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Criminal Justice Test

39 Questions
Criminal Justice Test

ANOTHER CJ TEST

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      Retribution

    • B. 

      Rehabilation

    • C. 

      Incapacitation

    • D. 

      Deterrence

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      Drug treatment, indeterminate sentence and parole

    • B. 

      Banishment, life in prison and the death penalty

    • C. 

      Indefinite sentences, probation and parole

    • D. 

      Indefinite sentences, indeterminate sentece and probation

  • 3. 
    • A. 

      Rehabilation

    • B. 

      Deterrance

    • C. 

      Incapaciation

    • D. 

      Retribuation

  • 4. 
    Incapacitation that focuses on offenders with a high risk of serious recidivism is termed ______ incapacitation
    • A. 

      Focused

    • B. 

      Special

    • C. 

      Selective

    • D. 

      Preferential

  • 5. 
    The concept of __________ dominated most thinking about sentencing for the most of twentieth century
    • A. 

      Retribution

    • B. 

      Rehabiliation

    • C. 

      Incapacitation

    • D. 

      Deterrence

  • 6. 
    SInce the mid 1970s, the trend in sentencing has been to
    • A. 

      Turn toward rehabiliation

    • B. 

      Increased the use of indeterminate sentencing

    • C. 

      Ignore incapacitation and deterrence

    • D. 

      Decrese judicial and parole board discretion

  • 7. 
    A sentence of one to five years imprisonment is a __________ sentence
    • A. 

      Determinate

    • B. 

      Fixed

    • C. 

      Indeterminate

    • D. 

      Mandatory minimum

  • 8. 
    • A. 

      Determinate

    • B. 

      Indeterminate

    • C. 

      Indefinite

    • D. 

      Definite

  • 9. 
    Wide sentencing discretion and makig the punihsment fit the criminal is most consistent with
    • A. 

      General deterrance

    • B. 

      Rehabilitation

    • C. 

      Retribution

    • D. 

      Just deserts

  • 10. 
    The _______ amendment bans cruel and unusual punishments
    • A. 

      Fifth

    • B. 

      Sixth

    • C. 

      Eighth

    • D. 

      Ninth

  • 11. 
    Beginning around 1975, trends in prison populations showed
    • A. 

      Slight decreases

    • B. 

      Slight increases

    • C. 

      Marked decreases

    • D. 

      Marked increases

  • 12. 
    Traditionally in the U.S., the primary alternative to prison was
    • A. 

      Parole

    • B. 

      Banishment

    • C. 

      Intermediate

    • D. 

      Probation

  • 13. 
    Symbolic restitution usually involves some form of
    • A. 

      Community service

    • B. 

      Direct pyment to victim

    • C. 

      A fine

    • D. 

      House arrest

  • 14. 
    In many jurisdiction with indeterminate sentencing, the earliest the convict can be paroled is typically when time served plus ____ equals the minium sentence
    • A. 

      Merit credits

    • B. 

      Positive days

    • C. 

      Rehabiliation credits

    • D. 

      Good time

  • 15. 
    Fines are most consistent with the punihsment theory of
    • A. 

      Retribution

    • B. 

      Rehabilitation

    • C. 

      Deterrence

    • D. 

      Incapacitation

  • 16. 
    Evidence shows that the success at rehabilitation centers on what
    • A. 

      The quality, including the funding, of the rehabilitation program

    • B. 

      That the program forces inmates tochange their behavior by participating job training, counseling, and other reentry programs

    • C. 

      The desire of the inmate to change behavior

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 17. 
    Sentences of flogging, branding, or chopping off a hand are no long permitted in the United States. Why?
    • A. 

      Because states have prohibited these kinds of punishment

    • B. 

      Because of the Eighth Amendments ban on cruel and unusual punishment

    • C. 

      Because of activism of human rights

    • D. 

      Floggin is still permitted in some U.S. jurisdiction

  • 18. 
    Most prisoners on death row have atleast one prior felong conviction
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    The executive branch of government becomes involved in punishment by way of pardons and parole
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    The second amendment prohibits cruel and unusual punishment
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    An indeterminate sentence can also be called a indefinite sentence because it represents a range based on whether or not treatment is successful
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    Restitution is infrequently ordered in federal court because most defendants do not have the ability to pay
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    Courtroom work groups use ____ penalties in seeking individual sentences
    • A. 

      Usual crime

    • B. 

      Normal

    • C. 

      Going rate

    • D. 

      Typical sanction

  • 25. 
    The most important factor in setting normal penalties in the
    • A. 

      Seriousness of the offense

    • B. 

      Prior record of the offender

    • C. 

      Persuasiveness of the prosecutor

    • D. 

      Skill of the defense attorney

  • 26. 
    Factors such as age, mental capacity, and social stability may have an influece on sentencing and are called ____
    • A. 

      Mitigating factors

    • B. 

      Positive and negative sanctions

    • C. 

      Latent and patent considerations

    • D. 

      Exacerbating and exculpatory factors

  • 27. 
    Which of the following factors is least likely to deemed unlawfully discrimiatory in sentence decision
    • A. 

      Employment history

    • B. 

      Race

    • C. 

      Ethnicity

    • D. 

      Religion

  • 28. 
    Beginning in the 1960s and 1970s, both liberal and conservatives began calling for ____ in sentencing.
    • A. 

      A more emphasis on rehabilitation

    • B. 

      More punishment for drug dealers

    • C. 

      Decreasing judical discretion

    • D. 

      Decreasing use of mandatory minimums

  • 29. 
    In most indeterminate sentencing schemes, the convict is leased from prison
    • A. 

      Only after serving the full sentence

    • B. 

      When the trial judge feels the convict can safety be released

    • C. 

      When the parole board grants parole

    • D. 

      Only after serving 2/3 of the maximum setence

  • 30. 
    Federal court sentence guidelines are
    • A. 

      Popular with taxpayers because they reduce federal prison populations

    • B. 

      Popular among federal judges because it mkes diffclt decisions easier

    • C. 

      Critized for allowing too much discretion and too much leniency

    • D. 

      Critzed as too harsh, unfair, rigid, and complex

  • 31. 
    A sentence for a specific term of year that is within the legislative minimum and maximum is a _____ sentence
    • A. 

      Determinate

    • B. 

      Indeterminate

    • C. 

      Mandatory minimum

    • D. 

      Empirical

  • 32. 
    The rape and murder of seven year old _______ helped the drive for sex offender registration laws
    • A. 

      Polly Klaas

    • B. 

      Aimee Willard

    • C. 

      Megan Kanka

    • D. 

      Tracy Stemmons

  • 33. 
    Which of the following is not a consequence of tougher sentecing laws?
    • A. 

      Fewer plea bargains

    • B. 

      More trials

    • C. 

      Increasing prison population

    • D. 

      Lower taxes

  • 34. 
    The murder ofyoung __________ spurred California to pass its three strikes law
    • A. 

      Polly Klaas

    • B. 

      Aimee Willard

    • C. 

      Megan Kanka

    • D. 

      Tracy Stemmonds

  • 35. 
    Offical discretion can sometimes be nullify or compensate for serve punishment laws
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 36. 
    The most important facto in setting normal penalties is the defendants family situaton
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 37. 
    Sentencing inconsistencies based on extralegal or unlaful is termed sentence disparity
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 38. 
    Three strikes laws were invalidated by the U.S Supreme Court in 2002 in Ewing v. California
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 39. 
    A judge generally follow the recomendation for the sentencing set out in the PSI
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False