ChAPter 6 Test - AP Biology

40 Questions  I  By Muitran
chAPter 6 test - AP biology

  
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1.  For the following, choose the most inclusive category: tonoplast
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  The symptoms of a certain inherited disorder in humans include breathing problems and, in males, sterility. Which of the following is a reasonable hypothesis for the molecular basis of this disorder?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Which of the following is present in a prokaryotic cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  The chemical reactions involved in respiration are virtually identical between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. In eukaryotic cells, ATP is synthesized primarily on the inner membrane of the mitochondria. Where are the corresponding reactions likely to occur in prokaryotic respiration?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  The fact that the outer membrane of the nuclear envelope has bound ribosomes allows one to most reliably  conclude that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  ________ is composed of DNA and protein. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Cells of the pancreas will incorporate radioactively labeled amino acids into proteins. This "tagging" of newly synthesized proteins enables a researcher to track the location of these proteins in a cell. In this case, we are tracking an enzyme that is eventually secreted by pancreatic cells. Which of the following is the most likely pathway for movement of this protein in the cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: a compartment that often takes up much of the volume of a plant cell
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Which of these structures is unique to plant cells?
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B.
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D.
E.
10.  Which type of cell would probably provide the best opportunity to study lysosomes?
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B.
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D.
E.
11.  Which of the following statements incorrectly describes common structural features of an animal secretory cell and a photosynthetic plant cell?
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12.  Which of the following structure-function pairs is mismatched?
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B.
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D.
E.
13.  Which of the following are capable of converting light energy to chemical energy?
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E.
14.  In eukaryotic cells, the first step in protein synthesis is the
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D.
E.
15.  All of the following are correct matches of the location of a protein and the location of its synthesis except
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D.
E.
16.  The Golgi apparatus has a polarity or sidedness to its structure and function. Which of the following statements correctly describes this polarity?
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B.
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D.
E.
17.  All of the following are part of a prokaryotic cell except
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D.
E.
18.  Which type of organelle is primarily involved in the synthesis of oils, phospholipids, and steroids?
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B.
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D.
E.
19.  Which of the following are prokaryotic cells?
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B.
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D.
20.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: one of the main energy transformers of cells
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B.
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D.
E.
21.  Which of the following compounds require the presence of the nuclear pores to move between the cytoplasm and the interior of the nucleus?
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B.
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D.
E.
22.  For the following, choose the most inclusive category: nucleoid
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D.
E.
23.  A cell has the following molecules and structures: enzymes, DNA, ribosomes, plasma membrane, and mitochondria. It could be a cell from
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D.
E.
24.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: contains enzymes that transfer hydrogen from various substrates to oxygen
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B.
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D.
E.
25.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: contains its own DNA and ribosomes
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B.
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D.
E.
26.  Which of the following comparisons between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells is incorrect?
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B.
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D.
E.
27.  The volume enclosed by the plasma membrane of plant cells is often much larger than the corresponding volume in animal cells. The most reasonable explanation for this observation is that
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D.
E.
28.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: produces and modifies polysaccharides that will be secreted
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D.
E.
29.  The difference in lipid and protein composition between the membranes of the endomembrane system is largely determined by
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D.
E.
30.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: a versatile plant compartment that may hold reserves of organic compounds or inorganic ions
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B.
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D.
E.
31.  Under which of the following conditions would you expect to find a cell with a predominance of free ribosomes?
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D.
E.
32.  Organelles other than the nucleus that contain DNA include
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B.
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D.
E.
33.  Which of the following cell components is not directly involved in synthesis or secretion?
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D.
E.
34.  Large numbers of ribosomes are present in cells that specialize in producing which of the following molecules?
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35.  Grana, thylakoids, and stroma are all components found in 
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36.  Which of the following is not considered part of the endomembrane system?
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37.  Which of the following structures is common to plant and animal cells?
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38.  Of the following, which is probably the most common route for membrane flow in the endomembrane system?
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39.  Which of the following is a place where both DNA and ribosomes are unlikely  to be found in any type of cell?
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40.  Which of the following statements is a correct distinction between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells attributable to the absence of a prokaryotic cytoskeleton?
A.
B.
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D.
E.
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