Earth Science Quiz 1

69 Questions  I  By Lucky7sep
Earth Science review for final exam.

  
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Question Excerpt

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1.  Cold fronts are characterized by
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  The most important variable gases are
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Relative humidity is
A.
B.
C.
4.  The biomes of the tropical monsoon climate are
A.
B.
C.
5.  Which part of a hurricane consits of sinking air and relatively calm conditions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  The broad biome types do NOT include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Water Vapor is one of the greenhouse gases
A.
B.
8.  A cool, moist air mass is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  The uplift of air that occurs when bubbles of warm air rise within an unstable body of air is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  The climatic influence that results in variation in radiation intensity and lenth of day is
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Radiation is electromagnetic energy that is transmitted in the form of waves.
A.
B.
12.  The spreading apart of the Earth's crust by magma rising between fractures in the Earth's plates is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Of the solar radiation entering the atmosphere, about ___% reaches the surface directly as direct radiation.
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  HThe sequence of atmospheric events that develops along the polar jet stream and that produces midlatitude cyclones is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  A boundary where contrasting air masses mees is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  The windblown top of a thunderstorm is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Which of the following are necessary for cloud formation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Which of the following statements is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Which of the following is not an example of a soil forming factor?
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Where is the subsolar point when all latitudes above 66.5N experience 24 hours of darkness?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  The pines of the southeastern United States (near Charlotte) are characteristic of which biome?
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  A plate boundary where two plates move horizontally past each other is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.   A boundary where contrasting air masses meet is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  An mT air mass is likely to be _____ than a cT air mass b/c the mT air mass _____
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  The climate most closely associated with the boreal forest is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  AThe type of mass wasting depicted is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  The elevation at which the bottoms of clouds begin to form represents the elevation at which
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  The factor below with the LEAST direct significance to climate is
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  When water condenses, it ____ heat energy and ____ surrounding air.
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  The wet adiabatic lapse rate is ____ than the dry adiabatic lapse rate because ____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  TThunderstorms, midlatitudes cyclones, and hurricanes are fed by
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  The sun always illuminates half of the earth at any given time, while the other half is in shadow.
A.
B.
33.  Air masses are named by their
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  The global average air temperature since 1880 has
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  This process allows heat energy to be transferred between objects.
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  TThe location within the Earth where an earthquake originates is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Prior to the development of a midlatitude cyclone, the polar front is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  The soil layer that has abundant humus and is the most fertile is the ___ layer
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Choose the latitude with the greatest Sun angle
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  The air masses that originate over Canada are the
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  The Earth revolves around the sun (relative to a view above the North Pole)
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  The process of losing water from the soil to the air both from the ground and from plants is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  The major climate group that is NOT based on temperature is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Which of the following represents the correct sequence of soil horizons from top down?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  There are ___ constant gasses in the atmospere
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Which soil order is home to Charlotte's soils?
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  The global average air temperature is projected to increase by at least ___ degrees C over the next century?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  The severity of storm activity along a warm front is ____ than that along most cold fronts because the rate of uplift is ____ along a warm front
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  Dense biomass and tremendous species diversity characterize the
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  The point in the Earth's orbit where it is closest to the Sun is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.   The Earth's plates move around on the Earth b/c they float on the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  The four pedogenic processes do NOT include
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  The climate zone with the largest annual range in temperature is
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  On the vernal equinox the subsolar point is located at
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  The zone of illuviation is the layer called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  The two kinds of weathering are
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  Midlatitude cyclones in the U.S. generally move in what direction?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  The soil horizon that has the most organic matter is labeled the ___ horizon
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  The transition area where two or more ecosystems merge is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  The sequence of atmospheric events that develops along the polar jet stream and that produces midlatitude cyclones is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  The process by which one lithospheric plate is forced beneath another is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  Expansion and contraction of water in rock cracks due to freezing and thawing is
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  The agent of erosion associated with mass wasting is
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  The change in environmental characteristics that occur with respect to altitude is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  The types of mechanical weathering do NOT include
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  The climate most noted for summer droughts and winter precipitation is
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  Common natural hazards in the Mediterranean woodland and shrub biome are
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  Which of the following is Not true about soils?
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  The conversion of solar radiation into chemical energy by plants that releases oxygen is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
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