Endocrine System

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Endocrine System Quizzes & Trivia
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1.  Target organs most often regulate the pituitary gland via
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  The ___ secretes several hormones that stimulate the developement of lymphatic prgans and regulates developement and activity of T cells (white blood cells)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  ___is not a steroid hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  The ___ secretes a hormone that increases the body's metabolic rate, promotes alertness and quickness reflexes, and stimulates the fetal nervous system
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  This zona fasiculata in the adrenal gland secretes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Cortisol
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  These are all hypothalamic hormones except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  This gland has both endocrine and exocrine function
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Eicosanoids are derived from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  The ____ secrete(s)___, which promotes Na+ and water retention
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Diabetes mellitus is characterized by the following execpt
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B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  ___ are secreted by one cell into the tissue fluid, diffuse to nearby cells in the same tissue, and stimulate physiology
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  This hormone plays an important tole in synchronizing physiological function with the cycle of daylight and darkness
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  The infundibulum is
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D.
E.
15.  The initial response to stress is called ___ and is mediated mainly by ___ .
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B.
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D.
E.
16.  T4 and T3 are ___ hormones that are mainly transported___ in the blood.
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B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Thyrotropin-releasing hormone targets the
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B.
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D.
E.
18.  The neurohypophysis (posterior pituitary) secrets
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  The resistance stage in the general adaptation syndrome (stress response) is dominated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Neither follicle stimulating (FSH) hormone nor testosterone along can stimulate significant sperm production whereas when they act together, the testes produce some 300,000 sperm per minute. This exemplifies
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) targets the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Absence of iodine in the diet leads to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  The ___ secretes a hormone as a response to hypocalcemia
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  The___ is not an endocrine gland but it has a role in endocrine function
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B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Endocrine gland(s)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Growth hormone (GH) hypersecretion causes gigantism when it begins in childhood, but it is more likely to cause ____ when it begins in adulthood
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  ___ enters the target cell's nucei and acts directly on the genes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Prostaglandins have all the following roles except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  What makes a cell target of a particular hormone?
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B.
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D.
E.
30.  Negative feedback inhibition occurs when
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31.  This is the last step in the sequence of events when cyclic AMP acts as a second messenger.
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B.
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D.
E.
32.  Even a small quantity of hormone can have a strong effect on its target cell because of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  These are all secreted bu the pancreas except
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B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  ____synthesized in the rough endoplasmic reticulum
A.
B.
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D.
E.
35.  The nervous system reacts to stimuli ___ compared to the endocrine system, adapts_____ compared to the endocrine system, and has ____ effects compared to the endocrine system
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Many hours after a meal, alpha cells in the pancreatic islets (islets of Langerhans) secrete
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  All these can cause Cushing syndrome except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  The hypophyseal portal system connects
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B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  ___ has more target cells in the body than any of the others
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B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Diabetes insipidus is caused by
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B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Aspirin and ibuprofen block
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B.
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D.
E.
42.  During the exhaustin stage of the general adaptation syndrome (stress response) stress overwhelms homestasis. A characteristics of this stage is that 
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B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  ___ secretion is controlled by neuroendocrine reflexes, whereas ___ secretion is controlled by negative feedback mechanism
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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