Endocrine System

43 Questions  I  By Failatlife
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1.  ___ are secreted by one cell into the tissue fluid, diffuse to nearby cells in the same tissue, and stimulate physiology
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  This gland has both endocrine and exocrine function
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  ___is not a steroid hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  All these can cause Cushing syndrome except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Diabetes insipidus is caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Aspirin and ibuprofen block
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  The___ is not an endocrine gland but it has a role in endocrine function
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Growth hormone (GH) hypersecretion causes gigantism when it begins in childhood, but it is more likely to cause ____ when it begins in adulthood
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  The neurohypophysis (posterior pituitary) secrets
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Endocrine gland(s)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  ____synthesized in the rough endoplasmic reticulum
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  These are all hypothalamic hormones except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Neither follicle stimulating (FSH) hormone nor testosterone along can stimulate significant sperm production whereas when they act together, the testes produce some 300,000 sperm per minute. This exemplifies
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  This zona fasiculata in the adrenal gland secretes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The ____ secrete(s)___, which promotes Na+ and water retention
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Even a small quantity of hormone can have a strong effect on its target cell because of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Target organs most often regulate the pituitary gland via
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  The infundibulum is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  The ___ secretes several hormones that stimulate the developement of lymphatic prgans and regulates developement and activity of T cells (white blood cells)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Cortisol
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Negative feedback inhibition occurs when
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Thyrotropin-releasing hormone targets the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Absence of iodine in the diet leads to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) targets the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  The resistance stage in the general adaptation syndrome (stress response) is dominated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  The nervous system reacts to stimuli ___ compared to the endocrine system, adapts_____ compared to the endocrine system, and has ____ effects compared to the endocrine system
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  This hormone plays an important tole in synchronizing physiological function with the cycle of daylight and darkness
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  ___ has more target cells in the body than any of the others
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  During the exhaustin stage of the general adaptation syndrome (stress response) stress overwhelms homestasis. A characteristics of this stage is that 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  The initial response to stress is called ___ and is mediated mainly by ___ .
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  These are all secreted bu the pancreas except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  The ___ secretes a hormone that increases the body's metabolic rate, promotes alertness and quickness reflexes, and stimulates the fetal nervous system
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  T4 and T3 are ___ hormones that are mainly transported___ in the blood.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Diabetes mellitus is characterized by the following execpt
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Many hours after a meal, alpha cells in the pancreatic islets (islets of Langerhans) secrete
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Eicosanoids are derived from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  The hypophyseal portal system connects
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  ___ enters the target cell's nucei and acts directly on the genes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  The ___ secretes a hormone as a response to hypocalcemia
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Prostaglandins have all the following roles except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  What makes a cell target of a particular hormone?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  This is the last step in the sequence of events when cyclic AMP acts as a second messenger.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  ___ secretion is controlled by neuroendocrine reflexes, whereas ___ secretion is controlled by negative feedback mechanism
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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