Chapter 16

24 Questions  I  By Yancy
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Chapter 16
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  • 1. 
    In the late nineteenth century, social thinkers such as Edward Bellamy, Henry George, and Lawrence Gronlund offered numerous plans for change primarily because they were alarmed by a fear of:
    • A. 

      Class warfare and the growing power of concentrated capital.

    • B. 

      The momentum gained by women in their efforts to win suffrage and other rights in the public realm.

    • C. 

      The rapid migration of African-Americans from the South to the industrial North and their increased voting power.

    • D. 

      Increasing power of the executive branch of government and lack of checks and balances.

    • E. 

      Increasing power of the executive branch of government and lack of checks and balances.


  • 2. 
    After the Civil War, which became symbols of a life of freedom on the open range?
    • A. 

      Buffalo

    • B. 

      Pioneers

    • C. 

      Pony express riders

    • D. 

      Cowboys

    • E. 

      Indians


  • 3. 
    Republican economic policies strongly favored:
    • A. 

      Southern sharecroppers.

    • B. 

      National consumers.

    • C. 

      Midwestern farmers.

    • D. 

      Eastern industrialists and bankers.

    • E. 

      Western silver mine owners.


  • 4. 
    The Social Gospel:
    • A. 

      Was part of the Catholic Church.

    • B. 

      Was financed by corporate donations.

    • C. 

      Called for an equalization of wealth and power.

    • D. 

      Was another term for Social Darwinism.

    • E. 

      Did not support aid to the poor.


  • 5. 
    Which statement about labor and the law is false?
    • A. 

      Lochner v. New York voided a state law that established maximum working hours for bakers citing that it infringed on individual freedom.

    • B. 

      The courts viewed state regulation of business as an insult to free labor.

    • C. 

      Liberals thought that the workers’ demands that the government help them was an example of how the misuse of political power posed a threat to liberty.

    • D. 

      Workers generally welcomed the Court’s decisions on industry.

    • E. 

      The courts generally sided with business enterprises that complained of a loss of economic freedom.


  • 6. 
    The Dawes Act:
    • A. 

      Outlawed the killing of the buffalo.

    • B. 

      Ended the Indian wars in the West.

    • C. 

      Placed Indians on reservations.

    • D. 

      Divided tribal lands into parcels of land for Indian families.

    • E. 

      Was considered a success by the Indians.


  • 7. 
    Henry George argued in Progress and Poverty that poverty sprang from:
    • A. 

      All of the above

    • B. 

      Poor character.

    • C. 

      A denial of justice.

    • D. 

      A lack of money.

    • E. 

      The corruption of the political machine.


  • 8. 
    Social Darwinism in America:
    • A. 

      Argued that failure to advance in society indicated a lack of character.

    • B. 

      Argued that evolution was as natural a process in human society as in nature, and government must not interfere.

    • C. 

      Argued that freedom required frank acceptance of inequality.

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      Evolved from the British philosopher Herbert Spencer.


  • 9. 
    An example of what the economist and social historian Thorstein Veblen meant by conspicuous consumption is:
    • A. 

      John Rockefeller’s purchase of one of his competitors.

    • B. 

      The free services handed out by social reformers.

    • C. 

      The social welfare services of European nations like Germany.

    • D. 

      An immigrant’s purchase of bread.

    • E. 

      Mrs. Bradley Martin’s costume ball.


  • 10. 
    Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockefeller:
    • A. 

      Faced no criticism for their business practices.

    • B. 

      Advocated government regulation of business.

    • C. 

      Were both immigrants.

    • D. 

      Led the way in social reform.

    • E. 

      Built up giant corporations that dominated their respective markets.


  • 11. 
    The theory of Social Darwinism argued that:
    • A. 

      Excessive personal wealth was a sign of weakness.

    • B. 

      The theory of evolution applied to humans, thus explaining why some were rich and some were poor.

    • C. 

      Public assistance should be available for the poor.

    • D. 

      The poor were in no way responsible for their poverty.

    • E. 

      Giant corporations were inherently evil.


  • 12. 
    Who ran for mayor of New York in 1886 on a Labor ticket?
    • A. 

      George Plunkitt

    • B. 

      Walter Rauschenbusch

    • C. 

      Henry George

    • D. 

      Edward Bellamy

    • E. 

      Horace Greeley


  • 13. 
    What was the merit system for federal employees called?
    • A. 

      The spoils system

    • B. 

      The fair standards policy

    • C. 

      The Equal Opportunity Act

    • D. 

      The Hepburn Act

    • E. 

      The Civil Service Act


  • 14. 
    Thomas Edison:
    • A. 

      Was a governor of New Jersey.

    • B. 

      Invented the typewriter.

    • C. 

      Was a railroad owner.

    • D. 

      Pioneered the use of the telephone.

    • E. 

      Invented, among other things, a system for generating and distributing electricity.


  • 15. 
    The Indian victory at Little Bighorn:
    • A. 

      Was typical at the time.

    • B. 

      Resulted in no U.S. Army casualties.

    • C. 

      Only temporarily delayed the advance of white settlement.

    • D. 

      Came after an unprovoked attack by Indians.

    • E. 

      Brought an end to the hostilities.


  • 16. 
    Elections during the Gilded Age:
    • A. 

      Were closely contested affairs.

    • B. 

      Suffered from low voter turnout.

    • C. 

      Were generally quiet affairs with few rallies or speeches.

    • D. 

      Brought an end to Democratic control of the South.

    • E. 

      Suffered from a lack of party loyalty among voters.


  • 17. 
    Bonanza farms:
    • A. 

      Typically had 3,000 or more acres.

    • B. 

      Were free homesteads in California.

    • C. 

      Were settled along the railroad lines of the Union-Pacific.

    • D. 

      Were the sharecropping farms found in the South.

    • E. 

      Were small, self-sufficient farms.


  • 18. 
    Henry George rejected the traditional equation of liberty with:
    • A. 

      Race.

    • B. 

      Ownership of land.

    • C. 

      The right to vote.

    • D. 

      Equal access to wealth.

    • E. 

      The right to work.


  • 19. 
    In How the Other Half Lives, Jacob Riis:
    • A. 

      Wrote about captains of industry.

    • B. 

      Discussed the lives of wealthy Americans.

    • C. 

      Highlighted the benefits of the second industrial revolution.

    • D. 

      Provided a fictional account of life in 1890.

    • E. 

      Focused on the wretched conditions of New York City slums.


  • 20. 
    Who insisted that freedom and spiritual self-development required an equalization of wealth and power and that unbridled competition mocked the Christian ideal of brotherhood?
    • A. 

      Andrew Carnegie

    • B. 

      Herbert Spencer

    • C. 

      William Graham Sumner

    • D. 

      Walter Rauschenbusch

    • E. 

      William Tweed


  • 21. 
    Who did not deal, in some literary way, with the subject of America’s poor?
    • A. 

      Edward Bellamy

    • B. 

      Jacob Riis

    • C. 

      Mathew Smith

    • D. 

      Henry George

    • E. 

      Charles Darwin


  • 22. 
    In the nineteenth century, pools, trusts, and mergers were:
    • A. 

      Ways manufacturers sought to control the marketplace.

    • B. 

      Seen as beneficial by consumers.

    • C. 

      Against the law.

    • D. 

      Used only rarely.

    • E. 

      Unheard of.


  • 23. 
    Crédit Mobiler and the Whiskey Ring:
    • A. 

      Were owned by Andrew Carnegie.

    • B. 

      Were international corporations.

    • C. 

      Donated money to the poor.

    • D. 

      Were indicative of the corruption in the Grant administration.

    • E. 

      Were involved in steel production.


  • 24. 
    One of the reasons that the Great Strike of 1877 was important is that
    • A. 

      Not since the Civil War had so many people been killed.

    • B. 

      It proved the theory of Social Darwinism

    • C. 

      It demonstrated how effective the Knights of Labor could be in organizing workers.

    • D. 

      The victory won by labor was the greatest for the labor movement in American history.

    • E. 

      It underscored the tensions produced by the rapid industrialization of the time.


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