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Earth Science Quiz 1

69 Questions  I  By Lucky7sep
Earth Science Quizzes & Trivia
Earth Science review for final exam.

  
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Question Excerpt

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1.  The major climate group that is NOT based on temperature is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Relative humidity is
A.
B.
C.
3.  The process of losing water from the soil to the air both from the ground and from plants is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  The two kinds of weathering are
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  The global average air temperature since 1880 has
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Which of the following is not an example of a soil forming factor?
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  The types of mechanical weathering do NOT include
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  AThe type of mass wasting depicted is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  On the vernal equinox the subsolar point is located at
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  The wet adiabatic lapse rate is ____ than the dry adiabatic lapse rate because ____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  The climate zone with the largest annual range in temperature is
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  The soil layer that has abundant humus and is the most fertile is the ___ layer
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  A cool, moist air mass is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Which of the following are necessary for cloud formation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  The four pedogenic processes do NOT include
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  The broad biome types do NOT include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  TThe location within the Earth where an earthquake originates is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Expansion and contraction of water in rock cracks due to freezing and thawing is
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Which soil order is home to Charlotte's soils?
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Which of the following represents the correct sequence of soil horizons from top down?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  The most important variable gases are
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  The factor below with the LEAST direct significance to climate is
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  The transition area where two or more ecosystems merge is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  TThunderstorms, midlatitudes cyclones, and hurricanes are fed by
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  The conversion of solar radiation into chemical energy by plants that releases oxygen is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  The climate most closely associated with the boreal forest is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  An mT air mass is likely to be _____ than a cT air mass b/c the mT air mass _____
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  The global average air temperature is projected to increase by at least ___ degrees C over the next century?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Which of the following statements is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  This process allows heat energy to be transferred between objects.
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  The climatic influence that results in variation in radiation intensity and lenth of day is
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  When water condenses, it ____ heat energy and ____ surrounding air.
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  The soil horizon that has the most organic matter is labeled the ___ horizon
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  A boundary where contrasting air masses mees is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Which part of a hurricane consits of sinking air and relatively calm conditions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  Cold fronts are characterized by
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  A plate boundary where two plates move horizontally past each other is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  There are ___ constant gasses in the atmospere
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  The elevation at which the bottoms of clouds begin to form represents the elevation at which
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  The windblown top of a thunderstorm is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.   A boundary where contrasting air masses meet is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  Common natural hazards in the Mediterranean woodland and shrub biome are
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  The change in environmental characteristics that occur with respect to altitude is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Choose the latitude with the greatest Sun angle
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  Of the solar radiation entering the atmosphere, about ___% reaches the surface directly as direct radiation.
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Air masses are named by their
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  Dense biomass and tremendous species diversity characterize the
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  The uplift of air that occurs when bubbles of warm air rise within an unstable body of air is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  The air masses that originate over Canada are the
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  The process by which one lithospheric plate is forced beneath another is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  The biomes of the tropical monsoon climate are
A.
B.
C.
52.  The point in the Earth's orbit where it is closest to the Sun is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  The zone of illuviation is the layer called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  The pines of the southeastern United States (near Charlotte) are characteristic of which biome?
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  The sequence of atmospheric events that develops along the polar jet stream and that produces midlatitude cyclones is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Where is the subsolar point when all latitudes above 66.5N experience 24 hours of darkness?
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  The Earth revolves around the sun (relative to a view above the North Pole)
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  HThe sequence of atmospheric events that develops along the polar jet stream and that produces midlatitude cyclones is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  The severity of storm activity along a warm front is ____ than that along most cold fronts because the rate of uplift is ____ along a warm front
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.   The Earth's plates move around on the Earth b/c they float on the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  The agent of erosion associated with mass wasting is
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  Prior to the development of a midlatitude cyclone, the polar front is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  Midlatitude cyclones in the U.S. generally move in what direction?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  The spreading apart of the Earth's crust by magma rising between fractures in the Earth's plates is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  The climate most noted for summer droughts and winter precipitation is
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  Which of the following is Not true about soils?
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  Water Vapor is one of the greenhouse gases
A.
B.
68.  The sun always illuminates half of the earth at any given time, while the other half is in shadow.
A.
B.
69.  Radiation is electromagnetic energy that is transmitted in the form of waves.
A.
B.
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