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History Of Architecture

100 Questions
History Of Architecture

Subject: HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE Answer the questions with the given choices. The entire questions are composed of basic and board exam type questions. Answer the questions sincerely with the time alloted. The main objective of the quiz is to let the examinees have the feel of answering questions while time pressured. Note: If you like to be notified for the updated questions and board exam events, add as on facebook: [email protected] Com If you have questions, feedback and suggestions regarding the quiz, email us at [email protected] Com. Alternatively, you can share your feedback at archiTALK corner for your profesional insights and questions.

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Identify the arch in the illustration?
    • A. 

      Equilateral Arch

    • B. 

      Lancet Arch

    • C. 

      Drop Arch

    • D. 

      Tudor Arch

  • 2. 
    Nile is the longest river in the world, stretching north for approximately 4,000 miles from East Africa to the Mediterranean. What material was used for the construction of the pyramids?
    • A. 

      Compacted sand

    • B. 

      Clay

    • C. 

      Stones

    • D. 

      Mud bricks

  • 3. 
    Replicating materials such as marble and wood with paint, but has subsequently come to encompass many other decorative finishes for walls and furniture?
    • A. 

      Fresco painting

    • B. 

      Faux painting

    • C. 

      Art deco

    • D. 

      Bas relief

  • 4. 
    Very ornate architectural style developed in the later renaissance period?
    • A. 

      Baroque

    • B. 

      Neoclassicism

    • C. 

      Flamboyant

    • D. 

      Rayonnant

  • 5. 
    A style influenced by geometric figures?
    • A. 

      Renaissance

    • B. 

      Gothic

    • C. 

      Romanesque

    • D. 

      Art deco

  • 6. 
    One of Antoni Gaudi's project?
    • A. 

      Casa mila

    • B. 

      Casa batllo

    • C. 

      Casa milano

    • D. 

      Sagrada familia spires

  • 7. 
    Who gave the statue of liberty to the US?
    • A. 

      Spain

    • B. 

      France

    • C. 

      Great britain

    • D. 

      Portugal

  • 8. 
    Egyptian architecture is characterized by?
    • A. 

      Massiveness and ornamentation

    • B. 

      Monumental & trabeated

    • C. 

      Highly decorative

    • D. 

      Very ornate

  • 9. 
    The Basilica di Santa maria del Fiore is world renowned and has the largest brick dome ever constructed, it is also known as?
    • A. 

      Sienna cathedral

    • B. 

      Florence cathedral

    • C. 

      Basilica of the holy blood

    • D. 

      Basilica of the holy cross

  • 10. 
    The art of sculpture had a diminished role in the churches because of the biblical prohibition of graven images. How did the artists represents the saints?
    • A. 

      Wall carving wall carving letters

    • B. 

      Wall paintings

    • C. 

      Cut out of figures made of cloth

    • D. 

      Glass mosaic

  • 11. 
    Where is the term "Bahay Kubo" came from?
    • A. 

      Term given by the spaniards

    • B. 

      Terminolgy by ancient filipino

    • C. 

      From "balai" for house and kubo for "cube"

    • D. 

      From " balai" for houses and "kubo" for small"

  • 12. 
    Standard size of ifugao house?
    • A. 

      2.5x2.5

    • B. 

      3x3

    • C. 

      4x4

    • D. 

      5x5

  • 13. 
    The largest religious structure; beehive shaped towers?
    • A. 

      Angkor wat

    • B. 

      Borobudur

    • C. 

      Stupa

    • D. 

      Angkor vat

  • 14. 
    Standing stones usually capped with horizontal slab?
    • A. 

      Stonehenge

    • B. 

      Chromelech

    • C. 

      Dolmen

    • D. 

      Mehir

  • 15. 
    What do you call the recess found in the dome to make the structure lighter?
    • A. 

      Oculus

    • B. 

      Coffers

    • C. 

      Pendentive

    • D. 

      Podium

  • 16. 
    What is a common striking feature of a church?
    • A. 

      Bell tower

    • B. 

      Facade

    • C. 

      Butress

    • D. 

      Ornated pediments

  • 17. 
    For muslim architecture and characteristics, it is called gathering place?
    • A. 

      Mimbar

    • B. 

      Mihrab

    • C. 

      Minaret

    • D. 

      Kaba

  • 18. 
    An ancient roman construction technique, using irregular shaped and random placed uncut stones?
    • A. 

      Opus caementium

    • B. 

      Opus reticulatum

    • C. 

      Opus quadratum

    • D. 

      Opus incertum

  • 19. 
    Blocks resting on the vertex or lower extremes of the pediment?
    • A. 

      "antrixae"

    • B. 

      Raking cornice

    • C. 

      Moulding

    • D. 

      Acroterian

  • 20. 
    A continuous base of structure on which a colonnade is placed?
    • A. 

      Stereobate

    • B. 

      Stylobate

    • C. 

      Crepidoma

    • D. 

      Base

  • 21. 
    A grotesquely carved figure of a human or animal, serves as a spout and projects from gutter to throw rainwater clear off a building?
    • A. 

      Scupper drain

    • B. 

      Carved parapet

    • C. 

      Gargoyle

    • D. 

      Down spout

  • 22. 
    A greek  temple has 6 columns in front and  at the back, at it's sides, it has eleven columns, that includes the outermost columns at the front and back. What do you call this kind of temple?
    • A. 

      Peripteral

    • B. 

      Pseudodipteral

    • C. 

      Decastyle

    • D. 

      Tetrastyle

  • 23. 
    Column distance is 4D?
    • A. 

      Pycnostyle

    • B. 

      Systyle

    • C. 

      Aerostyle

    • D. 

      Eustyle

  • 24. 
    • A. 

      1.5 x cd

    • B. 

      2.5 x cd

    • C. 

      2 x cd

    • D. 

      3-4 x cd

  • 25. 
    • A. 

      Peripteral

    • B. 

      Prostyle

    • C. 

      Amphiprostyle

    • D. 

      Dipteral

  • 26. 
    A temple has 8 columns in front and rear with 15 columns on both sides, including the 2 columns at the front?
    • A. 

      Octastyle

    • B. 

      Octostyle

    • C. 

      Prostyle

    • D. 

      Dipteral

  • 27. 
    In the given figure, what part of the capital is letter A?
    • A. 

      Cornice

    • B. 

      Dentils

    • C. 

      Frieze

    • D. 

      Architrave architrave

  • 28. 
    In the given figure, what part of the capital is letter B?
    • A. 

      Cornice

    • B. 

      Dentils

    • C. 

      Frieze

    • D. 

      Architrave

  • 29. 
    In the given figure, what part of the capital is letter C?
    • A. 

      Cornice

    • B. 

      Dentils

    • C. 

      Frieze

    • D. 

      Architrave

  • 30. 
    Identify the parts of a vault in the figure shown in letter "a"?
    • A. 

      Groin

    • B. 

      Lierne

    • C. 

      Boss

    • D. 

      Ridge

  • 31. 
    An ornamental knoblike projection, as a carved keystone at the intersection of ogives?
    • A. 

      Groin

    • B. 

      Boss

    • C. 

      Keystone

    • D. 

      Rib

  • 32. 
    How did romans create a structures with great spans?
    • A. 

      Use of arch

    • B. 

      Use of stones pile together

    • C. 

      Stone corbel systems

    • D. 

      Large column and stone beams

  • 33. 
    Which of the following is not a door?
    • A. 

      Trap

    • B. 

      Clerestory

    • C. 

      Plank and batten

    • D. 

      Bifold

  • 34. 
    Gutter in modern times is like a?
    • A. 

      Frieze

    • B. 

      Pediment

    • C. 

      Girt

    • D. 

      Cornice

  • 35. 
    Where did gothic architecture originate?
    • A. 

      Northern france

    • B. 

      Germany

    • C. 

      Italy

    • D. 

      Spain

  • 36. 
    The third phase of gothic architecture?
    • A. 

      Rayonnant

    • B. 

      Flamboyant

    • C. 

      Lancet

    • D. 

      Consonant

  • 37. 
    • A. 

      Support the roofing structure

    • B. 

      Aesthetic purposes

    • C. 

      Support the high wall's decorative elements

    • D. 

      None

  • 38. 
    What capital order was used in the parthenon?
    • A. 

      Doric

    • B. 

      Ionic

    • C. 

      Tuscan

    • D. 

      Corinthian

  • 39. 
    One of Frank Lloyd Wright's organic architecture?
    • A. 

      Falling water

    • B. 

      Robbie house

    • C. 

      Dulles airport

    • D. 

      Petronas tower

  • 40. 
    In the falling water, what is the function of the overhanging slab?
    • A. 

      Terrace

    • B. 

      Living

    • C. 

      Open dining area

    • D. 

      Bedroom

  • 41. 
    What is the purpose of FLW overhanging slabs?
    • A. 

      Obviously for aesthetics, that's the reason why its very famous till now

    • B. 

      Open plan

    • C. 

      Wide openings

    • D. 

      None of the answer is right

  • 42. 
    The father of Prestress Concrete?
    • A. 

      Jorn Utzon

    • B. 

      Eugene Freyssinet

    • C. 

      Santiaga Calatrava

    • D. 

      Tadao Ando

  • 43. 
    Who design the interlocking thin shell, shark like concept, that can be seen on the shore of austrilia?
    • A. 

      Santiago Calatrava

    • B. 

      Jorge Utzon

    • C. 

      Norman Foster

    • D. 

      Michael Graves

  • 44. 
    "I believe that people make natural association with forms, color and the composition of elements while decoration and detailing help communicate with a building's purpose"
    • A. 

      Michael graves

    • B. 

      Philip johnson

    • C. 

      Walter gropius

    • D. 

      Buckminster fuller

  • 45. 
    From the given figure, identify the architectural style used?
    • A. 

      Art deco

    • B. 

      Renaissance

    • C. 

      International style

    • D. 

      Modernism

  • 46. 
    From the given figure, identify the architectural style used?
    • A. 

      Art deco

    • B. 

      Renaissance

    • C. 

      International style

    • D. 

      Art nouveau

  • 47. 
    From the given figure, identify the architectural style used?
    • A. 

      Art deco

    • B. 

      Art nouveau

    • C. 

      Rococo

    • D. 

      Baroque

  • 48. 
    In egyptian architecture, tomb of pharaohs was the?
    • A. 

      Ziggurat

    • B. 

      Mastaba

    • C. 

      Pyramid

    • D. 

      Sphinx

  • 49. 
    The great pyramid at gizeh was built in the 4th dynasty by?
    • A. 

      Rameses I

    • B. 

      Rameses II

    • C. 

      Cheops

    • D. 

      Chepren

  • 50. 
    Who is the beginner of great hypostyle hall at Karnak and founder of 19th dynasty?
    • A. 

      Rameses I

    • B. 

      Rameses II

    • C. 

      Seti I

    • D. 

      Darius

  • 51. 
    • A. 

      Pozzolana

    • B. 

      Marble

    • C. 

      Clay

    • D. 

      Granite

  • 52. 
    Greek architecture was essentially?
    • A. 

      Arch and vaulted

    • B. 

      Buttressed and domed

    • C. 

      Columnar and trabeated

    • D. 

      Massive columns

  • 53. 
    Imposing entrance to acropolis and erected by architect mnesicles?
    • A. 

      Propylaea

    • B. 

      Erechtheion

    • C. 

      Poseidon

    • D. 

      Hypostyle

  • 54. 
    Building in acropolis generally considered as being the most nearly perfect building ever erected is?
    • A. 

      Erechtheion

    • B. 

      Parthenon

    • C. 

      Pantheon

    • D. 

      Porch of the maidens

  • 55. 
    With the use of concrete made possible by pozzolona, a native natural cement, romans to achieve huge interiors used?
    • A. 

      Post and beam

    • B. 

      Arch & vault

    • C. 

      Pendentive

    • D. 

      Stylobate

  • 56. 
    Which of the order was added by romans to the orders used by the greeks?
    • A. 

      Ionic

    • B. 

      Composite

    • C. 

      Corinthian

    • D. 

      Tuscan

  • 57. 
    During macedonian dynasty, what type of plan is very famous?
    • A. 

      Greek cross

    • B. 

      Roman cross

    • C. 

      Circular circular

    • D. 

      Latin cross

  • 58. 
    From 5th century to the present, character of Byzantine architecture is?
    • A. 

      Timber trusses

    • B. 

      Ribbed arches

    • C. 

      Domical roof construction

    • D. 

      Valut

  • 59. 
    Finest and remaining example Of Byzantine archiecture?
    • A. 

      S. Irene, Constantinople

    • B. 

      S. Sophia, Constantinople

    • C. 

      S. mark. Venice

    • D. 

      S. fiore

  • 60. 
    Arch’l character of Romanesque style?
    • A. 

      Grotesque & bizarre

    • B. 

      Sober & dignified

    • C. 

      Flamboyant & decorative

    • D. 

      None

  • 61. 
    Romanesque architecture in italy is distinguished from that of the rest of Europe by the use of ___for facing walls?
    • A. 

      Bricks

    • B. 

      Marble

    • C. 

      Mosaic

    • D. 

      Granite

  • 62. 
    • A. 

      Horseshoe arch

    • B. 

      Lancet arch

    • C. 

      Parabolic arch

    • D. 

      Tudor

  • 63. 
    • A. 

      Spanish style

    • B. 

      French style

    • C. 

      Italian style

    • D. 

      None

  • 64. 
    Splendid example of early gothic?
    • A. 

      St paul’s cathedral

    • B. 

      Westminster abbey

    • C. 

      Cathedral of notre dame

    • D. 

      None

  • 65. 
    Renaissance of 15th century in italy had its birth in?
    • A. 

      Venice

    • B. 

      Florence

    • C. 

      Rome

    • D. 

      Spain

  • 66. 
    In egyptian arch., tomb of nobility was the?
    • A. 

      ziggurat

    • B. 

      mastaba

    • C. 

      Pyramid

    • D. 

      Stepped pyramid

  • 67. 
    Monumental arch of Egypt is essentially a ____ style?
    • A. 

      buttress & dome

    • B. 

      Arch & vault

    • C. 

      Columnar & trabeated

    • D. 

      Columnar

  • 68. 
    • A. 

      Imhotep

    • B. 

      Senad

    • C. 

      Seneferm

  • 69. 
    In Mesopotamian arch., religion called for temples made of sun dried bricks is?
    • A. 

      Megarons

    • B. 

      Thakamus

    • C. 

      Ziggurats

    • D. 

      None

  • 70. 
    Who undertook most remarkable bldg campaign in history to make Athens the cultural & artistic leader of Greece?
    • A. 

      Perseus

    • B. 

      Ysicartes

    • C. 

      Pericles

    • D. 

      None

  • 71. 
    Archt. Of temple of apollo epicurius?
    • A. 

      Ictinus x

    • B. 

      Callicrates

    • C. 

      Callimachus

    • D. 

      Itchy nose

  • 72. 
    Temple whose most remarkable feature is use of all 3 greek orders, Doric outside, ionic & Corinthian within is
    • A. 

      Artemus

    • B. 

      Parthenon

    • C. 

      Apollo epicurius

    • D. 

      None

  • 73. 
    Atrium type of house, characteristic of roman times is believed to have originated w/ the?
    • A. 

      Etruscans

    • B. 

      Aegeans

    • C. 

      Corsicans

    • D. 

      None

  • 74. 
    Temple w/ circular plan supporting a dome of about 140 ft in diam. & described by Thomas Jefferson as model of spherical arch is?
    • A. 

      St. peter basilica

    • B. 

      S. Sophia

    • C. 

      Pantheon

    • D. 

      Parthenon

  • 75. 
    Colosseum, rome was commenced by vespacian and completed by?
    • A. 

      Domitian

    • B. 

      Titus

    • C. 

      Trajan

    • D. 

      None

  • 76. 
    Character of early christian arch is determined by the novel development of?
    • A. 

      Stone vaults

    • B. 

      Timber trusses

    • C. 

      Arched vaults

    • D. 

      Lintel and beam

  • 77. 
    Emperor of Byzantine empire who codified roman laws and responsible for rebuilding of s. Sophia was
    • A. 

      Diocletian

    • B. 

      Theodosius

    • C. 

      Justinian

    • D. 

      None

  • 78. 
    One of world’s supreme masterpieces of Romanesque arch w/c was the 1st bldg in Europe to have ribbed vaults?
    • A. 

      Winchester cathedral

    • B. 

      Norwich cathedral

    • C. 

      Durham cathedral

    • D. 

      Burnham cathedral

  • 79. 
    • A. 

      Christian church

    • B. 

      Private business

    • C. 

      Civil govt

    • D. 

      None

  • 80. 
    Oldest French gothic cathedrals which was begun by bishop maurice de sully, plan of w/c is on a bent axial line?
    • A. 

      Notre dame

    • B. 

      Charters cathedral

    • C. 

      Reims cathedral

    • D. 

      None

  • 81. 
    Through gothic centuries the English style that is closest to French style is
    • A. 

      Flamboyant

    • B. 

      Decorated

    • C. 

      Lancet

  • 82. 
    Largest medieval cathedral in Europe, w/ exception of s. peter's rome. The largest church in the world?
    • A. 

      Westminster abbey

    • B. 

      Seville cathedral

    • C. 

      Sagrada familia

    • D. 

      Notre dame

  • 83. 
    • A. 

      Dulang

    • B. 

      Caida

    • C. 

      Sala

    • D. 

      Bulwagan

  • 84. 
    Decorative clerestory found above the windows of a bahay na bato?
    • A. 

      colada

    • B. 

      Ventanilla

    • C. 

      Gilir

    • D. 

      Rakuh

  • 85. 
    Traditional maranaw house for the ordinary members of the community?
    • A. 

      Walay

    • B. 

      Lamin

    • C. 

      Torogan

    • D. 

      Dama

  • 86. 
    The ifugao house (southern strain) is known as?
    • A. 

      Fayu

    • B. 

      Bale

    • C. 

      Chalanan

    • D. 

      Batalag

  • 87. 
    • A. 

      External adoration

    • B. 

      Light and color

    • C. 

      Internal effect

    • D. 

      Life after death

  • 88. 
    The shaft of the greek order terminates in which part?
    • A. 

      Trachelion

    • B. 

      Hypotrachelion

    • C. 

      Abacus

    • D. 

      Echinus

  • 89. 
    What do you call a sculpted female figure serving as an architectural support taking the place of a column or a pillar supporting an entablature on her head as in the figure shown above?
    • A. 

      Gargoyle

    • B. 

      Caryatid

    • C. 

      Atlantes

    • D. 

      Statue

  • 90. 
    What do you call a type of support in the porch of maidens?
    • A. 

      Caryatid

    • B. 

      Atlantes

    • C. 

      Gargoyle

    • D. 

      Statue

  • 91. 
    A Roman rectangular temples stood on a?
    • A. 

      Crepidoma

    • B. 

      Stylobate

    • C. 

      Podium

    • D. 

      Pedestal

  • 92. 
    The plan for the colosseum in rome is shaped in the form what form?
    • A. 

      Ellipse

    • B. 

      Circle

    • C. 

      Trapezoid

    • D. 

      Half-circle

  • 93. 
    • A. 

      Basilica

    • B. 

      Latin cross

    • C. 

      Greek cross

    • D. 

      Calvary cross

  • 94. 
    Moorish influence of muslim features such as horseshoe arch pierced stone tracery and excessive ornament in spanish gothic was due to?
    • A. 

      Climate

    • B. 

      Geography

    • C. 

      Bldg materials

    • D. 

      religion

  • 95. 
    An ornate arch’l style w/c developed during the latter part of the renaissance period?
    • A. 

      Baroque

    • B. 

      Art nouveau

    • C. 

      Romanesque

    • D. 

      Gothic

  • 96. 
    Development of dome to cover polygonal & square plans for churches, tombs and baptisteries is the character of?
    • A. 

      Gothic

    • B. 

      Early Christian

    • C. 

      Byzantine

    • D. 

      Romanesque

  • 97. 
    Architect / city planner who authored the “ekistics” - the science of human settlements?
    • A. 

      Gropius

    • B. 

      Doxiadis

    • C. 

      Niemeyer

    • D. 

      Vitruvius

  • 98. 
    Architect who advocated the “organic arch.” and envisioned the “broadacre city” for the future?
    • A. 

      Eero saarinen

    • B. 

      Wallace Harrison

    • C. 

      Daniel Burnham

    • D. 

      FLW

  • 99. 
    Architect who designed and advocated the geodesic dome for cities of tomorrow was?
    • A. 

      Mies van der rohe

    • B. 

      Le corbusier

    • C. 

      Buckminster fuller

    • D. 

      Louis kahn

  • 100. 
    Who invented a system of well-high universal application based on hyperboloids and paraboloids in bldgs?
    • A. 

      Frank ghery

    • B. 

      Santiago calatrava

    • C. 

      Zaha hadid

    • D. 

      Antoni gaudi

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