Histology MCQ

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1.  What are the supporting cells in the central nervous system called?
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2.  What is the total magnification achieved with a compound microscope?
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B.
C.
D.
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3.  What is in the bone matrix?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  What is myosin?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  What is another term for muscle cells?
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6.  What type of tissue lines most of the gastrointestinal tract?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  What covers the visible portion of a tooth ?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  During the preparation of a routine H&E slide, what allows the tissue to be visualized?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  What is the role of the condenser lens?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  What color does hematoxylin stain structures?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Which of the following is supporting cell of the central nervous system?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  The papillary layer is part of which layer?
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B.
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D.
E.
13.  Which of the following would be best suited for peripheral blood smears?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Which of the following responds to continuous pressure?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  What type of epithelium is more than one layer thick?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Which cell is a phagocyte?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Where does cartilage come from?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Which of the following is a unicellular gland?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Which fiber type is larger in diameter?
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E.
20.  What color do elastic fibers stain with Verhoeff Elastic stain?
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C.
D.
E.
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21.  Which of the following is found in the cerebellum?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  What surrounds a nerve?
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B.
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D.
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23.  Regarding the blood supply to cartilage:
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B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  What is the outer gray matter of the brain called?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Which organelle produces protein for export?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  What are the gaps that occur within the myelin sheath?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  What are the conglomerations of gray matter deep within the cerebrum and cerebellum  called?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Where in the pancreas are islets of Langerhans most numerous?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Which type of neuron is most abundant?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  What is a single neuron and the aggregation of muscle fibers innervated by that single neuron called?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  What does connective tissue develop from?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Which type of papillae on the tongue is the smallest?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Which of the following lines the ventricles?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Which layer of the epidermis is on the surface of the skin?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  What is the space called that is located at the portal canal between the hepatocytes and connective tissue?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Where is white matter?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Which fiber type makes up slow-twitch muscle?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  What is the innervation of an eccrine sweat gland?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Which cell is found in the dermis?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Which type of bone has spicules?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  What are interneurons?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  What is a characteristic of the cells in the epidermis of the skin?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  What is the bottom of a microscope called?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  What type of adipose tissue tends to decrease as humans age?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  What is a receptor in muscle?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  What is a gland called if the secretory portion is tube shaped ending in a flask shaped area at the terminus?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  What is the term for the process used by cells for the transport in of particulate matter?
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C.
D.
E.
48.  Which cell is a macrophage found in the central nervous system?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  What is the name of the cellular mass for the endocrine portion of the pancreas?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Which meninx covers the brain intimately?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Which of the following is NOT considered an inclusion?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  What is woven bone?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  What cells of the pancreas secrete pancreatic polypeptide?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  What is another term for the intestinal glands?
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D.
E.
55.  Which fiber type is seen in skeletal muscle?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  What cell is an immature bone cell?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  Which type of cartilage forms the articular surface on bones?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  What is the turret?
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B.
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D.
E.
59.  Which cells secrete intrinsic factor?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  Which layer of the gastrointestinal tract contains the gut associated lymphatic tissue?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  Which of the following can be classified as "embryonic connective tissue"?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  What is the connective tissue covering around the brain and spinal cord?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  What structure contributes to the cells cytoskeleton?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  Which of the following is an acid dye?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  What are most neurons in the body?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  What is released at a synapse?
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B.
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D.
E.
67.  Which of the following is the most abundant neuroglia cell?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  What type of muscle has visible cross striations?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  What type of tissue lines most ducts?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  What color do elastic fibers stain with Verhoeff Elastic stain?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  Which connective tissue cell type secretes histamine?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  What is the glomerulus?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  Which of the following responds to vibration and rapidly changing pressure?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  Which connective tissue cell type contains properties of smooth muscle cells?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  What is the connective tissue covering which surrounds cartilage?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  Which organelle is studded with ribosomes?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  Which of the following can be classified as "connective tissue proper"?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  Which of the following is lined by a serosa?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  What is a gland called if it has an unbranched duct?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  Which type of cartilage forms the intervertebral disc?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  What type of muscle is composed of spindle shaped cells?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  What is a collection of nerve cell bodies outside of the central nervous system called?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  What is Prussian blue stain used for?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  Which microscope would be particularly useful for looking at living cells?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  Which of the following is the most abundant sensory receptor of the skin?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  What type of muscle contains actin and myosin?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  What is another term for the cell body of a neuron?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  What is a collection of cell bodies outside the CNS called?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  What is the usual magnification of the ocular lens on a compound microscope?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  What type of tissue makes up the rings of the trachea?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
91.  Which organelle sorts and packages proteins within a cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
92.  During the preparation of a routine H&E slide, what allows the tissue to hold its form? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
93.  What type of muscle has branching cells?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
94.  Which of the following is an element of the central nervous system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  What is the correct term for cuticle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
96.  Which fiber type is more resistant to fatigue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
97.  What is the lining of the inner bone on the side which abuts the medullary cavity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
98.  What is the maximum resolving power seen with a compound microscope?
A.
B.
C.
99.  Which of the following is not associated with connective tissue?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
100.  What type of connective tissue is an undifferentiated tissue found in the embryo?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
101.  Which type of neuron is also called an internuncial neuron?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
102.  Which region are goblet cells most numerous?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
103.  Which type of cartilage is characterized by the presence of elastic fibers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
104.  What is immature bone?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
105.  What is the opening of the pancreatic duct into the duodenum?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
106.  What is another term for the valve of Kerckring?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
107.  Which layer contains Meissner's plexus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
108.  What forms the striated border?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
109.  What are the basophilic clusters of ribosomes and rough endoplasmic reticulum seen in neurons called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
110.  Which is the most abundant fiber in connective tissue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
111.  What is the plasma membrane of a muscle cell called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
112.  Which cell is a connective tissue macrophage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
113.  Which cranial nerve is responsible for taste to the posterior 1/3 of the tongue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
114.  What is the hollow area underneath an osteoclast called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
115.  Which one of these cells is not a cell type routinely found in loose connective tissue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
116.  Which microscope does not rely on visible light?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
117.  What bisects the H band?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
118.  During the preparation of a routine H&E slide, what step occurs after the tissue is stained?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
119.  What are sensory neurons?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
120.  Which organ has a mucosa lined by nonkeratinized stratified squamous epithelium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
121.  What color is keratin with Masson's trichrome stain?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
122.  What is Mucicarmine stain used primarily for?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
123.  What is unmineralized bone matrix?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
124.  What is the dark band in muscle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
125.  Where are Brunner's glands located?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
126.  Which of the following responds to pain?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
127.  What is a renal pyramid and its associated cortex referred to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
128.  A beauty treatment for the reduction of wrinkles is the injection of hyaluronic acid into the wrinkle. What is hyaluronic acid?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
129.  Costal cartilage is composed of what type of cartilage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
130.  What type of tissue is Wharton's jelly?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
131.  What type of muscle probably predominates in Charles Atlas, the worlds most famous power weight lifter?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
132.  Which organelle contains detoxifying enzymes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
133.  Which connective tissue cell is a tissue macrophage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
134.  What is the covering of a bone?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
135.  What is the classification of the pancreas?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
136.  What structure is called white cartilage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
137.  What type of epithelial cells are taller than they are wide?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
138.  Which type of microscope has only one lens?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
139.  Which connective tissue cell type produces the ground substance in connective tissue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
140.  On a cross section of a muscle, how many thin filaments surround each thick filament?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
141.  What are the thin filaments?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
142.  What is another name for the light microscope?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
143.  What type of basic tissue type is bone?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
144.  Which cranial nerve is responsible for general sensation to the anterior 2/3 of the tongue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
145.  Which microscope makes things appear three dimensional?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
146.  What type of tissue composes the kidney tubules?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
147.  What are the valves which regulates the flow of bile into the intestine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
148.  What are microvilli called that are seen in the small intestine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
149.  What is a gland called if the secretory portion is flask shaped?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
150.  Which of the following is involved in the blood brain barrier?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
151.  What is within the pulp cavity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
152.  When using a compound microscope, objective lenses can be found to have a magnification of all of the following, EXCEPT?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
153.  Which of the following is NOT a membranous organelle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
154.  Which cell is a mechanoreceptors?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
155.  Which meninx is made of a delicate web like connective tissue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
156.  What sits in a lacuna?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
157.  What is another term for the brush border?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
158.  Which type of cartilage is found in the external ear?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
159.  Which of the following is NOT a membranous organelle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
160.  What type of tissue lines the upper esophagus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
161.  Where is the site of protein synthesis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
162.  Collectively, what is the cytoplasm and nucleus called?
A.
B.
C.