Endocrine System

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Endocrine System Quizzes & Trivia
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1.  The infundibulum is
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B.
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D.
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2.  The initial response to stress is called ___ and is mediated mainly by ___ .
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B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  The ___ secretes a hormone as a response to hypocalcemia
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B.
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D.
E.
4.  ___ are secreted by one cell into the tissue fluid, diffuse to nearby cells in the same tissue, and stimulate physiology
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B.
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E.
5.  What makes a cell target of a particular hormone?
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D.
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6.  Even a small quantity of hormone can have a strong effect on its target cell because of
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7.  Eicosanoids are derived from
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8.  Many hours after a meal, alpha cells in the pancreatic islets (islets of Langerhans) secrete
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9.  Negative feedback inhibition occurs when
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10.  During the exhaustin stage of the general adaptation syndrome (stress response) stress overwhelms homestasis. A characteristics of this stage is that 
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11.  Absence of iodine in the diet leads to
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12.  ____synthesized in the rough endoplasmic reticulum
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13.  ___ enters the target cell's nucei and acts directly on the genes
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14.  Cortisol
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15.  The nervous system reacts to stimuli ___ compared to the endocrine system, adapts_____ compared to the endocrine system, and has ____ effects compared to the endocrine system
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16.  These are all hypothalamic hormones except
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17.  ___is not a steroid hormone
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18.  The hypophyseal portal system connects
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19.  T4 and T3 are ___ hormones that are mainly transported___ in the blood.
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D.
E.
20.  This is the last step in the sequence of events when cyclic AMP acts as a second messenger.
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21.  ___ secretion is controlled by neuroendocrine reflexes, whereas ___ secretion is controlled by negative feedback mechanism
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22.  Aspirin and ibuprofen block
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23.  Growth hormone (GH) hypersecretion causes gigantism when it begins in childhood, but it is more likely to cause ____ when it begins in adulthood
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D.
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24.  All these can cause Cushing syndrome except
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E.
25.  Target organs most often regulate the pituitary gland via
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D.
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26.  ___ has more target cells in the body than any of the others
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27.  Endocrine gland(s)
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B.
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D.
E.
28.  This gland has both endocrine and exocrine function
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B.
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D.
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29.  The ___ secretes a hormone that increases the body's metabolic rate, promotes alertness and quickness reflexes, and stimulates the fetal nervous system
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D.
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30.  The resistance stage in the general adaptation syndrome (stress response) is dominated by
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D.
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31.  Neither follicle stimulating (FSH) hormone nor testosterone along can stimulate significant sperm production whereas when they act together, the testes produce some 300,000 sperm per minute. This exemplifies
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D.
E.
32.  The ___ secretes several hormones that stimulate the developement of lymphatic prgans and regulates developement and activity of T cells (white blood cells)
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B.
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D.
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33.  The neurohypophysis (posterior pituitary) secrets
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D.
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34.  The___ is not an endocrine gland but it has a role in endocrine function
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D.
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35.  This zona fasiculata in the adrenal gland secretes
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D.
E.
36.  Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) targets the
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D.
E.
37.  Prostaglandins have all the following roles except
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D.
E.
38.  The ____ secrete(s)___, which promotes Na+ and water retention
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B.
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D.
E.
39.  These are all secreted bu the pancreas except
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D.
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40.  This hormone plays an important tole in synchronizing physiological function with the cycle of daylight and darkness
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41.  Thyrotropin-releasing hormone targets the
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42.  Diabetes mellitus is characterized by the following execpt
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E.
43.  Diabetes insipidus is caused by
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