Chapter 24

64 Questions  I  By Nenegto04
Chapter 24: Pee Pee System!!

  
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1.  What vascular structure is found between the afferent and efferent arterioles?
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  What is the major artery that supplies the kidneys?
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Which of the following is correct?
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  The urinary tract is lined with
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  The renal cortex descends between the pyramids as the
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  The renal capsule
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Which blood vessels are primarily concerned with reabsorption?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  What is the urine-making strucutre of the kidney?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Where does aldosterone exert its effects?
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  The efferent arterioles extend to become the
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  The proximal convulated tubules extend to become the
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Urine flows from the ascending limb (loop of Henle) into the
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  The calyces receive urine from the
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  ADH exerts its effects on the
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Which of the following is not "plumbing"?
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  The detrusor muscle is located in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  The word voiding refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Which of the following words best describes the function of the urinary bladder?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  This structure is located between the renal pelvis and the urinary bladder
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  The urinary meatus is part of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  The detrusor muscle is concerned with
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Kaliuresis refers to the renal excretion of
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  Natriuresis refers to the renal excretion of
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  The renal excretion of Na+ is generally accompanied by the excretion of
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  The juxtaglomerular apparatus (JGA) secretes
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Renin activates
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  Activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Aldosterone
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  The juxtaglomerular apparatus (JGA) is located near the
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  The internal and external sphincters are associated with (the)
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Which of the following is not located within the urinary bladder?
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Which of the following should not be found in the glomerular filtrate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Which of the following is most likely to cause polyuria?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Which of the following is not true of ADH?
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Which of the following is absorbed across the walls of the collectiong duct under he influence of ADH?
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  Pyuria is indicative of
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  This substance is filtered by the glomerulus and is excreted in the urine; there is minimal reabsorption
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Cystitis refers to inflammation of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  Which of the following is found in the kidney?
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  Bowman's capsule is part of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  What part of the nephron unit filters 180L of water per day?
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  Creatinine is
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  A diuretic
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Which of the following occurs at the distal convoluted tubule?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  Which of the following terms refers to the voluntary expulsion of urine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  With regard to reabsorption, which structure plays the most important role?
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  ADH
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  Low levels of oxygen stimulate the kidneys to secrete this hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  In the process of secretion, a substance moves from the peritubular capillaries into this structure
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  Under normal conditions, this substance is present in the urine
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Which condition is associated with proteinuria?
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  Which of the following is caused by a deficiency of erythropoietin?
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  Which hormone affects blood volume?
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  Aldosterone
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  Which of the following is caused by prolonged hypotension?
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  What is the meaning of an elevated serum creatinine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  A drug is classified as a uretic.  Most likely the drug
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  Which condition is characterized by hematuria and pyuria?
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  Renal failure causes anemia because of
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  The urinary bladder
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  When the arterial blood pressure declines to 70/50 mm Hg,
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  What happens at the glomerular membrane?
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  The distal convoluted tubule
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  A patient with stenosis (narrowing) of the renal artery is most likely to present with
A.
B.
C.
D.
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