ChAPter 6 Test - AP Biology

40 Questions  I  By Muitran

  
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1.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: a compartment that often takes up much of the volume of a plant cell
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B.
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D.
E.
2.  Which of the following is a place where both DNA and ribosomes are unlikely  to be found in any type of cell?
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B.
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D.
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3.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: helps to recycle the cell's organic material
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4.  A cell has the following molecules and structures: enzymes, DNA, ribosomes, plasma membrane, and mitochondria. It could be a cell from
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D.
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5.  The volume enclosed by the plasma membrane of plant cells is often much larger than the corresponding volume in animal cells. The most reasonable explanation for this observation is that
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D.
E.
6.  Cells of the pancreas will incorporate radioactively labeled amino acids into proteins. This "tagging" of newly synthesized proteins enables a researcher to track the location of these proteins in a cell. In this case, we are tracking an enzyme that is eventually secreted by pancreatic cells. Which of the following is the most likely pathway for movement of this protein in the cell?
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D.
E.
7.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: contains enzymes that transfer hydrogen from various substrates to oxygen
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8.  The fact that the outer membrane of the nuclear envelope has bound ribosomes allows one to most reliably  conclude that
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9.  Which of the following does not contain functional ribosomes?
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10.  The chemical reactions involved in respiration are virtually identical between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. In eukaryotic cells, ATP is synthesized primarily on the inner membrane of the mitochondria. Where are the corresponding reactions likely to occur in prokaryotic respiration?
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11.  Which of the following compounds require the presence of the nuclear pores to move between the cytoplasm and the interior of the nucleus?
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12.  The symptoms of a certain inherited disorder in humans include breathing problems and, in males, sterility. Which of the following is a reasonable hypothesis for the molecular basis of this disorder?
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13.  Which of the following statements correctly describes some aspect of protein excretion in prokaryotic cells?
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14.  Which of the following are prokaryotic cells?
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15.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: produces and modifies polysaccharides that will be secreted
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16.  Which of the following is not considered part of the endomembrane system?
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17.  In animal cells, hydrolytic enzymes are packaged to prevent general destruction of cellular components. Which of the following organelles functions in this compartmentalization?
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18.  Which of the following structures is most directly associated with the secretion of compounds that will become part of the plant cell wall?
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19.  The Golgi apparatus has a polarity or sidedness to its structure and function. Which of the following statements correctly describes this polarity?
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20.  Which of the following statements is a correct distinction between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells attributable to the absence of a prokaryotic cytoskeleton?
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21.  Which type of cell would probably provide the best opportunity to study lysosomes?
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22.  Under which of the following conditions would you expect to find a cell with a predominance of free ribosomes?
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23.  For the following, choose the most inclusive category: tonoplast
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24.  Organelles other than the nucleus that contain DNA include
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25.  ________ is composed of DNA and protein. 
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26.  For the following, choose the most inclusive category: plasma membrane
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27.  All of the following are part of a prokaryotic cell except
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28.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: contains hydrolytic enzymes  
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29.  Which of the following structures is common to plant and animal cells?
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30.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: one of the main energy transformers of cells
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31.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: a versatile plant compartment that may hold reserves of organic compounds or inorganic ions
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32.  Which of the following cell components is not directly involved in synthesis or secretion?
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33.  For the following, choose the most inclusive category: nucleoid
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34.  Cyanide binds with at least one of the molecules involved in the production of ATP. Following exposure of a cell to cyanide, most of the cyanide could be expected to be found within the
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35.  A biologist ground up some plant leaf cells and then centrifuged the mixture to fractionate the organelles. Organelles in one of the heavier fractions could produce ATP in the light, while organelles in the lighter fraction could produce ATP in the dark. The heavier and lighter fractions are most likely to contain, respectively,
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36.  Of the following, which is probably the most common route for membrane flow in the endomembrane system?
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37.  The difference in lipid and protein composition between the membranes of the endomembrane system is largely determined by
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38.  Large numbers of ribosomes are present in cells that specialize in producing which of the following molecules?
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39.  Which of the following comparisons between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells is incorrect?
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40.  Which structure is the site of the synthesis of proteins that may be exported from the cell?
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