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Criminal Justice Test

39 Questions  I  By ABANKS2
Crime Quizzes & Trivia
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1.  An eye for an eye is an example of punishment based on
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Which of the following are most consistent with incapacitation
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  The older theory of punishment is
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Incapacitation that focuses on offenders with a high risk of serious recidivism is termed ______ incapacitation
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  The concept of __________ dominated most thinking about sentencing for the most of twentieth century
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  SInce the mid 1970s, the trend in sentencing has been to
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  A sentence of one to five years imprisonment is a __________ sentence
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  A ____ or fixed sentence is a sentence of a specific number of years imprisonment
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Wide sentencing discretion and makig the punihsment fit the criminal is most consistent with
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  The _______ amendment bans cruel and unusual punishments
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Beginning around 1975, trends in prison populations showed
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Traditionally in the U.S., the primary alternative to prison was
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Symbolic restitution usually involves some form of
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  In many jurisdiction with indeterminate sentencing, the earliest the convict can be paroled is typically when time served plus ____ equals the minium sentence
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Fines are most consistent with the punihsment theory of
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Evidence shows that the success at rehabilitation centers on what
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Sentences of flogging, branding, or chopping off a hand are no long permitted in the United States. Why?
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Most prisoners on death row have atleast one prior felong conviction
A.
B.
19.  Retribution focuses on the crime committed, not on the defendant
A.
B.
20.  The executive branch of government becomes involved in punishment by way of pardons and parole
A.
B.
21.  The second amendment prohibits cruel and unusual punishment
A.
B.
22.  An indeterminate sentence can also be called a indefinite sentence because it represents a range based on whether or not treatment is successful
A.
B.
23.  Restitution is infrequently ordered in federal court because most defendants do not have the ability to pay
A.
B.
24.  Courtroom work groups use ____ penalties in seeking individual sentences
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  The most important factor in setting normal penalties in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Factors such as age, mental capacity, and social stability may have an influece on sentencing and are called ____
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  Which of the following factors is least likely to deemed unlawfully discrimiatory in sentence decision
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Beginning in the 1960s and 1970s, both liberal and conservatives began calling for ____ in sentencing.
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  In most indeterminate sentencing schemes, the convict is leased from prison
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Federal court sentence guidelines are
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  A sentence for a specific term of year that is within the legislative minimum and maximum is a _____ sentence
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  The rape and murder of seven year old _______ helped the drive for sex offender registration laws
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Which of the following is not a consequence of tougher sentecing laws?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  The murder ofyoung __________ spurred California to pass its three strikes law
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Offical discretion can sometimes be nullify or compensate for serve punishment laws
A.
B.
36.  The most important facto in setting normal penalties is the defendants family situaton
A.
B.
37.  Sentencing inconsistencies based on extralegal or unlaful is termed sentence disparity
A.
B.
38.  Three strikes laws were invalidated by the U.S Supreme Court in 2002 in Ewing v. California
A.
B.
39.  A judge generally follow the recomendation for the sentencing set out in the PSI
A.
B.
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