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ChAPter 6 Test - AP Biology

40 Questions  I  By Muitran
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1.  Choose the statement that correctly characterizes bound ribosomes.
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Which of the following structure-function pairs is mismatched?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Which of the following is not considered part of the endomembrane system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Of the following, what do both mitochondria and chloroplasts have in common?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  For the following, choose the most inclusive category: nucleoid
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: a compartment that often takes up much of the volume of a plant cell
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Which of the following cell components is not directly involved in synthesis or secretion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  ________ is composed of DNA and protein. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Which of the following statements correctly describes some aspect of protein excretion in prokaryotic cells?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  All of the following are correct matches of the location of a protein and the location of its synthesis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Which of the following are capable of converting light energy to chemical energy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Large numbers of ribosomes are present in cells that specialize in producing which of the following molecules?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Which of the following is a place where both DNA and ribosomes are unlikely  to be found in any type of cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: a versatile plant compartment that may hold reserves of organic compounds or inorganic ions
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The fact that the outer membrane of the nuclear envelope has bound ribosomes allows one to most reliably  conclude that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Which of the following is present in a prokaryotic cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Which type of cell would probably provide the best opportunity to study lysosomes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  The symptoms of a certain inherited disorder in humans include breathing problems and, in males, sterility. Which of the following is a reasonable hypothesis for the molecular basis of this disorder?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  For the following, choose the most inclusive category: tonoplast
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Which of the following structures is common to plant and animal cells?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  A cell has the following molecules and structures: enzymes, DNA, ribosomes, plasma membrane, and mitochondria. It could be a cell from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Under which of the following conditions would you expect to find a cell with a predominance of free ribosomes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: produces and modifies polysaccharides that will be secreted
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Which of the following compounds require the presence of the nuclear pores to move between the cytoplasm and the interior of the nucleus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Cyanide binds with at least one of the molecules involved in the production of ATP. Following exposure of a cell to cyanide, most of the cyanide could be expected to be found within the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Which of the following does not contain functional ribosomes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Which structure is the site of the synthesis of proteins that may be exported from the cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Cells of the pancreas will incorporate radioactively labeled amino acids into proteins. This "tagging" of newly synthesized proteins enables a researcher to track the location of these proteins in a cell. In this case, we are tracking an enzyme that is eventually secreted by pancreatic cells. Which of the following is the most likely pathway for movement of this protein in the cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Which of the following statements is a correct distinction between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells attributable to the absence of a prokaryotic cytoskeleton?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  All of the following are part of a prokaryotic cell except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  A biologist ground up some plant leaf cells and then centrifuged the mixture to fractionate the organelles. Organelles in one of the heavier fractions could produce ATP in the light, while organelles in the lighter fraction could produce ATP in the dark. The heavier and lighter fractions are most likely to contain, respectively,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Where is calcium stored?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Organelles other than the nucleus that contain DNA include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Which of the following are prokaryotic cells?
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  The chemical reactions involved in respiration are virtually identical between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. In eukaryotic cells, ATP is synthesized primarily on the inner membrane of the mitochondria. Where are the corresponding reactions likely to occur in prokaryotic respiration?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  In eukaryotic cells, the first step in protein synthesis is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Which of the following comparisons between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells is incorrect?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Which of the following structures is most directly associated with the secretion of compounds that will become part of the plant cell wall?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: contains enzymes that transfer hydrogen from various substrates to oxygen
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Which of the following incorrectly matches the type of cell, type of protein, and site of the protein's synthesis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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