ChAPter 6 Test - AP Biology

40 Questions  I  By Muitran on December 17, 2012

  
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1.  Which of the following does not contain functional ribosomes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Which of the following are capable of converting light energy to chemical energy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  In eukaryotic cells, the first step in protein synthesis is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Which of the following is a place where both DNA and ribosomes are unlikely  to be found in any type of cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  In animal cells, hydrolytic enzymes are packaged to prevent general destruction of cellular components. Which of the following organelles functions in this compartmentalization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  For the following, choose the most inclusive category: plasma membrane
A.
B.
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D.
E.
7.  For the following, choose the most inclusive category: nucleoid
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D.
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8.  Which of the following is present in a prokaryotic cell?
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B.
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D.
E.
9.  The difference in lipid and protein composition between the membranes of the endomembrane system is largely determined by
A.
B.
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D.
E.
10.  Which of the following cell components is not directly involved in synthesis or secretion?
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B.
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D.
E.
11.  Under which of the following conditions would you expect to find a cell with a predominance of free ribosomes?
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B.
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D.
E.
12.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: contains enzymes that transfer hydrogen from various substrates to oxygen
A.
B.
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D.
E.
13.  Of the following, which is probably the most common route for membrane flow in the endomembrane system?
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14.  Which of the following compounds require the presence of the nuclear pores to move between the cytoplasm and the interior of the nucleus?
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B.
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D.
E.
15.  Which of the following structure-function pairs is mismatched?
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E.
16.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: helps to recycle the cell's organic material
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D.
E.
17.  All of the following are correct matches of the location of a protein and the location of its synthesis except
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D.
E.
18.  Where is calcium stored?
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B.
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D.
E.
19.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: produces and modifies polysaccharides that will be secreted
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D.
E.
20.  The fact that the outer membrane of the nuclear envelope has bound ribosomes allows one to most reliably  conclude that
A.
B.
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D.
E.
21.  Which of the following incorrectly matches the type of cell, type of protein, and site of the protein's synthesis?
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B.
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D.
E.
22.  Which of the following statements correctly describes some aspect of protein excretion in prokaryotic cells?
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D.
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23.  Choose the statement that correctly characterizes bound ribosomes.
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D.
24.  The chemical reactions involved in respiration are virtually identical between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. In eukaryotic cells, ATP is synthesized primarily on the inner membrane of the mitochondria. Where are the corresponding reactions likely to occur in prokaryotic respiration?
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25.  A cell has the following molecules and structures: enzymes, DNA, ribosomes, plasma membrane, and mitochondria. It could be a cell from
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26.  Grana, thylakoids, and stroma are all components found in 
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D.
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27.  Which of the following are prokaryotic cells?
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B.
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D.
28.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: a compartment that often takes up much of the volume of a plant cell
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B.
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D.
E.
29.  Of the following, what do both mitochondria and chloroplasts have in common?
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30.  For the following, choose the most inclusive category: tonoplast
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31.  Which of the following structures is common to plant and animal cells?
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32.  Which of the following structures is most directly associated with the secretion of compounds that will become part of the plant cell wall?
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B.
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D.
E.
33.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: contains its own DNA and ribosomes
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D.
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34.  Cyanide binds with at least one of the molecules involved in the production of ATP. Following exposure of a cell to cyanide, most of the cyanide could be expected to be found within the
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35.  A biologist ground up some plant leaf cells and then centrifuged the mixture to fractionate the organelles. Organelles in one of the heavier fractions could produce ATP in the light, while organelles in the lighter fraction could produce ATP in the dark. The heavier and lighter fractions are most likely to contain, respectively,
A.
B.
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D.
E.
36.  Which type of organelle is primarily involved in the synthesis of oils, phospholipids, and steroids?
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B.
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D.
E.
37.  The symptoms of a certain inherited disorder in humans include breathing problems and, in males, sterility. Which of the following is a reasonable hypothesis for the molecular basis of this disorder?
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38.  Which of these structures is unique to plant cells?
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39.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: contains hydrolytic enzymes  
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D.
E.
40.  Cells of the pancreas will incorporate radioactively labeled amino acids into proteins. This "tagging" of newly synthesized proteins enables a researcher to track the location of these proteins in a cell. In this case, we are tracking an enzyme that is eventually secreted by pancreatic cells. Which of the following is the most likely pathway for movement of this protein in the cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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