Histology MCQ

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1.  What is the functional unit of the liver?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  What is the light band in muscle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Which of the following are considered to be part of the meninges?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Which type of papillae on the tongue is not well developed in man?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  What is the lining of the inner bone on the side which abuts the medullary cavity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  What is immature bone?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Which of the following is composed of cardiac muscle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  What is a single neuron and the aggregation of muscle fibers innervated by that single neuron called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Which type of cartilage is characterized by the presence of chondrocytes sitting in lacunae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  What covers the tooth that is embedded within the jaw?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Which layer of the epidermis has cells which have keratohyaline granules?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  What are neurons in the retina?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  In a good compound microscope, the focus knob does not have to be readjusted  when changing the magnification. What is this phenomenon called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Which of the following is NOT primarily composed of connective tissue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Which layer contains the lining epithelium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Which type of cartilage is present in the temporomandibular joint?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Which type of bone has spicules?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Where are ribosomes constructed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  What sits in a lacuna?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Which of the following can be classified as "connective tissue proper"?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Which of the following is NOT a membranous organelle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  What is the term for the general process that cells us to bring things into the cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  What are the mineral crystals in bone called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  What is the primary component of yellow marrow?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Which type of neuron is multipolar?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  What type of gland secretes its product directly into the bloodstream?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  What is another term for the brush border?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  What are the valves which regulates the flow of bile into the intestine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  What type of adipose tissue tends to decrease as humans age?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  What type of muscle contains centrally placed nuclei?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Which cell is a connective tissue macrophage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  What type of glands are the glands of Moll?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  What is compact bone?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Lance Armstrong is the seven time winner of the Tour de France. The Tour de France is a bicycle race which covers between 3500 to 4000 kilometers. What type of muscle fiber probably predominates in his legs?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  What type of epithelium forms the epidermis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  What is line that bisects the light band in muscle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Which of the following is an acid dye?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  What is the outer connective tissue covering of a muscle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  What is dense bone?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  What type of tissue makes up the dermis of the skin?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  What is the glomerulus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Which of the following is NOT a function of the liver?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Which of the following is the most abundant neuroglia cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Which organelle is involved in lipid metabolism?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Which layer of the epidermis contains dividing cells?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Which of the following is NOT primarily composed of connective tissue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  What structure is at the angle of the liver lobule?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  What is the covering of a nerve fiber?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  What is the connective tissue covering which surrounds cartilage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  What type of tissue lines most ducts?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  What forms the skeleton of the fetus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  What is in the bone matrix?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Which fiber type makes up slow-twitch muscle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Which layer contains the lamina propria?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  Where is the site of protein synthesis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Which of the following is composed of skeletal muscle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  Which of the following is lined by a mucosa?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  What provides tensile strength to a neuron?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  Which type of cartilage is characterized by the presence of elastic fibers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  What is the central portion of a tooth called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  What are the conglomerations of gray matter deep within the cerebrum and cerebellum  called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  Which of the following is NOT lined by a serosa?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  Which layer is NOT present in masticatory epithelium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  Which fiber type is larger in diameter?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  Which of the following is NOT primarily composed of connective tissue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  Which layer of the epidermis is on the surface of the skin?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  Which of the following is NOT a fiber found in connective tissue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  What stain would be best to demonstrate the elastic fibers in elastic cartilage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  Which connective tissue cell type produces the ground substance in connective tissue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  Which fiber type is seen in skeletal muscle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  In what structure does blood run through between the hepatocytes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  What type of tissue makes up the epiglottis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  Where can hair be found?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  What are Sharpey's fibers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  Which of the following is involved in the blood brain barrier?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  What type of epithelium is one cell layer thick?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  On a microscope, what structure connects the eyepiece to the objective lens?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  What is the total magnification achieved with a compound microscope?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  Which type of cartilage is characterized by a glassy matrix?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  What is the end of an axon called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  Which layer contains Auerbach's plexus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  What is Prussian blue stain used for?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  What is a gland called if the secretory portion is tube shaped ending in a flask shaped area at the terminus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  Which fiber type uses more aerobic metabolism?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  What are the folds on the inner mitochodrial membrane called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  Which of the following layers comprise the skin?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  What is a gland called if the secretory portion is flask shaped?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  Which of the following is the exocrine portion of the pancreas?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  What type of tissue lines most of the gastrointestinal tract?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  What structure is called white cartilage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
91.  Which of the following would be best suited to visualize reticular fibers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
92.  What is the opening of the pancreatic duct into the duodenum?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
93.  TA new miracle skin cream recently hit the beauty counters which is suppose to stimulate collagen production. Which cell is it supposedly stimulating?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
94.  What is a collection of nerve cell bodies outside of the central nervous system called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  What is the mature cell in cartilage called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
96.  What type of gland secretes its product through a duct or tube?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
97.  What structure contributes to the cells cytoskeleton?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
98.  How many neurons are in the body of man?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
99.  Which of the following stain blue with H&E stain?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
100.  Which layer of the epidermis contains star shaped cells?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
101.  Which fiber type is smaller in diameter?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
102.  Which organelle produces protein for export?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
103.  What type of epithelium has dome shaped cells on the apical surface?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
104.  What is another term for the valve of Kerckring?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
105.  What surrounds a bundle of nerve fibers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
106.  What is the role of the condenser lens?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
107.  What type of muscle has branching cells?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
108.  Which type of cartilage is found in the external ear?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
109.  What is another term for the intestinal glands?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
110.  What is the space between the liver sinusoids and the hepatocytes called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
111.  What type of epithelium is associated with goblet cells?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
112.  What is another term for the cytoplasm outside of organelles?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
113.  Which of the following is composed of smooth muscle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
114.  Which cell is a resting osteoblast?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
115.  What type of basic tissue type is cartilage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
116.  What is spongy bone?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
117.  Which of the following can be classified as "specialized connective tissue"?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
118.  What is the point that a neuron contacts a muscle called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
119.  Which type of cartilage forms the hammer, anvil and stirrup?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
120.  Which cell is responsible for skin pigmentation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
121.  What is the term for the general process that cells us to expunge material from the cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
122.  What is woven bone?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
123.  Which cell is the most abundant cell in the epidermis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
124.  Which cell type is responsible for bone breakdown?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
125.  Which meninx covers the brain intimately?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
126.  During the preparation of a routine H&E slide, what step occurs after the tissue is stained?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
127.  What are the gaps that occur within the myelin sheath?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
128.  What color is keratin with Masson's trichrome stain?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
129.  What cells of the pancreas secrete somatostatin?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
130.  What is bundle bone?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
131.  What do you call the space where a chondrocyte sits in?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
132.  Which microscope would be particularly useful for looking at living cells?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
133.  Which of the following is NOT a function of skin?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
134.  What forms the brush border?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
135.  Which of the following would be best suited to visualize reticular fibers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
136.  Which of the following is NOT a membranous organelle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
137.  Which cranial nerve to the tongue is responsible for movement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
138.  What is the surface layer of masticatory mucosa composed of?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
139.  What are microvilli called that are seen in the small intestine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
140.  How thick is the plasma membrane?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
141.  Which fiber type gets its energy primarily from glycogen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
142.  Which of the following is a receptor for fine touch which is located in mucous membranes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
143.  Which cell is the mature bone cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
144.  Which type of cartilage is characterized by the presence of thick bundles of collagen fibers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
145.  A beauty treatment for the reduction of wrinkles is the injection of hyaluronic acid into the wrinkle. What is hyaluronic acid?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
146.  The papillary layer is part of which layer?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
147.  What cell is involved in laying down new bone?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
148.  Which of the following is NOT considered neuroglia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
149.  Which type of cartilage is found in the larynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
150.  What type of epithelium is more than one layer thick?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
151.  What is the surface modification seen on the cells of the epididymis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
152.  Where in the pancreas are islets of Langerhans most numerous?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
153.  Which type of papillae on the tongue is mushroom shaped?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
154.  What type of adipose tissue tends to increase as humans age?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
155.  What is areolar tissue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
156.  Where are apocrine sweat glands NOT found?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
157.  What is the covering of a bone?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
158.  What type of tissue lines most of the gastrointestinal tract?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
159.  What is the bottom of a microscope called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
160.  Which of the following stains is used for routine histological examination?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
161.  What are mucous surface cells?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
162.  Which of the following clotting factors is NOT produced in the liver?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
163.  What type of epithelial cells are taller than they are wide?
A.
B.
C.
D.