Exam 3

48 Questions  I  By Atalina7

  
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1.  Omosis from one fluid compartment to another is determined by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Arginine Vasopressin (AVP), sometimes called ADH,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  A weak base
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Which renal structure is responsible for producing hypertonic urine by reabsorbing water while allowing metabolic wastes and NaCl to pass through?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Which are primarily responsible for maintaing the salinity gradient if the renal medulla?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  This is the greatest determinant of intracellular volume.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Aldosterone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  A renal calculus can be up to 2 cm wide, but even then, it would not obstruct
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Chloride homeostasis is regulated as a side effect of sodium homeostasis
A.
B.
10.  A patient was severely dehydrated, losing a large amount of fluid. The patient was given intravenous fluids or normal saline. Normal saline is _______ to your blood cells and is about ______ NaCl.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  WHich of the following does not contribute to water conservation
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  The bicarbonate buffer system would not work very well in the human body if not for the action of the respiratory system, which
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  What is the term for the pigment responsible for the color of urine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Which of the following would reduce the glomerular filtration rate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The major chemical buffer systems of the body are the _______ systems
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Water output is significantly controlled through variation in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  The innermost connective tissue layer protecting the kidney and assisting in staving off infectuon is known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Micturition is another term for
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Fluid intake is governed mainly by hypothalamic neurons called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Normal urine from a healthy person can be expected to contain all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  The most toxic of our metabolic wastes are nitrogenous wastes.
A.
B.
22.  Prior to chemical tests for glycosuria, clinicians checked for sweetness of the urine as a sign of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  In which of these compartments would fluid accumulate in edema?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Calcium concentration is regulated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Hypocalcemia stimulates
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  The fenestrated endothelium of the capillary has pores small enough to exclude blood cells from the filtrate
A.
B.
27.  Long-term inhibition of thirst is mostly associated with 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  The urine is most likely to be hypotonic when
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  The kidneys neutralize more acid or base than any other base system
A.
B.
30.  A buffer system converts a weak acid or base into a strong one.
A.
B.
31.  PCTs are responsible for reabsorbing all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  In a state of water balance, average daily fluid gains and losses are equal.
A.
B.
33.  Ethyl (drinking) alcohol stimulates the secretion of AVP, thereby reducing reabsorption bu the collecting duct.
A.
B.
34.  In the nephron, the fluid that immediately preceds urine is known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Tissue fluid normally has a pH of 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Diabetes is any metabolic disorder resulting in chronic polyuria.
A.
B.
37.  Which of the following is a direct result of antidiuretic hormones?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Women have a tendency to retain water during part of the menstrual cycle because estrogen mimics the action of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Most bosy water comes from ________, whereas most body water is lost via _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Which muscle is located in the bladder?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Two solutions are separated by a selectively permeable membrane. Solution A has a higher concentration of the non permeating solute that solution B. Then, 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  In response to a drop in overall blood pressure, _____ stimulates constriction of the glomerular inlet and even greter constriction of the outlet.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Chloride homeostasis is achieved mainly as a result of _____ homeostasis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  The transition from an afferent arteriole to an efferent arteriole occurs in the 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Uncompensated alkalosis is a pH inbalance that can only be corrected with clinical intervention.
A.
B.
46.  Hypernatremia is a plasma _____ concentration above normal
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Albuminuria is a common sign of diabetes mellitus
A.
B.
48.  Total saturation of protein transporters for a given solute in the renal tubules would result in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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