Earth Science Quiz 1

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Earth Science Quizzes & Trivia
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  • 1. 
    The windblown top of a thunderstorm is called a
    • A. 

      Anvil

    • B. 

      Gust front

    • C. 

      Eye

    • D. 

      Occluded front


  • 2. 
     A boundary where contrasting air masses meet is a
    • A. 

      Hurricane

    • B. 

      Front

    • C. 

      Storm surge

    • D. 

      Eye wall


  • 3. 
    A cool, moist air mass is the
    • A. 

      CA

    • B. 

      CP

    • C. 

      MT

    • D. 

      MP

    • E. 

      CT


  • 4. 
    TThunderstorms, midlatitudes cyclones, and hurricanes are fed by
    • A. 

      Dense, heavy air

    • B. 

      Atmospheric stability

    • C. 

      The Coriolis force

    • D. 

      Latent head of condensation


  • 5. 
    HThe sequence of atmospheric events that develops along the polar jet stream and that produces midlatitude cyclones is called
    • A. 

      Tropical depression

    • B. 

      Cyclogenesis

    • C. 

      Occlusion

    • D. 

      Storm surge


  • 6. 
    AThe type of mass wasting depicted is a
    • A. 

      Rockfall

    • B. 

      Earthflow

    • C. 

      Soil creep

    • D. 

      Slump


  • 7. 
    TThe location within the Earth where an earthquake originates is the
    • A. 

      Hogback

    • B. 

      Isotope

    • C. 

      Epicenter

    • D. 

      Focus


  • 8. 
     The Earth's plates move around on the Earth b/c they float on the
    • A. 

      Crust

    • B. 

      Core

    • C. 

      Asthenosphere

    • D. 

      Plume

    • E. 

      Mantle


  • 9. 
    A plate boundary where two plates move horizontally past each other is a
    • A. 

      Convergent boundary

    • B. 

      Divergent boundary

    • C. 

      Passive plate margin

    • D. 

      Transform boundary


  • 10. 
    The spreading apart of the Earth's crust by magma rising between fractures in the Earth's plates is called
    • A. 

      Exfoliation

    • B. 

      Overthrusting

    • C. 

      Rifting

    • D. 

      Subduction


  • 11. 
    The two kinds of weathering are
    • A. 

      Mechanical and physical

    • B. 

      Mechanical and chemical

    • C. 

      Physical and erosion

    • D. 

      Mechanical and component


  • 12. 
    The process by which one lithospheric plate is forced beneath another is called
    • A. 

      Laterization

    • B. 

      Subduction

    • C. 

      Volcanism

    • D. 

      Seismicity


  • 13. 
    Expansion and contraction of water in rock cracks due to freezing and thawing is
    • A. 

      Frost wedging

    • B. 

      Frost heaving

    • C. 

      Plant wedging

    • D. 

      Salt-crystal growth


  • 14. 
    The types of mechanical weathering do NOT include
    • A. 

      Exfoliation

    • B. 

      Frost wedging

    • C. 

      Salt-crystal growth

    • D. 

      Oxidation


  • 15. 
    The agent of erosion associated with mass wasting is
    • A. 

      Water

    • B. 

      Wind

    • C. 

      Ice

    • D. 

      Gravity


  • 16. 
    Midlatitude cyclones in the U.S. generally move in what direction?
    • A. 

      East to West

    • B. 

      West to East

    • C. 

      North to South

    • D. 

      South to North

    • E. 

      They remain stationary


  • 17. 
    Prior to the development of a midlatitude cyclone, the polar front is a
    • A. 

      Tropical cyclone

    • B. 

      Stationary front

    • C. 

      Occluded front

    • D. 

      Cold front

    • E. 

      Warm front


  • 18. 
    Air masses are named by their
    • A. 

      Direction from which they came

    • B. 

      Temperature and humidity characteristics

    • C. 

      Order of occurrence from an alphabetical list

    • D. 

      Location of first occurrence


  • 19. 
    The air masses that originate over Canada are the
    • A. 

      MP and cT

    • B. 

      CP and the mP

    • C. 

      CA and the cAA

    • D. 

      CP and the cA


  • 20. 
    Cold fronts are characterized by
    • A. 

      Thunderstorms

    • B. 

      Hurricanes

    • C. 

      A rise in temperature

    • D. 

      Several days of slow but steady precipitation


  • 21. 
    The four pedogenic processes do NOT include
    • A. 

      Deletions

    • B. 

      Additions

    • C. 

      Translocations

    • D. 

      Metamorphism


  • 22. 
    The pines of the southeastern United States (near Charlotte) are characteristic of which biome?
    • A. 

      Boreal forest

    • B. 

      Mediterranean woodland and shrub

    • C. 

      Midlatitude coniferous forest

    • D. 

      Tropical rainforest


  • 23. 
    The climate zone with the largest annual range in temperature is
    • A. 

      Mesothermal

    • B. 

      Microthermal

    • C. 

      Arid and semi-arid

    • D. 

      Tropical


  • 24. 
    The elevation at which the bottoms of clouds begin to form represents the elevation at which
    • A. 

      The dew point occurs

    • B. 

      Relative humidity reaches 100 percent

    • C. 

      Relative humidity reaches 0 percent

    • D. 

      A and B

    • E. 

      A and C


  • 25. 
    The soil layer that has abundant humus and is the most fertile is the ___ layer
    • A. 

      B

    • B. 

      C

    • C. 

      R

    • D. 

      E

    • E. 

      A


  • 26. 
    The conversion of solar radiation into chemical energy by plants that releases oxygen is called
    • A. 

      Dendrochronology

    • B. 

      Respiration

    • C. 

      Plant succession

    • D. 

      Photosynthesis


  • 27. 
    The climate most noted for summer droughts and winter precipitation is
    • A. 

      Marine west-coast

    • B. 

      Mediterranean dry-summer

    • C. 

      Humid subtropical hot-summer

    • D. 

      Humid continental mild-summer


  • 28. 
    The severity of storm activity along a warm front is ____ than that along most cold fronts because the rate of uplift is ____ along a warm front
    • A. 

      Greater, Slower

    • B. 

      Greater, Faster

    • C. 

      Less, Slower

    • D. 

      Less, Faster


  • 29. 
    Which of the following statements is true?
    • A. 

      One would expect more precip near the equator than near the poles

    • B. 

      One would expect winters in Siberia to be very dry, with little precip

    • C. 

      When air is cooled, its ability to hold moisture decreases

    • D. 

      One would expect precip to occure when moist air rises over a mountain

    • E. 

      All of these are true


  • 30. 
    Which of the following represents the correct sequence of soil horizons from top down?
    • A. 

      E-C-O-B-A

    • B. 

      O-A-E-B-C

    • C. 

      A-B-C-E-O

    • D. 

      C-B-A-E-O


  • 31. 
    The broad biome types do NOT include
    • A. 

      Tundra

    • B. 

      Forest

    • C. 

      Savanna

    • D. 

      Desert

    • E. 

      Grassland


  • 32. 
    The climatic influence that results in variation in radiation intensity and lenth of day is
    • A. 

      Air mass circulation

    • B. 

      Latitude

    • C. 

      Longitude

    • D. 

      Topographic effects


  • 33. 
    An mT air mass is likely to be _____ than a cT air mass b/c the mT air mass _____
    • A. 

      Hotter; forms over the ocean

    • B. 

      Drier; forms under the equatorial low

    • C. 

      Wetter; forms over the ocean

    • D. 

      Drier; is a cold air mass

    • E. 

      Wetter; is warmer than the cT air mass


  • 34. 
    When water condenses, it ____ heat energy and ____ surrounding air.
    • A. 

      Absorbs; cools

    • B. 

      Releases; cools

    • C. 

      Releases; heats

    • D. 

      Absorbs; heats


  • 35. 
    Which of the following is not an example of a soil forming factor?
    • A. 

      Rainfall

    • B. 

      Steep slopes

    • C. 

      The A horizon

    • D. 

      Worms


  • 36. 
    The transition area where two or more ecosystems merge is the
    • A. 

      Humus

    • B. 

      Ulac slope

    • C. 

      Ecotone

    • D. 

      Adret slope

    • E. 

      Biomass


  • 37. 
    The major climate group that is NOT based on temperature is
    • A. 

      C

    • B. 

      E

    • C. 

      B

    • D. 

      A

    • E. 

      D


  • 38. 
    Which part of a hurricane consits of sinking air and relatively calm conditions?
    • A. 

      Eye wall

    • B. 

      Cold front

    • C. 

      Spiral rain bands

    • D. 

      Eye


  • 39. 
    Relative humidity is
    • A. 

      The amount of water vapor in the air compared to the normal amount

    • B. 

      The amount of water vapor in the air at a given temperature expressed as a percentage of the moisture capacity of the air

    • C. 

      The amount of moisture in the air relative to your own sensible feelings


  • 40. 
    Which of the following is Not true about soils?
    • A. 

      Plants, animals, and bacteria living in and above a soil influence the amount of organic matter a soil has

    • B. 

      Steep slopes tend to have thicker, wetter soils than soils at the base of a hillslope

    • C. 

      As soils get older, they tend to get thicker and have better developed horizons

    • D. 

      The climate of a region affects soil development by controlling the rate of chemical reactions


  • 41. 
    Dense biomass and tremendous species diversity characterize the
    • A. 

      Tropical forests

    • B. 

      Midlatitude forests

    • C. 

      Deserts

    • D. 

      Grasslands


  • 42. 
    A boundary where contrasting air masses mees is a
    • A. 

      Hurricane

    • B. 

      Front

    • C. 

      Squall line

    • D. 

      Eye wall


  • 43. 
    The wet adiabatic lapse rate is ____ than the dry adiabatic lapse rate because ____.
    • A. 

      Greater; condensation heats the air

    • B. 

      Greater; condensation cools the air

    • C. 

      Less; condensation heats the air

    • D. 

      Less, condensation cools the air


  • 44. 
    The soil horizon that has the most organic matter is labeled the ___ horizon
    • A. 

      B

    • B. 

      O

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      E


  • 45. 
    The biomes of the tropical monsoon climate are
    • A. 

      Tropical deciduous forest and scrub and tropical rainforest

    • B. 

      Tropical rainforest and hot desert

    • C. 

      Tundra and tropical savanna


  • 46. 
    The factor below with the LEAST direct significance to climate is
    • A. 

      Air mass circulation

    • B. 

      Longitude

    • C. 

      Latitude

    • D. 

      Topography


  • 47. 
    Which of the following are necessary for cloud formation?
    • A. 

      Saturated air

    • B. 

      Saturated air and condensation nuclei

    • C. 

      Ice crystals

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 48. 
    Which soil order is home to Charlotte's soils?
    • A. 

      B horizon

    • B. 

      Catawbasol

    • C. 

      Andisol

    • D. 

      Ultisol


  • 49. 
    Of the solar radiation entering the atmosphere, about ___% reaches the surface directly as direct radiation.
    • A. 

      3

    • B. 

      7

    • C. 

      21

    • D. 

      25


  • 50. 
    This process allows heat energy to be transferred between objects.
    • A. 

      Conduction

    • B. 

      Convection

    • C. 

      Radiation

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 51. 
    The sun always illuminates half of the earth at any given time, while the other half is in shadow.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 52. 
    The Earth revolves around the sun (relative to a view above the North Pole)
    • A. 

      Oblately

    • B. 

      Clockwise

    • C. 

      Counterclockwise

    • D. 

      Perpendicularly


  • 53. 
    Radiation is electromagnetic energy that is transmitted in the form of waves.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 54. 
    Choose the latitude with the greatest Sun angle
    • A. 

      50 degrees

    • B. 

      30 degrees

    • C. 

      40 degrees

    • D. 

      35 degrees


  • 55. 
    On the vernal equinox the subsolar point is located at
    • A. 

      The Arctic circle

    • B. 

      The Equator

    • C. 

      The Tropic of Capricorn

    • D. 

      The Antarctic circle


  • 56. 
    Where is the subsolar point when all latitudes above 66.5N experience 24 hours of darkness?
    • A. 

      The Arctic Circle

    • B. 

      The Equator

    • C. 

      The Tropic of Capricorn

    • D. 

      The Antarctic Circle


  • 57. 
    There are ___ constant gasses in the atmospere
    • A. 

      3

    • B. 

      6

    • C. 

      4

    • D. 

      5

    • E. 

      2


  • 58. 
    The most important variable gases are
    • A. 

      Oxygen, carbon dioxide, and water vapor

    • B. 

      Argon, carbon dioxie, and methane

    • C. 

      Carbon dioxide, water vapor, and ozone

    • D. 

      Nitrogen, oxygen, and carbon dioxide


  • 59. 
    The point in the Earth's orbit where it is closest to the Sun is called
    • A. 

      Aphelion

    • B. 

      Preihelion

    • C. 

      The rotation axis

    • D. 

      The plane of the ecliptic


  • 60. 
    Water Vapor is one of the greenhouse gases
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 61. 
    Common natural hazards in the Mediterranean woodland and shrub biome are
    • A. 

      Blizzards

    • B. 

      Tornadoes

    • C. 

      Wildfires

    • D. 

      Hurricanes


  • 62. 
    The global average air temperature since 1880 has
    • A. 

      Increased by 1 degree C

    • B. 

      Decreased by 1 degree C

    • C. 

      Increased by 2 degree C

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 63. 
    The uplift of air that occurs when bubbles of warm air rise within an unstable body of air is called
    • A. 

      Orographic uplift

    • B. 

      Frontal uplift

    • C. 

      Convergent uplift

    • D. 

      Convectional uplift


  • 64. 
    The process of losing water from the soil to the air both from the ground and from plants is called
    • A. 

      Albedo

    • B. 

      Capillary action

    • C. 

      Evapotranspiration

    • D. 

      Discharge


  • 65. 
    The climate most closely associated with the boreal forest is
    • A. 

      Tundra

    • B. 

      Humid continental hot-summer

    • C. 

      Subarctic

    • D. 

      Marine west-coast

    • E. 

      Mediterranean dry-summer


  • 66. 
    The global average air temperature is projected to increase by at least ___ degrees C over the next century?
    • A. 

      4

    • B. 

      1

    • C. 

      3

    • D. 

      2

    • E. 

      0


  • 67. 
    The zone of illuviation is the layer called
    • A. 

      E

    • B. 

      C

    • C. 

      O

    • D. 

      B

    • E. 

      A


  • 68. 
    The sequence of atmospheric events that develops along the polar jet stream and that produces midlatitude cyclones is called
    • A. 

      Cyclogenesis

    • B. 

      Rainshadow

    • C. 

      Occlusion

    • D. 

      Storm surge

    • E. 

      Tropical depression


  • 69. 
    The change in environmental characteristics that occur with respect to altitude is called
    • A. 

      Gradient

    • B. 

      Riparian zonation

    • C. 

      Plant succession

    • D. 

      Vertical zonation

    • E. 

      Deforestation


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