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ChAPter 6 Test - AP Biology

40 Questions  I  By Muitran
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1.  Which structure is the site of the synthesis of proteins that may be exported from the cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  The fact that the outer membrane of the nuclear envelope has bound ribosomes allows one to most reliably  conclude that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Which of the following are capable of converting light energy to chemical energy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  The volume enclosed by the plasma membrane of plant cells is often much larger than the corresponding volume in animal cells. The most reasonable explanation for this observation is that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Which of the following is present in a prokaryotic cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Which of the following compounds require the presence of the nuclear pores to move between the cytoplasm and the interior of the nucleus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  For the following, choose the most inclusive category: tonoplast
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: a compartment that often takes up much of the volume of a plant cell
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  The symptoms of a certain inherited disorder in humans include breathing problems and, in males, sterility. Which of the following is a reasonable hypothesis for the molecular basis of this disorder?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Which of the following cell components is not directly involved in synthesis or secretion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  For the following, choose the most inclusive category: nucleoid
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Which type of cell would probably provide the best opportunity to study lysosomes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: produces and modifies polysaccharides that will be secreted
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Choose the statement that correctly characterizes bound ribosomes.
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Of the following, which is probably the most common route for membrane flow in the endomembrane system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Organelles other than the nucleus that contain DNA include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  ________ is composed of DNA and protein. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Large numbers of ribosomes are present in cells that specialize in producing which of the following molecules?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Which of the following are prokaryotic cells?
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Under which of the following conditions would you expect to find a cell with a predominance of free ribosomes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Which type of organelle is primarily involved in the synthesis of oils, phospholipids, and steroids?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  The chemical reactions involved in respiration are virtually identical between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. In eukaryotic cells, ATP is synthesized primarily on the inner membrane of the mitochondria. Where are the corresponding reactions likely to occur in prokaryotic respiration?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  The Golgi apparatus has a polarity or sidedness to its structure and function. Which of the following statements correctly describes this polarity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Which of the following statements correctly describes some aspect of protein excretion in prokaryotic cells?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Cyanide binds with at least one of the molecules involved in the production of ATP. Following exposure of a cell to cyanide, most of the cyanide could be expected to be found within the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  All of the following are correct matches of the location of a protein and the location of its synthesis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Which of the following incorrectly matches the type of cell, type of protein, and site of the protein's synthesis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Which of the following comparisons between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells is incorrect?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  For the following, choose the most inclusive category: plasma membrane
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Which of the following does not contain functional ribosomes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Which of the following structure-function pairs is mismatched?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  A biologist ground up some plant leaf cells and then centrifuged the mixture to fractionate the organelles. Organelles in one of the heavier fractions could produce ATP in the light, while organelles in the lighter fraction could produce ATP in the dark. The heavier and lighter fractions are most likely to contain, respectively,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  All of the following are part of a prokaryotic cell except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: a versatile plant compartment that may hold reserves of organic compounds or inorganic ions
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: contains hydrolytic enzymes  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Which of the following structures is most directly associated with the secretion of compounds that will become part of the plant cell wall?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: contains its own DNA and ribosomes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: helps to recycle the cell's organic material
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Of the following, what do both mitochondria and chloroplasts have in common?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Which of the following structures is common to plant and animal cells?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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