Histology MCQ

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1.  What are mucous surface cells?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  The colloquialism "gray matter" refers to somebody using his intellect or reasoning ability. In reality, what is gray matter?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  What is the lymphatic capillary within a villus of the small intestine called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  What is the connective tissue covering around the brain and spinal cord?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Which of the following is a component of the ground substance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  What is a group of fibers traveling together?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  What is the dura mater composed of?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  What is the space called that is located at the portal canal between the hepatocytes and connective tissue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Which of the following is composed of smooth muscle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Which fiber type has more myoglobin?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Which of the following is lined by a mucosa?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Which type of cartilage is found in the external ear?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  What is the cell body of a neuron called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Which of the following responds to pain?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  What color do elastic fibers stain with Verhoeff Elastic stain?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  What forms the skeleton of the fetus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  What is the functional unit of the liver?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  What is the mature cell in cartilage called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  What type of gland secretes its product through a duct or tube?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Which of the following would be best suited to visualize lipid?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Which meninx covers the brain intimately?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  What is the cytoplasm of a muscle cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  What type of muscle is composed of spindle shaped cells?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Which layer of the epidermis contains cells with no nuclei or organelles?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Which fiber type is more resistant to fatigue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Which cells secrete pepsinogen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  What are Sudan stains used primarily for?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  What is white matter?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  What is line that bisects the dark band in muscle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Which of the following is an organelle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Which of the following is the CNS macrophage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  What is the lining of the inner bone on the side which abuts the medullary cavity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Where is cardiac muscle found?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  What is the outer gray matter of the brain called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Where is thick skin found?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Where can hair be found?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  What structure is called white cartilage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  What are the spicules on spongy bone called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  What is immature bone?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Which of the following is an acid dye?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Which of the following is found in the hair follicle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Which of the following is an element of the central nervous system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  What cell type makes up the mucosa of the gallbladder?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  What do you call the simple squamous epithelium that lines the blood vessels?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Which type of cartilage forms the intervertebral disc?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  What cells of the pancreas secrete pancreatic polypeptide?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  What type of tissue is Wharton's jelly?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  What is a receptor in muscle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  What percent of the matrix of cartilage is water?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Which layer of the epidermis has cells which have keratohyaline granules?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Which organ has a mucosa lined by nonkeratinized stratified squamous epithelium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Which of the following can be classified as "embryonic connective tissue"?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Which layer contains the lamina propria?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  What is the space between the liver sinusoids and the hepatocytes called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  Which of the following is NOT primarily composed of connective tissue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Which layer of the gastrointestinal tract contains the gut associated lymphatic tissue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  What is the innermost layer of the GI tract called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  What surrounds the pulp cavity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  What are the bundle of longitudinal contractile elements within a muscle cell called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  Which of the following forms myelin in the central nervous system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  What type of gland secretes its product directly into the bloodstream?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  What cell is involved in laying down new bone?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  Which type of cartilage is highly vascular?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  What is the pancreatic duct?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  What is also called a low resistance junction?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  What is the total magnification achieved with a compound microscope?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  What type of epithelium is composed of cells which all touch the basement membrane  and is only one cell layer thick?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  In a good compound microscope, the focus knob does not have to be readjusted  when changing the magnification. What is this phenomenon called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  Which of the following can be classified as "specialized connective tissue"?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  What type of epithelium is more than one layer thick?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  What forms the articular surface on bones?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  Which of the following is composed of cardiac muscle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  When using oil immersion to view a tissue, what is the refractive index of the oil?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  Which fiber type is smaller in diameter?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  What is the name of the cellular mass for the endocrine portion of the pancreas?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  Which of the following is NOT a function of skin?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  Where are Brunner's glands located?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  What is the primary component of myelin?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  Which of the following is composed of stratified squamous epithelium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  What do you call the space where a chondrocyte sits in?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  What type of tissue lines the upper esophagus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  What are microvilli called that are seen in the small intestine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  What type of epithelium forms the epidermis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  What is the classification of the pancreas?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  Which of the following is NOT a function of the liver?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  Where is the cerebrospinal fluid?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  What is another term for the valve of Kerckring?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  What structure is at the base of cilia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  Which of the following would be best suited to differentiate collagen fibers from other fibers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  What is the covering of a bone?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
91.  Which of the following is composed of skeletal muscle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
92.  Which microscope makes things appear three dimensional?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
93.  Costal cartilage is composed of what type of cartilage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
94.  What is the limiting membrane of a cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  Which organelle produces protein for export?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
96.  In what structure does blood run through between the hepatocytes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
97.  What is the half moon shaped white area on a nail called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
98.  Which type of cartilage forms the epiphyseal growth plate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
99.  Where are apocrine sweat glands NOT found?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
100.  Which cell is a mechanoreceptors?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
101.  What is the primary component of yellow marrow?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
102.  Which of the following is a receptor for fine touch which is located in mucous membranes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
103.  Which of the following is composed of connective tissue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
104.  What type of muscle contains centrally placed nuclei?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
105.  What is the polysaccharide coating that is sometimes found on the cell membrane?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
106.  Where is mesothelium found?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
107.  What cell produces the cartilaginous matrix?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
108.  What is the dura mater composed of?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
109.  Which cranial nerve is responsible for taste to the posterior 1/3 of the tongue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
110.  What type of glands are the glands of Moll?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
111.  What is another term for the cytoplasm outside of organelles?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
112.  Which of the following can be classified as "specialized connective tissue"?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
113.  What sits in a lacuna?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
114.  What are the collagen fibers that extend into bone at an angle called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
115.  Where is the site of protein synthesis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
116.  Which fiber type has a lot of mitochondria?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
117.  What type of glands are the ceruminous glands?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
118.  What are the connection between the cystic duct and liver?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
119.  What are Sharpey's fibers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
120.  What is dense bone?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
121.  Which type of papillae on the tongue does NOT contain taste buds?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
122.  What is a renal pyramid and its associated cortex referred to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
123.  Which cranial nerve to the tongue is responsible for movement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
124.  What is the innervation of an eccrine sweat gland?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
125.  Which layer of the epidermis is on the surface of the skin?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
126.  Which type of neuron is multipolar?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
127.  What are the mineral crystals in bone called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
128.  Which fiber type is seen in smooth muscle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
129.  What are the basophilic clusters of ribosomes and rough endoplasmic reticulum seen in neurons called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
130.  Which layer of the epidermis contains dividing cells?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
131.  Which type of cartilage is present in the temporomandibular joint?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
132.  Which cell is a phagocyte?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
133.  Where is gray matter?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
134.  What is the innervation of an eccrine sweat gland?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
135.  Lance Armstrong is the seven time winner of the Tour de France. The Tour de France is a bicycle race which covers between 3500 to 4000 kilometers. What type of muscle fiber probably predominates in his legs?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
136.  What percentage of neurons are interneurons?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
137.  Collectively, what is the cytoplasm and nucleus called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
138.  Which type of cartilage is characterized by a glassy matrix?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
139.  What is the plasma membrane of a muscle cell called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
140.  Which of the following is the exocrine portion of the pancreas?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
141.  Which connective tissue cell type produces collagen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
142.  On a cross section of a muscle, how many thin filaments surround each thick filament?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
143.  What bisects the H band?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
144.  What type of tissue makes up the epiglottis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
145.  All of the following are properties of neurons, except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
146.  Which of the following clotting factors is NOT produced in the liver?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
147.  What structure contributes to the cells cytoskeleton?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
148.  Which connective tissue cell is derived from B lymphocytes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
149.  What is the surface layer of masticatory mucosa composed of?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
150.  Which of the following is NOT a glycosaminoglycan in cartilage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
151.  On a microscope, what structure connects the eyepiece to the objective lens?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
152.  The papillary layer is part of which layer?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
153.  What is another name for the bright field microscope?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
154.  What do you call the simple squamous epithelium that lines the abdominal cavity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
155.  Which cranial nerve is responsible for general sensation to the posterior 1/3 of the tongue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
156.  TA new miracle skin cream recently hit the beauty counters which is suppose to stimulate collagen production. Which cell is it supposedly stimulating?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
157.  Which of the following is an element of the central nervous system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
158.  What type of adipose tissue tends to increase as humans age?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
159.  What is the dark band in muscle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
160.  Which of the following can be classified as "connective tissue proper"?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
161.  What type of muscle has branching cells?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
162.  Which of the following is the most abundant sensory receptor of the skin?
A.
B.
C.
D.