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ChAPter 6 Test - AP Biology

40 Questions  I  By Muitran
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1.  Which of the following are capable of converting light energy to chemical energy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Which of the following statements is a correct distinction between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells attributable to the absence of a prokaryotic cytoskeleton?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  The volume enclosed by the plasma membrane of plant cells is often much larger than the corresponding volume in animal cells. The most reasonable explanation for this observation is that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  A biologist ground up some plant leaf cells and then centrifuged the mixture to fractionate the organelles. Organelles in one of the heavier fractions could produce ATP in the light, while organelles in the lighter fraction could produce ATP in the dark. The heavier and lighter fractions are most likely to contain, respectively,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  For the following, choose the most inclusive category: plasma membrane
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Which of the following is present in a prokaryotic cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: contains its own DNA and ribosomes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Which of these structures is unique to plant cells?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  A cell has the following molecules and structures: enzymes, DNA, ribosomes, plasma membrane, and mitochondria. It could be a cell from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Which of the following statements incorrectly describes common structural features of an animal secretory cell and a photosynthetic plant cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: contains hydrolytic enzymes  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Which of the following is not considered part of the endomembrane system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: one of the main energy transformers of cells
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Which type of cell would probably provide the best opportunity to study lysosomes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: contains enzymes that transfer hydrogen from various substrates to oxygen
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Which of the following structure-function pairs is mismatched?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Where is calcium stored?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  The difference in lipid and protein composition between the membranes of the endomembrane system is largely determined by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Cyanide binds with at least one of the molecules involved in the production of ATP. Following exposure of a cell to cyanide, most of the cyanide could be expected to be found within the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  The chemical reactions involved in respiration are virtually identical between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. In eukaryotic cells, ATP is synthesized primarily on the inner membrane of the mitochondria. Where are the corresponding reactions likely to occur in prokaryotic respiration?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Which of the following incorrectly matches the type of cell, type of protein, and site of the protein's synthesis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Which structure is the site of the synthesis of proteins that may be exported from the cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Which of the following is a place where both DNA and ribosomes are unlikely  to be found in any type of cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: helps to recycle the cell's organic material
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Which type of organelle is primarily involved in the synthesis of oils, phospholipids, and steroids?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Large numbers of ribosomes are present in cells that specialize in producing which of the following molecules?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  For the following, choose the most inclusive category: nucleoid
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  All of the following are part of a prokaryotic cell except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: a versatile plant compartment that may hold reserves of organic compounds or inorganic ions
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: produces and modifies polysaccharides that will be secreted
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Organelles other than the nucleus that contain DNA include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  For the following, choose the most inclusive category: tonoplast
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  In animal cells, hydrolytic enzymes are packaged to prevent general destruction of cellular components. Which of the following organelles functions in this compartmentalization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Which of the following structures is most directly associated with the secretion of compounds that will become part of the plant cell wall?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  All of the following are correct matches of the location of a protein and the location of its synthesis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Which of the following comparisons between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells is incorrect?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  The fact that the outer membrane of the nuclear envelope has bound ribosomes allows one to most reliably  conclude that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Which of the following cell components is not directly involved in synthesis or secretion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Choose the statement that correctly characterizes bound ribosomes.
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  Which of the following structures is common to plant and animal cells?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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