ChAPter 6 Test - AP Biology

40 Questions  I  By Muitran

  
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1.  Which of the following comparisons between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells is incorrect?
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2.  For the following, choose the most inclusive category: plasma membrane
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3.  A biologist ground up some plant leaf cells and then centrifuged the mixture to fractionate the organelles. Organelles in one of the heavier fractions could produce ATP in the light, while organelles in the lighter fraction could produce ATP in the dark. The heavier and lighter fractions are most likely to contain, respectively,
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D.
E.
4.  The volume enclosed by the plasma membrane of plant cells is often much larger than the corresponding volume in animal cells. The most reasonable explanation for this observation is that
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5.  Which of the following structures is common to plant and animal cells?
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6.  Of the following, which is probably the most common route for membrane flow in the endomembrane system?
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7.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: helps to recycle the cell's organic material
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8.  Which of the following structures is most directly associated with the secretion of compounds that will become part of the plant cell wall?
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9.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: contains enzymes that transfer hydrogen from various substrates to oxygen
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10.  For the following, choose the most inclusive category: tonoplast
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11.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: produces and modifies polysaccharides that will be secreted
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12.  The chemical reactions involved in respiration are virtually identical between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. In eukaryotic cells, ATP is synthesized primarily on the inner membrane of the mitochondria. Where are the corresponding reactions likely to occur in prokaryotic respiration?
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13.  Which type of cell would probably provide the best opportunity to study lysosomes?
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14.  Which of these structures is unique to plant cells?
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15.  Which of the following cell components is not directly involved in synthesis or secretion?
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16.  The symptoms of a certain inherited disorder in humans include breathing problems and, in males, sterility. Which of the following is a reasonable hypothesis for the molecular basis of this disorder?
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17.  Where is calcium stored?
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18.  Which of the following statements correctly describes some aspect of protein excretion in prokaryotic cells?
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19.  Cyanide binds with at least one of the molecules involved in the production of ATP. Following exposure of a cell to cyanide, most of the cyanide could be expected to be found within the
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20.  All of the following are correct matches of the location of a protein and the location of its synthesis except
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21.  ________ is composed of DNA and protein. 
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22.  Which of the following is not considered part of the endomembrane system?
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23.  Grana, thylakoids, and stroma are all components found in 
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24.  Choose the statement that correctly characterizes bound ribosomes.
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25.  All of the following are part of a prokaryotic cell except
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26.  In eukaryotic cells, the first step in protein synthesis is the
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27.  Which structure is the site of the synthesis of proteins that may be exported from the cell?
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28.  Which of the following is present in a prokaryotic cell?
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29.  For the following, choose the most inclusive category: nucleoid
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30.  In animal cells, hydrolytic enzymes are packaged to prevent general destruction of cellular components. Which of the following organelles functions in this compartmentalization?
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31.  Organelles other than the nucleus that contain DNA include
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32.  Which of the following statements incorrectly describes common structural features of an animal secretory cell and a photosynthetic plant cell?
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33.  Large numbers of ribosomes are present in cells that specialize in producing which of the following molecules?
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34.  The Golgi apparatus has a polarity or sidedness to its structure and function. Which of the following statements correctly describes this polarity?
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35.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: one of the main energy transformers of cells
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36.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: contains hydrolytic enzymes  
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37.  Cells of the pancreas will incorporate radioactively labeled amino acids into proteins. This "tagging" of newly synthesized proteins enables a researcher to track the location of these proteins in a cell. In this case, we are tracking an enzyme that is eventually secreted by pancreatic cells. Which of the following is the most likely pathway for movement of this protein in the cell?
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38.  Which of the following are prokaryotic cells?
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39.  Which of the following compounds require the presence of the nuclear pores to move between the cytoplasm and the interior of the nucleus?
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40.  Which of the following structure-function pairs is mismatched?
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