Brain And Behavior Exam 2

63 Questions  I  By Ekanye on February 19, 2010
This is questions over chapter 4-6 and also includes some practice questions you can take the quiz as much as you like... Good luck

  
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1.  Which of the following is a pure compound derived from poppies?
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  If a newly developed drug is found to bind to dopamine receptors but does not activate them, the drug is classified as a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  A major site of origin of projections using the transmitter norepinephrine is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Steroid hormones typically exert their effects by
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  The posterior pituitary
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Which of the following are two names for classes of hormones
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Which of the follwoing hominids emerged first in the course of evolution?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Increasing the expression of the gene for B- catenin in transgenic mice produces which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  The streamlined body forms of the tuna and the dolphin provide an example of
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Phencyclidine (PCP) acts on receptors that normally respond to the neurotransmitter
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  The discovery that the brain contains specific receptors for manufactured opiate drugs, such as morphine, implies that the body must make an______ substance to interact with the same receptors
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  The first endogenous opiates to be discovered were the
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  What is the appropriate technique for visualizing the location of receptors within cells?
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Hormonal messages can be generally described as
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Steroid hormones are derived from
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  The current system that is used for classifying animals were originated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  On a graph in which brain weight is related to body weight using log scales, the line that best describes the relatioship in mammals has a slop of about
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  The brain of the modern chimpanzee is about the same size as the brain of
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Which fo the following is not part of the amine subtype of small-moeluce neurotransmitters?
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  If a newly developed drug is found to bind to serotonin receptors and activate them, the drug is classified as
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Down-regualtion is the process by which?
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Which of the following structures does not contain cholinergic nerve cell bodies and projections?
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  The dose at which a drug has a half-maximal reponse is termed the
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  As a consequence of repeated use of drug, larger and larger doses of the drug may be nencessary in order to achieve the same effect. This is a consequence of the development of
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  A major site of origin of projections using the neurotransmitter dopamine is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Drugs that are effective in reducing the symptoms of schizophrenia are known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  Which of the following is not an opioid peptide?
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Which type of tolerance may result in a change in the number of receptors present in the cell membrane?
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Which of the following substance competes with the neuromodulator adenosine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  The anxiolyitc drug Valium belongs to the class of drugs known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  If a cell releases a hormone that affects the cell next to it, the hormone is said to act in____ fashion
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Releasing hormones are produced in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Cushing's syndrome has shown to be a result of
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Based on what we know about meadow volves (i.e, they do not form pair-bonds and they have multiple mating partners), which peptide hormone receptor would you expect to show decreased levels in promiscuous human males in comparison to monogamous human males?
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Which of the following is not an anterior pituitary hormone?
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  Neurosecretory cells of the hypothalamus release_____ into the bloodstream
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Which of the following kinds of interaction is responsible for the effect of testosterone on excitability of the brain?
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  In general, steroid hormones from the peripheral organs______ the release of hormones from the pituitary through the process of ______ feedback.
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  Urine formation is inhibitd by
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  The adrenal medulla releases its hormones in response to
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Melatonin is released almost exclusively
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  ________ hormones affect the secretion of endocrine glands.
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  A hormone that is normally found only in females is
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  The appropriate technique for measuring the concentration of a hormone in a sample of blood is
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  Which hormone is responsible for the contractions of the uterus during childbirth?
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Compared to other species, the _______ has the closest genetic endowment of that of humans.
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  Which of the following is lacking in the lamprey brain?
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  On logarithmic scales, the size of each mammalian brain structure, with the exception of the ____________, correlates 0.96 or higher with total brain size
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  Evolution of the brain and increased behavioral capacity advanced rapidly during the time of
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  The core of the invertebrate ganglion is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  The difference in DNA between humans and chimpanzees amounts to
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  The corpus_______ appears to be especially well developed in the nervous system of social insects as compared to solitary species
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  Of the following classifications, which is the most inclusive?
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  The _______ is relatively larger in the rat brain than in the human brain.
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  According to the principle of _________ selection, members of each sex exert selective pressure on members of the other sex in terms of both anatomical and behaviroal features that favors reproductive success
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  It is believed that the migration across the Berling Strait to the Americas occurred_________ years ago
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  The human and the ______ have a very similar brain weight as a percentage of body weight
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  Which of the followign is not one of the main fetures of the vertebrate nervous system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  A mouse has about the same ratio of brain weight to body weight as
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  Which of the following is a prominent difference between the brains of humans and those of chimpanzees?
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  The destructive effect of alcohol on neurons is probably mediated by_____ which is (are) one of alcohol's breakdown products.
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  Which of the following types of drugs may be helpful in preventing excitotoxicity associated with stroke or trauma and resulting in excessive glutamate release?
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  Which of the following neurotransmitters, by acting as a retrograde messenger, has a role in maintaining smooth muscle relaxation, increasing blood flow to the penis, and therby maintaining erection?
A.
B.
C.
D.
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