Endocrine System

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Endocrine System Quizzes & Trivia
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1.  The hypophyseal portal system connects
A.
B.
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D.
E.
2.  Even a small quantity of hormone can have a strong effect on its target cell because of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  These are all hypothalamic hormones except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  The ___ secretes a hormone as a response to hypocalcemia
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Prostaglandins have all the following roles except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  ____synthesized in the rough endoplasmic reticulum
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  The ____ secrete(s)___, which promotes Na+ and water retention
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B.
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D.
E.
8.  This hormone plays an important tole in synchronizing physiological function with the cycle of daylight and darkness
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B.
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D.
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9.  ___is not a steroid hormone
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B.
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D.
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10.  Many hours after a meal, alpha cells in the pancreatic islets (islets of Langerhans) secrete
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B.
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D.
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11.  Aspirin and ibuprofen block
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D.
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12.  During the exhaustin stage of the general adaptation syndrome (stress response) stress overwhelms homestasis. A characteristics of this stage is that 
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D.
E.
13.  Absence of iodine in the diet leads to
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14.  This is the last step in the sequence of events when cyclic AMP acts as a second messenger.
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B.
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D.
E.
15.  Thyrotropin-releasing hormone targets the
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D.
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16.  Growth hormone (GH) hypersecretion causes gigantism when it begins in childhood, but it is more likely to cause ____ when it begins in adulthood
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B.
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D.
E.
17.  ___ has more target cells in the body than any of the others
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B.
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D.
E.
18.  The infundibulum is
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19.  ___ are secreted by one cell into the tissue fluid, diffuse to nearby cells in the same tissue, and stimulate physiology
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B.
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D.
E.
20.  What makes a cell target of a particular hormone?
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B.
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D.
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21.  The initial response to stress is called ___ and is mediated mainly by ___ .
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22.  Eicosanoids are derived from
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D.
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23.  Target organs most often regulate the pituitary gland via
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D.
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24.  Diabetes mellitus is characterized by the following execpt
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E.
25.  The neurohypophysis (posterior pituitary) secrets
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) targets the
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B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  This zona fasiculata in the adrenal gland secretes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Neither follicle stimulating (FSH) hormone nor testosterone along can stimulate significant sperm production whereas when they act together, the testes produce some 300,000 sperm per minute. This exemplifies
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D.
E.
29.  The resistance stage in the general adaptation syndrome (stress response) is dominated by
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D.
E.
30.  ___ secretion is controlled by neuroendocrine reflexes, whereas ___ secretion is controlled by negative feedback mechanism
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31.  This gland has both endocrine and exocrine function
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B.
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D.
E.
32.  Cortisol
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B.
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D.
E.
33.  These are all secreted bu the pancreas except
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B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  The ___ secretes several hormones that stimulate the developement of lymphatic prgans and regulates developement and activity of T cells (white blood cells)
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B.
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D.
E.
35.  The nervous system reacts to stimuli ___ compared to the endocrine system, adapts_____ compared to the endocrine system, and has ____ effects compared to the endocrine system
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B.
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D.
E.
36.  Endocrine gland(s)
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37.  Negative feedback inhibition occurs when
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38.  ___ enters the target cell's nucei and acts directly on the genes
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B.
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D.
E.
39.  All these can cause Cushing syndrome except
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B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  The ___ secretes a hormone that increases the body's metabolic rate, promotes alertness and quickness reflexes, and stimulates the fetal nervous system
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B.
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D.
E.
41.  Diabetes insipidus is caused by
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E.
42.  T4 and T3 are ___ hormones that are mainly transported___ in the blood.
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D.
E.
43.  The___ is not an endocrine gland but it has a role in endocrine function
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B.
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D.
E.
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