Cosmetology - Infection Control: Principales And Practice

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This is a quiz from the Milady's Standard Cosmetology Exam Review Book.

  
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  • 1. 
    One-celled microorganisms with both plant and animal characteristics are known as:
    • A. 

      Fungi

    • B. 

      Cilia

    • C. 

      Bacteria

    • D. 

      Viruses


  • 2. 
    A type of pathogenic bacteria is the:
    • A. 

      Saprophyte

    • B. 

      Parasite

    • C. 

      Virus

    • D. 

      Cilia


  • 3. 
    Harmful bacteria are referred to as:
    • A. 

      Nonpathogenic

    • B. 

      Saprophytes

    • C. 

      Protozoa

    • D. 

      Pathogenic


  • 4. 
    Pathogenic bacteria produce:
    • A. 

      Health

    • B. 

      Beneficial effects

    • C. 

      Disease

    • D. 

      Antitoxins


  • 5. 
    A type of bacteria that lives on dead matter is:
    • A. 

      Saprophytes

    • B. 

      Flagella

    • C. 

      Viruses

    • D. 

      Parasites


  • 6. 
    Syphilis and Lyme disease are caused by:
    • A. 

      Cocci

    • B. 

      Spirilla

    • C. 

      Diplococci

    • D. 

      Bacilli


  • 7. 
    Cocci are bacteria with a:
    • A. 

      Spiral shape

    • B. 

      Round shape

    • C. 

      Corkscrew shape

    • D. 

      Rod shape


  • 8. 
    Bacilli are bacteria with a:
    • A. 

      Corkscrew shape

    • B. 

      Round shape

    • C. 

      Spiral shape

    • D. 

      Rod shape


  • 9. 
    Bacteria that are arranged like a string of beads and cause strep throat and blood poisoning are:
    • A. 

      Streptococci

    • B. 

      Bacilli

    • C. 

      Diplococci

    • D. 

      Staphylococci


  • 10. 
    Spirilla are bacteria with a
    • A. 

      Corkscrew shape

    • B. 

      Round shape

    • C. 

      Flat shape

    • D. 

      Rod shape


  • 11. 
    The bacteria that caused conern in 2000 in the pedicure industry was:
    • A. 

      Treponema pallida

    • B. 

      Pseudomonas aeruginosa

    • C. 

      Borrelia burgdorferi

    • D. 

      Mycobacterium fortuitum furunculosis


  • 12. 
    The bacteria that rarely show active motility, or self-movement, are the:
    • A. 

      Flagella

    • B. 

      Cocci

    • C. 

      Bacilli

    • D. 

      Spirilla


  • 13. 
    The slender, hair like extensions with which certain bacteria move about are called:
    • A. 

      Spores

    • B. 

      Flagella

    • C. 

      Saprophytes

    • D. 

      Diplococci


  • 14. 
    Bacteria cells reproduce by simply dividing into two new cells in a process called:
    • A. 

      Mitosis

    • B. 

      Motility

    • C. 

      The vegetative stage

    • D. 

      The spore-forming stage


  • 15. 
    During the inactive stage, certain bacteria, such as the anthrax and tetanus bacilli, form:
    • A. 

      Flagella

    • B. 

      Spores

    • C. 

      Daughter cells

    • D. 

      Toxins


  • 16. 
    A communicable disease is:
    • A. 

      Not transferred from one person to another

    • B. 

      Prevented by vaccination

    • C. 

      Transmitted from one person to another

    • D. 

      Caused by nonpathogenic bacteria


  • 17. 
    A generall infection, such as _ affects the whoe body.
    • A. 

      A skin lesion

    • B. 

      Syphilis

    • C. 

      A pimple

    • D. 

      An epidemic


  • 18. 
    Pus is a sign of:
    • A. 

      Epidemic

    • B. 

      Acquired immunity

    • C. 

      Natural immunity

    • D. 

      Infection


  • 19. 
    Viruses cause:
    • A. 

      Tuberculosis and tetanus

    • B. 

      Strep throat and blood poisoning

    • C. 

      Abcesses and boils

    • D. 

      Measles and hepatitis


  • 20. 
    One difference between viruses and bacteria is that bacteria:
    • A. 

      Can live on their own

    • B. 

      Become part of cells

    • C. 

      Are resistant to antibiotics

    • D. 

      Can penetrate cells


  • 21. 
    Hepatitis is a disease marked by inflammation of the:
    • A. 

      Stomach

    • B. 

      Kidneys

    • C. 

      Heart

    • D. 

      Liver


  • 22. 
    Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) breaks down the body's:
    • A. 

      Digestive system

    • B. 

      Skeletal system

    • C. 

      Immune system

    • D. 

      Nervous system


  • 23. 
    AIDS is caused by:
    • A. 

      The herpes virus

    • B. 

      Poor personal hygiene

    • C. 

      The HIV virus

    • D. 

      Contaminated food


  • 24. 
    The HIV virus can be transmitted by:
    • A. 

      Sharing food

    • B. 

      Kissing

    • C. 

      Casual contact

    • D. 

      Sharp implements


  • 25. 
    Bacteria and viruses can enter the body through:
    • A. 

      Oily skin

    • B. 

      Dry skin

    • C. 

      Broken skin

    • D. 

      Moist skin


  • 26. 
    Molds, mildews, and yeasts are all:
    • A. 

      Saprophytes

    • B. 

      Viruses

    • C. 

      Fungi

    • D. 

      Bacteria


  • 27. 
    In a cosmetology school or a salon, clients with contagious diseases and conditions should be:
    • A. 

      Diagnosed and treated

    • B. 

      Sanitized and disinfected

    • C. 

      Referred to a physician

    • D. 

      Given medications


  • 28. 
    Resistance to infection is known as:
    • A. 

      Immunity

    • B. 

      Superiority

    • C. 

      Immunization

    • D. 

      DNA


  • 29. 
    Surfaces of tools or other objects that are not free from dirt, oils, and microbes are:
    • A. 

      Contaminated

    • B. 

      Sterile

    • C. 

      Infected

    • D. 

      Pathogenic


  • 30. 
    Removing pathogens and other substances from tools or surfaces is called:
    • A. 

      Scrubbing

    • B. 

      Decontamination

    • C. 

      Autoclave sterilization

    • D. 

      Cleaning


  • 31. 
    Sterilization is the only level of decontamination that kills:
    • A. 

      Bacterial spores

    • B. 

      Both bacteria and viruses

    • C. 

      The HIV virus

    • D. 

      Tuberculosis bacteria


  • 32. 
    Sterilization is used by:
    • A. 

      Cosmetologists

    • B. 

      Housekeepers

    • C. 

      Surgeons

    • D. 

      Nail technitions


  • 33. 
    Surfaces that may be disinfected are:
    • A. 

      Skin

    • B. 

      Nail plates

    • C. 

      Nonporous surfaces

    • D. 

      Wood


  • 34. 
    Disinfectants should never be used on human skin, hair, or nails because:
    • A. 

      They are not strong enough

    • B. 

      They may be drying

    • C. 

      Damage can result

    • D. 

      They may stain skin


  • 35. 
    All disinfectants must be approved by each individual state and the:
    • A. 

      EPA

    • B. 

      OSHA

    • C. 

      MSDS

    • D. 

      FDA


  • 36. 
    Every product used in the cometology school or salone should have a/an:
    • A. 

      OSHA registration number

    • B. 

      Warranty

    • C. 

      Opaque container

    • D. 

      MSDS


  • 37. 
    Important information found on an MSDS includes:
    • A. 

      Storage requirements

    • B. 

      Resale value of product

    • C. 

      Other suppliers of product

    • D. 

      Other uses of product


  • 38. 
    OSHA was created to regulate and enforce:
    • A. 

      Household accidents

    • B. 

      Safety and health standards

    • C. 

      Salon hazardous actions

    • D. 

      Sanitary homes


  • 39. 
    A disinfectant that is "Formulated for Hospitals and Health Care Facilities" must be pseudomonacidal, bactericidal, fungicidal, and:
    • A. 

      Easy to dilute

    • B. 

      Inexpensive

    • C. 

      Pneumonicidal

    • D. 

      Virucidal


  • 40. 
    A salon implement that comes into contact with blood or body fluids should be cleaned and completely immersed in a EPA-registered tuberculocidal disinfectant or one that kills the:
    • A. 

      Herpes and hepatitis virus

    • B. 

      HIV and AIDS virus

    • C. 

      HIV and herpes virus

    • D. 

      HBV and HIV virus


  • 41. 
    Any item that is used on a client must be disinfected or:
    • A. 

      Given to the client

    • B. 

      Discarded

    • C. 

      Kept by the stylist

    • D. 

      Washed


  • 42. 
    Before soaking in a disinfectant, implements must be thoroughly:
    • A. 

      Soaked

    • B. 

      Dry

    • C. 

      Cleaned

    • D. 

      Heated


  • 43. 
    Ultrasonic bath cleaners are an effective way to clean tiny crevices in implements only when used with:
    • A. 

      70% isopropyl alcohol

    • B. 

      Sodium hypochlorite

    • C. 

      An effective disinfectant

    • D. 

      An effective astringent


  • 44. 
    Most quaternary ammonium compounds disinfect implements in:
    • A. 

      10-15 minutes

    • B. 

      5-10 minutes

    • C. 

      2-5 minutes

    • D. 

      5-10 seconds


  • 45. 
    Phenolic disinfectants in 5 percent solution are used mostly for:
    • A. 

      Skin sanitation

    • B. 

      Rubber and plastic

    • C. 

      Blood spills

    • D. 

      Metal implements


  • 46. 
    Two fisinfectants used in the salon in the past, but since replaced by more advanced and effective technologies, are:
    • A. 

      Alcohol and bleach

    • B. 

      Alcohol and quats

    • C. 

      Phenols and bleach

    • D. 

      Quats and phenols


  • 47. 
    States requiring hospital disinfection do not allow the use of _ for disinfection of implements.
    • A. 

      EPA- registered disinfectants

    • B. 

      Quats

    • C. 

      Alcohol

    • D. 

      Phenols


  • 48. 
    The technical name for bleach is:
    • A. 

      Sodium hydroxide

    • B. 

      Sodium hypochlorite

    • C. 

      Sodium chloride

    • D. 

      Sodium hydroclorox


  • 49. 
    A product that is not considered safe for salon use because it causes a number of health problems is:
    • A. 

      Alcohol

    • B. 

      Bleach

    • C. 

      Antiseptics

    • D. 

      Formalin


  • 50. 
    Implements can be removed from disinfectants with any of these except:
    • A. 

      Bare fingers

    • B. 

      Tongs

    • C. 

      Draining basket

    • D. 

      Gloved hands


  • 51. 
    The solution used in a wet sanitizer should be changed:
    • A. 

      Whenever it looks cloudy

    • B. 

      Once a day

    • C. 

      Every other day

    • D. 

      Once a week


  • 52. 
    When mixing disinfecctans, always:
    • A. 

      Add disinfectant to water

    • B. 

      Mix a weaker solution than recommended

    • C. 

      Mix a stonger solution than recommended

    • D. 

      Add water to the disinfectant


  • 53. 
    Properly disinfected implements shold be stored in a/an:
    • A. 

      Disinfected and covered container

    • B. 

      Open container at station

    • C. 

      Station drawer

    • D. 

      Wet sanitizer


  • 54. 
    Ultraviolet (UV) sanitizers are useful for:
    • A. 

      Storing dirty implements

    • B. 

      Sterilizing implements

    • C. 

      Disinfecting implements

    • D. 

      Storing disinfected implements


  • 55. 
    Linens and capes or drapes should be used once and then laundered with:
    • A. 

      Bleach

    • B. 

      Quats

    • C. 

      Phenols

    • D. 

      Antiseptics


  • 56. 
    Those parts of tools such as hair clippers that cannot be immersed in liquid:
    • A. 

      Cannot be disinfected

    • B. 

      Should be disinfected

    • C. 

      Should be wiped with a wet towl

    • D. 

      Should be rinsed quickly


  • 57. 
    Foot spas should be disinfected with an EPA-registered disinfectant with bactericidal, fungicidal, virucidal (and in some states tuberculocidal) eficacy:
    • A. 

      Every two weeks

    • B. 

      Once a week

    • C. 

      After each client

    • D. 

      Once a day


  • 58. 
    Every two weeks, foots spas should be filled with _ that should be left to sit overnight.
    • A. 

      A 5% bleach solution

    • B. 

      An EPA-registered disinfectant

    • C. 

      A 5 % quat solution

    • D. 

      Hot soapy water


  • 59. 
    When disposing of contamined wipes or cotton balls from a blood spill, they should be:
    • A. 

      Dropped into a trash can

    • B. 

      Double-bagged before disposing

    • C. 

      Wrapped in a towl

    • D. 

      Thrown into a Dumpster


  • 60. 
    The third, or lowest level of decontamination is:
    • A. 

      Trash removal

    • B. 

      Disinfection

    • C. 

      Infection control

    • D. 

      Sanitation


  • 61. 
    Washing your hands is an example of:
    • A. 

      Sterilization

    • B. 

      Disinfection

    • C. 

      Sanitation

    • D. 

      Contamination


  • 62. 
    Rather than using bar soaps, which can grow bacteria, you should provide:
    • A. 

      Alcohol wipes

    • B. 

      Detergents

    • C. 

      Diluted bleach

    • D. 

      Pump-type liquid soap


  • 63. 
    In the salon, it is generally considered sufficient to wash the hands with:
    • A. 

      Plain water

    • B. 

      EPA-registered cleansers

    • C. 

      Soap and warm water

    • D. 

      Disinfectants


  • 64. 
    The products known as antiseptics:
    • A. 

      Are classified as disinfectants

    • B. 

      Can safely be applied to skin

    • C. 

      Do not kill bacteria

    • D. 

      Are stronger than disinfectants


  • 65. 
    The guidelines and controls that require employer and employee to assume that all human blood and specified body fluids are infectious for HIV, HBV, and other bloodborne pathogens is called:
    • A. 

      HIV and HBV Guidelines

    • B. 

      Salon Precautions

    • C. 

      Disinfection Controls

    • D. 

      Universal Precautions


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