History 1301- 1st Test

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  • 1. 
    Pontiac's Rebellion was an Indian revolt against British Rule
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 2. 
    Recent scholarship has suggested that Olaudah Equiano may have been born in the New World rather than Africa
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 3. 
    Creek Indians sold war captives and their familes to shout carolina planters as slaves
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 4. 
    The religious emotionalism of the great awakening was confined to the american colonies in themid 18th century
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 5. 
    Increasling in the 18th century liberty was being used to express a right to rebel
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 6. 
    Father Junipero Serra established the first mission in California and converted many Indians to Christianity, but his missions also relied on froced Indican labor and brought devasting diseases.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 7. 
    About one slave in eith perished before reach the New World
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 8. 
    Most of the slaves carried to the New World were destined for mainland north america
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 9. 
    In the Chesapeake, race took on more and more importance and whites increasingly considered free blacks dangerous and undesirable
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 10. 
    Africans had experience cultivating rice in africa and helped the english settler grow it in the south
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 11. 
    Initially the proprietors of Georgia banned the intro of liquor and slaves
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 12. 
    In the early eighteenth century, one one quarter of the urban elite owned at least one slave
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 13. 
    Most slaves in the 18th century Brithish America had been born in the colonies
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 14. 
    What major event led the British government to actively seek ways to make the colonies bear part of the cost of the empire
    • A. 

      The Declaration of Independence

    • B. 

      King Philip's War

    • C. 

      The Bost Tea Party

    • D. 

      The Seven Years War

    • E. 

      William Pitt becoming British Prime Minister


  • 15. 
    The Boston Massacre occured when British soldiers
    • A. 

      Fired into a mob and killed a number of Boston Residents

    • B. 

      Killed Indians who were raiding frontier towns

    • C. 

      Were trying to defent Thomas Hutchinson from an angry mob

    • D. 

      Fired on local minutemen guarding an arsenal

    • E. 

      Captured some members of the Sons of Liberty who were involved in teh Boston tea party


  • 16. 
    The "shot hear 'round the world" that began the Revolutionary was was fired in
    • A. 

      Lexigton

    • B. 

      Hartford

    • C. 

      WIlliamsburg

    • D. 

      Boston

    • E. 

      New York City


  • 17. 
    Which Statement about Thomas Paine's Common Sense is false?
    • A. 

      It tied the economic hopes fo the new nation to the idea of commerical freedom

    • B. 

      It called for democratic system based on frequent elections and a written constitution

    • C. 

      It dramatically expanded the public sphere

    • D. 

      It was written in 1776

    • E. 

      It was fairly conservativie in its arguments


  • 18. 
    The Declaration of Indiependence
    • A. 

      Declared that Britain's aim was to establish "absolute tyranny" over the colonies

    • B. 

      All of the above

    • C. 

      Completed the shift form the rights of englishmen to the rights of mankind as the object of american independence

    • D. 

      Uniquely proclaimed the "purist of happiness" as an unalienable right

    • E. 

      Declared the United States an independent nation


  • 19. 
    All of the following were advatanges enjoyed by the British during the American Revolution except
    • A. 

      An intimate knowlege of the terrain

    • B. 

      A professionally trained army

    • C. 

      The ability to recruit German soldiers to fight for them

    • D. 

      The world's best navy

    • E. 

      The ability to lure slaves to fight for the British in exchanged for their freedom


  • 20. 
    The British
    • A. 

      Never plundered colonists homes

    • B. 

      Seriosly underestimated the support for independence among the American people

    • C. 

      Treated the civilian women with honor and chivalry

    • D. 

      Highly respected the american citizen-soldiers and calculated for their ability

    • E. 

      Treated the slaves as inferior


  • 21. 
    What convinced the French to aid the Americans in 1778
    • A. 

      The diplomatic genius of Benjamin Franklin

    • B. 

      The French commitment to hte ideals of freedom and democracy

    • C. 

      Washington's abilities as a commander

    • D. 

      The American victory at Saratoga

    • E. 

      The British naval blockade against France


  • 22. 
    In the winter of 1776-1777, Washington won important victories that improved American morale. These battles were at
    • A. 

      Saratoga and Albany, New York

    • B. 

      Ternton and Princeton, New Jersey

    • C. 

      Morristown and East Orange, New Jersey

    • D. 

      Long Island and White Plains, New York

    • E. 

      Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts


  • 23. 
    During the eight years of war, approximately how many American bore arms in the army and militias?
    • A. 

      150,000

    • B. 

      100,000

    • C. 

      200,000

    • D. 

      250,000

    • E. 

      50,000


  • 24. 
    Cornwallis was defeated at Yorktown because
    • A. 

      King George III ordered an end to the war

    • B. 

      Most of his troops were cold, starving and ready to surrender

    • C. 

      General Clinton had withdrawn from Yorktown leaving Cornwellis vulnerable

    • D. 

      He was overwhelmed by Washington's Army

    • E. 

      He had no land or water escape route


  • 25. 
    Britain wished for the colonies to
    • A. 

      Help pay down Britain's national debt

    • B. 

      Accept virtual representation

    • C. 

      Contribute to the cost for British protection

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      Stpe cheating the treasury by violating the navigation acts


  • 26. 
    In order to deal with the economic crisis of the war, congress urged states to
    • A. 

      Establish food banks to distributed to the needy

    • B. 

      Adopt measures to fix wages and prices

    • C. 

      All fo the above

    • D. 

      Raise their taxes

    • E. 

      Print thier own paper money


  • 27. 
    After the Revolution, the nother states dealt with slavery issue by
    • A. 

      Passing legislation for the gradual end of slavery

    • B. 

      Passing legislation that tightened existing slave laws

    • C. 

      Mobilizing a mass abolitionist movement

    • D. 

      Discussing the possibility of secession

    • E. 

      Passing laws that enacted immediate abolition


  • 28. 
    What was used as a sort of "school of political democracy" for the members of the "lower orders" in the colonies-turned-states?
    • A. 

      The militia

    • B. 

      The first public schools

    • C. 

      The lower house of the state legislatures

    • D. 

      The protestant church

    • E. 

      The pubs


  • 29. 
    Which two states did not follow John Adams's call for a two-house legislature?
    • A. 

      Vermon and new york

    • B. 

      New york and georgia

    • C. 

      Georgia and virginia

    • D. 

      Massachusetts and pennsylvania

    • E. 

      Pennsylvania and vermont


  • 30. 
    Catholics
    • A. 

      Saw a dramatic decrease in the amount of anti-catholicism within america

    • B. 

      Were largely loyalists to the british crown during the war

    • C. 

      Did not see a change in their staus in American because of the war

    • D. 

      Had to endure much discrimination throughout the war

    • E. 

      Were outraged when france agreed to help the patriots in their fight


  • 31. 
    What three accomplishments did Thomas Jefferson wish to be remembered for?
    • A. 

      The Declareation of Independence, the University of Virginia, the Bill for Establishing Religious Freedom

    • B. 

      President, The Declareation of Independence, the Constitution

    • C. 

      The Bill for Establish Religious Freedeom, The Declareation of Independence, Louisiana Purchase

    • D. 

      Louisna Purchase, president, The Declareation of Independence

    • E. 

      The Constitution, the University of Virginia, President


  • 32. 
    What was the very soul of a republic according to Noah Webster?
    • A. 

      Equality

    • B. 

      Freedom

    • C. 

      Industry

    • D. 

      Democracy

    • E. 

      Diversity


  • 33. 
    Why didn't the american revolution put an end to slavery
    • A. 

      Geroge Washington stated that he would not be president if he had to free his slaves

    • B. 

      Thomas Jefferson had absolutley no intention of including blacks when he wrote, "all men are created equal"

    • C. 

      Since all blacks had been slaves in colonial America, the thought of free blacks was unthinkable

    • D. 

      Women like Abigail Adams persuaded the founding fathers that women's civil rights ought to come before blacks' civil rights

    • E. 

      The Lockean principle that the goverment cold not deprive people of property applied to slaves, since they were viewed as property, and so slavery apperaed as a "right" that could not be taken away


  • 34. 
    Who wrote the majority of the 85 essays in the Federalist
    • A. 

      John Adams

    • B. 

      Alexander Hamilton

    • C. 

      John Jay

    • D. 

      Benjamin Franklin

    • E. 

      James Madison


  • 35. 
    Which two states voted against ratification of the Constitution
    • A. 

      South Carolina and Virginia

    • B. 

      New York and Rhode Island

    • C. 

      Rhode Island and North Carolina

    • D. 

      Delaware and Rhode Island

    • E. 

      New York and Virginia


  • 36. 
    Which two prominent men were not at the Constiutional Convention?
    • A. 

      John Adams and George Mason

    • B. 

      Thomas Jefferson and John Adams

    • C. 

      Benjamin Franklin and George Washington

    • D. 

      Thomas Jefferson and George Washington

    • E. 

      Benjamin Franklin and John Adams


  • 37. 
    Who is often called the Father of the Constitution
    • A. 

      James Madison

    • B. 

      Thaoms Jefferson

    • C. 

      Benjamin Franklin

    • D. 

      George Washington

    • E. 

      John Adams


  • 38. 
    What area of land was ceded to the United States by the Treat of Greenville
    • A. 

      Ohio

    • B. 

      West Viriginia

    • C. 

      Kentucky

    • D. 

      Florida

    • E. 

      Illinois


  • 39. 
    ALexander Hamilton and James Madison were nation builders. What event greatly strengthened the nationalists' cause
    • A. 

      Shays's Rebellion

    • B. 

      The election of George Washington to president

    • C. 

      The passage of the NOrthwest Ordinance of 1787

    • D. 

      Frie's Rebellion

    • E. 

      The anti-federalist demand for a bill of rights


  • 40. 
    The Anti-Federalist James Winthrop argued that  a Bill of Rights was necessary in the Constitution because
    • A. 

      The right ot bear arms for the militia should be guarded by law

    • B. 

      The English had one, so America ought to mirror that example

    • C. 

      It would secure the minority against the usurpation and tyranny of the majority

    • D. 

      Using the examples of Wilkes and Zenger, the protectino of speech and press was essential

    • E. 

      Ratification fothe Constitution wasin doubt without the inclusion of the Bill of Rights


  • 41. 
    Who was defeated at the Battle of Fallen Timbers?
    • A. 

      Little Turtle

    • B. 

      Tecumseh

    • C. 

      Henry Knox

    • D. 

      Arthur St. Claire

    • E. 

      Anthony Wayne


  • 42. 
    What even demonstarted the need for more central government to ensure private liberty
    • A. 

      Shays's Rebellion

    • B. 

      The Battle of Fallen Timbers

    • C. 

      Lord Dunmore's Proclamation

    • D. 

      Bacon's Rebellion

    • E. 

      The Walking Purchase


  • 43. 
    After the war, why did Congress believe that most of the INdians had forfeited their rights to their lands?
    • A. 

      Because they were racially inferior

    • B. 

      Because they had never believed that the Indians owned the land

    • C. 

      Beacuse they had no written title to the land

    • D. 

      Beacuse they had aided the British during the war

    • E. 

      Because they did not farm it


  • 44. 
    What advantages did the new nation fo the United States enjoy as it became independent
    • A. 

      All of the above

    • B. 

      Its physical isolation protected it from many european problems

    • C. 

      Its youthful population meant that it was likely to grow much larger, quickly

    • D. 

      Its size exceeded England, France and Spain combined

    • E. 

      It's property ownership and literacy were broadly distributed


  • 45. 
    Shay's Rebellion was significant because it demonstrated that
    • A. 

      The present government was unalbe to protect property rights

    • B. 

      The ex-soldiers oft he Continental Army were unhappy

    • C. 

      The economic preponderance of the East was bitterly resented by those in the West

    • D. 

      The Indians were causing a problem in the West

    • E. 

      Land distribution policies were out of date


  • 46. 
    What was Congreass able to accomplish through Native American policy under the Artilce of Confederation
    • A. 

      Congress demaned and recieved surrenders of large amounts of Indian land north of the Ohio River and in the South

    • B. 

      It backed away from any involvement when land companies requested that the government step aside and leave the West's economic development in private hands

    • C. 

      Nothing; Congress was so powerless under the Articles that nothing happened in this area

    • D. 

      It recruited enough state militias to force the Native Americans off their land

    • E. 

      It negotiated treatis for the tribes to keep their lands, but Congress was so lacking in power that the treaties proved uselss


  • 47. 
    What did Alexander Hamilton see as the solution to the problem of the weak Confederation government
    • A. 

      A strengthened Congress, but no executive or judiciary

    • B. 

      A grou of Wall Street businessmen serving as an executive board with the power to overrule congress

    • C. 

      A democratically elected Congress, president and judiciary

    • D. 

      A president and senators serving life terms

    • E. 

      Renouncing independence and returning to the Britsh empire


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