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Earth Science Quiz 1

69 Questions  I  By Lucky7sep
Earth Science quiz 1
Earth Science review for final exam.

  
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Question Excerpt

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1.  This process allows heat energy to be transferred between objects.
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  The major climate group that is NOT based on temperature is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Expansion and contraction of water in rock cracks due to freezing and thawing is
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.   The Earth's plates move around on the Earth b/c they float on the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Midlatitude cyclones in the U.S. generally move in what direction?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  The two kinds of weathering are
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  The air masses that originate over Canada are the
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  TThunderstorms, midlatitudes cyclones, and hurricanes are fed by
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  When water condenses, it ____ heat energy and ____ surrounding air.
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Which of the following is not an example of a soil forming factor?
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  The sun always illuminates half of the earth at any given time, while the other half is in shadow.
A.
B.
12.  The point in the Earth's orbit where it is closest to the Sun is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Air masses are named by their
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  The global average air temperature since 1880 has
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  A cool, moist air mass is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  The factor below with the LEAST direct significance to climate is
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  The windblown top of a thunderstorm is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Relative humidity is
A.
B.
C.
19.  Which part of a hurricane consits of sinking air and relatively calm conditions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  TThe location within the Earth where an earthquake originates is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  The wet adiabatic lapse rate is ____ than the dry adiabatic lapse rate because ____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Prior to the development of a midlatitude cyclone, the polar front is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  The transition area where two or more ecosystems merge is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  The biomes of the tropical monsoon climate are
A.
B.
C.
25.  The four pedogenic processes do NOT include
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  The spreading apart of the Earth's crust by magma rising between fractures in the Earth's plates is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  A boundary where contrasting air masses mees is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Of the solar radiation entering the atmosphere, about ___% reaches the surface directly as direct radiation.
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Which of the following are necessary for cloud formation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  The agent of erosion associated with mass wasting is
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  The soil horizon that has the most organic matter is labeled the ___ horizon
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  AThe type of mass wasting depicted is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  The process by which one lithospheric plate is forced beneath another is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Radiation is electromagnetic energy that is transmitted in the form of waves.
A.
B.
35.  The climate most noted for summer droughts and winter precipitation is
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  A plate boundary where two plates move horizontally past each other is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  The uplift of air that occurs when bubbles of warm air rise within an unstable body of air is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Which of the following is Not true about soils?
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  On the vernal equinox the subsolar point is located at
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  There are ___ constant gasses in the atmospere
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  The change in environmental characteristics that occur with respect to altitude is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  The elevation at which the bottoms of clouds begin to form represents the elevation at which
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Which of the following represents the correct sequence of soil horizons from top down?
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Where is the subsolar point when all latitudes above 66.5N experience 24 hours of darkness?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  The conversion of solar radiation into chemical energy by plants that releases oxygen is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  The severity of storm activity along a warm front is ____ than that along most cold fronts because the rate of uplift is ____ along a warm front
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  Water Vapor is one of the greenhouse gases
A.
B.
48.  Which of the following statements is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  The climatic influence that results in variation in radiation intensity and lenth of day is
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  The most important variable gases are
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Dense biomass and tremendous species diversity characterize the
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  The pines of the southeastern United States (near Charlotte) are characteristic of which biome?
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  The Earth revolves around the sun (relative to a view above the North Pole)
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  Common natural hazards in the Mediterranean woodland and shrub biome are
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  Which soil order is home to Charlotte's soils?
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  An mT air mass is likely to be _____ than a cT air mass b/c the mT air mass _____
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  The soil layer that has abundant humus and is the most fertile is the ___ layer
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  The sequence of atmospheric events that develops along the polar jet stream and that produces midlatitude cyclones is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  The process of losing water from the soil to the air both from the ground and from plants is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  The broad biome types do NOT include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  The types of mechanical weathering do NOT include
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  Cold fronts are characterized by
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  The climate most closely associated with the boreal forest is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  The zone of illuviation is the layer called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  The global average air temperature is projected to increase by at least ___ degrees C over the next century?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  HThe sequence of atmospheric events that develops along the polar jet stream and that produces midlatitude cyclones is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  The climate zone with the largest annual range in temperature is
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  Choose the latitude with the greatest Sun angle
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.   A boundary where contrasting air masses meet is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
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