Chapter 38: The Eisenhower Era

31 Questions  I  By Tjerry
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Chapter 38 questions from American Pageant 12th edition

  
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  • 1. 
    Richard Nixon was chosen as the Vice President nominee:
    • A. 

      To be a swing vote in the democratic party

    • B. 

      To fuel the Cold War cries for an end to the soviet union conflict

    • C. 

      Because of his extensive experience in new technologies

    • D. 

      To satisfy the anticommunist wing of the Republican Party.

    • E. 

      For his military background and effusive charm


  • 2. 
    Eisenhower presented himself to the country as a strongly partisan Republican President.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 3. 
    Eisenhower initially hesitated to oppose Senator Joseph McCarthy because of McCarthy's political popularity and power.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 4. 
    In the 1952 campaign, the Eisenhower-Nixon ticket made the first really effective use of:
    • A. 

      The cold war as a campaign issue

    • B. 

      Television

    • C. 

      Political advertising

    • D. 

      Political appeals targeted at special interest groups


  • 5. 
    As president, Eisenhower enjoyed great popularity by presenting a leadership style of
    • A. 

      Reassurance, sincerity, and optimism

    • B. 

      Aggressiveness, boldness, and energy

    • C. 

      Political shrewdness, economic knowledge, and hands-on management

    • D. 

      Vision, imagination, and moral leadership


  • 6. 
    McCarthy lost his power when he attacked alleged communist influence in the U.S. Army
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 7. 
    The Supreme Court ruled in Brown vs. Topeka Board of Education that blacks should be provided additional educational benefits in order to equalize public education.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 8. 
    Eisenhower used his influence as president to support blacks' push for civil rights in the schools and elsewhere
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 9. 
    Eisenhower endorsed a major growth of military spending on conventional and nuclear forces to counteract the Societ Union in the Cold War.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 10. 
    Eisenhower tried but failed to repeal most of the New Deal economic and social legislation.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 11. 
    The Korean War ended with
    • A. 

      An agreement to unify and neutralize Korea

    • B. 

      A peace treaty that provided for withdrawal of American and Chinese forces from Korea

    • C. 

      An American and South Korean military victory

    • D. 

      A stalemated armistice and continued division of North and South Korea


  • 12. 
    Senator McCarthy's anticommunist crusade finally collapse when:
    • A. 

      The Cold War wound down

    • B. 

      Eisenhower publicly attacked him as a threat to the Republican party

    • C. 

      McCarthy failed to force the alleged communists out of the federal government

    • D. 

      McCarthy attacked the U.S. Army for alleged communist influence


  • 13. 
    The precipitating event that made Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr the most prominent civil rights leader was
    • A. 

      The lynching of Emmett Till

    • B. 

      The Little Rock school crisis

    • C. 

      The Montgomery bus boycott

    • D. 

      The passage of the 1957 Civil Rights Act


  • 14. 
    The primary impetus for civil rights within the federal government came from
    • A. 

      The Supreme Court

    • B. 

      Congress

    • C. 

      President Eisenhower

    • D. 

      The armed forces


  • 15. 
    In the Hungarian crisis, the United States retreated from Secretary of State Dulles's talk of "rolling back" communism and liberating the "captive people" of Eastern Europe.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 16. 
    Eisenhower sent the first contingent of American troops to Vietnam in 1954 in order to prevent the communist Vietnamese from defeating the French.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 17. 
    The Suez Crisis was caused by Egyptian President Nasser's nationalization of the Suez Canal.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 18. 
    The Soviet Sputnik satellite raised American fears that the Soviet Union had forged ahead of the United States in rocketry, science, and education.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 19. 
    Martin Luther King, Jr.'s civil rights organization, the SCLC, rested on the institutional foundation of
    • A. 

      Black business

    • B. 

      The black churches

    • C. 

      Black colleges

    • D. 

      Northern philanthropic foundations


  • 20. 
    Eisenhower's basic approach to domestic economic policy was
    • A. 

      To seek to overturn the Democratic New Deal

    • B. 

      To propose major new federal social programs

    • C. 

      To turn most New Deal programs over to the states

    • D. 

      To trim back some New Deal programs but keep most in place


  • 21. 
    Dispite his fiscal conservatism, Eisenhower actually outdid the New Deal with his massive federal spending on
    • A. 

      A continental interstate highway

    • B. 

      A system of medical care for the elderly

    • C. 

      Intercontinental military bombers and civilian aircraft

    • D. 

      Agricultural subsidies for American farmers


  • 22. 
    The United States first became involved in Vietnam by
    • A. 

      Providing economic aid to the democratic Vietnamese government of Ngo Dinh Diem

    • B. 

      Providing economic aid to the French colonists fighting Ho Chi Minh

    • C. 

      Providing aid to Ho Ch Minh in his fight against the French colonists

    • D. 

      Sending American bombers to defend the French at Dien Bien Phu


  • 23. 
    In the 1950s, Latin America sometimes demonstrated hostility toward the United States for supporting anticommunist dictators and ignoring Latin American interstes.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 24. 
    Senator Kennedy was able to successfully neutralize the issue of his Roman Catholicism during the 1960s campaign
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 25. 
    Feminist Betty Friedan's manifesto The Feminine Mystique was aimed primarily at reviving labor militancy among working class women in factories and shops.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 26. 
    Social critics like David Riesman and Daniel Bell attacked the conformity and consumerism that they believed was undermining the older American character and work ethic.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 27. 
    Senator John F. Kennedy's main issue in the campaing of 1960 was that
    • A. 

      As a Catholic he would be better able to deal with the Catholic Latin America

    • B. 

      The United States should seek nuclear disarmament agreement with the Soviets

    • C. 

      The United States had fallen behind the Soviet Union in prestige and power

    • D. 

      The Eisenhower administration had failed to work hard enough for desegregation


  • 28. 
    When the 1950s began, a majority of women were
    • A. 

      Working in blue-collar factory and service jobs

    • B. 

      Raising children and not employed outside of the home

    • C. 

      Pursuing training and education to prepare them for the new positions in service and high technology

    • D. 

      Agitating for federal child care and other assistance to enable them to assume a larger place in the work force


  • 29. 
    The primary force shaping the new consumerism and popular culture of the 1950s was
    • A. 

      The computer

    • B. 

      Magazines like Playboy

    • C. 

      Television

    • D. 

      Evangelical Protestantism


  • 30. 
    One major breakthrough in American literature in the early post World-War II years was
    • A. 

      The realistic depiction of war and industrial poverty

    • B. 

      Angry social criticism of the "American Dream"

    • C. 

      Satirical and comic novels by Jewish writers

    • D. 

      An optimistic vision of nature and love in the work of American poets and playwrights


  • 31. 
    A key economic transformation of the 1950s was
    • A. 

      The displacements of large corporations by smaller entrepreneurial businesses

    • B. 

      The growth of "white collar" jobs into a majority that increasingly replaced "blue collar" factory labor

    • C. 

      The turn from World War II military and defense industries to civilian production

    • D. 

      The replacement of "mass consumer production" by "target marketing" aimed at particular segments of the population


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