Dosage Calculations Set 2

12 Questions  I  By Amonacelli
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Dosage Calculations Set 2
Practice answering dosage calculation and pharmaceutical related questions PRIOR to taking the medication dosage calculation examination. Be sure to use your books to help you answer the questions.

  
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Questions and Answers

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  • 1. 
     The nurse must know the antidote to use for Heparin.  Choose the correct answer.
    • A. 

      Protriptyline hydrochloride

    • B. 

      Protamine Sulfate

    • C. 

      Vitamin K

    • D. 

      Coumadin


  • 2. 
    The physician ordered a Heparin bolus of 5,000 units IV followed by a Heparin drip at 500 units per hour.  There is also an order for a stat PT/PTT.  Using the standard Heparin preparation (25,000 units in 500 ml), calculate the cc/hr you will program into the IV pump.
    • A. 

      15 cc/hr

    • B. 

      20 cc/hr

    • C. 

      10 cc/hr

    • D. 

      40 cc/hr


  • 3. 
    Which of these abbreviations indicates that a drug is to be administered prior to meals?
    • A. 

      Ac

    • B. 

      Pc

    • C. 

      Ss

    • D. 

      Bm


  • 4. 
    How many grams are equivalent to 300 milligrams (mg)?
    • A. 

      0.003 gm

    • B. 

      0.03 gm

    • C. 

      0.3 gm

    • D. 

      3.0


  • 5. 
    60 cc's is equivalent to how many ounces?
    • A. 

      0.5 oz

    • B. 

      1 oz

    • C. 

      2.5 oz

    • D. 

      2.0 oz


  • 6. 
    Name two (2) serious reactions that may occur with Gentamycin use.
    • A. 

      Yeast and fungal infections

    • B. 

      Leukopenia and thrombocytopenia

    • C. 

      Ototoxicity and nephrotoxicity

    • D. 

      Alopecia and epistaxis


  • 7. 
    Which of the following is NOT a true statement regarding Nitroglycerin therapy?
    • A. 

      Headaches are the most common side effect.

    • B. 

      If more than 2 tablets (sublingual), within 30 minutes, is required to control pain, medical attention is needed.

    • C. 

      Nitroglycerin is contraindicated for clients taking medications for erectile dysfunction.

    • D. 

      A lack of burning sensation should not be reled on to indicate potency because not all sublingual nitroglycerin preparations cause a burning sensation.


  • 8. 
    Which of the following is NOT a clinically significant adverse reaction from Prednisone administration?
    • A. 

      Increased appetite with subsequent weight gain

    • B. 

      Hyperkalemia

    • C. 

      Hyperglycemia

    • D. 

      Increased serum cholesterol


  • 9. 
    When administering an aminoglycoside antibiotic (ie: Vancomycin or Gentamycin) to a client, the nurse monitors which of the following?
    • A. 

      Serum creatinine

    • B. 

      Serum potassium

    • C. 

      Serum sodium

    • D. 

      Red blood cell count


  • 10. 
    The nurse administering a proton pump inhibitor (ie: Prilosec) should understand that this drug is used to:
    • A. 

      Prevent the feeling of fullness from meals

    • B. 

      Block secretions of gastric acid

    • C. 

      Prevent esophagitis

    • D. 

      Prevent rupture of a hiatal hernia


  • 11. 
    Nitroglycerin is available in ointment or paste form.  Before applying nitroglycerin ointment, the nurse should:
    • A. 

      Obtain the client's pulse rate and cardiac rhythm

    • B. 

      Instruct the patient to expect pain relief in the next 15 minutes

    • C. 

      Cleanse the skin where the ointment will be placed with alcohol

    • D. 

      Remove the ointment previously applied


  • 12. 
    Which of the following is classified as a potassium sparing diuretic?
    • A. 

      Spironolactone (Aldactone)

    • B. 

      Furosemide (Lasix)

    • C. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide (HydroDiuril)

    • D. 

      Ethacrynic acid (Edecrin)


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