Histology MCQ

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1.  When using a compound microscope, objective lenses can be found to have a magnification of all of the following, EXCEPT?
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2.  What is "compound microscope"?
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3.  What is the total magnification achieved with a compound microscope?
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4.  What is the maximum resolving power seen with a compound microscope?
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5.  What is the turret?
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6.  On a microscope, what structure connects the eyepiece to the objective lens?
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7.  In a good compound microscope, the focus knob does not have to be readjusted  when changing the magnification. What is this phenomenon called?
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8.  What is another name for the light microscope?
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9.  Which microscope does not rely on visible light?
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10.  Which microscope makes things appear three dimensional?
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11.  When using a compound microscope, what is the magnification of the oil immersion lens?
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12.  What is the usual magnification of the ocular lens on a compound microscope?
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13.  When using oil immersion to view a tissue, what is the refractive index of the oil?
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14.  What is the role of the condenser lens?
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15.  On a microscope, what structure varies the diameter of the cone of light?
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16.  Where do you place the slide when using a microscope?
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17.  What is the bottom of a microscope called?
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18.  What is another name for the bright field microscope?
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19.  Which microscope would be particularly useful for looking at living cells?
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20.  Which type of microscope has only one lens?
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21.  Which of the following stain blue with H&E stain?
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22.  What are Sudan stains used primarily for?
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23.  What is Mucicarmine stain used primarily for?
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24.  What is Wright's stain used primarily for?
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25.  What color do elastic fibers stain with Verhoeff Elastic stain?
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Discuss this Question
26.  During the preparation of a routine H&E slide, what step occurs after the tissue is preserved?
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27.  During the preparation of a routine H&E slide, how is the tissue preserved?
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28.  During the preparation of a routine H&E slide, what allows the tissue to be visualized?
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29.  Which of the following would be best suited to visualize reticular fibers?
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D.
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30.  Which of the following would be best suited to visualize lipid?
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31.  During the preparation of a routine H&E slide, what allows the tissue to hold its form? 
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32.  During the preparation of a routine H&E slide, what step occurs after the tissue is embedded in paraffin?
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33.  During the preparation of a routine H&E slide, what step occurs after the tissue is stained?
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34.  Which of the following is an acid dye?
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35.  Which of the following would be best suited for peripheral blood smears?
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36.  Which of the following stains is used for routine histological examination?
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37.  What is Prussian blue stain used for?
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38.  What color does hematoxylin stain structures?
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39.  Which of the following would be best suited to differentiate collagen fibers from other fibers ?
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40.  Which of the following is NOT a membranous organelle?
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41.  Which organelle contains digestive enzymes?
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42.  Which organelle is considered the powerhouse of the cell?
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43.  What structure is at the base of cilia?
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44.  Which of the following is NOT considered an inclusion?
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45.  Collectively, what is the cytoplasm and nucleus called?
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46.  How thick is the plasma membrane?
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47.  What is the term for the general process that cells us to expunge material from the cell?
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48.  Which organelle sorts and packages proteins within a cell?
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49.  Which of the following is NOT a membranous organelle?
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50.  What are the folds on the inner mitochodrial membrane called?
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51.  Which organelle is involved in lipid metabolism?
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52.  Which organelle contains detoxifying enzymes?
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53.  Which of the following is NOT a membranous organelle?
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54.  What is the limiting membrane of a cell?
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55.  What is also called a low resistance junction?
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56.  Which of the following is an organelle?
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57.  What is the term for the general process that cells us to bring things into the cell?
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58.  Which organelle produces protein for export?
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59.  Where are ribosomes constructed?
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60.  What is the term for the process used by cells for the transport in of particulate matter?
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61.  What is another term for the cytoplasm outside of organelles?
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62.  What is the a small clear space within a cell?
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63.  Which of the following is NOT a membranous organelle?
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64.  What is the polysaccharide coating that is sometimes found on the cell membrane?
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65.  What process is nicknamed "cell drinking"?
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66.  Which organelle is studded with ribosomes?
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67.  Where is the site of protein synthesis?
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68.  What structure contributes to the cells cytoskeleton?
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69.  What type of tissue lines the bladder
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70.  What type of tissue lines most ducts?
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71.  What type of epithelium is associated with goblet cells?
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72.  What type of epithelial cells are as tall as they are wide?
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73.  What do you call the simple squamous epithelium that lines the blood vessels?
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74.  What cell type makes up the mucosa of the gallbladder?
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75.  Which of the following is lined by a serosa?
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76.  What type of gland secretes its product through a duct or tube?
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77.  What is a gland called if the secretory portion is flask shaped?
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78.  What forms the brush border?
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79.  What type of epithelium lines the trachea?
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80.  What type of tissue lines blood vessels?
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81.  What type of epithelium is more than one layer thick?
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82.  What do you call a tissue composed of a conglomeration of cells which are tightly packed together, yet which does not have a free surface? An example of such a tissue would be the parenchyma of the adrenal gland.
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83.  What type of epithelium appears stratified, but is not?
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84.  Which of the following is lined by a mucosa?
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85.  What type of gland secretes its product directly into the bloodstream?
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86.  What is a gland called if it has an unbranched duct?
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87.  What is a gland called if the secretory portion is tube shaped ending in a flask shaped area at the terminus?
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88.  What is the surface modification seen on the cells of the epididymis?
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89.  What type of epithelium forms the epidermis?
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90.  What type of tissue lines most of the gastrointestinal tract?
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91.  What type of tissue forms the alveoli in the lung?
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92.  What type of epithelium is composed of flat cells?
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93.  What do you call the simple squamous epithelium that lines the abdominal cavity?
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94.  What type of epithelium is composed of cells which all touch the basement membrane  and is only one cell layer thick?
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95.  Which of the following is NOT lined by a mucosa?
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96.  What is a gland called if it has an branched duct?
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97.  What are finger like projections on the surface of some cells called?
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98.  What cell surface modification is made of microtubules?
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99.  What type of tissue composes the kidney tubules?
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100.  What type of tissue lines the esophagus?
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101.  What type of epithelium is one cell layer thick?
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102.  What type of epithelial cells are taller than they are wide?
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B.
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D.
E.
103.  What type of epithelium has dome shaped cells on the apical surface?
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104.  Which of the following is NOT lined by a serosa?
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105.  Which of the following is a unicellular gland?
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106.  What forms the striated border?
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107.  What is a characteristic of the cells in the epidermis of the skin?
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108.  What is another term for an acinar gland?
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109.  Which of the following is NOT primarily composed of connective tissue?
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110.  Which of the following is NOT a fiber found in connective tissue?
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111.  Which connective tissue cell type contains properties of smooth muscle cells?
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112.  Which cell is a connective tissue macrophage?
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113.  Which of the following can be classified as "specialized connective tissue"?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
114.  Which of the following can be classified as "embryonic connective tissue"?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
115.  What type of tissue makes up the dermis of the skin?
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C.
D.
E.
116.  What type of adipose tissue tends to increase as humans age?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
117.  Which of the following would be best suited to differentiate collagen fibers from other fibers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
118.  Which of the following is NOT primarily composed of connective tissue?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
119.  Which one of these cells is not a cell type routinely found in loose connective tissue?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
120.  Which connective tissue cell is a tissue macrophage?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
121.  Which of the following can be classified as "specialized connective tissue"?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
122.  Which of the following can be classified as "connective tissue proper"?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
123.  What type of tissue is Wharton's jelly?
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D.
E.
124.  What type of tissue is a tendon composed of?
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125.  What does connective tissue develop from?
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126.  What color do elastic fibers stain with Verhoeff Elastic stain?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
127.  Which of the following is a component of the ground substance?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
128.  Which of the following is NOT primarily composed of connective tissue?
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B.
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D.
E.
129.  Which connective tissue cell type produces the ground substance in connective tissue?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
130.  Which connective tissue cell is derived from B lymphocytes?
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B.
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D.
E.
131.  Which of the following can be classified as "specialized connective tissue"?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
132.  Which of the following can be classified as "connective tissue proper"?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
133.  What type of connective tissue is an undifferentiated tissue found in the embryo?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
134.  What type of tissue is a ligament composed of?
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D.
E.
135.  Which of the following is not associated with connective tissue?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
136.  Which of the following would be best suited to visualize lipid?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
137.  A beauty treatment for the reduction of wrinkles is the injection of hyaluronic acid into the wrinkle. What is hyaluronic acid?
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B.
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D.
E.
138.  Which is the most abundant fiber in connective tissue?
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D.
E.
Discuss this Question
139.  Which connective tissue cell type produces collagen?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
140.  Which connective tissue cell type secretes histamine?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
Discuss this Question
141.  Which of the following can be classified as "specialized connective tissue"?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
142.  Which of the following can be classified as "embryonic connective tissue"?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
143.  What is areolar tissue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
144.  What type of adipose tissue tends to decrease as humans age?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
145.  Which of the following would be best suited to visualize reticular fibers?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
146.  What type of basic tissue type is cartilage?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
147.  How many types of cartilage are there?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
148.  What do you call the space where a chondrocyte sits in?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
Discuss this Question
149.  What stain would be best to demonstrate the elastic fibers in elastic cartilage?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
150.  Which type of cartilage is found in the walls of the eustachian tube?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
151.  Which type of cartilage forms the skeleton of the fetus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
152.  What type of tissue makes up the "Adam's apple"?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
153.  Which type of cartilage forms the intervertebral disc?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
154.  Which type of cartilage forms the hammer, anvil and stirrup?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
155.  Which type of cartilage is characterized by the presence of elastic fibers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
156.  Which type of cartilage is highly vascular?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
157.  What cell produces the cartilaginous matrix?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
158.  Which type of cartilage is found in the larynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
159.  Which of the following is NOT a glycosaminoglycan in cartilage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
160.  Which type of cartilage is characterized by a glassy matrix?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
161.  Which type of cartilage is characterized by the presence of chondrocytes sitting in lacunae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
162.  Which type of cartilage is the most abundant?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
163.  Which type of cartilage forms the articular surface on bones?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.