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Earth Science Quiz 1

69 Questions  I  By Lucky7sep
Earth Science quiz 1
Earth Science review for final exam.

  
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Question Excerpt

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1.  Which of the following statements is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  The process of losing water from the soil to the air both from the ground and from plants is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  AThe type of mass wasting depicted is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  The soil horizon that has the most organic matter is labeled the ___ horizon
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  The air masses that originate over Canada are the
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Common natural hazards in the Mediterranean woodland and shrub biome are
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  On the vernal equinox the subsolar point is located at
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Which of the following are necessary for cloud formation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  The sun always illuminates half of the earth at any given time, while the other half is in shadow.
A.
B.
10.  HThe sequence of atmospheric events that develops along the polar jet stream and that produces midlatitude cyclones is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  The conversion of solar radiation into chemical energy by plants that releases oxygen is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  The elevation at which the bottoms of clouds begin to form represents the elevation at which
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  The wet adiabatic lapse rate is ____ than the dry adiabatic lapse rate because ____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Which soil order is home to Charlotte's soils?
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  The climate most noted for summer droughts and winter precipitation is
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Choose the latitude with the greatest Sun angle
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  The sequence of atmospheric events that develops along the polar jet stream and that produces midlatitude cyclones is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  TThunderstorms, midlatitudes cyclones, and hurricanes are fed by
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  This process allows heat energy to be transferred between objects.
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Which of the following is Not true about soils?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Midlatitude cyclones in the U.S. generally move in what direction?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  The process by which one lithospheric plate is forced beneath another is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  The climatic influence that results in variation in radiation intensity and lenth of day is
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  The zone of illuviation is the layer called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  The two kinds of weathering are
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  The global average air temperature since 1880 has
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  A plate boundary where two plates move horizontally past each other is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Air masses are named by their
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  The change in environmental characteristics that occur with respect to altitude is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  There are ___ constant gasses in the atmospere
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  The climate zone with the largest annual range in temperature is
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.   A boundary where contrasting air masses meet is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  The spreading apart of the Earth's crust by magma rising between fractures in the Earth's plates is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Where is the subsolar point when all latitudes above 66.5N experience 24 hours of darkness?
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Expansion and contraction of water in rock cracks due to freezing and thawing is
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  An mT air mass is likely to be _____ than a cT air mass b/c the mT air mass _____
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  The soil layer that has abundant humus and is the most fertile is the ___ layer
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  The climate most closely associated with the boreal forest is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  The biomes of the tropical monsoon climate are
A.
B.
C.
40.  TThe location within the Earth where an earthquake originates is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  The most important variable gases are
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  The windblown top of a thunderstorm is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Relative humidity is
A.
B.
C.
44.  Water Vapor is one of the greenhouse gases
A.
B.
45.  The types of mechanical weathering do NOT include
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  The agent of erosion associated with mass wasting is
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  The major climate group that is NOT based on temperature is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  When water condenses, it ____ heat energy and ____ surrounding air.
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  A boundary where contrasting air masses mees is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  Prior to the development of a midlatitude cyclone, the polar front is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  The point in the Earth's orbit where it is closest to the Sun is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  The broad biome types do NOT include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Dense biomass and tremendous species diversity characterize the
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  The four pedogenic processes do NOT include
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  The pines of the southeastern United States (near Charlotte) are characteristic of which biome?
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  Which of the following represents the correct sequence of soil horizons from top down?
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  The severity of storm activity along a warm front is ____ than that along most cold fronts because the rate of uplift is ____ along a warm front
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  Radiation is electromagnetic energy that is transmitted in the form of waves.
A.
B.
59.  Which of the following is not an example of a soil forming factor?
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  A cool, moist air mass is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  The factor below with the LEAST direct significance to climate is
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  The transition area where two or more ecosystems merge is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  Of the solar radiation entering the atmosphere, about ___% reaches the surface directly as direct radiation.
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  The global average air temperature is projected to increase by at least ___ degrees C over the next century?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.   The Earth's plates move around on the Earth b/c they float on the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  The Earth revolves around the sun (relative to a view above the North Pole)
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  The uplift of air that occurs when bubbles of warm air rise within an unstable body of air is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  Which part of a hurricane consits of sinking air and relatively calm conditions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  Cold fronts are characterized by
A.
B.
C.
D.
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