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It is used for making estrogen and testosterone.
It is incorporated into cell membranes.
It is converted to bile.
It is an essential nutrient.
Solid at room temperature.
Soft at room temperature.
Rancid at room temperature.
Liquid at room temperature.
Olive oil is the second ingredient by weight.
Olive oil is the second ingredient by alphabetical listing.
Olive oil is the second ingredient by amount present in the sauce.
Olive oil is just one of the ingredients present in the sauce.
Promote fat digestion.
Protect stomach cells from acid and enzymes.
Activate stomach enzymes.
Keep the stomach bacteria-free.
The amount of kcalories in a food divided by the amount of kcalories needed in a day.
The amount of a particular nutrient in a serving of food divided by the number of kcalories in that serving.
The amount of a particular nutrient in a serving of food divided by the number of grams of protein.
The amount of a nutrient in a serving of food divided by the amount of the nutrient needed for that day.
2 to 12 double bonds.
No double bonds
14 to 24 double bonds.
One double bond.
Provides a way to transport nutrients and waste
Dietary need of approximately 8 cups per day
By-product of cell chemical reactions
Sugar and fat in food.
Nutrients in food
Fat in food
Supply 4 kcalories per gram
Supply a concentrated form of fuel for the body
Add structural strength to bones and muscles
Add sweetness to food
Lipids and oils
Promote healthful lifestyles and reduce preventable death and disability in all Americans.
Prevent chronic disease.
Eliminate dietary inadequacies and excesses, and to encourage healthful practices.
Disclose dietary practices that best support health.
Engaging in little physical exercise.
Eating dietary fiber.
Eat only plant products because animal products are bad and generally filled with hormones for animal growth
Eat fruits and vegetables because we can get all the nutrients we need from these
Eat a wide variety of foods because no single natural food meets all human nutrient needs
Do the best we can but take supplements to fill in the deficient areas
Carbohydrate digestion begins in the stomach
Saliva production does not influence starch digestion
Carbohydrate digestion is assisted by cooking; softens tough skins
Chewing food does not assist in carbohydrate digestion
Designed to be adequate for almost all healthy people.
More than twice the requirements.
The minimum amounts the average adult male requires.
Designed to prevent deficiency disease in half the population.
Choose a number of different foods within any given food group rather than the "same old thing"
Consume foods that have the most nutrition for their kcalories
Plan your entire day's diet so that you don't overconsume nutrient sources
Consume a variety of foods from the five major food groups every day
A milk allergy.
Count kcalories and not worry about the food groups
Eliminate Dairy foods.
Carefully select foods rich in nutrients but low in kcalories
Phytic acid in vegetable proteins may inhibit its absorption.
It is only found in animal products.
They lack the R-protein in the stomach.
Deficiency may result from high intakes of legumes.
Directly supply energy
Help regulate chemical reactions in the body
Cannot be stored by the body
Body cells will synthesize it
Health will not be affected as long as other nutrients are adequate
Protein synthesis will be limited
Proteins will be made but they will lack that particular amino acid
They make possible the transfer of nerve impulses
They provide 4 kcalories per gram
They help maintain water balance
They are constituents of important body compounds
Stored in the liver
Converted to urea
Converted to fat.
Oxidised to carbohydrate.
Impaired glucose tolerance.
Elevated blood pressure.
Elevated calcitriol levels.
Lowered serum cholesterol levels.
Recovery from surgery.
Excess dietary iron is excreted readily via the kidneys
An iron-deficient individual absorbs less iron
Iron deficiency anemia is found among young children, adolescents, and menstruating women
65 percent of dietary iron is absorbed
A doughnut made with enriched white flour.
A fortified breakfast cereal such as Total Raisin Bran.
They are not stored to any great extent
After absorption, they are transported in the bloodstream to body cells and or stored in the liver and fatty tissue
They enter the bloodstream directly after absorption
Fat in the digestive contents is not important for their absorption
Can be synthesized if there is a nitrogen source.
Cannot be synthesized in sufficient quantity to meet body needs.
Can be synthesized if caloric intake is adequate.
Can be formed from semiessential amino acids.
It is important in hemoglobin synthesis
It maintains mucus production in the digestive tract
It is important for nerve and heart function
It acts as the carrier for calcium absorption
Stored as amino acids in the liver.
Stored as glycogen and/or fat.
Stored as amino acids in muscle.
Excreted in the urine.
Vitamin B12 and folate.
Folate and thiamin.
Folate and pantothenic acid.
Thiamin and niacin.
Increased body temperature
Decreased heart rate.
Denial of appetite
Distorted body image
Loss of lean body mass.
Low body fat content.
Low thyroid hormone synthesis.
An increase in lean body mass
A low kcalorie intake
An increase in body temperature
From middle- and upper-class families
From families with unrealistic expectations
Have high self-esteem
Increased heart rate.
Dry, scaly, cold skin.
They often recommend expensive supplements.
They help people make permanent changes in eating habits.
They use testimonials from famous people.
They promote quick weight loss that ends up being primarily water and lean muscle mass.
Restrict fluids before weigh-in
Sit in a sauna
Gradually reduce food intake before wrestling season begins
Take diuretics to lose weight
The energy expended when resting, but awake, and in a fasting state.
The energy expended when doing moderate activity.
The energy expended to make food available to the body.
The energy expended when sleeping.
Binge eating disorder
Female athlete triad
Activities lasting 5 to 60 seconds.
Activities lasting 30 minutes.
Activities lasting 1 to 5 minutes.
Activities lasting 60 to 90 minutes.
Increase physical activity.
Go off the weight control program and take a break.
Restrict more food choices.
Reduce food intake to 1,000 kcalories.
A multidisciplinary team of health care providers.
Hospitilization and feeding via a tube
Represents the Kcalories needed to digest, absorb and process ingested food.
Represents approximately 20 percent of total energy expenditure.
Is included in the measurement of basal metabolism.
Refers to energy expended to produce heat in response to a cold environment.
The obesity index.
Body mass index.
Percent body fat.
Have obvious symptoms
Tend to be very thin
Are almost never male
Temporary weight loss.
Permanent weight loss.
No weight change.
The fatty foods emphasized in our culture.
Societal emphasis on being thin and the link between thinness and social value.
The current focus on physical fitness.
Rigid, disciplined dieting
Lack of menstruation
Feeling a sense of power because of strict discipline and self-denial
Involves a tapering in the intensity of workouts with a corresponding increase percentage of carbohydrate intake.
Involves loading up on carbohydrate-laden foods the day before an endurance event
Involves little exercise and a high-carbohydrate diet the first 3 days, followed by heavy exercise and a low-carbohydrate diet right before competition.
Does not increase glycogen stores to any significant degree.
Have a mother with a healthy view of the body and food habits.
Come from a loose, flexible home.
Grow up in a perfectionistic home with very high expectations.
Come from a low socioeconomic class.
Rely on thirst.
Estimate how much you sweated.
Drink various amounts of fluid during the workout and see how much makes you feel best.
Weigh before and after the workout.
Bodybuilders need more protein than endurance athletes
Most athletes eating a variety of foods will easily meet their protein needs
Most athletes must take protein supplements to get enough protein
Amino acid supplements are a better way to deliver amino acids because they do not need to be digested
Lower blood pressure
Better sleep habits
Less muscle mass
Less body fat
2 minutes to 4 hours.
30 seconds to 1 minute.
Up to 30 seconds.
1 to 2 minutes.
Anorectics turn away from food during a crisis, whereas bulimics turn toward food.
Anorectics come from loosely organized families, whereas bulimics come from overly-organized families.
Bulimics tend to be methodical, whereas anorectics tend to be impulsive.
Exercise more intensely.
Increase her kcalorie intake.
Get adequate calcium in the diet.
Have her body fat percentage checked.
Rationalization of the problem.
Denial of the problem.
Suppression of feelings.
Contributes very little to overall energy expenditure.
Contributes about 70 percent of total energy expenditure.
Includes daily activities as seemingly insignificant as fidgeting.
is only counted as a significant contributor if it is a formal, regular exercise program.
Brown adipose tissue contributes to thermogenesis especially in hibernating animals.
The ability to regulate body temperature within narrow limits.
Shivering when cold and fidgeting are examples of thermogenesis.
The energy you require during sleep at night.