Endocrine System

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Endocrine System Quizzes & Trivia
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1.  ___is not a steroid hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Diabetes insipidus is caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  The ____ secrete(s)___, which promotes Na+ and water retention
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Target organs most often regulate the pituitary gland via
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  The hypophyseal portal system connects
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  This hormone plays an important tole in synchronizing physiological function with the cycle of daylight and darkness
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Growth hormone (GH) hypersecretion causes gigantism when it begins in childhood, but it is more likely to cause ____ when it begins in adulthood
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  The neurohypophysis (posterior pituitary) secrets
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  ___ are secreted by one cell into the tissue fluid, diffuse to nearby cells in the same tissue, and stimulate physiology
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B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  The ___ secretes a hormone that increases the body's metabolic rate, promotes alertness and quickness reflexes, and stimulates the fetal nervous system
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B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  The___ is not an endocrine gland but it has a role in endocrine function
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B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  All these can cause Cushing syndrome except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Many hours after a meal, alpha cells in the pancreatic islets (islets of Langerhans) secrete
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Prostaglandins have all the following roles except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  This zona fasiculata in the adrenal gland secretes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  This is the last step in the sequence of events when cyclic AMP acts as a second messenger.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Diabetes mellitus is characterized by the following execpt
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Endocrine gland(s)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  The resistance stage in the general adaptation syndrome (stress response) is dominated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Thyrotropin-releasing hormone targets the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Negative feedback inhibition occurs when
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B.
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D.
E.
22.  The ___ secretes a hormone as a response to hypocalcemia
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B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Neither follicle stimulating (FSH) hormone nor testosterone along can stimulate significant sperm production whereas when they act together, the testes produce some 300,000 sperm per minute. This exemplifies
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  The initial response to stress is called ___ and is mediated mainly by ___ .
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Eicosanoids are derived from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  T4 and T3 are ___ hormones that are mainly transported___ in the blood.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  These are all secreted bu the pancreas except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  ___ secretion is controlled by neuroendocrine reflexes, whereas ___ secretion is controlled by negative feedback mechanism
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B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) targets the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  ___ enters the target cell's nucei and acts directly on the genes
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B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  During the exhaustin stage of the general adaptation syndrome (stress response) stress overwhelms homestasis. A characteristics of this stage is that 
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B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  These are all hypothalamic hormones except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  What makes a cell target of a particular hormone?
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B.
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D.
E.
34.  The nervous system reacts to stimuli ___ compared to the endocrine system, adapts_____ compared to the endocrine system, and has ____ effects compared to the endocrine system
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Absence of iodine in the diet leads to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  This gland has both endocrine and exocrine function
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B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  The infundibulum is
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B.
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D.
E.
38.  Cortisol
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B.
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D.
E.
39.  Even a small quantity of hormone can have a strong effect on its target cell because of
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B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  ____synthesized in the rough endoplasmic reticulum
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B.
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D.
E.
41.  ___ has more target cells in the body than any of the others
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B.
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D.
E.
42.  Aspirin and ibuprofen block
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B.
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D.
E.
43.  The ___ secretes several hormones that stimulate the developement of lymphatic prgans and regulates developement and activity of T cells (white blood cells)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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