Lifespan Developmental Psychology Quiz

14 Questions  I  By Swebb20
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 Lifespan Developmental Psychology Quiz
Revise for your exam on Developmental Psychology. Based on Peterson, C. (2004) Looking forward throught the lifespan. Sydney, NSW: Pearson Education Australia.

  
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Questions and Answers

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  • 1. 
    According to Piaget' s theory of Cognitive Development,at what age do children develop the ability for deferred imitation?
    • A. 

      8-12 months

    • B. 

      12-18 months

    • C. 

      18-24 months

    • D. 

      24-36 months


  • 2. 
    During Piaget 's Sensorimotor stage, what is the ability to flexibly altering existing schemas into new schemas called?
    • A. 

      Accommodation

    • B. 

      Assimilation

    • C. 

      Adaption

    • D. 

      Equilibrium


  • 3. 
    According to Piaget' s theory of Cognitive Development,as part of a child 's development of object permanence, what does perseverance error refer to?
    • A. 

      The mistake of referring to caregivers as possessing the object which is lost

    • B. 

      The mistake of using only the imagination to track an object

    • C. 

      The mistake of believing only what is seen can exist

    • D. 

      The mistake of looking in the place the object was previously found


  • 4. 
    According to Freud' s theory of Psychosexual Development,during which stage is children 's developmental focus on gender identity and morality?
    • A. 

      Anal (1-3 years)

    • B. 

      Phallic (3-6 years)

    • C. 

      Latency (6-12 years)

    • D. 

      Genital (12+ years)


  • 5. 
    Which of the following is NOT regarded as an important area of personality development in the first 3 months of life?
    • A. 

      Developing a balance between optimism and pessimism

    • B. 

      Developing gender identity

    • C. 

      Developing self-efficacy

    • D. 

      Avoiding learned helplessness


  • 6. 
    According to Piaget' s theory of Cognitive Development,during which stage do children develop animistic conceptions,expressed in ways such as "Don't hurt the grass. It will be sad" ?
    • A. 

      Sensorimotor

    • B. 

      Pre-Operational

    • C. 

      Concrete Operational

    • D. 

      Formal Operational


  • 7. 
    According to Piaget 's theory of Cognitive Development, during which stage do children develop the capacity for conservation?
    • A. 

      Sensorimotor

    • B. 

      Pre-Operational

    • C. 

      Concrete Operational

    • D. 

      Formal Operational


  • 8. 
    "Play is for children what work is for adults". Which of the following is NOT an important developmental outcome of play?
    • A. 

      Cognitive mastery (e.g. concepts of reversibility & conservation)

    • B. 

      Emotional development & regulation (e.g. "cooling down" by venting socially unaccepted emotions)

    • C. 

      Overcoming negativism (e.g. reducing noncompliance to adult requests)

    • D. 

      Language development (e.g. giving labels)


  • 9. 
    What is the difference between a child' s capacity to perform a task independently and the potential to perform it with assistance known as?
    • A. 

      Zone of proximal development

    • B. 

      Social learning dissonance

    • C. 

      Heteronomity-autonomity difference

    • D. 

      Scaffolding discrepancy


  • 10. 
    What is the knowledge that one 's biological gender cannot be altered by superficial transformations, such as wearing a wig (achieved by around 5-7 years), known as?
    • A. 

      Gender schema theory

    • B. 

      Gender stability

    • C. 

      Gender constancy

    • D. 

      Gender consistency


  • 11. 
    Which of the following is NOT regarded as a disadvantage of the case study approach to developmental psychology research?
    • A. 

      Fails to generate hypotheses for future research

    • B. 

      Risks error due to individuals' recall inaccuracy

    • C. 

      Tends to be expensive and time-consuming

    • D. 

      Prone to confirmatory biases


  • 12. 
    In naturalistic observation research,which of the following is NOT an effective way ofensuring objectivity of individuals ' behaviour?
    • A. 

      Train as observers people who are a normal part of the individual' s natural environment

    • B. 

      Use one-way glass observation rooms to hide observers from the participant

    • C. 

      Use video cameras to film participants without them knowing

    • D. 

      Have several observers confer on what they should be looking for before watching the same events


  • 13. 
    What is the fact that findings from controlled experimental studies cannot always be applied outside the laboratory into everyday life referred to as?
    • A. 

      Limited transferability

    • B. 

      Limited reliability

    • C. 

      Limited generalisability

    • D. 

      Limited applicability


  • 14. 
    Self-report questionnaires...
    • A. 

      Are easy to administer and are therefore make for an efficient research method

    • B. 

      Withstand the problems of miscommunication and participants ' inaccurate recall

    • C. 

      Tap into thoughts and feelings which could easily be observed using a naturalistic observation approach

    • D. 

      Allow researchers to overcome desirability bias


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