Legal And Ethical Quiz Part 2

74 Questions  I  By Jeffandsher
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  • 1. 
    The argument over whether abortion is an option for women facing difficult pregnancies is a(n)
    • A. 

      Moral dilemma

    • B. 

      Cultural issue

    • C. 

      Ethical issue

    • D. 

      Bioethical issue


  • 2. 
    Andrea knows that her employer has filed false insurance claims becuase he has asked her to add charges for procedures not performed on patients. If she discusses the matter confidentially with a fellow health care provider whom she trusts and asks for advice, which approach to a bioethical dilemma is she using
    • A. 

      Identification

    • B. 

      Information

    • C. 

      Communication

    • D. 

      Choice


  • 3. 
    Andrea has been told by no fewer than three patients that they have received notice from their insurance companies.  these notices stated that claims were filed from the office for service dates on which the patients are sure they did not visit the physician. andrea is concerned and decides to investigate the patient charts. which approach to a bioethical dilemma is she using
    • A. 

      Indentification

    • B. 

      Information

    • C. 

      Communication

    • D. 

      Choice


  • 4. 
    A health care professional has been asked to enter a notation in a patient's chart that is not factual. if the professional feels that she cannot discuss the situation with anyone, wha t approach to a bioethical dilemma can she take
    • A. 

      Indentification

    • B. 

      Information

    • C. 

      Communication

    • D. 

      Choice


  • 5. 
    Patients have a right to make decisions regarding their health care. this is reflected int he principle of respect for
    • A. 

      Autonomy

    • B. 

      Beneficence

    • C. 

      Nonmaleficence

    • D. 

      Integrity


  • 6. 
    Which of the follwoing issues would not be considered a moral dilemma
    • A. 

      Death penalty

    • B. 

      Females not receiving an education

    • C. 

      Abortion

    • D. 

      Surrogate motherhood


  • 7. 
    Susan has been asked by a patient to not discuss some private information about her symptoms with her physician. In making a dicision, what should be susan's primary concern
    • A. 

      Whether she will be fired for not relaying the information

    • B. 

      Whether the patient will be helped by not revealing the information

    • C. 

      Whether the physician will be angry at her for not revealing the information

    • D. 

      Whether there is a legal liability in not revealing the information


  • 8. 
    The principle of doing no harm is called
    • A. 

      Integrity

    • B. 

      Beneficence

    • C. 

      Nonmaleficence

    • D. 

      Autonomy


  • 9. 
    Many helath care professionals face a bioethical issue
    • A. 

      Daily

    • B. 

      Weekly

    • C. 

      Monthly

    • D. 

      Annually


  • 10. 
    If tere is one heart available for transplant and health care professionals must make the decision as to who gets the heart, which bioethical principle is involved
    • A. 

      Integrity

    • B. 

      Beneficence

    • C. 

      Nonmaleficence

    • D. 

      Justice


  • 11. 
    The reason that most people enter the health care field is grounded in the principle of
    • A. 

      Nonmaleficence

    • B. 

      Integrity

    • C. 

      Beneficence

    • D. 

      Justice


  • 12. 
    Actions that show respect for human dignity, such as being honest and putting the patient first, reflect which of the follwoing principles
    • A. 

      Integrity

    • B. 

      Justice

    • C. 

      Beneficence

    • D. 

      Nonmaleficence


  • 13. 
    What is the first step in resolving an ethical dilemma
    • A. 

      Choosing an appropriate action

    • B. 

      Obtaining information

    • C. 

      Comunication the problem

    • D. 

      Identifying the problem or dilemma


  • 14. 
    Who is the most important person in the decisions regarding bioethics
    • A. 

      Health care professional

    • B. 

      Patient

    • C. 

      Physician

    • D. 

      Hospital administrator


  • 15. 
    Performing an expensive surgery on a patient who is in the end stages of AIDS involves the bioethical issue of
    • A. 

      Assisted suicide

    • B. 

      Living wills

    • C. 

      Futile medical care

    • D. 

      Economics in medical care


  • 16. 
    It is necessary to engage in which of the following with other health care professionals about problems involved with a patient's care and treatment
    • A. 

      Planning

    • B. 

      Communication

    • C. 

      Judgment

    • D. 

      Identification


  • 17. 
    The first step in resolving that a bioethical issue is a moral dilemma is which of the following
    • A. 

      Identification

    • B. 

      Communication

    • C. 

      Choice

    • D. 

      Action


  • 18. 
    When health care professionals attempt to improve the situations surrounding the patient, they are practicing which of the following principles
    • A. 

      Autonomy

    • B. 

      Beneficence

    • C. 

      Bioethics

    • D. 

      Nonmaleficence


  • 19. 
    Once a bioethical problem has been identified, information has been fathered, and communication has taken place, health care professionals must make which of the follwoing with respect to the appropriate action to take to resolve the issue
    • A. 

      Judgment

    • B. 

      Bias

    • C. 

      Choice

    • D. 

      Standard


  • 20. 
    Committees designed review all research proposals and make sure research standards are met are called
    • A. 

      Institutional ethics boards

    • B. 

      Institutional morale boards

    • C. 

      Institutional Q&A boards

    • D. 

      Institutional review boards


  • 21. 
    It is important to protect a patient's right to privacy because
    • A. 

      Privacy laws are in effect

    • B. 

      It prevents emotional distress for the patient

    • C. 

      It prevents unauthorized disclosure

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 22. 
    Mrs. jonassen has been admitted to get her diabetes under control and has several diagnostic tests performed that are related to irritble bowel syndrome. which of the followign helath care professionals do not need to know the inforamtion they access below about mrs jonassen
    • A. 

      The radiology technician who accesses former films of her digestive system for comparison

    • B. 

      The nurse who charts information in her medical record

    • C. 

      The nursing assistant ont he next floor who knows mrs jonassen's husband and checks her records for the diagnosis

    • D. 

      The consulting physician brought in to evaluate mrs jonassen


  • 23. 
    Ehich of the following examples is an invation of privacy as opposed to a breach of confidentiality
    • A. 

      A medical assistant tells her mother about a patient's illness

    • B. 

      A physician tells a nonconsulting physician about a patient's social history

    • C. 

      A nurse tells a cafeteria worker that a celebrity was just admitted

    • D. 

      A lab technician reviews the lab results on a celebrity but did not perform the tests


  • 24. 
    Inforation regarding certain health care problems must be especially guarded, including informaiton
    • A. 

      About a curgery for colonitis

    • B. 

      In a prenatal record

    • C. 

      About the genetic makeup of a newborn child

    • D. 

      About a plastic surgery


  • 25. 
    Computerized patient records must include
    • A. 

      A general release of information so that the record can be shared with all employees

    • B. 

      An automatic release for medication refusals

    • C. 

      A general release fiving the physician the right to act on the patient's behalf

    • D. 

      A date and time stamp for each entry


  • 26. 
    Computerized patient records should include how many forms of identification
    • A. 

      At least three

    • B. 

      At least two

    • C. 

      At least four

    • D. 

      At least one


  • 27. 
    Most computer systems employ a means of determining who accesses a patient record that comonly uses
    • A. 

      Paper records

    • B. 

      Retinal scans

    • C. 

      Audit trails

    • D. 

      Initials


  • 28. 
    Which of the following is not a type of biometric identification system
    • A. 

      Retina scanning

    • B. 

      CPC's

    • C. 

      Voice recognition

    • D. 

      Fingerprints


  • 29. 
    Computer information can be protected with which of the following methods
    • A. 

      Using a screen blank that activates if the keys are not touched in a certain amount of time

    • B. 

      Positioning monitors so that they cannot be openly seen

    • C. 

      Signing off each time the computer is left

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 30. 
    Which of the following office recommends compliance programs and investigates medicare and medicaid fraud
    • A. 

      Joint commission on accreditaton of healtcare organizations

    • B. 

      Office of the inspector general

    • C. 

      Occupational safety and health adminstration

    • D. 

      Departmetn of health and human services


  • 31. 
    Which of the follwoign people not directly involved in a surgery patient's treatmetn needs to know the medical information in the patient's chart
    • A. 

      Hospital chaplain

    • B. 

      Emergency room physician

    • C. 

      Unit secretary ont he floor where the patient is recovering

    • D. 

      Any nruse in the hospital


  • 32. 
    The health care facitlity that remains in compliance with medical record regulations must
    • A. 

      Provide access to each employee in the facility

    • B. 

      Place meaningful restricitons on access to patient records

    • C. 

      Simply instruct employees about the confidentiality of patient records

    • D. 

      Use biometrics to restrict access


  • 33. 
    When can a medical recored be releaed without a signed consent formt he patient
    • A. 

      When the patient is unconscious

    • B. 

      When the paitent is in surgery

    • C. 

      When the patient is belligerent

    • D. 

      Non of the above


  • 34. 
    What information should not be released from a medical record without the patient's consent
    • A. 

      Documented case of chicken pox

    • B. 

      Documented case of tuberculosis

    • C. 

      Documented case of HIV infection

    • D. 

      Documented case of child abuse


  • 35. 
    Which of the followign laws pertains to medical record security
    • A. 

      OSHA

    • B. 

      HIPAA

    • C. 

      CLIA

    • D. 

      CPR


  • 36. 
    Invation of privacy and breach of confidentiality are the most common quasi-intentional
    • A. 

      Laws

    • B. 

      Torts

    • C. 

      Liabilities

    • D. 

      Malpractice


  • 37. 
    Laws exist to protect patient privacy and avoid which of the follwoign unauthorized activities
    • A. 

      Disclosure

    • B. 

      Release of inforamtion

    • C. 

      Treatments

    • D. 

      Payment of medical bills


  • 38. 
    Patients have a right to do which of the followign with respect to their information shared with a health care provider remaining confidential
    • A. 

      Assume

    • B. 

      Deny

    • C. 

      Refuse

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 39. 
    Which of the following is different from an intentional or quasi intentional tort
    • A. 

      Malpractice

    • B. 

      HIPAA

    • C. 

      Negligence

    • D. 

      Privacy


  • 40. 
    Which of the following types of subpoena is used to demand medical records for a legal proceeding
    • A. 

      Tort

    • B. 

      Request

    • C. 

      Spoliation

    • D. 

      Duces tecum


  • 41. 
    Which of the following nursing assistants might be exposing him or herself to liability
    • A. 

      One who feeds a patient according to physician orders

    • B. 

      One who sees that a wheelchair is malfunctioning and reports it

    • C. 

      One who does not check on a patient who is in observation

    • D. 

      One who positions a patient according to the patient's tolerance and physician's orders


  • 42. 
    Which of the following medical assistants might be exposing himself or herself to liablity
    • A. 

      One who assists a very ill patient in getting dressed even though the patient protests

    • B. 

      One who documents that the patient left the office angry

    • C. 

      One who checks on a patient every 10 minutes while the patient is being observed

    • D. 

      One who answers the patient's question about chances for recovery


  • 43. 
    Health care settings include which of the following places
    • A. 

      Nursing homes

    • B. 

      Hospitals

    • C. 

      Rehalibitation centers

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 44. 
    The role of the allied health professional as explained in this chapter is which of the following
    • A. 

      To properly provide services that are ordered

    • B. 

      To see that services provided are documented

    • C. 

      To practice safely and properly

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 45. 
    Which of the following allied health professionals is not performing a direct patient service
    • A. 

      A medical assistant helping a physician as he removes sutures

    • B. 

      A nursing assistant taking vital signs

    • C. 

      A physical therapy assitant performing a physical therapy procedure

    • D. 

      A respiratory therapist drawing a sample of blood for blood gases


  • 46. 
    Which of the following allied health professionals is performing indirect patient services
    • A. 

      A medical assistant taking a patient's blood pressure

    • B. 

      An operating room nurse assisting a physician in surgery

    • C. 

      A respiratory therapist giving a breathing treatment

    • D. 

      A therapist conducting a session with a mental patient


  • 47. 
    Liability can result from which of the following
    • A. 

      An act by an allied health professional

    • B. 

      An omission by an allied health professional

    • C. 

      Supervising a person who commits an act for which there is liability

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 48. 
    Which of the following health care providers might be held liable for faulty equipment
    • A. 

      A nurse who breaks a delicate piece of equipment that is used later on a patient by a different nurse

    • B. 

      A nursing assistant who breaks a thermometer while taking vital signs

    • C. 

      A medical assistant who does not report a broken exam table

    • D. 

      A physician who removes a broken chair from the reception area


  • 49. 
    How should a health care professional identify a patient
    • A. 

      By asking the patient his or her name

    • B. 

      By checking the patient's wristband

    • C. 

      By verifying the patient's room with the nurses station

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 50. 
    If a nurse wants to verify the procedure for notifying the family that a patient has died, where should he or she look first
    • A. 

      Allied health professional associations

    • B. 

      Rules and regulations from JCAHO

    • C. 

      Policies and procedure manual for the health care facility

    • D. 

      Current medical literature and authoritive textbooks


  • 51. 
    Which of the following actions that pertains to services provided to patients is sometimes complex and sometimes very simple
    • A. 

      Reporting

    • B. 

      Verifying

    • C. 

      Documenting

    • D. 

      Denying


  • 52. 
    Which of the following is considered an in patient setting that provides extended care for the chronically ill and elderly
    • A. 

      Hospital

    • B. 

      Rehabilitation center

    • C. 

      Physical therapy center

    • D. 

      Nursing home


  • 53. 
    Examples of direct services include all of the follwoing except
    • A. 

      Performing respiratory therapy

    • B. 

      Taking vital signs

    • C. 

      Assisting in a medical procedure

    • D. 

      Performing physical therapy


  • 54. 
    Indirect services include which of the following
    • A. 

      Performing occupational therapy

    • B. 

      Handing instruments to a health care provider who is performing a procedure

    • C. 

      Assisting a physical therapist int he transport of a patient

    • D. 

      Both b and c


  • 55. 
    Allied health professionals are liable for which of the following of their actions that cause injurty to patients
    • A. 

      Competent

    • B. 

      Reasonable

    • C. 

      Negligent

    • D. 

      Standard of care


  • 56. 
    Short term care facilities that provide care for the physically and mentally incapacitated are also known as which of the following
    • A. 

      Hospitals

    • B. 

      Rehabilitation centers

    • C. 

      Physical therapy centers

    • D. 

      Nursing homes


  • 57. 
    Allied health professionals can avoid negligence by conducting themselves in which of the following ways when providing patient services
    • A. 

      Competently

    • B. 

      Reasonably

    • C. 

      Negligently

    • D. 

      Under a standard of care


  • 58. 
    Which of the follwoing is a patients compensation for injuries that he or she has sustained
    • A. 

      Medical

    • B. 

      Emotional

    • C. 

      Financial

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 59. 
    Allied health professionals must know and identify areas of which of the following types of liability
    • A. 

      Actual

    • B. 

      Strict

    • C. 

      Potential

    • D. 

      Medical


  • 60. 
    Which of the following is not an advantage of alternative dispute resolution
    • A. 

      It is less expensive

    • B. 

      It involves less publicity

    • C. 

      No attorneys are allowed

    • D. 

      There are no long court delays


  • 61. 
    Which of the following is a way to resolve conflicts using alternative dispute resolution
    • A. 

      Negotiation

    • B. 

      Mediation

    • C. 

      Arbitration

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 62. 
    When people bargain for what they want, which resolution method are they using
    • A. 

      Mediation

    • B. 

      Negotiation

    • C. 

      Arbitration

    • D. 

      Communication


  • 63. 
    The process by which a neutral third party facilitates dispute resolution is called
    • A. 

      Mediation

    • B. 

      Negotiation

    • C. 

      Arbitration

    • D. 

      Communication


  • 64. 
    If a physician and patient need a controlled, structured setting, they may wish to try which of the following
    • A. 

      Mediation

    • B. 

      Negotiation

    • C. 

      Arbitration

    • D. 

      Communication


  • 65. 
    Which of the following is not one of the usual stages of mediation
    • A. 

      Identification of parties interests

    • B. 

      Submission of documents to a court for approval

    • C. 

      Information gathering

    • D. 

      Negotiation and selection of appropriate resolution


  • 66. 
    Which of the following is an open ended questions
    • A. 

      What is your opinion of the condition of the patient

    • B. 

      What color is the chart

    • C. 

      Was it your right hand that was in pain

    • D. 

      How many times did you call the physician


  • 67. 
    Nonverbal communication is expressed in which of the following ways
    • A. 

      Crossed arms

    • B. 

      Rolling eyes

    • C. 

      Heavy sighs

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 68. 
    Mediation allows participants to discuss conflicts, with expectations of confentiality in which of the follwoign types of environment
    • A. 

      Sterile

    • B. 

      Threatening

    • C. 

      Nonthreatening

    • D. 

      Busy


  • 69. 
    A patient states, i'm feeling fine today. I don't knw why I am here. as the medical assistant takes her pulse, she notices that the patient keeps grimacing and moving very stiffly. This is an example of which of the following
    • A. 

      Consistent verbal and nonverbal communication

    • B. 

      Inconsistent verbal and nonverbal communication

    • C. 

      Communication that the patient came to the doctor appointment under protest

    • D. 

      Noncompliance


  • 70. 
    Nonverbal communication can take the form of all of the follwoing except
    • A. 

      Clothing

    • B. 

      Hygiene

    • C. 

      Body language

    • D. 

      Tone of voice


  • 71. 
    Which of the follwoign is any type of communication used to achieve a goal, approval, or action by another
    • A. 

      Negotiation

    • B. 

      Verbal

    • C. 

      Nonvebal

    • D. 

      Body language


  • 72. 
    Which of the following is the process by which a person conveys his or her needs, wants, feelings, ideas through verbal or nonverbal means
    • A. 

      Negotiation

    • B. 

      Mediation

    • C. 

      Communication

    • D. 

      Disputes


  • 73. 
    Alternative dispute resolution is a solution to conclude complicated, costly, and time consuming conflicts int he health care arena in whcih of the following ways
    • A. 

      Conflictually

    • B. 

      Efficiently

    • C. 

      Nonefficiently

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 74. 
    Which of the follwoing is used in numerous situations with patients, families, coworkers, and employer-employee situations
    • A. 

      Communication

    • B. 

      Negotiation

    • C. 

      Mediation

    • D. 

      Dispute resolution


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