Earth Science Quiz 1

69 Questions  I  By Lucky7sep
Earth Science quiz 1
Earth Science review for final exam.

  
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Question Excerpt

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1.  Cold fronts are characterized by
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Common natural hazards in the Mediterranean woodland and shrub biome are
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Water Vapor is one of the greenhouse gases
A.
B.
4.  The climate most closely associated with the boreal forest is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  The types of mechanical weathering do NOT include
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  The process by which one lithospheric plate is forced beneath another is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  AThe type of mass wasting depicted is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.   The Earth's plates move around on the Earth b/c they float on the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Air masses are named by their
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  The change in environmental characteristics that occur with respect to altitude is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Choose the latitude with the greatest Sun angle
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  The climate most noted for summer droughts and winter precipitation is
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  The soil layer that has abundant humus and is the most fertile is the ___ layer
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  There are ___ constant gasses in the atmospere
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  An mT air mass is likely to be _____ than a cT air mass b/c the mT air mass _____
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  The air masses that originate over Canada are the
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  The climate zone with the largest annual range in temperature is
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Which part of a hurricane consits of sinking air and relatively calm conditions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  The four pedogenic processes do NOT include
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Radiation is electromagnetic energy that is transmitted in the form of waves.
A.
B.
21.   A boundary where contrasting air masses meet is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Dense biomass and tremendous species diversity characterize the
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  The global average air temperature is projected to increase by at least ___ degrees C over the next century?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Where is the subsolar point when all latitudes above 66.5N experience 24 hours of darkness?
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Which of the following is Not true about soils?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Which of the following statements is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  A cool, moist air mass is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  The broad biome types do NOT include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  The windblown top of a thunderstorm is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  The soil horizon that has the most organic matter is labeled the ___ horizon
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  The pines of the southeastern United States (near Charlotte) are characteristic of which biome?
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Expansion and contraction of water in rock cracks due to freezing and thawing is
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  When water condenses, it ____ heat energy and ____ surrounding air.
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Midlatitude cyclones in the U.S. generally move in what direction?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  On the vernal equinox the subsolar point is located at
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  A boundary where contrasting air masses mees is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  The zone of illuviation is the layer called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  The process of losing water from the soil to the air both from the ground and from plants is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  The biomes of the tropical monsoon climate are
A.
B.
C.
40.  Of the solar radiation entering the atmosphere, about ___% reaches the surface directly as direct radiation.
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Which of the following is not an example of a soil forming factor?
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  The uplift of air that occurs when bubbles of warm air rise within an unstable body of air is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Which of the following are necessary for cloud formation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Which of the following represents the correct sequence of soil horizons from top down?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  Prior to the development of a midlatitude cyclone, the polar front is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  The point in the Earth's orbit where it is closest to the Sun is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  The severity of storm activity along a warm front is ____ than that along most cold fronts because the rate of uplift is ____ along a warm front
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  Which soil order is home to Charlotte's soils?
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  HThe sequence of atmospheric events that develops along the polar jet stream and that produces midlatitude cyclones is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  A plate boundary where two plates move horizontally past each other is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  The wet adiabatic lapse rate is ____ than the dry adiabatic lapse rate because ____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  Relative humidity is
A.
B.
C.
53.  The Earth revolves around the sun (relative to a view above the North Pole)
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  The major climate group that is NOT based on temperature is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  TThe location within the Earth where an earthquake originates is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  The most important variable gases are
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  The spreading apart of the Earth's crust by magma rising between fractures in the Earth's plates is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  The climatic influence that results in variation in radiation intensity and lenth of day is
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  The factor below with the LEAST direct significance to climate is
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  The conversion of solar radiation into chemical energy by plants that releases oxygen is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  The agent of erosion associated with mass wasting is
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  The two kinds of weathering are
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  The global average air temperature since 1880 has
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  The sun always illuminates half of the earth at any given time, while the other half is in shadow.
A.
B.
65.  The transition area where two or more ecosystems merge is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  This process allows heat energy to be transferred between objects.
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  The sequence of atmospheric events that develops along the polar jet stream and that produces midlatitude cyclones is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  The elevation at which the bottoms of clouds begin to form represents the elevation at which
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  TThunderstorms, midlatitudes cyclones, and hurricanes are fed by
A.
B.
C.
D.
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