Related Topics
Take Another Quiz

ChAPter 6 Test - AP Biology

40 Questions
AP Biology Quizzes & Trivia
Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following are prokaryotic cells?
    • A. 

      Plants

    • B. 

      Fungi

    • C. 

      Bacteria

    • D. 

      Animals

  • 2. 
    All of the following are part of a prokaryotic cell except
    • A. 

      DNA.

    • B. 

      A cell wall.

    • C. 

      A plasma membrane.

    • D. 

      Ribosomes.

    • E. 

      An endoplasmic reticulum.

  • 3. 
    The volume enclosed by the plasma membrane of plant cells is often much larger than the corresponding volume in animal cells. The most reasonable explanation for this observation is that
    • A. 

      Plant cells are capable of having a much higher surface-to-volume ratio than animal cells.

    • B. 

      Plant cells have a much more highly convoluted (folded) plasma membrane than animal cells. ) the basic functions of plant cells are very different from those of animal cells.

    • C. 

      Plant cells contain a large vacuole that reduces the volume of the cytoplasm.

    • D. 

      Animal cells are more spherical, while plant cells are elongated.

    • E. 

      The basic functions of plant cells are very different from those of animal cells.

  • 4. 
    Which of the following comparisons between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells is incorrect?
    • A. 

      The lack of organelles in prokaryotes means that they are structurally less complex than eukaryotes.

    • B. 

      The lack of internal membranes means that prokaryotes cannot compartmentalize function to the same extent as eukaryotes.

    • C. 

      All membrane function in prokaryotes is accomplished in the plasma membrane, while in eukaryotes, these functions are more distributed among the organelles.

    • D. 

      The specialization of function in organelles suggests that eukaryotes will contain a wider variety of phospholipids than prokaryotes.

    • E. 

      The lack of organelles in prokaryotes means that the basic cellular functions are different in prokaryotes than in eukaryotes.

  • 5. 
    For the following, choose the most inclusive category: plasma membrane
    • A. 

      A feature of all cells

    • B. 

      Found in prokaryotic cells only

    • C. 

      Found in eukaryotic cells only

    • D. 

      Found in plant cells only

    • E. 

      Found in animal cells only

  • 6. 
    For the following, choose the most inclusive category: tonoplast
    • A. 

      A feature of all cells

    • B. 

      Found in prokaryotic cells only

    • C. 

      Found in eukaryotic cells only

    • D. 

      Found in plant cells only

    • E. 

      Found in animal cells only

  • 7. 
    For the following, choose the most inclusive category: nucleoid
    • A. 

      A feature of all cells

    • B. 

      Found in prokaryotic cells only

    • C. 

      Found in eukaryotic cells only

    • D. 

      Found in plant cells only

    • E. 

      Found in animal cells only

  • 8. 
    Which of the following does not contain functional ribosomes?
    • A. 

      A prokaryotic cell

    • B. 

      A plant mitochondrion

    • C. 

      A chloroplast

    • D. 

      An animal mitochondrion

    • E. 

      A nucleolus

  • 9. 
    Large numbers of ribosomes are present in cells that specialize in producing which of the following molecules?
    • A. 

      Lipids

    • B. 

      Starches

    • C. 

      Proteins

    • D. 

      Steroids

    • E. 

      Glucose

  • 10. 
    Which of the following compounds require the presence of the nuclear pores to move between the cytoplasm and the interior of the nucleus?
    • A. 

      Ribosomal RNA

    • B. 

      Messenger RNA

    • C. 

      Proteins synthesized in the cytoplasm that are part of ribosomes

    • D. 

      Ribosomal RNA and messenger RNA

    • E. 

      Ribosomal RNA, messenger RNA, and proteins synthesized in the cytoplasm that are part of ribosomes

  • 11. 
    Which of the following incorrectly matches the type of cell, type of protein, and site of the protein's synthesis?
    • A. 

      Prokaryote, cytoplasmic protein, free cytoplasmic ribosome

    • B. 

      Eukaryote, plasma membrane protein, rough ER

    • C. 

      Prokaryote, plasma membrane protein, ribosome bound to plasma membrane

    • D. 

      Eukaryote, cytoplasmic protein, free cytoplasmic ribosome

    • E. 

      Prokaryote, secreted protein, free cytoplasmic ribosome

  • 12. 
    Under which of the following conditions would you expect to find a cell with a predominance of free ribosomes?
    • A. 

      A cell that is secreting proteins

    • B. 

      A cell that is producing cytoplasmic enzymes

    • C. 

      A cell that is constructing its cell wall or extracellular matrix

    • D. 

      A cell that is digesting food particles

    • E. 

      A cell that is enlarging its vacuole

  • 13. 
    Which type of organelle is primarily involved in the synthesis of oils, phospholipids, and steroids?
    • A. 

      Ribosome

    • B. 

      Lysosome

    • C. 

      Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

    • D. 

      Mitochondrion

    • E. 

      Contractile vacuole

  • 14. 
    Which structure is the site of the synthesis of proteins that may be exported from the cell?
    • A. 

      Rough ER

    • B. 

      Lysosomes

    • C. 

      Plasmodesmata

    • D. 

      Golgi vesicles

    • E. 

      Tight junctions

  • 15. 
    Which of the following structures is most directly associated with the secretion of compounds that will become part of the plant cell wall?
    • A. 

      Smooth ER

    • B. 

      Rough ER

    • C. 

      Plasmodesmata

    • D. 

      Golgi-derived vesicles

    • E. 

      Golgi apparatus

  • 16. 
    The Golgi apparatus has a polarity or sidedness to its structure and function. Which of the following statements correctly describes this polarity?
    • A. 

      Transport vesicles fuse with one side of the Golgi and leave from the opposite side.

    • B. 

      Proteins in the membrane of the Golgi may be sorted and modified as they move from one side of the Golgi to the other.

    • C. 

      Lipids in the membrane of the Golgi may be sorted and modified as they move from one side of the Golgi to the other.

    • D. 

      Soluble proteins in the cisternae (interior) of the Golgi may be sorted and modified as they move from one side of the Golgi to the other.

    • E. 

      All of the other statements listed correctly describe polar characteristics of the Golgi function.

  • 17. 
    Of the following, which is probably the most common route for membrane flow in the endomembrane system?
    • A. 

      Golgi → lysosome → ER → plasma membrane

    • B. 

      Tonoplast → plasma membrane → nuclear envelope → smooth ER

    • C. 

      Nuclear envelope → lysosome → Golgi → plasma membrane

    • D. 

      Rough ER → vesicles → Golgi → plasma membrane

    • E. 

      ER → chloroplasts → mitochondrion → cell membrane

  • 18. 
    Which of the following cell components is not directly involved in synthesis or secretion?
    • A. 

      Ribosome

    • B. 

      Rough endoplasmic reticulum

    • C. 

      Golgi body

    • D. 

      Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

    • E. 

      Lysosome

  • 19. 
    The fact that the outer membrane of the nuclear envelope has bound ribosomes allows one to most reliably  conclude that
    • A. 

      At least some of the proteins that function in the nuclear envelope are made by the ribosomes on the nuclear envelope.

    • B. 

      The nuclear envelope is not part of the endomembrane system.

    • C. 

      The nuclear envelope is physically continuous with the endoplasmic reticulum.

    • D. 

      Small vesicles from the Golgi fuse with the nuclear envelope.

    • E. 

      Nuclear pore complexes contain proteins.

  • 20. 
    The difference in lipid and protein composition between the membranes of the endomembrane system is largely determined by
    • A. 

      The physical separation of most membranes from each other.

    • B. 

      The transportation of membrane among the endomembrane system by small membrane vesicles.

    • C. 

      The function of the Golgi apparatus in sorting membrane components.

    • D. 

      The modification of the membrane components once they reach their final destination.

    • E. 

      The synthesis of lipids and proteins in each of the organelles of the endomembrane system.

  • 21. 
    In animal cells, hydrolytic enzymes are packaged to prevent general destruction of cellular components. Which of the following organelles functions in this compartmentalization?
    • A. 

      Chloroplast

    • B. 

      Lysosome

    • C. 

      Central vacuole

    • D. 

      Peroxisome

    • E. 

      Glyoxysome

  • 22. 
    Which of the following statements correctly describes some aspect of protein excretion in prokaryotic cells?
    • A. 

      Prokaryotes are unlikely to be able to excrete proteins because they lack an endomembrane system.

    • B. 

      The mechanism of protein excretion in prokaryotes is probably the same as that in eukaryotes.

    • C. 

      Proteins that are excreted by prokaryotes are synthesized on ribosomes that are bound to the cytoplasmic surface of the plasma membrane.

    • D. 

      In prokaryotes, the ribosomes that are used for the synthesis of secreted proteins are located outside of the cell.

    • E. 

      Prokaryotes contain large pores in their plasma membrane that permit the movement of proteins out of the cell.

  • 23. 
    Choose the most appropriate term for the following: produces and modifies polysaccharides that will be secreted
    • A. 

      Lysosome

    • B. 

      Vacuole

    • C. 

      Mitochondrion

    • D. 

      Golgi apparatus

    • E. 

      Peroxisome

  • 24. 
    Choose the most appropriate term for the following: contains hydrolytic enzymes  
    • A. 

      Lysosome

    • B. 

      Vacuole

    • C. 

      Mitochondrion

    • D. 

      Golgi apparatus

    • E. 

      Peroxisome

  • 25. 
    Choose the most appropriate term for the following: helps to recycle the cell's organic material
    • A. 

      Lysosome

    • B. 

      Vacuole

    • C. 

      Mitochondrion

    • D. 

      Golgi apparatus

    • E. 

      Peroxisome

  • 26. 
    Choose the most appropriate term for the following: one of the main energy transformers of cells
    • A. 

      Lysosome

    • B. 

      Vacuole

    • C. 

      Mitochondrion

    • D. 

      Golgi apparatus

    • E. 

      Peroxisome

  • 27. 
    Choose the most appropriate term for the following: contains its own DNA and ribosomes
    • A. 

      Lysosome

    • B. 

      Vacuole

    • C. 

      Mitochhondrion

    • D. 

      Golgi apparatus

    • E. 

      Peroxisome

  • 28. 
    Choose the most appropriate term for the following: a compartment that often takes up much of the volume of a plant cell
    • A. 

      Lysosome

    • B. 

      Vacuole

    • C. 

      Mitochondrion

    • D. 

      Golgi apparatus

    • E. 

      Peroxisome

  • 29. 
    Choose the most appropriate term for the following: contains enzymes that transfer hydrogen from various substrates to oxygen
    • A. 

      Lysosome

    • B. 

      Mitochondrion

    • C. 

      Vacuole

    • D. 

      Golgi apparatus

    • E. 

      Peroxisome

  • 30. 
    Choose the most appropriate term for the following: a versatile plant compartment that may hold reserves of organic compounds or inorganic ions
    • A. 

      Lysosome

    • B. 

      Vacuole

    • C. 

      Mitochondrion

    • D. 

      Golgi apparatus

    • E. 

      Peroxisome

  • 31. 
    Of the following, what do both mitochondria and chloroplasts have in common?
    • A. 

      ATP is produced.

    • B. 

      DNA is present.

    • C. 

      Ribosomes are present.

    • D. 

      DNA and ribosomes are present.

    • E. 

      ATP is produced, DNA and ribosomes are present.

  • 32. 
    Grana, thylakoids, and stroma are all components found in 
    • A. 

      Vacuoles.

    • B. 

      Chloroplasts.

    • C. 

      Mitochondria.

    • D. 

      Lysosomes.

    • E. 

      Nuclei.

  • 33. 
    Organelles other than the nucleus that contain DNA include
    • A. 

      Ribosomes.

    • B. 

      Mitochondria.

    • C. 

      Chloroplasts.

    • D. 

      Mitochondria and chloroplasts.

    • E. 

      Ribosomes, mitochondria, and chloroplasts.

  • 34. 
    Which of the following statements incorrectly describes common structural features of an animal secretory cell and a photosynthetic plant cell?
    • A. 

      Both cells have Golgi apparatus.

    • B. 

      Both cells have mitochondria.

    • C. 

      Both cells have chloroplasts.

    • D. 

      Both cells have a plasma membrane.

    • E. 

      Both cells have a nucleus.

  • 35. 
    The chemical reactions involved in respiration are virtually identical between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. In eukaryotic cells, ATP is synthesized primarily on the inner membrane of the mitochondria. Where are the corresponding reactions likely to occur in prokaryotic respiration?
    • A. 

      In the cytoplasm

    • B. 

      On the inner mitochondrial membrane

    • C. 

      On the endoplasmic reticulum

    • D. 

      On the plasma membrane

    • E. 

      On the nuclear envelope

  • 36. 
    A biologist ground up some plant leaf cells and then centrifuged the mixture to fractionate the organelles. Organelles in one of the heavier fractions could produce ATP in the light, while organelles in the lighter fraction could produce ATP in the dark. The heavier and lighter fractions are most likely to contain, respectively,
    • A. 

      Mitochondria and chloroplasts.

    • B. 

      Chloroplasts and peroxisomes.

    • C. 

      Peroxisomes and chloroplasts.

    • D. 

      Chloroplasts and mitochondria.

    • E. 

      Mitochondria and peroxisomes.

  • 37. 
    Which of the following is a place where both DNA and ribosomes are unlikely  to be found in any type of cell?
    • A. 

      Stroma of chloroplasts

    • B. 

      Mitochondrial matrix

    • C. 

      Nucleus

    • D. 

      Cytoplasm

    • E. 

      Golgi apparatus

  • 38. 
    All of the following are correct matches of the location of a protein and the location of its synthesis except
    • A. 

      Plasma membrane protein-rough ER.

    • B. 

      Mitochondrial membrane protein-free cytoplasmic ribosomes.

    • C. 

      Cytoplasmic proteins-free cytoplasmic ribosomes.

    • D. 

      Chloroplast stromal protein-chloroplast ribosomes.

    • E. 

      Mitochondrial matrix protein-rough ER.

  • 39. 
    Which of the following are capable of converting light energy to chemical energy?
    • A. 

      Chloroplasts

    • B. 

      Mitochondria

    • C. 

      Leucoplasts

    • D. 

      Peroxisomes

    • E. 

      Golgi bodies

  • 40. 
    A cell has the following molecules and structures: enzymes, DNA, ribosomes, plasma membrane, and mitochondria. It could be a cell from
    • A. 

      A bacterium.

    • B. 

      An animal, but not a plant.

    • C. 

      A plant, but not an animal.

    • D. 

      A plant or an animal.

    • E. 

      Any kind of organism.