ChAPter 6 Test - AP Biology

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1.  Which of the following structures is common to plant and animal cells?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Which of the following is not considered part of the endomembrane system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  The symptoms of a certain inherited disorder in humans include breathing problems and, in males, sterility. Which of the following is a reasonable hypothesis for the molecular basis of this disorder?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  All of the following are part of a prokaryotic cell except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  All of the following are correct matches of the location of a protein and the location of its synthesis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Which type of cell would probably provide the best opportunity to study lysosomes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Which of the following compounds require the presence of the nuclear pores to move between the cytoplasm and the interior of the nucleus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Where is calcium stored?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  For the following, choose the most inclusive category: tonoplast
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  For the following, choose the most inclusive category: plasma membrane
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  For the following, choose the most inclusive category: nucleoid
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: a compartment that often takes up much of the volume of a plant cell
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Organelles other than the nucleus that contain DNA include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  A cell has the following molecules and structures: enzymes, DNA, ribosomes, plasma membrane, and mitochondria. It could be a cell from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  ________ is composed of DNA and protein. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Which of the following are capable of converting light energy to chemical energy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Which structure is the site of the synthesis of proteins that may be exported from the cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Which of the following incorrectly matches the type of cell, type of protein, and site of the protein's synthesis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Of the following, which is probably the most common route for membrane flow in the endomembrane system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: helps to recycle the cell's organic material
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  The chemical reactions involved in respiration are virtually identical between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. In eukaryotic cells, ATP is synthesized primarily on the inner membrane of the mitochondria. Where are the corresponding reactions likely to occur in prokaryotic respiration?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Under which of the following conditions would you expect to find a cell with a predominance of free ribosomes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Large numbers of ribosomes are present in cells that specialize in producing which of the following molecules?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Which of the following statements is a correct distinction between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells attributable to the absence of a prokaryotic cytoskeleton?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: one of the main energy transformers of cells
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  In eukaryotic cells, the first step in protein synthesis is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Choose the statement that correctly characterizes bound ribosomes.
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Which of the following statements incorrectly describes common structural features of an animal secretory cell and a photosynthetic plant cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  The fact that the outer membrane of the nuclear envelope has bound ribosomes allows one to most reliably  conclude that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Of the following, what do both mitochondria and chloroplasts have in common?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: contains enzymes that transfer hydrogen from various substrates to oxygen
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  In animal cells, hydrolytic enzymes are packaged to prevent general destruction of cellular components. Which of the following organelles functions in this compartmentalization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  The difference in lipid and protein composition between the membranes of the endomembrane system is largely determined by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Which of the following comparisons between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells is incorrect?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Which of the following does not contain functional ribosomes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Which of the following is present in a prokaryotic cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  The Golgi apparatus has a polarity or sidedness to its structure and function. Which of the following statements correctly describes this polarity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  A biologist ground up some plant leaf cells and then centrifuged the mixture to fractionate the organelles. Organelles in one of the heavier fractions could produce ATP in the light, while organelles in the lighter fraction could produce ATP in the dark. The heavier and lighter fractions are most likely to contain, respectively,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Which of the following are prokaryotic cells?
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  Choose the most appropriate term for the following: a versatile plant compartment that may hold reserves of organic compounds or inorganic ions
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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