Bio 102 Quiz #2

25 Questions  I  By Danpack1988
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  • 1. 
    Hormones are chemical produced by the Endocrine System that:
    • A. 

      Control the formation of urine

    • B. 

      Regulate a variety of body functions, such as metabolism

    • C. 

      Are stimulated by the action of metabolic enzymes

    • D. 

      Play a role in the digestion of fats

    • E. 

      Function to prevent a variety of diseases, such as Diabetes


  • 2. 
    Compared to the Endocrine System, the Nervous System:
    • A. 

      Has a faster response, but the signal doesn't last as long

    • B. 

      Has a slower response and a signal that doesn't last as long

    • C. 

      Has a faster response with a longer lasting signal

    • D. 

      Has a slower response with a longer lasting signal

    • E. 

      Has a slower response, but a signal that lasts roughly the same amount of time


  • 3. 
    Bisphenol A (BPA) is foundin many plastics. Female rats injected with BPA daily for their first 10 days of life displayed decreased levels of LH in their blood. Which organ was being affected by the BPA that lead to decreased LH in the blood?
    • A. 

      Ovary

    • B. 

      Kidney

    • C. 

      Pituitary

    • D. 

      Thyroid

    • E. 

      Pancreas


  • 4. 
    Bisphenol A (BPA) would be considered which of the following:
    • A. 

      A local regulator

    • B. 

      An Endocrine Disruptor

    • C. 

      An antibiotic

    • D. 

      Neurotoxin

    • E. 

      Synthetic hormone


  • 5. 
    Non-steroid hormonesare synthesized from:
    • A. 

      Amino Acids

    • B. 

      Cholesterol

    • C. 

      Nucleic Acids

    • D. 

      Carbohydrates

    • E. 

      Long-Chain Fatty Acids


  • 6. 
    Which of the following options lists the sequence of events in the cell-signaling process in the correct order?
    • A. 

      Reception, Cell Response and Transduction

    • B. 

      Transduction, Reception and Cell Response

    • C. 

      Transduction, Cell Response and Reception

    • D. 

      Reception, Transduction and Cell Response

    • E. 

      Cell Response, Transduction and Reception


  • 7. 
    The result of binding a signal molecule to it's receptor is:
    • A. 

      Production of a protein by the target cell, followed by death

    • B. 

      Cell Division

    • C. 

      Signal Transduction

    • D. 

      Dehydration, followed by the sodium release

    • E. 

      Partitioning of the nucleus within the target cell


  • 8. 
    Steroid hormones are lipids made from:
    • A. 

      Amino Acids

    • B. 

      Cholesterol

    • C. 

      Nucleic Acids

    • D. 

      Carbohydrates

    • E. 

      Carbohydrates and Amino Acids


  • 9. 
    A single steroid hormone can cause different effects in different cells by:
    • A. 

      Sticking to different parts of the cellular membrane

    • B. 

      Binding to different receptors

    • C. 

      Acting on different organelles

    • D. 

      Activating different secondary messengers

    • E. 

      Activating different enzymes


  • 10. 
    Which of the following statements regarding endocrine glands is true?
    • A. 

      Some endocrine glands, like the Pituitary, have other endocrine glands as their targets

    • B. 

      The sex organs and the Thyroid Gland produce steroid hormones

    • C. 

      The Pancreas has only non-endocrine functions

    • D. 

      The Thyroid Gland begins to shrink at puberty in humans

    • E. 

      Most of the endocrine glands produce steroid hormones


  • 11. 
    If a physician recommends frequent small meals with low carbohydrate and high protein content, the patient most likely:
    • A. 

      Suffers from Hypoglycemia

    • B. 

      Suffers from Goiter

    • C. 

      Suffers from Osteoporosis

    • D. 

      Suffers from Hyperglycemia

    • E. 

      Suffers from Morbid Obesity


  • 12. 
    Which of the following hormones stimulates and maintains metabolic processes?
    • A. 

      Calcitonin

    • B. 

      Thyroxine

    • C. 

      Thymosin

    • D. 

      Oxytocin

    • E. 

      Melatonin


  • 13. 
    Which of the following options correctly pairs an endocrine gland or hormone with an aspect of metabolism that it regulates?
    • A. 

      Parathyroid = Stimulates the Adrenal Cortex to secrete Glucocorticoids

    • B. 

      Pancreas = Stimulates growth of the Uterine Lining

    • C. 

      Insulin = Regulates blood glucose levels

    • D. 

      Prolactin = Manages blood potassium levels

    • E. 

      Thyroid = Stimulates T Lymphocyte development


  • 14. 
    Which of the following is an endocrine gland that raises blood calcium levels?
    • A. 

      Parathyroid

    • B. 

      Thyroid Gland

    • C. 

      Salivary Gland

    • D. 

      Pituitary Gland

    • E. 

      Testes


  • 15. 
    Which of the following statements about glands and hormones is true?
    • A. 

      The Anterior Pituitary is composed of endocrine cells

    • B. 

      The Posterior Pituitary is composed of Lymphatic Tissue

    • C. 

      The Pituitary is the master control center of the entire Endocrine System

    • D. 

      Growth hormone is produced by the Thymus Gland

    • E. 

      The Hypothalamus is an endocrine gland responsible for producing the hormone, Calcitonin


  • 16. 
    Which of the following hormones is released by neurosecretory cells extending from the Hypothalmus?
    • A. 

      Estrogen

    • B. 

      Growth Hormone

    • C. 

      Oxytocin

    • D. 

      Insulin

    • E. 

      Calcitonin


  • 17. 
    Which of the following hormones affects the greatest variety of cell types?
    • A. 

      Prolactin

    • B. 

      Endorphin

    • C. 

      Melatonin

    • D. 

      Growth Hormone

    • E. 

      Calcitonin


  • 18. 
    TRH is a type of _ hormone secreted by the _
    • A. 

      Steroid, Thyroid Gland

    • B. 

      Releasing, Hypothalamus

    • C. 

      Peptide, Thymus

    • D. 

      Releasing, Anterior Pituitary

    • E. 

      Releasing, Posterior Pituitary


  • 19. 
    Which glands requires the element Iodine to produce its hormones?
    • A. 

      Adrenal Medulla

    • B. 

      Thyroid

    • C. 

      Pineal

    • D. 

      Pituitary

    • E. 

      Ovary


  • 20. 
    Which of the following may be a consequence of excessive secretion of parathyroid hormone?
    • A. 

      Convulsive contractions of skeletal muscles

    • B. 

      Gigantism

    • C. 

      Loss of Calcium from the blood

    • D. 

      Exhaustion of the immune system

    • E. 

      Loss of Calcium from the bone


  • 21. 
    Which gland exerts primary control over the concentration of sugar in the blood?
    • A. 

      Liver

    • B. 

      Pituitary

    • C. 

      Pineal

    • D. 

      Pancreas

    • E. 

      Parathyroid


  • 22. 
    Which of a following is a non-steroid hormone?
    • A. 

      Glucagon

    • B. 

      Mineralcorticoid

    • C. 

      Glucocorticoid

    • D. 

      Estrogen

    • E. 

      Androgen


  • 23. 
    Which of the following is associated with obesity? It often does not show up until after the age of 40 and occurs because cells of the body fails to respond adequetely to insulin
    • A. 

      Type 1 Diabetes

    • B. 

      Type 2 Diabetes

    • C. 

      Type 3 Diabetes

    • D. 

      Hyperglycemia

    • E. 

      Hypoglycemia


  • 24. 
    Which of the following is one of the three major categories of sex hormones?
    • A. 

      Glucocorticoids

    • B. 

      Estrogens

    • C. 

      Glucagons

    • D. 

      Prolactins

    • E. 

      FSH


  • 25. 
    Androgens Stimulate:
    • A. 

      The female reproductive system

    • B. 

      Release of Glucose into the blood system

    • C. 

      Growth of breasts in mammals

    • D. 

      Growth of facial hair in humans

    • E. 

      Ovulation


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