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Cosmetology - Anatomy And Physiology

38 Questions
Anatomy Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz is taken from the Anatomy and Physiology portion of the Milady's Standard Cosmetology Exam Review.

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The study of the structures of the human body that can be seen with the naked eye is called:
    • A. 

      Anatomy

    • B. 

      Myology

    • C. 

      Physiology

    • D. 

      Histology

  • 2. 
    Living plant and animal cells are enclosed by the:
    • A. 

      Cytoplasm

    • B. 

      Nucleus

    • C. 

      Protoplasm

    • D. 

      Cell membrane

  • 3. 
    The substance of which all living cells are composed is called:
    • A. 

      Protoplasm

    • B. 

      Lymph

    • C. 

      Leukocytes

    • D. 

      Plasma

  • 4. 
    • A. 

      Daughter cell

    • B. 

      Cell membrane

    • C. 

      Cytoplasm

    • D. 

      Nucleus

  • 5. 
    The process of building up larger molecules from smaller ones is called:
    • A. 

      Anabolism

    • B. 

      Catabolism

    • C. 

      Mitosis

    • D. 

      Circulation

  • 6. 
    A tissue is a group of _ that perform a specific function.
    • A. 

      Systems

    • B. 

      Cells

    • C. 

      Membranes

    • D. 

      Organs

  • 7. 
    The brain and spinal cord are examples of:
    • A. 

      Nerve tissue

    • B. 

      Connective tissue

    • C. 

      Epithelial tissue

    • D. 

      Muscular tissue

  • 8. 
    The tissue that serves as a protective covering on body surfaces is called:
    • A. 

      Nerve tissue

    • B. 

      Epithelial tissue

    • C. 

      Connective tissue

    • D. 

      Muscular tissue

  • 9. 
    The hear, lungs, kidneys, stomach, and intestines are body:
    • A. 

      Organs

    • B. 

      Functions

    • C. 

      Systems

    • D. 

      Tissues

  • 10. 
    The circulatory system includes these organs:
    • A. 

      Oil and sweat glands

    • B. 

      Lungs and air passages

    • C. 

      Stomach and salivary glands

    • D. 

      Heart and blood vessels

  • 11. 
    The body system that serves as the physical foundation of the body is the:
    • A. 

      Skeletal system

    • B. 

      Nervous system

    • C. 

      Respiratory system

    • D. 

      Circulatory system

  • 12. 
    The scientific study of the anatomy, structure, and functions of bones is called:
    • A. 

      Trichology

    • B. 

      Biology

    • C. 

      Osteology

    • D. 

      Myology

  • 13. 
    The portion of the skull that protects the brain is the:
    • A. 

      Cranium

    • B. 

      Frontal bone

    • C. 

      Mandible

    • D. 

      Facial skeleton

  • 14. 
    An important function of bones is:
    • A. 

      Producing red and white blood cells

    • B. 

      Stimulating blood circulation

    • C. 

      Stimulating the muscles

    • D. 

      Producing calcium

  • 15. 
    • A. 

      Frontal bones

    • B. 

      Temporal bones

    • C. 

      Occipital bones

    • D. 

      Parietal bones

  • 16. 
    The U-shaped bone that is commonly called the "Adam's apple" is the:
    • A. 

      Nasal bone

    • B. 

      Carpus

    • C. 

      Mandible

    • D. 

      Hyoid

  • 17. 
    The bony cage that serves as a protective framework for the heart, lungs, and other organs is the:
    • A. 

      Scapula

    • B. 

      Phalanges

    • C. 

      Thorax

    • D. 

      Sternum

  • 18. 
    The cheekbones are also called the:
    • A. 

      Maxillae

    • B. 

      Zygomatic bones

    • C. 

      Lacrimal bones

    • D. 

      Temporal bones

  • 19. 
    The largest and strongest bone of the face is the:
    • A. 

      Zygomatic bone

    • B. 

      Lacrimal bone

    • C. 

      Maxilla

    • D. 

      Mandible

  • 20. 
    The place where tow or more bones connect is called a/an:
    • A. 

      Tendon

    • B. 

      Origin

    • C. 

      Joint

    • D. 

      Ligament

  • 21. 
    The temporal bones from the:
    • A. 

      Lower jaw

    • B. 

      Sides of the head

    • C. 

      Forehead

    • D. 

      Eye sockets

  • 22. 
    The bones of the forearm are the:
    • A. 

      Phalanges

    • B. 

      Ulna and radius

    • C. 

      Carpus and metacarpus

    • D. 

      Humerus and radius

  • 23. 
    The 14 bones in the fingers of each hand are the:
    • A. 

      Phalanges

    • B. 

      Clavicles

    • C. 

      Carpals

    • D. 

      Digits

  • 24. 
    The bridge of the nose is formed by the:
    • A. 

      Frontal bones

    • B. 

      Lacrimal bones

    • C. 

      Nasal bones

    • D. 

      Zygomatic bones

  • 25. 
    The place of attachment of a muscle to an immovable section of the skeleton is called the:
    • A. 

      Belly

    • B. 

      Origin

    • C. 

      Insertion

    • D. 

      Ligament

  • 26. 
    The study of the structure, functions, and diseases of the muscles is called:
    • A. 

      Neurology

    • B. 

      Osteology

    • C. 

      Cardiology

    • D. 

      Myology

  • 27. 
    The muscles that are attached to the bones and are controlled by the will are the:
    • A. 

      Visceral muscles

    • B. 

      Nonstriated muscles

    • C. 

      Striated muscles

    • D. 

      Cardiac muscles

  • 28. 
    The muscle that covers the to of the skull is the:
    • A. 

      Procerus

    • B. 

      Latissimus dorsi

    • C. 

      Epicranius

    • D. 

      Aponeurosis

  • 29. 
    The muscle that rungs the eye socket is the:
    • A. 

      Orbicularis oculi

    • B. 

      Auricularis superior

    • C. 

      Procerus

    • D. 

      Orbicularis oris

  • 30. 
    The muscles of chewing or mastication are the:
    • A. 

      Pectoralis major and minor

    • B. 

      Zygomaticus major and minor

    • C. 

      Buccinator and mentalis muscles

    • D. 

      Masseter and temporalis muscles

  • 31. 
    One of the muscles that control the swinging movements of the arm is the:
    • A. 

      Deltoid

    • B. 

      Trapezius

    • C. 

      Serratus anterior

    • D. 

      Extensor

  • 32. 
    The muscle of the neck that lowers and rotates the head is the:
    • A. 

      Pectoralis

    • B. 

      Sternocleidomastoideus

    • C. 

      Orbicularis oris

    • D. 

      Platysma

  • 33. 
    The muscles that draw the fingers together are the:
    • A. 

      Extensors

    • B. 

      Opponents

    • C. 

      Adductors

    • D. 

      Abductors

  • 34. 
    The brain, spinal cord, spinal nerves, and cranial nerves make up the:
    • A. 

      Autonomic nervous system

    • B. 

      Circulatory system

    • C. 

      Central nervous system

    • D. 

      Peripheral nervous system

  • 35. 
    The largest and most complex nerve tissue in the body is the:
    • A. 

      Fifth cranial nerve

    • B. 

      Spinal cord

    • C. 

      Spinal nerves

    • D. 

      Brain

  • 36. 
    The sensations of touch, cold, heat, sight, and hearing are carried to the brain by:
    • A. 

      Reflexes

    • B. 

      Motor nerves

    • C. 

      Sensory nerves

    • D. 

      Efferent nerves

  • 37. 
    The part of the nerve cell, or neuron, that sends impulses away from the cell body to outher neurons, glands, or muscles is the:
    • A. 

      Spinal cord

    • B. 

      Axon

    • C. 

      Cell body

    • D. 

      Dendrites

  • 38. 
    A branch of the fifth cranial nerve affecting the external ear and skin above the temple is the:
    • A. 

      Auriculotemporal nerve

    • B. 

      Infraorbital nerve

    • C. 

      Mental nerve

    • D. 

      Infratrochlear nerve