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Endocrine System

43 Questions  I  By Failatlife
Health Quizzes & Trivia
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1.  Diabetes mellitus is characterized by the following execpt
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  ___ are secreted by one cell into the tissue fluid, diffuse to nearby cells in the same tissue, and stimulate physiology
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Eicosanoids are derived from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Target organs most often regulate the pituitary gland via
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Prostaglandins have all the following roles except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  These are all hypothalamic hormones except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  The infundibulum is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  The hypophyseal portal system connects
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Endocrine gland(s)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  ___ has more target cells in the body than any of the others
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  This hormone plays an important tole in synchronizing physiological function with the cycle of daylight and darkness
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Many hours after a meal, alpha cells in the pancreatic islets (islets of Langerhans) secrete
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  This zona fasiculata in the adrenal gland secretes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Thyrotropin-releasing hormone targets the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) targets the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  The ___ secretes a hormone that increases the body's metabolic rate, promotes alertness and quickness reflexes, and stimulates the fetal nervous system
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  ___is not a steroid hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  The ___ secretes several hormones that stimulate the developement of lymphatic prgans and regulates developement and activity of T cells (white blood cells)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Cortisol
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Aspirin and ibuprofen block
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  ___ secretion is controlled by neuroendocrine reflexes, whereas ___ secretion is controlled by negative feedback mechanism
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  These are all secreted bu the pancreas except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  ___ enters the target cell's nucei and acts directly on the genes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Absence of iodine in the diet leads to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  T4 and T3 are ___ hormones that are mainly transported___ in the blood.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  This is the last step in the sequence of events when cyclic AMP acts as a second messenger.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  The ____ secrete(s)___, which promotes Na+ and water retention
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Even a small quantity of hormone can have a strong effect on its target cell because of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  ____synthesized in the rough endoplasmic reticulum
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  The neurohypophysis (posterior pituitary) secrets
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  The ___ secretes a hormone as a response to hypocalcemia
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  This gland has both endocrine and exocrine function
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  During the exhaustin stage of the general adaptation syndrome (stress response) stress overwhelms homestasis. A characteristics of this stage is that 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Neither follicle stimulating (FSH) hormone nor testosterone along can stimulate significant sperm production whereas when they act together, the testes produce some 300,000 sperm per minute. This exemplifies
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  The resistance stage in the general adaptation syndrome (stress response) is dominated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  The___ is not an endocrine gland but it has a role in endocrine function
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  What makes a cell target of a particular hormone?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Diabetes insipidus is caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  The initial response to stress is called ___ and is mediated mainly by ___ .
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  All these can cause Cushing syndrome except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Growth hormone (GH) hypersecretion causes gigantism when it begins in childhood, but it is more likely to cause ____ when it begins in adulthood
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Negative feedback inhibition occurs when
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  The nervous system reacts to stimuli ___ compared to the endocrine system, adapts_____ compared to the endocrine system, and has ____ effects compared to the endocrine system
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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