Endocrine System

43 Questions  I  By Failatlife
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1.  ___ has more target cells in the body than any of the others
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  The infundibulum is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Neither follicle stimulating (FSH) hormone nor testosterone along can stimulate significant sperm production whereas when they act together, the testes produce some 300,000 sperm per minute. This exemplifies
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Eicosanoids are derived from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  This hormone plays an important tole in synchronizing physiological function with the cycle of daylight and darkness
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  T4 and T3 are ___ hormones that are mainly transported___ in the blood.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Cortisol
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B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Target organs most often regulate the pituitary gland via
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B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  The hypophyseal portal system connects
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B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  The ___ secretes a hormone that increases the body's metabolic rate, promotes alertness and quickness reflexes, and stimulates the fetal nervous system
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B.
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D.
E.
11.  This gland has both endocrine and exocrine function
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B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  The ___ secretes several hormones that stimulate the developement of lymphatic prgans and regulates developement and activity of T cells (white blood cells)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Growth hormone (GH) hypersecretion causes gigantism when it begins in childhood, but it is more likely to cause ____ when it begins in adulthood
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B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  The ____ secrete(s)___, which promotes Na+ and water retention
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B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  During the exhaustin stage of the general adaptation syndrome (stress response) stress overwhelms homestasis. A characteristics of this stage is that 
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B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Diabetes insipidus is caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  This is the last step in the sequence of events when cyclic AMP acts as a second messenger.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  This zona fasiculata in the adrenal gland secretes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Prostaglandins have all the following roles except
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B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  The ___ secretes a hormone as a response to hypocalcemia
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B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  The resistance stage in the general adaptation syndrome (stress response) is dominated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  The___ is not an endocrine gland but it has a role in endocrine function
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B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  ___is not a steroid hormone
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B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  ___ secretion is controlled by neuroendocrine reflexes, whereas ___ secretion is controlled by negative feedback mechanism
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B.
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D.
E.
25.  Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) targets the
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B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  These are all secreted bu the pancreas except
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B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Diabetes mellitus is characterized by the following execpt
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B.
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D.
E.
28.  Even a small quantity of hormone can have a strong effect on its target cell because of
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B.
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D.
E.
29.  These are all hypothalamic hormones except
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B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  The neurohypophysis (posterior pituitary) secrets
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  All these can cause Cushing syndrome except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  The initial response to stress is called ___ and is mediated mainly by ___ .
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B.
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D.
E.
33.  The nervous system reacts to stimuli ___ compared to the endocrine system, adapts_____ compared to the endocrine system, and has ____ effects compared to the endocrine system
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B.
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D.
E.
34.  Aspirin and ibuprofen block
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B.
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D.
E.
35.  ___ enters the target cell's nucei and acts directly on the genes
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B.
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D.
E.
36.  Negative feedback inhibition occurs when
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37.  What makes a cell target of a particular hormone?
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B.
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D.
E.
38.  Thyrotropin-releasing hormone targets the
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D.
E.
39.  Endocrine gland(s)
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B.
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E.
40.  ___ are secreted by one cell into the tissue fluid, diffuse to nearby cells in the same tissue, and stimulate physiology
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B.
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D.
E.
41.  ____synthesized in the rough endoplasmic reticulum
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42.  Many hours after a meal, alpha cells in the pancreatic islets (islets of Langerhans) secrete
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B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Absence of iodine in the diet leads to
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B.
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D.
E.
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