ChAPter 6 Test - AP Biology

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1.  Organelles other than the nucleus that contain DNA include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: contains hydrolytic enzymes  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Which of these structures is unique to plant cells?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: contains enzymes that transfer hydrogen from various substrates to oxygen
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Grana, thylakoids, and stroma are all components found in 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Of the following, what do both mitochondria and chloroplasts have in common?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Which of the following structures is most directly associated with the secretion of compounds that will become part of the plant cell wall?
A.
B.
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D.
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8.  Which of the following structures is common to plant and animal cells?
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B.
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D.
E.
9.  For the following, choose the most inclusive category: nucleoid
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B.
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D.
E.
10.  Which type of organelle is primarily involved in the synthesis of oils, phospholipids, and steroids?
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B.
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D.
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11.  Which of the following compounds require the presence of the nuclear pores to move between the cytoplasm and the interior of the nucleus?
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B.
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D.
E.
12.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: produces and modifies polysaccharides that will be secreted
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D.
E.
13.  Which of the following incorrectly matches the type of cell, type of protein, and site of the protein's synthesis?
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B.
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E.
14.  Which type of cell would probably provide the best opportunity to study lysosomes?
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B.
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D.
E.
15.  Large numbers of ribosomes are present in cells that specialize in producing which of the following molecules?
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B.
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D.
E.
16.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: contains its own DNA and ribosomes
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B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Which of the following are prokaryotic cells?
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B.
C.
D.
18.  For the following, choose the most inclusive category: tonoplast
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B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Under which of the following conditions would you expect to find a cell with a predominance of free ribosomes?
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B.
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D.
E.
20.  For the following, choose the most inclusive category: plasma membrane
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B.
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D.
E.
21.  A biologist ground up some plant leaf cells and then centrifuged the mixture to fractionate the organelles. Organelles in one of the heavier fractions could produce ATP in the light, while organelles in the lighter fraction could produce ATP in the dark. The heavier and lighter fractions are most likely to contain, respectively,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  The chemical reactions involved in respiration are virtually identical between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. In eukaryotic cells, ATP is synthesized primarily on the inner membrane of the mitochondria. Where are the corresponding reactions likely to occur in prokaryotic respiration?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  The Golgi apparatus has a polarity or sidedness to its structure and function. Which of the following statements correctly describes this polarity?
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B.
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D.
E.
24.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: a versatile plant compartment that may hold reserves of organic compounds or inorganic ions
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Which of the following are capable of converting light energy to chemical energy?
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B.
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D.
E.
26.  A cell has the following molecules and structures: enzymes, DNA, ribosomes, plasma membrane, and mitochondria. It could be a cell from
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B.
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D.
E.
27.  Which of the following comparisons between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells is incorrect?
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B.
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D.
E.
28.  ________ is composed of DNA and protein. 
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B.
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D.
E.
29.  Where is calcium stored?
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B.
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D.
E.
30.  Which of the following is a place where both DNA and ribosomes are unlikely  to be found in any type of cell?
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B.
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D.
E.
31.  In animal cells, hydrolytic enzymes are packaged to prevent general destruction of cellular components. Which of the following organelles functions in this compartmentalization?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Which of the following statements correctly describes some aspect of protein excretion in prokaryotic cells?
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D.
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33.  The symptoms of a certain inherited disorder in humans include breathing problems and, in males, sterility. Which of the following is a reasonable hypothesis for the molecular basis of this disorder?
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B.
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D.
E.
34.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: helps to recycle the cell's organic material
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35.  Cyanide binds with at least one of the molecules involved in the production of ATP. Following exposure of a cell to cyanide, most of the cyanide could be expected to be found within the
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36.  Which of the following cell components is not directly involved in synthesis or secretion?
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D.
E.
37.  All of the following are correct matches of the location of a protein and the location of its synthesis except
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D.
E.
38.  Cells of the pancreas will incorporate radioactively labeled amino acids into proteins. This "tagging" of newly synthesized proteins enables a researcher to track the location of these proteins in a cell. In this case, we are tracking an enzyme that is eventually secreted by pancreatic cells. Which of the following is the most likely pathway for movement of this protein in the cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Which of the following is not considered part of the endomembrane system?
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B.
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D.
E.
40.  All of the following are part of a prokaryotic cell except
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B.
C.
D.
E.
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