Endocrine System

43 Questions  I  By Failatlife
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1.  Aspirin and ibuprofen block
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Thyrotropin-releasing hormone targets the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  All these can cause Cushing syndrome except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Negative feedback inhibition occurs when
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Diabetes mellitus is characterized by the following execpt
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Even a small quantity of hormone can have a strong effect on its target cell because of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  ___is not a steroid hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  The ___ secretes a hormone as a response to hypocalcemia
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  T4 and T3 are ___ hormones that are mainly transported___ in the blood.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Endocrine gland(s)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Diabetes insipidus is caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  The initial response to stress is called ___ and is mediated mainly by ___ .
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  ___ has more target cells in the body than any of the others
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  What makes a cell target of a particular hormone?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The nervous system reacts to stimuli ___ compared to the endocrine system, adapts_____ compared to the endocrine system, and has ____ effects compared to the endocrine system
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  The infundibulum is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  The hypophyseal portal system connects
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  These are all secreted bu the pancreas except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  The ___ secretes a hormone that increases the body's metabolic rate, promotes alertness and quickness reflexes, and stimulates the fetal nervous system
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  The___ is not an endocrine gland but it has a role in endocrine function
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  ___ enters the target cell's nucei and acts directly on the genes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) targets the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  During the exhaustin stage of the general adaptation syndrome (stress response) stress overwhelms homestasis. A characteristics of this stage is that 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  This zona fasiculata in the adrenal gland secretes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Absence of iodine in the diet leads to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  This hormone plays an important tole in synchronizing physiological function with the cycle of daylight and darkness
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  The ____ secrete(s)___, which promotes Na+ and water retention
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  The ___ secretes several hormones that stimulate the developement of lymphatic prgans and regulates developement and activity of T cells (white blood cells)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  ___ are secreted by one cell into the tissue fluid, diffuse to nearby cells in the same tissue, and stimulate physiology
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Growth hormone (GH) hypersecretion causes gigantism when it begins in childhood, but it is more likely to cause ____ when it begins in adulthood
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Neither follicle stimulating (FSH) hormone nor testosterone along can stimulate significant sperm production whereas when they act together, the testes produce some 300,000 sperm per minute. This exemplifies
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  This gland has both endocrine and exocrine function
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  This is the last step in the sequence of events when cyclic AMP acts as a second messenger.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  These are all hypothalamic hormones except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Cortisol
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Many hours after a meal, alpha cells in the pancreatic islets (islets of Langerhans) secrete
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Target organs most often regulate the pituitary gland via
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  ____synthesized in the rough endoplasmic reticulum
A.
B.
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D.
E.
39.  The resistance stage in the general adaptation syndrome (stress response) is dominated by
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B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Eicosanoids are derived from
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B.
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D.
E.
41.  Prostaglandins have all the following roles except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  The neurohypophysis (posterior pituitary) secrets
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  ___ secretion is controlled by neuroendocrine reflexes, whereas ___ secretion is controlled by negative feedback mechanism
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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