ChAPter 6 Test - AP Biology

40 Questions  I  By Muitran

  
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1.  The Golgi apparatus has a polarity or sidedness to its structure and function. Which of the following statements correctly describes this polarity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: one of the main energy transformers of cells
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  All of the following are correct matches of the location of a protein and the location of its synthesis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Choose the statement that correctly characterizes bound ribosomes.
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: a versatile plant compartment that may hold reserves of organic compounds or inorganic ions
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  The fact that the outer membrane of the nuclear envelope has bound ribosomes allows one to most reliably  conclude that
A.
B.
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D.
E.
7.  All of the following are part of a prokaryotic cell except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Which structure is the site of the synthesis of proteins that may be exported from the cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Which of the following compounds require the presence of the nuclear pores to move between the cytoplasm and the interior of the nucleus?
A.
B.
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D.
E.
10.  Which of the following is a place where both DNA and ribosomes are unlikely  to be found in any type of cell?
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B.
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D.
E.
11.  Which of the following incorrectly matches the type of cell, type of protein, and site of the protein's synthesis?
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B.
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D.
E.
12.  Of the following, which is probably the most common route for membrane flow in the endomembrane system?
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B.
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D.
E.
13.  The volume enclosed by the plasma membrane of plant cells is often much larger than the corresponding volume in animal cells. The most reasonable explanation for this observation is that
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B.
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D.
E.
14.  Where is calcium stored?
A.
B.
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D.
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15.  Which of the following structures is most directly associated with the secretion of compounds that will become part of the plant cell wall?
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B.
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D.
E.
16.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: helps to recycle the cell's organic material
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  In eukaryotic cells, the first step in protein synthesis is the
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E.
18.  For the following, choose the most inclusive category: nucleoid
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B.
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D.
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19.  Of the following, what do both mitochondria and chloroplasts have in common?
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B.
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D.
E.
20.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: contains its own DNA and ribosomes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Under which of the following conditions would you expect to find a cell with a predominance of free ribosomes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  For the following, choose the most inclusive category: tonoplast
A.
B.
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D.
E.
23.  Which of the following are prokaryotic cells?
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  ________ is composed of DNA and protein. 
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B.
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D.
E.
25.  Which of the following statements is a correct distinction between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells attributable to the absence of a prokaryotic cytoskeleton?
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B.
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D.
E.
26.  Which type of organelle is primarily involved in the synthesis of oils, phospholipids, and steroids?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Cyanide binds with at least one of the molecules involved in the production of ATP. Following exposure of a cell to cyanide, most of the cyanide could be expected to be found within the
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B.
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D.
E.
28.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: contains hydrolytic enzymes  
A.
B.
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D.
E.
29.  The chemical reactions involved in respiration are virtually identical between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. In eukaryotic cells, ATP is synthesized primarily on the inner membrane of the mitochondria. Where are the corresponding reactions likely to occur in prokaryotic respiration?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Which of the following does not contain functional ribosomes?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  The symptoms of a certain inherited disorder in humans include breathing problems and, in males, sterility. Which of the following is a reasonable hypothesis for the molecular basis of this disorder?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Large numbers of ribosomes are present in cells that specialize in producing which of the following molecules?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Cells of the pancreas will incorporate radioactively labeled amino acids into proteins. This "tagging" of newly synthesized proteins enables a researcher to track the location of these proteins in a cell. In this case, we are tracking an enzyme that is eventually secreted by pancreatic cells. Which of the following is the most likely pathway for movement of this protein in the cell?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Grana, thylakoids, and stroma are all components found in 
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B.
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D.
E.
35.  The difference in lipid and protein composition between the membranes of the endomembrane system is largely determined by
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B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: contains enzymes that transfer hydrogen from various substrates to oxygen
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B.
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D.
E.
37.  Which of the following statements correctly describes some aspect of protein excretion in prokaryotic cells?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Which of the following comparisons between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells is incorrect?
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B.
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D.
E.
39.  Which of the following structures is common to plant and animal cells?
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B.
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D.
E.
40.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: produces and modifies polysaccharides that will be secreted
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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