Medical Vocabulary Quiz 3

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Introduction To Medical Vocabulary QUIZ 3, 50 multiple choice questions help to study for Final Exam See other quizzes to help study for the Final

  
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  • 1. 
    The word root "orth" means:
    • A. 

      Muscle

    • B. 

      Joint

    • C. 

      Bone

    • D. 

      Straight


  • 2. 
    The medical term bradykinesia means:
    • A. 

      Abnormal slow growth of long bones

    • B. 

      Joint stiffness

    • C. 

      Inability to coordinate muscles

    • D. 

      Abnormally slow movement


  • 3. 
    Inflammation and degeneration of a joint is known as:
    • A. 

      Spondylarthritis

    • B. 

      Achondroplasia

    • C. 

      Anklyosis

    • D. 

      Arthritis


  • 4. 
    A surgical puncture of a joint to withdraw or aspirate fluids from the synovial cavity is known as:
    • A. 

      Athrotomy

    • B. 

      Athroscopy

    • C. 

      Arthrocentesis

    • D. 

      Arthrodesis


  • 5. 
    A medical field that emphasizes the relationship between the musculoskeletal system and overall health with an emphasis on preventative medicine is:
    • A. 

      Orthotics

    • B. 

      Podiatry

    • C. 

      Chiropractic

    • D. 

      Osteopathy


  • 6. 
    Closing a tendon with sutures is known as:
    • A. 

      Tenomyoplasty

    • B. 

      Osteoplasty

    • C. 

      Tenorrhaphy

    • D. 

      Myoplasty


  • 7. 
    Surgical excision of part of a vertebra as part of treatment for a herniated disk is:
    • A. 

      Ostectomy

    • B. 

      Diskectomy

    • C. 

      Laminectomy

    • D. 

      Rachiotomy


  • 8. 
    The elderly patient fractured her hip and needs a hip replacement. She will be scheduled for an:
    • A. 

      Arthroscopy

    • B. 

      Arthrodesis

    • C. 

      Arthrotomy

    • D. 

      Arthroplasty


  • 9. 
    The paraplegic must exercise his muscles daily to prevent muscle wasting or:
    • A. 

      Tenodynia

    • B. 

      Ankylosis

    • C. 

      Atrophy

    • D. 

      Ataxia


  • 10. 
    The suffix which means surgical fixation or fusion is:
    • A. 

      -desis

    • B. 

      -clasis

    • C. 

      -otomy

    • D. 

      -schisis


  • 11. 
    The word root "myel" means:
    • A. 

      Bone marrow

    • B. 

      Hernia

    • C. 

      Spine

    • D. 

      Bent forward


  • 12. 
    Which combining form means curved?
    • A. 

      Scoli/o

    • B. 

      Clon/o

    • C. 

      Lord/o

    • D. 

      Rachi/o


  • 13. 
    What is the medical term for movement toward the body midline?
    • A. 

      Adduction

    • B. 

      Eversion

    • C. 

      Abduction

    • D. 

      Extension


  • 14. 
    Which types of joint allows the most movement between bones and occurs in the knew, elbow, wrist, and shoulder?
    • A. 

      Cartilaginous

    • B. 

      Fibrous

    • C. 

      Bursae

    • D. 

      Synovial


  • 15. 
    Which medical term is spelled correctly?
    • A. 

      Myoceole

    • B. 

      Fasciotomy

    • C. 

      Dyskinisia

    • D. 

      Cocycx


  • 16. 
    The ______ is the shaft of a long bone.
    • A. 

      Epiphysis

    • B. 

      Periosteum

    • C. 

      Endosteum

    • D. 

      Disphysis


  • 17. 
    ______ is a process of moving a body part away from the middle
    • A. 

      Abduction

    • B. 

      Inversion

    • C. 

      Eversion

    • D. 

      Adduction


  • 18. 
    The process of bending a limb is called
    • A. 

      Extension

    • B. 

      Flexion

    • C. 

      Supination

    • D. 

      Pronation


  • 19. 
    A bone forming cell is an:
    • A. 

      Osteoclast

    • B. 

      Osteoclasis

    • C. 

      Osteoblast

    • D. 

      Osteoma


  • 20. 
    A condition that results in reduction of bone mass is called:
    • A. 

      Osteonecrosis

    • B. 

      Osteopenia

    • C. 

      Osteoporosis

    • D. 

      Osteofibroma


  • 21. 
    The combining form chondr/o means:
    • A. 

      Clavicle

    • B. 

      Cancer

    • C. 

      Glue

    • D. 

      Cartilage


  • 22. 
    The suffix -physis means:
    • A. 

      Growth

    • B. 

      Formation

    • C. 

      Suture

    • D. 

      Repair


  • 23. 
    The membrane that forms the covering of bones except at their articular surfaces is:
    • A. 

      Periosteum

    • B. 

      Diaphysis

    • C. 

      Endosteum

    • D. 

      Epiphysis


  • 24. 
    Poor formation of bone is:
    • A. 

      Osteodystrophy

    • B. 

      Osteoclasis

    • C. 

      Osteolysis

    • D. 

      Myelopoiesis


  • 25. 
    Wasting away (no development) of muscle:
    • A. 

      Atrophy

    • B. 

      Hypertrophy

    • C. 

      Myalgia

    • D. 

      Myasthenia


  • 26. 
    What prefix means all or entire?
    • A. 

      Pan-

    • B. 

      Poly-

    • C. 

      Hyper-

    • D. 

      Para-


  • 27. 
    An incapacitating mental disorder indicated by a gross distortion of emotions, incapacity to recognize reality and relate to others, and cope with ordinary demands of daily life is known as:
    • A. 

      Neurosis

    • B. 

      Psychosis

    • C. 

      Dementia

    • D. 

      Psychosomatic


  • 28. 
    The center of through, personality, emotions, and sensory is the:
    • A. 

      Diencephalon

    • B. 

      Cerebellum

    • C. 

      Cerebrum

    • D. 

      Brainstem


  • 29. 
    A chronic degenerative disease of the brain indicated by hand tremors, rigidity, and shuffling gait is known as:
    • A. 

      Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

    • B. 

      Multiple sclerosis

    • C. 

      Parkinson's disease

    • D. 

      Alzheimer's disease


  • 30. 
    The study and medical practice of the nervous system is:
    • A. 

      Psychology

    • B. 

      Neuroscience

    • C. 

      Neurology

    • D. 

      Psychiatry


  • 31. 
    The dilation of a blood vessel supplying the brain is known as:
    • A. 

      Cerebral thrombosis

    • B. 

      Cerebral embolism

    • C. 

      Cerebral atherosclerosis

    • D. 

      Cerebral aneurysm


  • 32. 
    The combining form "somat/o" means:
    • A. 

      Nerve root

    • B. 

      Speech

    • C. 

      Sensation

    • D. 

      The body


  • 33. 
    The physician has prescribed a medication to relieve the patient's pain. The nurse should prepare to give a(n):
    • A. 

      Analgesic

    • B. 

      Sedative

    • C. 

      Anesthetic

    • D. 

      Myelogram


  • 34. 
    The patient is scheduled to have a diagnostic procedure that records the electrical impulses of the brain. This is a(n):
    • A. 

      Electroencephalography

    • B. 

      Positron emission tomography

    • C. 

      Cerebral angiography

    • D. 

      Echoencephalography


  • 35. 
    The definition of encephalitis is:
    • A. 

      Inflammation of the brain

    • B. 

      A floating blood clot in the brain

    • C. 

      Softening of brain tissue

    • D. 

      A brain tumor


  • 36. 
    Inflammation of a nerve is known as:
    • A. 

      Neuritis

    • B. 

      Neurosis

    • C. 

      Neuroarthropathy

    • D. 

      Neuroma


  • 37. 
    The word root which means sensation or perception is:
    • A. 

      Phas

    • B. 

      Encephal

    • C. 

      Esthes

    • D. 

      Plegi


  • 38. 
    The client has paralysis on one side of the body. The chart would show that the client has:
    • A. 

      Quadriplegia

    • B. 

      Hemiplegia

    • C. 

      Paraplegia

    • D. 

      Palsy


  • 39. 
    An abnormal sensation of numbness and tingling without an objective cause is known as:
    • A. 

      Hyperesthesia

    • B. 

      Neuralgia

    • C. 

      Neurasthenia

    • D. 

      Paresthesia


  • 40. 
    The definition of myelitis is:
    • A. 

      Inflammation of the spinal cord

    • B. 

      Inflammation of a nerve

    • C. 

      Inflammation of the spinal nerve roots

    • D. 

      Inflammation of the brain


  • 41. 
    An abnormal fear of high places is known as:
    • A. 

      Acrophobia

    • B. 

      Autophobia

    • C. 

      Aerophobia

    • D. 

      Agoraphobia


  • 42. 
    The medical term for loss of the ability to eat is:
    • A. 

      Aphagia

    • B. 

      Asthenia

    • C. 

      Aphasia

    • D. 

      Apraxia


  • 43. 
    The medical term for a headache is:
    • A. 

      Chorea

    • B. 

      Cerebromalacia

    • C. 

      Coryza

    • D. 

      Cephalalgia


  • 44. 
    A surgical incision into the skull is:
    • A. 

      Craniectomy

    • B. 

      Cranioplasty

    • C. 

      Craniotomy

    • D. 

      Craniocele


  • 45. 
    The difficulty in comprehending the written word is called:
    • A. 

      Dysthymia

    • B. 

      Dysphasia

    • C. 

      Dyslexia

    • D. 

      Diplegia


  • 46. 
    A mental disorder in which the individual is abnormally self-absorbed is:
    • A. 

      Narcissophobia

    • B. 

      Autism

    • C. 

      Epilepsy

    • D. 

      Apoplexy


  • 47. 
    The space between nerve cells is called:
    • A. 

      Ventricle

    • B. 

      Synapse

    • C. 

      Stimulus

    • D. 

      Subdural space


  • 48. 
    The inflammation of a spinal nerve root is:
    • A. 

      Radiculitis

    • B. 

      Encephalitis

    • C. 

      Polyneuritis

    • D. 

      Meningitis


  • 49. 
    The paralysis of four extremities would be called:
    • A. 

      Quadriplegia

    • B. 

      Apraxia

    • C. 

      Paraplegia

    • D. 

      Hemiplegia


  • 50. 
    The medical term which literally means to be seized by sleep is:
    • A. 

      Epilepsy

    • B. 

      Syncope

    • C. 

      Narcolepsy

    • D. 

      Phobolepsy


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