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1.  Rogers holds that psychological imbalance results from a disparity between
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B.
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D.
2.  Freud is most closely associated with the idea of
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B.
C.
D.
3.  Masters and Johnson have delineated a four phase sexual response cycle. Which of the following is a phase in their conceptualization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  By "congruence," Rogers means close matching of
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  According to the counseling model developed by Carkhuff, which of the counselor's responses lsited below is most appropriate for the statement made by a client during an initial counseling interview? Client: "I'm not really sure why I am here; I've been to counselors before and they've never really helped." Counselor:
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  According to Yalom, __________ is a necessary precondition for effective group therapy.
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  For Rogers, the best approach for bringing about personality change is to
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D.
8.  B.F. Skinner is best known for his ________ procedures.
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B.
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D.
9.  Which of the following theories of counseling is based on a logical, cognitive approach to the solution of client's problems?
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B.
C.
D.
10.  Which of the following counseling approaches places central importance on clients making value judgments about current behaviors?
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B.
C.
D.
11.  Which of the following client behaviors is NOT a sign of client resistance?
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B.
C.
D.
12.  Life-styling workshops generally include
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B.
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D.
13.  Counselors doing group counseling know that recognizing that working through resistance is a major task of the __________ stage in group process.
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B.
C.
D.
14.  Regarding the role of the group leader's values in group counseling situations, ethical practice implies that group leaders should
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B.
C.
D.
15.  Which of the following is a true statement about Gestalt therapy groups?
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B.
C.
D.
16.  Counselors use __________ groups to help members fulfill needs for support, feedback, and learning. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Jerry Jones wanted to manage a business of his own but did not have the capital to get started. He settled for a job as a clerk  in a sporting goods store but made contacts with others who would be willing to back him in setting up his own business. In a few years, with the help of backers, he opened his own store, "The Fallen Arch." This business flourished. Soon after, he capitalized on his public relations ability and expanded by opening branches in several other cities. If we use either Ginzberg's first or revised formulations to explain Jerry's career development, we would say tht this is an illustration of
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Which of the following is the most appropriate career education activity for the elementary school?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Appropriate career education activities for the elementary school include
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B.
C.
D.
20.  Which of the following statements accurately describes current knowledge of the relationship between peoples' cultural and economic characteristics and their career development?
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B.
C.
D.
21.  Interest inventories are least useful for
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B.
C.
D.
22.  A counselor asks, "I wonder how the new job seems to you?" This is an example of what type of question?
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B.
C.
D.
23.  A norm table may include all of the following EXCEPT 
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  What is the mean of a z score distribution?
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B.
C.
D.
25.  In a normal distribution which as the highest value?
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B.
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D.
26.  When counselors refer to a test as a "standardized test," they are using the term, in part, to imply that
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B.
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D.
27.  Which of the following types of variables in NOT synonymous with the term "independent variable?"
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B.
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D.
28.  If counseling researchers are concerned that pretesting may somehow sensitize or alter respondents' responses, they are worried about
A.
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C.
D.
29.  The variable that appears, disappears, or changes as the counseling researcher applies, removes, or varies the independent variable in an experimental study is called
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D.
30.  When the slope of the regression line rises when moving left to right across a graphic representation of a group of scores, the counselor knows that this plot reflects a
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D.
31.  Which is the median stanine?
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D.
32.  Ahievement tests may be
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C.
D.
33.  Goal attainment scaling is a method for evaluating
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D.
34.  A counselor in a social service agency working with economically deprived immigrants would focus on the person's most urgent need. The first priority would be the need for
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B.
C.
D.
35.  Heteronomous morality are two stages in the theory of moral development developed by
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B.
C.
D.
36.  The Standards of Preparation of the ACA's Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Programs (CACREP) emphasize that counselors should have comprehensive knowledge of human psycho-social development across the life span. The primary reason for this standard is that counselors with such knowledge will be better able to
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  In Erikson's theory of the eight stages of human development, at what stage would people most likely encounter the psychological crisis of initiative vs. guilt?
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Many schools and institutions for persons with retardation are reducing their populations because
A.
B.
C.
D.
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