Chapter 2 - The Constitution

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AP Government Chapter 2 Multiple Choice Test

  
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  • 1. 
    Which of the following statements is FALSE?
    • A. 

      A constitution is a nation's basic law.

    • B. 

      A constitution is an unwritten accumulation of traditions and precedents.

    • C. 

      A constitution allocates power within government.

    • D. 

      A constitution sets neutral rules of the game of politics.


  • 2. 
    During the colonial period, the British king and Parliament
    • A. 

      Were involved in nearly every aspect of colonial life.

    • B. 

      Confined themselves to governing America's foreign policy and trade.

    • C. 

      Allowed the colonists a limited number of representatives in Parliament.

    • D. 

      Put strict limits on American freedom.


  • 3. 
    The motion for declaring the United STates as free and independent was made by
    • A. 

      Thomas Jefferson

    • B. 

      Benjamin Franklin

    • C. 

      Richard Henry Lee

    • D. 

      John Adams


  • 4. 
    Which of the following concepts is inconsistent with the political phiosophy associated with John Locke?
    • A. 

      Natural Rights

    • B. 

      The divine right of kings

    • C. 

      Limited government

    • D. 

      The sanctity of property


  • 5. 
    John Locke held that people should revolt when 
    • A. 

      Injustices become deeply felt

    • B. 

      Transient issues emerge

    • C. 

      Government no longer has their consent

    • D. 

      Both A and C.


  • 6. 
    Which of the following Lockean concepts of government does not have a direct parallel in Thomas Jefferson's draft of the Declaration of Independence?
    • A. 

      Natural rights

    • B. 

      Limited government

    • C. 

      The sanctity of property

    • D. 

      The right to revolt


  • 7. 
    The American Revolution drastically altered the colonists' way of life
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 8. 
    Our first constitution was the Articles of Confederation
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 9. 
    Most governmental authority in the early American experience rested with 
    • A. 

      State legislatures

    • B. 

      Local townships

    • C. 

      The Continental Congress

    • D. 

      Voluntary alliances


  • 10. 
    The Articles of Confederaton established the 
    • A. 

      Presidency

    • B. 

      Senate and the house of representatives

    • C. 

      Supreme court

    • D. 

      Continental congress


  • 11. 
    The continental congress did not have the power to
    • A. 

      Tax

    • B. 

      Issue securities

    • C. 

      Maintain a military

    • D. 

      Print money


  • 12. 
    Which of the following did not occur under the articles of confederation?
    • A. 

      Shay's Rebellion

    • B. 

      A power shift in the states away from the elite

    • C. 

      An aborted meeting at Annapolis

    • D. 

      Sweeping policies favoring creditors over debtors


  • 13. 
    Shays' Rebellion was
    • A. 

      A battle in the Revolutionary War

    • B. 

      An attack on courthouses to prevent foreclosure proceedings

    • C. 

      A constitutional debate

    • D. 

      A colonial newspaper


  • 14. 
    Which of the followig does not in general describe the "Gentelmen in Piladelplhia?"
    • A. 

      College educated

    • B. 

      Wealthy

    • C. 

      Western

    • D. 

      Successful


  • 15. 
    james Madison believed that factions would check themselves
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 16. 
    The philosophy of the Founders was based in part on
    • A. 

      The faith that self-restraint was part of human nature

    • B. 

      A belief that political conflict is unrelated to the distribution of wealth in society.

    • C. 

      A view that the principal object of government is the preservation of property.

    • D. 

      The idea that the separation of power is not needed in balanced government.


  • 17. 
    Which of the following was NOT one of the key equality issues debated at the COnstitutional Convention?
    • A. 

      Representation of the states in Congress

    • B. 

      Equal opportunity for women

    • C. 

      Slavery

    • D. 

      Political equality


  • 18. 
    Representation of the states in Congress was settled at the Constitutional Convention with the 
    • A. 

      Connecticut Compromise

    • B. 

      Three-fifths compromise

    • C. 

      New Jersey Plan

    • D. 

      Virginia Plan


  • 19. 
    Regarding the issue of slavery, the delegates to the Constitutional Convention agreed
    • A. 

      To abolish slavery

    • B. 

      Not to count slaves in determining representation in Congress

    • C. 

      To sanction slaver officially

    • D. 

      To limit future importing of slaves


  • 20. 
    Delegates to the Constitutional Convention left it up to the states to decide who could vote in national elections
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 21. 
    One of the major economic issues that the writers of the COnstitution felt they needed to address was
    • A. 

      Tariffs erected by the states

    • B. 

      Virtually worthless paper money forced on creditors in some states

    • C. 

      The inability of the Continental Congress to raise needed money

    • D. 

      All of the Above


  • 22. 
    Which of the following statements is TRUE?
    • A. 

      The writers of the COnstitution believed that the national economy was in good shape

    • B. 

      Economic issues were nonexistent at the writing of the Constitution

    • C. 

      The power of COngress to make economic policy is carefully spelled out in the Constitution

    • D. 

      The Constitution writers were men of little wealth


  • 23. 
    The original Constitution says very little about personal freedoms.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 24. 
    A writ of habeas corpus
    • A. 

      Enables persons detained by authorities to secure an immediate inquiry into the causes of their detention

    • B. 

      Allows for the punishment of people without a judicial trial

    • C. 

      Allows for people to be punished or have their penalties increased for acts that were not illegal or not punishable when committed.

    • D. 

      Narrowly defines and outlines strict rules of evidence for conviction of treason.


  • 25. 
    The principle of separation of powers resulted from the fact that the Constitution writers feared the possibility of a tyranny of the majority.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 26. 
    The Madisonian model of government is based on the idea that
    • A. 

      As much of government as possible should be beyond the direct control of the Majority

    • B. 

      The power of government's different institutions should be separated.

    • C. 

      A system of checks and balances is needed in government

    • D. 

      All the Above.


  • 27. 
    In the MAdisonian model of government, majority rule is accomplished by the election of the
    • A. 

      Senate

    • B. 

      House of Representatives

    • C. 

      President

    • D. 

      Supreme Court


  • 28. 
    The president's veto power is an example of
    • A. 

      Checks and balances

    • B. 

      Majority Rule

    • C. 

      Presidential supremacy

    • D. 

      Judicial review.


  • 29. 
    The Madisonian system
    • A. 

      Created a form of direct democracy

    • B. 

      Had a liberal bias toward change

    • C. 

      Created a republic based on the consent of the governed.

    • D. 

      Made change virtually impossible.


  • 30. 
    The final version of the Constitution was read aloud at a public meeting in Philadelphia.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 31. 
    Immediately after the Constitution was singed the delegates to the convention
    • A. 

      Returned to their rooms

    • B. 

      Adjourned to a tavern

    • C. 

      Attended religious services

    • D. 

      Composed the national anthem.


  • 32. 
    The Federalist Papers were published under the name
    • A. 

      Philadelphiensis.

    • B. 

      Monteczuma

    • C. 

      Aggrippa

    • D. 

      Publius


  • 33. 
    The Anti - Federalists were an unpatriotic and un-American group
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 34. 
    Which of the following was NOT an Anti-Federalist argument against the ratification of the COnstitution?
    • A. 

      A charge that it was a class-based document.

    • B. 

      A claim that it would weaken the power of the states

    • C. 

      A claim that the Bill of Rights was unnecessary

    • D. 

      A charge that it would benefit creditors?


  • 35. 
    The COnstitution was ratified by
    • A. 

      State conventions

    • B. 

      A general election

    • C. 

      state legislatures

    • D. 

      A referendum


  • 36. 
    An unwritten constitution
    • A. 

      Is a body of tradition, practice, and procedure

    • B. 

      Is represented by the Bill of Rights

    • C. 

      Does not affect the spirit of the Constitution

    • D. 

      Does not encompass political parties.


  • 37. 
    An amendment to the Constitution can be ratified either by the legislature of 3/4ths the states or by special conventions called in 3/4ths the states.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 38. 
    Taken as a whole, the amendments to teh Constitution make it
    • A. 

      More democratic

    • B. 

      Elite and class-oriented

    • C. 

      Less egalitarian

    • D. 

      More focused on economic issues


  • 39. 
    The Equal Rights Amendment failed in part because of the system of checks and balances
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 40. 
    The Constitution does not formally provide for
    • A. 

      The two-party system

    • B. 

      The role of television in politics

    • C. 

      Binding members of the electoral college to the preference of voters.

    • D. 

      All of the Above.


  • 41. 
    The case of Marbury v. Madison 
    • A. 

      Firmly established the power of judicial review

    • B. 

      Intended there to be no popular vote for the president

    • C. 

      Required presidential electors to pledge in advance to vote for the candidate that won their state's popular vote.

    • D. 

      Established the electoral college as a rubber stamp for the popular vote


  • 42. 
    The writers of the COnstitution
    • A. 

      Favored the formation of a two party system

    • B. 

      Intended there to be no popular vote for the president

    • C. 

      Required presidential electors to pledge in advance to vote for the candidate that won their state's popular vote.

    • D. 

      Established the electoral college as a rubber stamp for the popular vote.


  • 43. 
    The roles of political parties and members of the electoral college are examples of constitutional change through political practice.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 44. 
    Which of the following statements regarding the US Constitution is FALSE?
    • A. 

      The US constitution if a very flexible document

    • B. 

      The US Constitution is the oldest functioning constitution

    • C. 

      The US Constitution is very long compared to other constitutions

    • D. 

      The only court provided for by the US COnstitution is the Supreme fourt


  • 45. 
    The Consittution is in many ways an undemocratic, even anti-democratic document.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 46. 
    Which of the following statements regarding the Constitution is FLASE?
    • A. 

      One of the central themes of American history has been the gradual democratization of the COnstitution.

    • B. 

      The original Constitution was characterized by numerous restrictions on direct voter participation.

    • C. 

      The original Constitution offers numerous guidelines on voter eligibility.

    • D. 

      Five of the 17 constitutional amendments passed since the Bill of Rights have focused on the expansion of the electorate.


  • 47. 
    During the early years of the civil rights movement, African Americans had the most luck getting their interests on the political agenda through the 
    • A. 

      President

    • B. 

      Congress

    • C. 

      Supreme Court

    • D. 

      State legislatures


  • 48. 
    The separation of powers and the system of check and balances promote
    • A. 

      The politics of bargaining

    • B. 

      Compromise

    • C. 

      Playing one institution against another

    • D. 

      All of the Above


  • 49. 
    The first constitution of the United States

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