Exam 3

48 Questions  I  By Atalina7
Please take the quiz to rate it.

Online Exam Quizzes & Trivia

   or Create Online Exam
Changes are done, please start the quiz.


Questions and Answers Excerpt

Removing question excerpt is a premium feature

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
1.  Normal urine from a healthy person can be expected to contain all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  WHich of the following does not contribute to water conservation
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Hypernatremia is a plasma _____ concentration above normal
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  A patient was severely dehydrated, losing a large amount of fluid. The patient was given intravenous fluids or normal saline. Normal saline is _______ to your blood cells and is about ______ NaCl.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  The innermost connective tissue layer protecting the kidney and assisting in staving off infectuon is known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Chloride homeostasis is achieved mainly as a result of _____ homeostasis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  PCTs are responsible for reabsorbing all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Uncompensated alkalosis is a pH inbalance that can only be corrected with clinical intervention.
A.
B.
9.  Tissue fluid normally has a pH of 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  The bicarbonate buffer system would not work very well in the human body if not for the action of the respiratory system, which
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  In response to a drop in overall blood pressure, _____ stimulates constriction of the glomerular inlet and even greter constriction of the outlet.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Aldosterone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  A buffer system converts a weak acid or base into a strong one.
A.
B.
14.  Women have a tendency to retain water during part of the menstrual cycle because estrogen mimics the action of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Which of the following would reduce the glomerular filtration rate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Which are primarily responsible for maintaing the salinity gradient if the renal medulla?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Long-term inhibition of thirst is mostly associated with 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  The fenestrated endothelium of the capillary has pores small enough to exclude blood cells from the filtrate
A.
B.
19.  Chloride homeostasis is regulated as a side effect of sodium homeostasis
A.
B.
20.  Two solutions are separated by a selectively permeable membrane. Solution A has a higher concentration of the non permeating solute that solution B. Then, 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Most bosy water comes from ________, whereas most body water is lost via _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  The urine is most likely to be hypotonic when
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  What is the term for the pigment responsible for the color of urine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Which renal structure is responsible for producing hypertonic urine by reabsorbing water while allowing metabolic wastes and NaCl to pass through?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Total saturation of protein transporters for a given solute in the renal tubules would result in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  A renal calculus can be up to 2 cm wide, but even then, it would not obstruct
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  In which of these compartments would fluid accumulate in edema?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Diabetes is any metabolic disorder resulting in chronic polyuria.
A.
B.
29.  Arginine Vasopressin (AVP), sometimes called ADH,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Prior to chemical tests for glycosuria, clinicians checked for sweetness of the urine as a sign of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Albuminuria is a common sign of diabetes mellitus
A.
B.
32.  In the nephron, the fluid that immediately preceds urine is known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  A weak base
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Which of the following is a direct result of antidiuretic hormones?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Hypocalcemia stimulates
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Water output is significantly controlled through variation in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  The most toxic of our metabolic wastes are nitrogenous wastes.
A.
B.
38.  Ethyl (drinking) alcohol stimulates the secretion of AVP, thereby reducing reabsorption bu the collecting duct.
A.
B.
39.  The transition from an afferent arteriole to an efferent arteriole occurs in the 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Omosis from one fluid compartment to another is determined by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Fluid intake is governed mainly by hypothalamic neurons called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  The major chemical buffer systems of the body are the _______ systems
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  This is the greatest determinant of intracellular volume.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Micturition is another term for
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Which muscle is located in the bladder?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  The kidneys neutralize more acid or base than any other base system
A.
B.
47.  Calcium concentration is regulated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  In a state of water balance, average daily fluid gains and losses are equal.
A.
B.
Back to top

Removing ad is a premium feature

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
Take Another Quiz
We have sent an email with your new password.