagnosed with a spinal cord injury at the level of C4, is tearful, constantly complains of discomfort, and requests to be suctioned. The nurse understands that the client’s attention-seeking behaviors may be due to which of the following?
    • A. 

      Anger and frustration.

    • B. 

      Awareness of vulnerability.

    • C. 

      Increased social isolation.

    • D. 

      Increased sensory stimulation.


  • 27. 
    A client is scheduled for electromyography (EMG). What should the nurse tell the client about the procedure?
    • A. 

      "Your hair will be carefully washed prior to the procedure."

    • B. 

      "This is a noninvasive procedure that takes about 30 minutes."

    • C. 

      "A sedative will be given to you shortly before the procedure."

    • D. 

      "You will not be allowed to eat 4 to 6 hours before the procedure."


  • 28. 
    The nurse is aware that Rh immune globulin (RhoGAM) is administered to prevent complications in which of the following situations?
    • A. 

      The baby is Rh-negative, the mother is Rh-negative, and the father is Rh-positive.

    • B. 

      The mother is Rh-negative, the baby is Rh-positive, and there is a negative direct Coombs.

    • C. 

      The mother is Rh-positive and previously sensitized, and the baby is Rh-negative.

    • D. 

      The mother is Rh-positive, the baby is Rh-negative, and there is a history of one incomplete pregnancy.


  • 29. 
    The nurse in the outpatient clinic instructs a client diagnosed with right-sided weakness to walk down stairs using a cane. What behavior, if demonstrated by the client, indicates to the nurse that teaching is successful?
    • A. 

      The client puts the right leg on the step, then the cane, followed by the left leg.

    • B. 

      The client leads with the cane, followed by the right leg and then the left leg.

    • C. 

      The client advances the right leg, followed by the left leg and the cane.

    • D. 

      The client puts the cane on the step and advances the left leg, followed by the right leg.


  • 30. 
    The nurse makes patient assignments on the obstetrics unit. Which of the following patients should the nurse assign to an RN who has been reassigned to the obstetrics unit from outpatient surgery?
    • A. 

      A patient at 16 weeks’ gestation admitted with hyperemesis and receiving IV fluids.

    • B. 

      A patient at 26 weeks’ gestation in premature labor and receiving terbutaline (Brethine).

    • C. 

      A patient at 32 weeks’ gestation with a placenta previa and ruptured membranes.

    • D. 

      A patient at 37 weeks’ gestation with pregnancy-induced hypertension and epigastric pain.


  • 31. 
    A 2-day-old infant in the newborn nursery does not appear interested in taking formula from the mother or the nurse. An appropriate nursing diagnosis is high risk for
    • A. 

      impaired swallowing.

    • B. 

      failure to thrive.

    • C. 

      fluid volume deficit.

    • D. 

      altered health maintenance.


  • 32. 
    The nurse cares for clients in the medical clinic. A nursing assessment of a client with a hiatal hernia is MOST likely to reveal which of the following?
    • A. 

      A bulge in the lower right quadrant.

    • B. 

      Pain at the umbilicus radiating down into the groin.

    • C. 

      A burning sensation in the midepigastric area each day before lunch.

    • D. 

      Complaints of awakening at night with heartburn.


  • 33. 
    The MOST appropriate nursing action before administering captopril (Capoten) is to check the client’s
    • A. 

      apical pulse for 60 seconds.

    • B. 

      blood pressure.

    • C. 

      urine output.

    • D. 

      temperature.


  • 34. 
    An older client diagnosed with pneumonia is admitted to the medical/surgical unit. The nurse should place the patient in a room with which of the following patients?
    • A. 

      A 20-year-old in traction for multiple fractures of the left lower leg.

    • B. 

      A 35-year-old with recurrent fever of unknown origin.

    • C. 

      A 50-year-old recovering alcoholic with cellulitis of the right foot.

    • D. 

      An 89-year-old with Alzheimer’s disease awaiting nursing home placement.


  • 35. 
    An elderly man diagnosed with chronic schizophrenia is followed in a partial hospitalization program. The client has been on long-term antipsychotic medication and recently developed symptoms of tardive dyskinesia. The nurse’s documentation should include which of the following?
    • A. 

      Assessment of ADL (self-care) ability.

    • B. 

      Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE).

    • C. 

      Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS).

    • D. 

      Modified Overt Aggression Scale (MOAS).


  • 36. 
    The nurse obtains a client’s temperature of 103°F(39.4°C). The nurse knows body compensatory mechanisms include which of the following?
    • A. 

      Decreased respiratory rate and bradycardia.

    • B. 

      Normal blood pressure and pulse.

    • C. 

      Increased respiratory rate and tachycardia.

    • D. 

      Diaphoresis with cool, clammy skin.


  • 37. 
    A client is admitted with irritable bowel syndrome. The nurse anticipates that the client’s history will reflect which of the following?
    • A. 

      Pattern of alternating diarrhea and constipation.

    • B. 

      Chronic diarrhea stools occurring 10 to 12 times per day.

    • C. 

      Diarrhea and vomiting with severe abdominal distention.

    • D. 

      Bloody stools with increased cramping after eating.


  • 38. 
    The nurse cares for a client who has had an above-knee amputation (AKA) with an immediate prosthetic fitting. It is MOST important for the nurse to take which of the following actions?
    • A. 

      Assess drainage from Penrose drains.

    • B. 

      Observe dressings for signs of excessive bleeding.

    • C. 

      Elevate the stump for no less than 40 hours.

    • D. 

      Provide cast care on the affected extremity.


  • 39. 
    A patient is admitted to the hospital for a hypoglossectomy with lymph node dissection. The patient’s preoperative care includes frequent oral hygiene with hydrogen peroxide. The nurse knows the purpose of this treatment includes which of the following?
    • A. 

      Minimizes the bacterial count in the mouth.

    • B. 

      Softens the mucous membranes of the tongue before surgery.

    • C. 

      Stimulates the microcirculation of the mouth.

    • D. 

      Hydrates the tissues of the gums.


  • 40. 
    The school nurse observes a group of preschool children in the playroom. The nurse recognizes which of the following activities as appropriate behavior for a 5-year-old boy?
    • A. 

      The boy plays with a large truck with another child.

    • B. 

      The boy talks on a toy telephone and imitates his father.

    • C. 

      The boy works on a puzzle with several other children.

    • D. 

      The boy holds and cuddles a large stuffed animal.


  • 41. 
    Which of the following statements, if made by the nurse, is accurate about the exercise program required for a patient with rheumatoid arthritis?
    • A. 

      "If you are having a ‘bad’ day, postpone your exercises until the next day."

    • B. 

      "Passive exercises are better for you than active exercises."

    • C. 

      "When inflammation is severe, decrease the number of repetitions of the exercise."

    • D. 

      "You can substitute your normal household tasks for your exercises to provide variety."


  • 42. 
    The nurse assesses a client with severe bilateral peripheral edema. Which of the following is the BEST way for the nurse to determine the degree of edema in a limb?
    • A. 

      Measure both limbs with the tape measure and compare.

    • B. 

      Depress the skin and rank the degree of pitting.

    • C. 

      Describe the swelling in the affected area.

    • D. 

      Pinch the skin and note how quickly it returns to normal.


  • 43. 
    A 6-month-old infant has had all of the required immunizations. The nurse knows that this would include which of the following?
    • A. 

      Two doses of diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis vaccine.

    • B. 

      Measles, mumps, and rubella vaccines.

    • C. 

      A booster dose of the inactivated polio vaccine.

    • D. 

      Chickenpox and smallpox vaccines.


  • 44. 
    The nurse should include which of the following in a teaching plan for a client receiving tetracycline?
    • A. 

      Take the medication with milk or antacids to decrease GI problems.

    • B. 

      The medication should always be taken with meals.

    • C. 

      Use a maximum-protection sunscreen when outdoors.

    • D. 

      Crackers and juice will help decrease gastric irritation.


  • 45. 
    An elderly alcoholic client receives a long-acting benzodiazepine (Librium) for 2 days for symptom management and reduction. The client states, "Get those bugs off of me and clean them out of here." The nurse knows the client is exhibiting symptoms of which of the following?
    • A. 

      A reaction to the sedative medication.

    • B. 

      A worsening course of the withdrawal syndrome.

    • C. 

      An exacerbation of the schizophrenia process.

    • D. 

      The process of aging and the effects of delirium.


  • 46. 
    A client is admitted for a series of tests to verify the diagnosis of Cushing syndrome. Which of the following assessment findings, if observed by the nurse, support this diagnosis? Select all that apply.
    • A. 

      Buffalo hump.

    • B. 

      Intolerance to heat.

    • C. 

      Hyperglycemia.

    • D. 

      Hypernatremia.

    • E. 

      Intolerance to cold.

    • F. 

      Irritability.


  • 47. 
    The nurse cares for a patient several days after an above-knee amputation (AKA). Which of the following symptoms are characteristic of an infected residual limb wound?
    • A. 

      The patient is anxious and restless.

    • B. 

      There is a small amount of dark drainage on the dressing.

    • C. 

      The patient complains of persistent pain at the operative site.

    • D. 

      The skin is cool above the operative site.


  • 48. 
    Which of the following statements, if made by a client to the nurse, indicates that the client is using the defense mechanism of conversion?
    • A. 

      "I love my family with all my heart, even though they don’t love me."

    • B. 

      "I was unable to take my final exams because I was unable to write."

    • C. 

      "I don’t believe I have diabetes. I feel perfectly fine."

    • D. 

      "If my wife was a better housekeeper I wouldn’t have such a problem."


  • 49. 
    Which observation indicates to the nurse that the client needs further teaching before self-administering insulin?
    • A. 

      The client draws up the regular insulin first, then the NPH.

    • B. 

      The client gently rotates the insulin bottle before withdrawing the dose.

    • C. 

      The client rotates injection sites following the guide on the printed diagram.

    • D. 

      The client administers the insulin while it is still cold from the refrigerator.


  • 50. 
    A client has orders for cefoxitin (Mefoxin) 2 g IV piggyback in 100 ml 5% dextrose in water. The primary IV is 5% dextrose in lactated Ringer’s and is infusing by gravity. It is MOST important for the nurse to take which of the following actions?
    • A. 

      Administer the medication slowly, at 20 to 25 cc/h.

    • B. 

      Change the primary IV solution.

    • C. 

      Hang the piggyback infusion bag higher than the primary infusion bag.

    • D. 

      Obtain an infusion pump prior to administration.


  • 51. 
    The nurse supervises care given to clients on a medical/surgical unit. The nurse should intervene if which of the following is observed?
    • A. 

      A nurse and client wear masks during a dressing change for the central catheter used for total parenteral nutrition.

    • B. 

      A nurse injects insulin through a single-lumen percutaneous central catheter for a client receiving total parenteral nutrition.

    • C. 

      A nurse applies lip balm to his/her lips immediately after performing a blood draw to obtain a specimen.

    • D. 

      A nurse wears a disposable particulate respirator when administering rifampin to a client with tuberculosis.


  • 52. 
    The nurse recognizes that the client diagnosed with an obsessive-compulsive ritual is attempting to achieve which of the following?
    • A. 

      Control of other people.

    • B. 

      Increased self-esteem.

    • C. 

      Avoid severe levels of anxiety.

    • D. 

      Express and manage anxiety.


  • 53. 
    An infant is admitted with vomiting and diarrhea. The infant’s anterior fontanelle is depressed and temperature is 103.2°F (39.5°C). Which of the following nursing actions is MOST appropriate?
    • A. 

      Obtain daily weights and evaluate weight loss.

    • B. 

      Observe the infant’s ability to take in fluids.

    • C. 

      Place a full bottle of Pedi-Lyte at the bedside.

    • D. 

      Start an intravenous infusion.


  • 54. 
    The nurse anticipates which of the following when assessing a client with a diagnosis of a ruptured lumbar disc?
    • A. 

      Sensation loss in an upper extremity.

    • B. 

      Clonic jerks in the affected foot.

    • C. 

      Paresthesia in the affected leg.

    • D. 

      Chorea in the upper and lower extremities.


  • 55. 
    A client has been taking propranolol (Inderal) 40 mg BID and furosemide (Lasix) 40 mg daily for several months. Two weeks ago, the physician added verapamil (Calan) 80 mg TID to the client’s medication regimen. The client returns to the outpatient clinic for evaluation. It is MOST important for the nurse to assess for which of the following?
    • A. 

      Tachycardia.

    • B. 

      Diarrhea.

    • C. 

      Peripheral edema.

    • D. 

      Impotence.


  • 56. 
    A client has a three-way Foley catheter following a transurethral resection. The nurse should rapidly infuse the irrigating solutions if which of the following is observed?
    • A. 

      The urinary output is increased.

    • B. 

      Bright-red drainage or clots are present.

    • C. 

      Dark-brown drainage is present.

    • D. 

      The client complains of pain.


  • 57. 
    The nurse cares for clients on a psychiatric unit and is suddenly faced with multiple issues. Which of the following situations require the nurse’s IMMEDIATE attention?
    • A. 

      A client with bipolar disorder walks into the day room in her underwear and begins dancing.

    • B. 

      A client with depression says to the nurse, "My plan is complete, and I’m ready to go for it."

    • C. 

      A client recovering from substance abuse complains that another client is harassing him.

    • D. 

      A client with schizophrenia tells the nurse that it’s "God’s will" that he destroy the "evil TV."


  • 58. 
    The nurse cares for an elderly client who is receiving IV fluids of 0.9% NaCl at 125 mL/h into the left arm. During a routine assessment, the nurse finds that the client has distended neck veins, shortness of breath, and crackles in both lung bases. Which of the following actions should the nurse take FIRST?
    • A. 

      Decrease the IV rate to 20 mL/h and notify the physician.

    • B. 

      Decrease the IV rate to 100 mL/h and continue to monitor the client.

    • C. 

      Discontinue the IV and start oxygen at 6 L/min.

    • D. 

      Assess for infiltration of the IV solution.


  • 59. 
    The nurse knows that which of the following symptoms is supportive of a diagnosis of Guillain-Barré syndrome?
    • A. 

      Hemiplegia, hypertension, tachycardia.

    • B. 

      Respiratory failure, flaccid paralysis, urinary retention.

    • C. 

      Peripheral edema, hypertension, pulmonary congestion.

    • D. 

      Diminished reflexes, pain, paresthesia.


  • 60. 
    A patient is treated in the telemetry unit for cardiac disease. The patient receives propranolol hydrochloride (Inderal) 20 mg PO at 9 A.M. When the nurse enters the room to give the medication to the patient, the nurse finds the patient wheezing with a nonproductive cough and shortness of breath. INITIALLY, the nurse should take which of the following actions?
    • A. 

      Hold the medication and count the respirations.

    • B. 

      Hold the medication and call the physician.

    • C. 

      Take an apical pulse and then give the medication.

    • D. 

      Give the mediation as ordered.


  • 61. 
    A client in a psychiatric facility describes seeing snakes on the walls of the room. Which of the following is an accurate nursing diagnosis?
    • A. 

      Sensory–perceptual alterations: visual.

    • B. 

      Altered thought processes.

    • C. 

      Ineffective individual coping.

    • D. 

      Impaired social interaction.


  • 62. 
    The nurse reviews client assignments on a medical/surgical unit. The nurse determines that the assignment is appropriate if the nursing assistant is caring for which of the following clients?
    • A. 

      A client with AIDS dementia complex who requires a urine specimen.

    • B. 

      A client complaining of postoperative pain after repair of a torn rotator cuff.

    • C. 

      A client with GI bleeding due to a duodenal ulcer who is receiving packed cells.

    • D. 

      A client with type 1 diabetes receiving prednisone for a herniated disk.


  • 63. 
    The nurse teaches nutrition classes at the community center. Which of the following foods should the nurse encourage a low-income client to eat to satisfy essential protein needs?
    • A. 

      Legumes.

    • B. 

      Red meat.

    • C. 

      Seafood.

    • D. 

      Cheese.


  • 64. 
    The nurse observes the fetal heart monitor for a client in active labor. The fetal heart tracing shows early fetal decelerations. The nurse is aware that this is
    • A. 

      a slowing early in the contraction, and is usually a normal finding.

    • B. 

      a slowing early in the contraction, and is usually an abnormal finding.

    • C. 

      a slowing at the peak of the contraction, and is usually a normal finding.

    • D. 

      a slowing at the peak of the contraction, and is usually an abnormal finding.


  • 65. 
    A client is scheduled for a myelogram at the outpatient clinic. The physician’s office nurse reinforces the physician’s explanation of the procedure. Which of the following statements, if made by the nurse, correctly describes a myelogram?
    • A. 

      "The test involves x-ray examination of the entire spinal column to determine the extent of myelin breakdown."

    • B. 

      "The test involves injection of a contrast medium into a suspected ruptured vertebral disk, allowing radiographic visualization of the disk."

    • C. 

      "The test involves a lumbar puncture with injection of contrast medium, allowing x-ray visualization of the vertebral canal."

    • D. 

      "The test involves x-ray examination of the vertebral column following injection of air into the subarachnoid space."


  • 66. 
    The nurse caring for a client on suicide precautions makes the following observations: the client is verbalizing other options besides suicide, appears to be responding to antidepressant medication, is sleeping and eating better, and has indicated a willingness to interact more with family members. Based on these data, which of the following nursing actions is MOST appropriate?
    • A. 

      Recommend that the physician decrease the client’s medication dosage.

    • B. 

      Recommend that the treatment team reevaluate the client’s treatment plan.

    • C. 

      Give the client privileges to walk around the hospital by himself.

    • D. 

      Ask the family to begin planning for the client’s discharge.


  • 67. 
    The nurse obtains a history from the father of a 6-year-old boy with a history of epilepsy who was admitted with uncontrolled seizures. It is MOST important for the nurse to ask which of the following questions?
    • A. 

      "What part of the body was affected by the seizure?"

    • B. 

      "What is the family history of seizure disorders?"

    • C. 

      "What was your son doing before the seizure?"

    • D. 

      "How long has it been since his last episode of seizures?"


  • 68. 
    The nurse teaches a health class at the local library to a group of senior citizens. Which of the following behaviors should the nurse emphasize to facilitate regular bowel elimination?
    • A. 

      Avoid strenuous activity.

    • B. 

      Eat more foods with increased bulk.

    • C. 

      Decrease fluid intake to decrease urinary losses.

    • D. 

      Use oral laxatives so that a bowel pattern emerges.


  • 69. 
    The physician orders morphine sulfate 8 mg IM q 3 to 4 h for pain PRN. In which of the following situations should the nurse consider withholding the medication until further assessment is completed?
    • A. 

      The patient complains of acute pain from a partial-thickness burn affecting the lower left leg.

    • B. 

      The patient’s blood pressure is 140/90, pulse is 90, and respiration is 28.

    • C. 

      The patient’s level of consciousness fluctuates from alert to lethargic.

    • D. 

      The patient exhibits restlessness, anxiety, and cold, clammy skin.


  • 70. 
    The nurse observes a student nurse caring for a client. In addition to following standard precautions, the student nurse is wearing a gown and gloves. The nurse determines care is appropriate if the student nurse performs which of the following activities?
    • A. 

      Gives isoniazid (INH) to a client with tuberculosis.

    • B. 

      Administers an IM injection to a client with rubella.

    • C. 

      Delivers a food tray to a client with hepatitis.

    • D. 

      Changes the dressing for a client with a draining abscess.


  • 71. 
    A client is diagnosed with obsessive-compulsive disorder manifested by the compulsion of hand-washing. The nurse knows that which of the following BEST describes the client’s need for the repetitive acts of hand-washing?
    • A. 

      Hand-washing represents an attempt to manipulate the environment to make it more comfortable.

    • B. 

      Hand-washing externalizes the anxiety from a source within the body to an acceptable substitute outside the body.

    • C. 

      Hand-washing helps the client avoid undesirable thoughts and maintain some control over guilt and anxiety.

    • D. 

      Hand-washing helps maintain the client in an active state to resist the effects of depression.


  • 72. 
    The nurse cares for an elderly client who has just had a prosthetic hip implant. The nurse should position the client in which of the following positions?
    • A. 

      With the affected hip internally rotated and flexed.

    • B. 

      With the affected hip adducted when turned.

    • C. 

      In the supine position with the knees elevated 90 degrees.

    • D. 

      Side-lying with the affected hip in a position of abduction.


  • 73. 
    A mother brings her 10-year-old and 3-year-old daughters to the pediatrician’s office because the younger girl complains of dysuria. The physician orders a catheterization to obtain a urine specimen. The nurse should take which of the following actions?
    • A. 

      Describe the procedure to the child in short, concrete terms while talking calmly.

    • B. 

      Allow the child to play with the equipment during the procedure.

    • C. 

      Involve the girl’s older sister in explaining the procedure.

    • D. 

      Show the child a diagram of the urinary system.


  • 74. 
    A patient is returned to the unit after surgery with a cuffed tracheostomy tube in place. The nurse knows that the purpose of the cuff on the tracheostomy tube includes which of the following?
    • A. 

      Guarantees secure placement of the tracheostomy tube in the airway.

    • B. 

      Prevents ischemia of the tracheal wall by distributing the pressure applied to it.

    • C. 

      Decreases the chance of aspiration into the trachea.

    • D. 

      Protects the trachea from ischemia and edema.


  • 75. 
    The nurse cares for a client after an electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) treatment. The nurse should report which observation to the client’s physician?
    • A. 

      Headache.

    • B. 

      Disruption in short- and long-term memory.

    • C. 

      Transient confusional state.

    • D. 

      Backache.


  • 76. 
    A mother brings her 9-month-old infant to the pediatrician’s office with complaints of a fever of 102.2°F (39°C) and frequent vomiting. The nurse expects which of the following reflexes to still be present?
    • A. 

      Babinski’s reflex.

    • B. 

      Moro’s reflex.

    • C. 

      Tonic neck reflex.

    • D. 

      Grasp reflex.


  • 77. 
    A client with an irregular pulse rate of 81 and a potassium level of 3.0 mEq/L has digoxin (Lanoxin) ordered. Which of the following actions, if taken by the nurse, is BEST?
    • A. 

      Give the digoxin.

    • B. 

      Hold the digoxin.

    • C. 

      Notify the physician.

    • D. 

      Recheck the pulse.


  • 78. 
    The nurse assesses a client’s neurosensory cerebellar functioning. Which of the following assessment techniques is correct?
    • A. 

      Test the client’s deep tendon reflexes to observe for weakness.

    • B. 

      Check the client’s pupils with a penlight and observe for constriction.

    • C. 

      Have the client stand with eyes closed and observe for swaying.

    • D. 

      Ask the client to show her teeth and stick out her tongue.


  • 79. 
    The nurse cares for an elderly adult client with multi-infarct dementia. Which of the following actions, if taken by the nurse, is BEST?
    • A. 

      Place the client in soft hand restraints or chair restraints.

    • B. 

      Monitor wandering behaviors during a 7-day period.

    • C. 

      Keep the lounge’s television volume on a low level.

    • D. 

      Encourage a diet high in protein, iron, and vitamins.


  • 80. 
    A teenager diagnosed with anorexia nervosa is admitted to the hospital. In planning to care for the client, the nurse would expect the client to
    • A. 

      view her appearance as "skinny."

    • B. 

      be hypoactive and withdrawn.

    • C. 

      want to talk about and plan her meals.

    • D. 

      have a close relationship with her mother.


  • 81. 
    The nurse cares for a client admitted with a diagnosis of acute hypoparathyroidism. It is MOST important for the nurse to have which of the following items available?
    • A. 

      Tracheostomy set.

    • B. 

      Cardiac monitor.

    • C. 

      IV monitor.

    • D. 

      Heating pad.


  • 82. 
    An adult woman has missed her menstrual period. The client’s last menstrual period began May 8 and ended May 12. The nurse determines that the client’s EDC (estimated date of confinement) is which of the following?
    • A. 

      February 1.

    • B. 

      February 15.

    • C. 

      February 19.

    • D. 

      March 14.


  • 83. 
    The nurse checks the incision of a patient 48 hours after surgery for a hernia repair. Which of the following findings indicates a possible complication?
    • A. 

      There is swelling under the sutures.

    • B. 

      There is crusting around the incision line.

    • C. 

      The incision line is red.

    • D. 

      The incision line is approximated.


  • 84. 
    The nurse knows that which of these plans is MOST successful in caring for a client with dementia?
    • A. 

      Teach new skills for adjusting to the aging process.

    • B. 

      Adjust the environment to meet the client’s individual needs.

    • C. 

      Encourage competitive activities to keep the client physically strong.

    • D. 

      Provide unstructured activities with frequent changes to increase stimulation.


  • 85. 
    A client has partial-thickness and full-thickness burns over 75% of his body. The nurse is MOST concerned if which of the following is observed?
    • A. 

      Epigastric pain.

    • B. 

      Restlessness.

    • C. 

      Tachypnea.

    • D. 

      Lethargy.


  • 86. 
    The nurse observes a client who is taking phenelzine (Nardil) eat another client’s lunch. After a few minutes, the client complains of headache, nausea, and rapid heartbeat, and begins to vomit. The nurse anticipates administering which of the following medications?
    • A. 

      Buspirone (BuSpar).

    • B. 

      Fluoxetine (Prozac).

    • C. 

      Prochlorperazine (Compazine).

    • D. 

      Nifedipine (Procardia).


  • 87. 
    The nurse receives report from the previous shift. Which of the following clients should the nurse see FIRST?
    • A. 

      A client receiving a blood transfusion who complains of a dry mouth.

    • B. 

      A client is scheduled to receive heparin and the PTT is 70 seconds.

    • C. 

      A client is receiving ciprofloxacin (Cipro) and complains of a fine macular rash.

    • D. 

      A client is receiving IV potassium and complains of burning at the IV site.


  • 88. 
    The nurse cares for a client who is receiving a tube feeding around the clock. Which of the following nursing actions is MOST appropriate?
    • A. 

      Rinse the bag and change the formula every 4 hours.

    • B. 

      Rinse the bag and change the formula every shift.

    • C. 

      Change the bag and formula every shift.

    • D. 

      Rinse the bag and change the formula every 2 hours.


  • 89. 
    A 25-year-old primigravida diagnosed with type 1 diabetes mellitus reviews the insulin regimen with the nurse. The nurse explains to the client that her insulin needs will change in which of the following ways?
    • A. 

      Increase during pregnancy and decrease after delivery.

    • B. 

      Decrease during pregnancy and increase after delivery.

    • C. 

      Increase during pregnancy and remain increased after delivery.

    • D. 

      Decrease during pregnancy and fluctuate after delivery.


  • 90. 
    A client asks what the difference is between a gastric ulcer and a duodenal ulcer. The nurse’s response should be based on which of the following statements?
    • A. 

      "Gastric ulcers have an increased association with clients who experience increased psychological pressures."

    • B. 

      "The pain of a duodenal ulcer usually occurs 2 to 4 hours after meals."

    • C. 

      "Clients with gastric ulcers often gain weight, as food alleviates the pain."

    • D. 

      "Antacids such as Maalox are seldom prescribed for clients with duodenal ulcers."


  • 91. 
    An 8-year-old has been receiving chemotherapy for 6 months. During her nursing care she asks, "Am I going to die?" Which of the following responses by the nurse is BEST?
    • A. 

      "Are you afraid of dying?"

    • B. 

      "Why do you ask that question?"

    • C. 

      "Only God knows that answer."

    • D. 

      "We won’t leave you alone."


  • 92. 
    An 11-year-old boy falls off his bicycle and sustains a minor head injury, which is treated at the outpatient clinic. The nurse instructs the boy’s mother about his care at home. The nurse determines that further teaching is necessary if the mother makes which of the following statements?
    • A. 

      "My son may have dizziness for 24 hours."

    • B. 

      "My son can drink carbonated beverages if he vomits."

    • C. 

      "My son may complain of nausea."

    • D. 

      "My son will probably have a headache."


  • 93. 
    The nurse cares for patients on the psychiatric unit. An extremely angry patient with bipolar illness tells the nurse he just learned his wife has filed for divorce and he needs to use the phone. Which of the following responses by the nurse is MOST appropriate?
    • A. 

      Allow the patient to use the phone.

    • B. 

      Confront the patient about his anger and inappropriate plan of action.

    • C. 

      Do not allow the patient to use the phone because he is an involuntary patient.

    • D. 

      Set limits on the patient’s phone use because he has been unable to control his behavior.


  • 94. 
    The nurse cares for a child who is in Buck’s traction. During the neurovascular assessment, the nurse notes that the foot of the uninjured leg feels warmer to touch than that of the broken leg. The nurse should take which of the following actions?
    • A. 

      Record the observation.

    • B. 

      Encourage the child to move the foot.

    • C. 

      Cover the colder foot with a sock.

    • D. 

      Notify the physician.


  • 95. 
    A 4 lb 10 oz baby boy is delivered at 32 weeks’ gestation. The infant is admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit and placed in an incubator. The infant has mottling of the skin and acrocyanosis with irregular respirations of 60. The nurse should recognize that these findings indicate which of the following?
    • A. 

      Hypoglycemia.

    • B. 

      Cold stress.

    • C. 

      Birth asphyxia.

    • D. 

      Hypovolemia.


  • 96. 
    A client is admitted for regulation of insulin dosage. The client takes 15 units of Humulin N insulin at 8 A.M. every day. At 4 P.M., which of the following nursing observations indicates a complication from the insulin?
    • A. 

      Acetone odor to the breath, polyuria, and flushed skin.

    • B. 

      Irritability, tachycardia, and diaphoresis.

    • C. 

      Headache, nervousness, and polydipsia.

    • D. 

      Tenseness, tachycardia, and anorexia.


  • 97. 
    The nurse works with a client who has just indicated a wish to kill herself. The client then asks the nurse not to tell anyone. Which of the following responses by the nurse is BEST?
    • A. 

      Encourage the client not to do anything without thinking it through very carefully.

    • B. 

      Explain to the client that anything she tells the nurse is kept strictly confidential.

    • C. 

      Report this to staff members in order to protect the client.

    • D. 

      Encourage the client to tell the nurse more about what she is feeling.


  • 98. 
    An older woman is hospitalized with a fractured left hip. While awaiting surgery, the client is placed in Buck’s traction with a 7-pound weight. Which of the following instructions about moving should be given by the nurse to encourage the patient to participate in her care?
    • A. 

      "Pull up on the overhead trapeze while you push down on your right foot to lift your body."

    • B. 

      "With your right arm, grasp the bedside rail on the opposite side and pull yourself over gently."

    • C. 

      "I’ll raise the head of the bed 45 degrees, and then you lean forward and rotate your hips to the left."

    • D. 

      "Swing your right leg over your left leg and turn from your waist down, keeping your legs straight."


  • 99. 
    The nurse in the pediatrician’s office observes a child in the waiting room. The nurse notes that the child can walk up and down steps, has a steady gait, can stand on one foot momentarily, and jumps with both feet. The nurse identifies the child’s chronological age to be which of the following?
    • A. 

      1 year old.

    • B. 

      2 years old.

    • C. 

      3 years old.

    • D. 

      5 years old.


  • 100. 
    The nurse responds to a train derailment. After making an initial assessment, which of the following clients should the nurse see FIRST?
    • A. 

      A pregnant woman who states that her clothing is wet.

    • B. 

      A young man with blood pulsating from a cut on the right leg.

    • C. 

      A preschool child who is screaming and crying uncontrollably.

    • D. 

      An unconscious woman with the right leg shorter than the left leg.


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