Milady's Chapter 5 Infection Control

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Milady
Milady's Standard Cosmetology Test for Chapter 5, Infection Control.

  
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  • 1. 
    The one-celled microorganisms also known as germs or microbes are:
    • A. 

      Viruses

    • B. 

      Fungi

    • C. 

      Bacteria

    • D. 

      Cilia


  • 2. 
    Parasites are types of:
    • A. 

      Disease

    • B. 

      Pathogenic virus

    • C. 

      Nonpathogenic bacteria

    • D. 

      Pathogenic bacteria


  • 3. 
    Bacteria that cause disease are called:
    • A. 

      Nonpathogenic

    • B. 

      Protozoa

    • C. 

      Pathogenic

    • D. 

      Saprophytes


  • 4. 
    Disease in plant or animal tissue is caused by:
    • A. 

      Acidophilus

    • B. 

      Saprophytes

    • C. 

      Pathogenic bacteria

    • D. 

      Nonpathogenic bacteria


  • 5. 
    Technical term for bacteria that live on dead matter is:
    • A. 

      Parasites

    • B. 

      Viruses

    • C. 

      Saprophytes

    • D. 

      Flagella


  • 6. 
    The spirilla bacteria Trepnema pallida causes:
    • A. 

      Syphilis

    • B. 

      Tuberculosis

    • C. 

      Pneumonia

    • D. 

      Abscesses


  • 7. 
    The type of bacteria called cocci have a:
    • A. 

      Spiral shape

    • B. 

      Round shape

    • C. 

      Rod shape

    • D. 

      Corkscrew shape


  • 8. 
    The type of bacteria that has a rod shape is called:
    • A. 

      Diplococci

    • B. 

      Staphylococci

    • C. 

      Spirilla

    • D. 

      Bacilli


  • 9. 
    Pus-forming bacteria that cause strep throat and blood poisoning are:
    • A. 

      Streptococci

    • B. 

      Bacilli

    • C. 

      Staphylococci

    • D. 

      Diplococci


  • 10. 
    The bacteria with a corkscrew or spiral shape are:
    • A. 

      Staphylococci

    • B. 

      Spirilla

    • C. 

      Diplococci

    • D. 

      Bacilli


  • 11. 
    In California in 2000, a normally harmless bacteria that cause infections in over 100 pedicure clients was:
    • A. 

      Mycobacterium fortuitum furunculosis

    • B. 

      Pseudomonas aeruginosa

    • C. 

      Borrelia burgdorferi

    • D. 

      Treponema pallida


  • 12. 
    Cocci rarely:
    • A. 

      Show self-movement

    • B. 

      Undergo mitosis

    • C. 

      Reproduce

    • D. 

      Are pathogenic


  • 13. 
    Certain bacteria move about with the help of hair like extensions called:
    • A. 

      Spores

    • B. 

      Saprophytes

    • C. 

      Diplococci

    • D. 

      Flagella


  • 14. 
    Mitosis is the process by which bacteria:
    • A. 

      Divide

    • B. 

      Release toxins

    • C. 

      Move about

    • D. 

      Become inactive


  • 15. 
    Certain bacteria, during their inactive stage, form outer coverings called:
    • A. 

      Daughter cells

    • B. 

      Flagella

    • C. 

      Spores

    • D. 

      Toxins


  • 16. 
    A disease that is transmitted from one person to another by contact is said to be:
    • A. 

      Occupational

    • B. 

      Communicable

    • C. 

      Chronic

    • D. 

      Congenital


  • 17. 
    A typical example of a general infection is:
    • A. 

      An epidemic

    • B. 

      A pimple

    • C. 

      Syphillis

    • D. 

      A skin lesion


  • 18. 
    A sign of bacterial infection is:
    • A. 

      Pus

    • B. 

      Bleeding

    • C. 

      A cold

    • D. 

      Parasites


  • 19. 
    Diseases caused by viruses include:
    • A. 

      Measles and hepatitis

    • B. 

      Abcesses and boils

    • C. 

      Strep throat and blood poisoning

    • D. 

      Tuberculosis and tetanus


  • 20. 
    Penetrating cells and becoming part of them is characteristic of:
    • A. 

      Bacteria

    • B. 

      Parasites

    • C. 

      Viruses

    • D. 

      Fungi


  • 21. 
    Hepatitis is caused by a bloodborne virus and involves inflammation of the:
    • A. 

      Liver

    • B. 

      Kidneys

    • C. 

      Stomach

    • D. 

      Heart


  • 22. 
    The disease that breaks down the body's immune system is known as:
    • A. 

      Hepatitis

    • B. 

      Pediculosis capitis

    • C. 

      Tuberculosis

    • D. 

      AIDS


  • 23. 
    Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is caused by:
    • A. 

      The herpes virus

    • B. 

      Contaminated food

    • C. 

      Poor personal hygiene

    • D. 

      The HIV virus


  • 24. 
    The HIV virus is not transmitted:
    • A. 

      Through unprotected sexual contact

    • B. 

      By kissing or hugging

    • C. 

      Through cuts and sores

    • D. 

      By IV users sharing needles


  • 25. 
    One way in which bacteria and viruses can enter the body is through:
    • A. 

      Dry skin

    • B. 

      Oily skin

    • C. 

      Broken skin

    • D. 

      Moist skin


  • 26. 
    Fungi, or vegetable parasites, cause contagious diseases such as:
    • A. 

      Flu

    • B. 

      Ringworm

    • C. 

      Hepatitis

    • D. 

      Tuberculosis


  • 27. 
    Clients showing signs of a contagious disease or condition should be:
    • A. 

      Sanitized and disinfected

    • B. 

      Given medications

    • C. 

      Referred to a physician

    • D. 

      Diagnosed and treated


  • 28. 
    Immunity is the ability of the body to resist:
    • A. 

      Immunization

    • B. 

      Antibiotics

    • C. 

      The immune system

    • D. 

      Infection


  • 29. 
    Surfaces such as tables, walls, doorknobs, or your hands, no matter how clean they look, are very likely:
    • A. 

      Infected

    • B. 

      Sterile

    • C. 

      Pathogenic

    • D. 

      Contaminated


  • 30. 
    There are three main levels of decontamination:
    • A. 

      Steam autoclave, dry heat, disinfection

    • B. 

      Sterilization, disinfection, sanitation

    • C. 

      Sterilization, cleaning, sanitation

    • D. 

      Disinfection, scrubbing, sanitation


  • 31. 
    Only one level of decontamination, sterilization, is capable of killing:
    • A. 

      Tuberculosis bacteria

    • B. 

      The HIV virus

    • C. 

      Bacterial spores

    • D. 

      Both bacteria and viruses


  • 32. 
    Surgeons and dentists are required to practice ___________with their tools.
    • A. 

      Rinsing

    • B. 

      Disinfection

    • C. 

      Sterilization

    • D. 

      Sanitation


  • 33. 
    Disinfection may be used on:
    • A. 

      Nail plates

    • B. 

      Wood

    • C. 

      Skin

    • D. 

      Nonporous surfaces


  • 34. 
    Disinfectants are too strong to use on:
    • A. 

      Shampoo bowls

    • B. 

      Manicure implements

    • C. 

      Skin, hair, or nails

    • D. 

      Haircutting tools


  • 35. 
    Each individual state and the _______must approve all disinfectants.
    • A. 

      OSHA

    • B. 

      FDA

    • C. 

      MSDS

    • D. 

      EPA


  • 36. 
    A Material Safety Data Sheet on every product used in the cosmetology school is required by:
    • A. 

      State law

    • B. 

      School regulations

    • C. 

      Federal law

    • D. 

      Most instructors


  • 37. 
    An MSDS contains important information about a product, including:
    • A. 

      Other uses of product

    • B. 

      Other suppliers of product

    • C. 

      Storage requirements

    • D. 

      Resale value of product


  • 38. 
    The government agency that regulates and enforces safety and health standards in the workplace is:
    • A. 

      FBI

    • B. 

      OSHA

    • C. 

      EPA

    • D. 

      FDA


  • 39. 
    In order to be considered "Formulated for Hospitals and Health Care Facilities," a disinfectant must be pseudomonacidal, bactericidal, fungicidal, and:
    • A. 

      Virucidal

    • B. 

      Inexpensive

    • C. 

      Easy to dilute

    • D. 

      Pneumonicidal


  • 40. 
    An EPA-registered tuberculocidal disinfectant or one that kills the HVB and HIV virus is required by OSHA for implements that come into contact with:
    • A. 

      All bacteria and fungi

    • B. 

      Clients' hair

    • C. 

      The Pseudomonas bacteria

    • D. 

      Blood or body fluids


  • 41. 
    Any item used to perform a salon service on a client must be disinfected or:
    • A. 

      Discarded

    • B. 

      Given to a client

    • C. 

      Kept by the stylist

    • D. 

      Washed


  • 42. 
    Implements must be thoroughly cleaned before they are:
    • A. 

      Soaked in disinfectant

    • B. 

      Stored in a clean container

    • C. 

      Used on a new client

    • D. 

      Disposed of properly


  • 43. 
    To be effective in the salon, ultrasonic bath cleaners must be used with:
    • A. 

      Sodium hypochlorite

    • B. 

      An effective disinfectant

    • C. 

      70% isopropyl alcohol

    • D. 

      An effective astringent


  • 44. 
    An immersion time of 10 to 15 minutes is sufficient when disinfecting with:
    • A. 

      Quats

    • B. 

      Bleach

    • C. 

      70% isopropyl alcohol

    • D. 

      Formalin


  • 45. 
    Phenols in 5 percent solution are safe and extremely effective disinfectants used mostly for:
    • A. 

      Metal implements

    • B. 

      Skin sanitization

    • C. 

      Blood spills

    • D. 

      Rubber and plastic


  • 46. 
    Alcohol and bleach are:
    • A. 

      No longer widely used as disinfectants

    • B. 

      EPA-registered disinfectants

    • C. 

      The most effective disinfectants

    • D. 

      Completely ineffective disinfectants


  • 47. 
    For disinfection of implements, states requiring hospital disinfection do not allow the use of:
    • A. 

      EPA-registered disinfectants

    • B. 

      Quats

    • C. 

      Alcohol

    • D. 

      Phenols


  • 48. 
    Sodium hypochlorite is more commonly known as:
    • A. 

      Phenol

    • B. 

      Alcohol

    • C. 

      Formalin

    • D. 

      Bleach


  • 49. 
    A product that was used in the past as a disinfectant but is no longer considered safe for salon use is:
    • A. 

      Formalin

    • B. 

      Alcohol

    • C. 

      Bleach

    • D. 

      Antiseptics


  • 50. 
    Tongs, gloved hands, or a draining basket should be used to remove implements from:
    • A. 

      Clean towels

    • B. 

      Disinfectants

    • C. 

      Storage containers

    • D. 

      Soapy water


  • 51. 
    Proper disinfection procedure includes changing the solution in a wet sanitizer:
    • A. 

      Every other day

    • B. 

      Whenever it looks cloudy

    • C. 

      Once a week

    • D. 

      Once a day


  • 52. 
    The most important rule to remember when mixing disinfectants is to always:
    • A. 

      Mix a weaker solution than recommended

    • B. 

      Use approximate measurements

    • C. 

      Follow the manufacturer's instructions

    • D. 

      Mix a stronger solution than recommended


  • 53. 
    Once implements have been disinfected, they should be stored in a/an:
    • A. 

      Open container at station

    • B. 

      Disinfected and covered container

    • C. 

      Station drawer

    • D. 

      Wet sanitizer


  • 54. 
    The only device among the following that can be used to disinfect implements is the:
    • A. 

      Bead sterilizer

    • B. 

      UV sanitizer

    • C. 

      Wet sanitizer

    • D. 

      Draining basket


  • 55. 
    After each use, linens and capes or drapes that come in contact with a client's skin should be laundered with:
    • A. 

      Antiseptics

    • B. 

      Bleach

    • C. 

      Phenols

    • D. 

      Quats


  • 56. 
    Some implements have parts that cannot be immersed in liquid but must still be disinfected, such as:
    • A. 

      Haircutting shears

    • B. 

      Razors

    • C. 

      Brushes

    • D. 

      Nail drills


  • 57. 
    An EPA-registered disinfectant with bactericidal, fungicidal, virucidal (and in some states tuberculocidal) efficacy should be used to disinfect foot spas:
    • A. 

      Once a day

    • B. 

      Once a week

    • C. 

      Every two weeks

    • D. 

      After each client


  • 58. 
    Foot spas should be filled with a 5 percent bleach solution that should be left to sit overnight:
    • A. 

      After each use

    • B. 

      Every two weeks

    • C. 

      Every week

    • D. 

      At the end of the day


  • 59. 
    Cotton balls or wipes used in cleaning up a blood spill should be:
    • A. 

      Wrapped in a towel

    • B. 

      Double-bagged before disposing

    • C. 

      Thrown into a dumpster

    • D. 

      Dropped into a trash can


  • 60. 
    Sanitation or sanitization is the:
    • A. 

      Highest level of infection control

    • B. 

      Lowest level of decontamination

    • C. 

      Highest level of decontamination

    • D. 

      Lowest level of disinfection


  • 61. 
    Washing a brush with detergent is an example of:
    • A. 

      Sterilization

    • B. 

      Sanitation

    • C. 

      Disinfection

    • D. 

      Contamination


  • 62. 
    Bar soaps should be avoided in the salon because they:
    • A. 

      Do not last long

    • B. 

      Are too harsh on the skin

    • C. 

      Are unattractive

    • D. 

      Can grow bacteria


  • 63. 
    In the salon, hands should be thoroughly washed before and after each service with:
    • A. 

      Plain water

    • B. 

      Disinfectants

    • C. 

      EPA-registered cleansers

    • D. 

      Soap and warm water


  • 64. 
    Products used in the salon that are considered sanitizers are:
    • A. 

      Antiseptics

    • B. 

      Alcohols

    • C. 

      Cotton balls

    • D. 

      Phenols


  • 65. 
    The guidelines and controls for infection control published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention are called:
    • A. 

      Salon Precautions

    • B. 

      Universal Precautions

    • C. 

      Disinfection Controls

    • D. 

      HIV and HBV Guidelines


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