Exam 3

48 Questions  I  By Atalina7

  
Changes are done, please start the quiz.


Question Excerpt

Removing question excerpt is a premium feature

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
1.  Tissue fluid normally has a pH of 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Water output is significantly controlled through variation in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  A weak base
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Which of the following would reduce the glomerular filtration rate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Which renal structure is responsible for producing hypertonic urine by reabsorbing water while allowing metabolic wastes and NaCl to pass through?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Women have a tendency to retain water during part of the menstrual cycle because estrogen mimics the action of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Which are primarily responsible for maintaing the salinity gradient if the renal medulla?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Two solutions are separated by a selectively permeable membrane. Solution A has a higher concentration of the non permeating solute that solution B. Then, 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Prior to chemical tests for glycosuria, clinicians checked for sweetness of the urine as a sign of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Diabetes is any metabolic disorder resulting in chronic polyuria.
A.
B.
11.  Micturition is another term for
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  A buffer system converts a weak acid or base into a strong one.
A.
B.
13.  Arginine Vasopressin (AVP), sometimes called ADH,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Ethyl (drinking) alcohol stimulates the secretion of AVP, thereby reducing reabsorption bu the collecting duct.
A.
B.
15.  Hypernatremia is a plasma _____ concentration above normal
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  A patient was severely dehydrated, losing a large amount of fluid. The patient was given intravenous fluids or normal saline. Normal saline is _______ to your blood cells and is about ______ NaCl.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Long-term inhibition of thirst is mostly associated with 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  In a state of water balance, average daily fluid gains and losses are equal.
A.
B.
19.  The most toxic of our metabolic wastes are nitrogenous wastes.
A.
B.
20.  The urine is most likely to be hypotonic when
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  This is the greatest determinant of intracellular volume.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Fluid intake is governed mainly by hypothalamic neurons called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  The kidneys neutralize more acid or base than any other base system
A.
B.
24.  A renal calculus can be up to 2 cm wide, but even then, it would not obstruct
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Chloride homeostasis is regulated as a side effect of sodium homeostasis
A.
B.
26.  Which muscle is located in the bladder?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  The transition from an afferent arteriole to an efferent arteriole occurs in the 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Omosis from one fluid compartment to another is determined by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Calcium concentration is regulated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  In which of these compartments would fluid accumulate in edema?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  The fenestrated endothelium of the capillary has pores small enough to exclude blood cells from the filtrate
A.
B.
32.  Most bosy water comes from ________, whereas most body water is lost via _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  The major chemical buffer systems of the body are the _______ systems
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Hypocalcemia stimulates
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  In response to a drop in overall blood pressure, _____ stimulates constriction of the glomerular inlet and even greter constriction of the outlet.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  In the nephron, the fluid that immediately preceds urine is known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Total saturation of protein transporters for a given solute in the renal tubules would result in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Normal urine from a healthy person can be expected to contain all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Chloride homeostasis is achieved mainly as a result of _____ homeostasis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  The innermost connective tissue layer protecting the kidney and assisting in staving off infectuon is known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  What is the term for the pigment responsible for the color of urine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Uncompensated alkalosis is a pH inbalance that can only be corrected with clinical intervention.
A.
B.
43.  Albuminuria is a common sign of diabetes mellitus
A.
B.
44.  WHich of the following does not contribute to water conservation
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  The bicarbonate buffer system would not work very well in the human body if not for the action of the respiratory system, which
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Which of the following is a direct result of antidiuretic hormones?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  PCTs are responsible for reabsorbing all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Aldosterone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
Back to top


to post comments.

Removing ad is a premium feature

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
Take Another Quiz