Exam 3

48 Questions  I  By Atalina7
Please take the quiz to rate it.

Online Exam Quizzes & Trivia

   or Create Online Exam
Changes are done, please start the quiz.


Questions and Answers

Removing question excerpt is a premium feature

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
1.  PCTs are responsible for reabsorbing all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Hypernatremia is a plasma _____ concentration above normal
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  A weak base
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Most bosy water comes from ________, whereas most body water is lost via _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  The most toxic of our metabolic wastes are nitrogenous wastes.
A.
B.
6.  Total saturation of protein transporters for a given solute in the renal tubules would result in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  A buffer system converts a weak acid or base into a strong one.
A.
B.
8.  Hypocalcemia stimulates
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Albuminuria is a common sign of diabetes mellitus
A.
B.
10.  Fluid intake is governed mainly by hypothalamic neurons called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  In the nephron, the fluid that immediately preceds urine is known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  The innermost connective tissue layer protecting the kidney and assisting in staving off infectuon is known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Calcium concentration is regulated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Which muscle is located in the bladder?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Which are primarily responsible for maintaing the salinity gradient if the renal medulla?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  The urine is most likely to be hypotonic when
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Women have a tendency to retain water during part of the menstrual cycle because estrogen mimics the action of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  A patient was severely dehydrated, losing a large amount of fluid. The patient was given intravenous fluids or normal saline. Normal saline is _______ to your blood cells and is about ______ NaCl.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Ethyl (drinking) alcohol stimulates the secretion of AVP, thereby reducing reabsorption bu the collecting duct.
A.
B.
20.  Chloride homeostasis is regulated as a side effect of sodium homeostasis
A.
B.
21.  Omosis from one fluid compartment to another is determined by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Micturition is another term for
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Which of the following is a direct result of antidiuretic hormones?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Uncompensated alkalosis is a pH inbalance that can only be corrected with clinical intervention.
A.
B.
25.  In a state of water balance, average daily fluid gains and losses are equal.
A.
B.
26.  Which renal structure is responsible for producing hypertonic urine by reabsorbing water while allowing metabolic wastes and NaCl to pass through?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  The fenestrated endothelium of the capillary has pores small enough to exclude blood cells from the filtrate
A.
B.
28.  Which of the following would reduce the glomerular filtration rate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Tissue fluid normally has a pH of 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Chloride homeostasis is achieved mainly as a result of _____ homeostasis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Water output is significantly controlled through variation in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  The kidneys neutralize more acid or base than any other base system
A.
B.
33.  Aldosterone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Normal urine from a healthy person can be expected to contain all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Two solutions are separated by a selectively permeable membrane. Solution A has a higher concentration of the non permeating solute that solution B. Then, 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  In which of these compartments would fluid accumulate in edema?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  The transition from an afferent arteriole to an efferent arteriole occurs in the 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  What is the term for the pigment responsible for the color of urine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Arginine Vasopressin (AVP), sometimes called ADH,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  This is the greatest determinant of intracellular volume.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  In response to a drop in overall blood pressure, _____ stimulates constriction of the glomerular inlet and even greter constriction of the outlet.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  The bicarbonate buffer system would not work very well in the human body if not for the action of the respiratory system, which
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  The major chemical buffer systems of the body are the _______ systems
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Diabetes is any metabolic disorder resulting in chronic polyuria.
A.
B.
45.  A renal calculus can be up to 2 cm wide, but even then, it would not obstruct
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  WHich of the following does not contribute to water conservation
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Prior to chemical tests for glycosuria, clinicians checked for sweetness of the urine as a sign of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Long-term inhibition of thirst is mostly associated with 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
Back to top

Removing ad is a premium feature

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
Take Another Quiz
We have sent an email with your new password.