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ChAPter 6 Test - AP Biology

40 Questions  I  By Muitran
chAPter 6 test - AP biology

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1.  In animal cells, hydrolytic enzymes are packaged to prevent general destruction of cellular components. Which of the following organelles functions in this compartmentalization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Which of the following structure-function pairs is mismatched?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Which of the following are prokaryotic cells?
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Which of the following does not contain functional ribosomes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Which of the following statements correctly describes some aspect of protein excretion in prokaryotic cells?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  The volume enclosed by the plasma membrane of plant cells is often much larger than the corresponding volume in animal cells. The most reasonable explanation for this observation is that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  The Golgi apparatus has a polarity or sidedness to its structure and function. Which of the following statements correctly describes this polarity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Which of the following comparisons between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells is incorrect?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  The fact that the outer membrane of the nuclear envelope has bound ribosomes allows one to most reliably  conclude that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Which of the following cell components is not directly involved in synthesis or secretion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: a versatile plant compartment that may hold reserves of organic compounds or inorganic ions
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  A biologist ground up some plant leaf cells and then centrifuged the mixture to fractionate the organelles. Organelles in one of the heavier fractions could produce ATP in the light, while organelles in the lighter fraction could produce ATP in the dark. The heavier and lighter fractions are most likely to contain, respectively,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  For the following, choose the most inclusive category: nucleoid
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  In eukaryotic cells, the first step in protein synthesis is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Which of the following is not considered part of the endomembrane system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  The difference in lipid and protein composition between the membranes of the endomembrane system is largely determined by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Of the following, which is probably the most common route for membrane flow in the endomembrane system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: contains its own DNA and ribosomes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  ________ is composed of DNA and protein. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Large numbers of ribosomes are present in cells that specialize in producing which of the following molecules?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Which of the following statements is a correct distinction between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells attributable to the absence of a prokaryotic cytoskeleton?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  For the following, choose the most inclusive category: plasma membrane
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: produces and modifies polysaccharides that will be secreted
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Which of the following are capable of converting light energy to chemical energy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  For the following, choose the most inclusive category: tonoplast
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Which of the following is present in a prokaryotic cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Which of the following structures is common to plant and animal cells?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Of the following, what do both mitochondria and chloroplasts have in common?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: a compartment that often takes up much of the volume of a plant cell
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: contains enzymes that transfer hydrogen from various substrates to oxygen
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Which of the following incorrectly matches the type of cell, type of protein, and site of the protein's synthesis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Which structure is the site of the synthesis of proteins that may be exported from the cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Cells of the pancreas will incorporate radioactively labeled amino acids into proteins. This "tagging" of newly synthesized proteins enables a researcher to track the location of these proteins in a cell. In this case, we are tracking an enzyme that is eventually secreted by pancreatic cells. Which of the following is the most likely pathway for movement of this protein in the cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Under which of the following conditions would you expect to find a cell with a predominance of free ribosomes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  A cell has the following molecules and structures: enzymes, DNA, ribosomes, plasma membrane, and mitochondria. It could be a cell from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Which type of organelle is primarily involved in the synthesis of oils, phospholipids, and steroids?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Which of the following compounds require the presence of the nuclear pores to move between the cytoplasm and the interior of the nucleus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Which of these structures is unique to plant cells?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: one of the main energy transformers of cells
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Which of the following structures is most directly associated with the secretion of compounds that will become part of the plant cell wall?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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