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Exam 3

48 Questions  I  By Atalina7
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1.  A renal calculus can be up to 2 cm wide, but even then, it would not obstruct
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  A weak base
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Which renal structure is responsible for producing hypertonic urine by reabsorbing water while allowing metabolic wastes and NaCl to pass through?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  The most toxic of our metabolic wastes are nitrogenous wastes.
A.
B.
5.  Micturition is another term for
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Omosis from one fluid compartment to another is determined by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Two solutions are separated by a selectively permeable membrane. Solution A has a higher concentration of the non permeating solute that solution B. Then, 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  The urine is most likely to be hypotonic when
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Which muscle is located in the bladder?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  The fenestrated endothelium of the capillary has pores small enough to exclude blood cells from the filtrate
A.
B.
11.  In response to a drop in overall blood pressure, _____ stimulates constriction of the glomerular inlet and even greter constriction of the outlet.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  The bicarbonate buffer system would not work very well in the human body if not for the action of the respiratory system, which
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  The transition from an afferent arteriole to an efferent arteriole occurs in the 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  A buffer system converts a weak acid or base into a strong one.
A.
B.
15.  Albuminuria is a common sign of diabetes mellitus
A.
B.
16.  What is the term for the pigment responsible for the color of urine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Total saturation of protein transporters for a given solute in the renal tubules would result in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Chloride homeostasis is achieved mainly as a result of _____ homeostasis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Long-term inhibition of thirst is mostly associated with 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  This is the greatest determinant of intracellular volume.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Chloride homeostasis is regulated as a side effect of sodium homeostasis
A.
B.
22.  Diabetes is any metabolic disorder resulting in chronic polyuria.
A.
B.
23.  Most bosy water comes from ________, whereas most body water is lost via _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Which of the following would reduce the glomerular filtration rate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  In the nephron, the fluid that immediately preceds urine is known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  PCTs are responsible for reabsorbing all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Arginine Vasopressin (AVP), sometimes called ADH,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Uncompensated alkalosis is a pH inbalance that can only be corrected with clinical intervention.
A.
B.
29.  In which of these compartments would fluid accumulate in edema?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  The kidneys neutralize more acid or base than any other base system
A.
B.
31.  Fluid intake is governed mainly by hypothalamic neurons called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  In a state of water balance, average daily fluid gains and losses are equal.
A.
B.
33.  Normal urine from a healthy person can be expected to contain all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  The major chemical buffer systems of the body are the _______ systems
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  The innermost connective tissue layer protecting the kidney and assisting in staving off infectuon is known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Hypernatremia is a plasma _____ concentration above normal
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Women have a tendency to retain water during part of the menstrual cycle because estrogen mimics the action of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Ethyl (drinking) alcohol stimulates the secretion of AVP, thereby reducing reabsorption bu the collecting duct.
A.
B.
39.  Prior to chemical tests for glycosuria, clinicians checked for sweetness of the urine as a sign of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Aldosterone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  WHich of the following does not contribute to water conservation
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Which are primarily responsible for maintaing the salinity gradient if the renal medulla?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Calcium concentration is regulated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  A patient was severely dehydrated, losing a large amount of fluid. The patient was given intravenous fluids or normal saline. Normal saline is _______ to your blood cells and is about ______ NaCl.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Which of the following is a direct result of antidiuretic hormones?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Water output is significantly controlled through variation in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Tissue fluid normally has a pH of 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Hypocalcemia stimulates
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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