Becoming An Ethical Professional

30 Questions  I  By Swarren
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  • 1. 
    Which part of the brain is associated with feelings of empathy
    • A. 

      Frontal lobes

    • B. 

      Inferior parietal lobe

    • C. 

      Left hemisphere

    • D. 

      Right hemisphere


  • 2. 
    Which of the following is not a characteristic of frontal lobe damage
    • A. 

      Difficulty in logical reasoning

    • B. 

      Impulsivity

    • C. 

      Tendency toway apathy

    • D. 

      Loss of motor function


  • 3. 
    Which of the following is a type of test that measures an individual's ability to recongize and/or agree with moral terms?
    • A. 

      Memory tests

    • B. 

      Spatial skill tests

    • C. 

      Recongnition tests

    • D. 

      Intelligence tests


  • 4. 
    Studies found evidence of sex difference in all except
    • A. 

      Anitsocial behavior

    • B. 

      Deliquency

    • C. 

      Conduct disorders

    • D. 

      Intelligence


  • 5. 
    Shermer believes that morality is a product of
    • A. 

      Learning

    • B. 

      Reasoning

    • C. 

      Evolution

    • D. 

      Negative reinforcement


  • 6. 
    According to learning theorists
    • A. 

      Behavior arises from moral beliefs

    • B. 

      Moral behavior arisies through reason

    • C. 

      Moral beliefs arise from a habit of moral behavior that is the product of reinforcement

    • D. 

      Negative reinforcement is the most effective way to teach moral belief


  • 7. 
    Which of the following is not associated with learning theory
    • A. 

      Moral reasoning

    • B. 

      Cognitive dissonance

    • C. 

      Reinforcement

    • D. 

      Modeling


  • 8. 
    Ethical leaders should foster personal relationships with their subordinates in order to facilitate
    • A. 

      Caring

    • B. 

      Modeling

    • C. 

      Knowledge of weakness

    • D. 

      Friendship


  • 9. 
    The discomfort that results when behavior is not consistent with beliefs is called
    • A. 

      Cognitive dissension

    • B. 

      Value discord

    • C. 

      Cognitive dissonance

    • D. 

      Norm disagreement


  • 10. 
    Proponents of learning theory are best described by what term
    • A. 

      Deontological

    • B. 

      Teleological

    • C. 

      Relativist

    • D. 

      Absolutist


  • 11. 
    Social learning theory was developed by
    • A. 

      Albert bandura

    • B. 

      Jean piaget

    • C. 

      Erik erikson

    • D. 

      B.F. skinner


  • 12. 
    (blank) can be defined as the individuals feelings of competence, and this sense is developed by comparing the self to others
    • A. 

      Cognitive dissonance

    • B. 

      Self-efficacy

    • C. 

      Euphamistic morality

    • D. 

      Self-adequacy


  • 13. 
    Sanitizing language, such as "wasting" or "whacking" instead of killing is an example of
    • A. 

      Behavioral classification

    • B. 

      Metaphorical cataloging

    • C. 

      Cognitive adage

    • D. 

      Euphemistic labeling


  • 14. 
    Which of the following statements about social learning theory is true
    • A. 

      Social learning theory was developed by Lawrence Kohlberg

    • B. 

      Social learning theory reflects the idea of modeling as the mechanism of development

    • C. 

      Social learning theorists believe moral behavior is hierarchical

    • D. 

      Social learning theorists believe that as we develop, we move from pure egoism toward altruism


  • 15. 
    According to Bandura, self-regulation can be "turned off", leadning to inhumane acts, through cognitive restructuring via several different mechanisms. Which of the following is not one of these mechanisms
    • A. 

      Diffusion through responsibility

    • B. 

      Displacement of responsibility

    • C. 

      Advantageous labeling

    • D. 

      Disregard of the consequences


  • 16. 
    Who of the following is not assciated with developmental theories
    • A. 

      Kohlberg

    • B. 

      Bentham

    • C. 

      Gillian

    • D. 

      Piaget


  • 17. 
    Which of the following statements about developmental theories is false
    • A. 

      Developmental theories propose that individuals mature physically, cognitively, and emotionally

    • B. 

      Developmental theories argue that individuals have normal growth phases is areas such as morality and emotional maturity

    • C. 

      Jean Piaget and Lawrence Kohlberg are well-known developmental theorists

    • D. 

      Kohlbergs moral stages of development consists of two stages of moral reasoning, with three stages in each level


  • 18. 
    According to Kohlberg there are (blank) stages of moral development
    • A. 

      Six

    • B. 

      Seven

    • C. 

      Five

    • D. 

      Three


  • 19. 
    Whiaccording to Kohlberg, which is the first stage of moral development
    • A. 

      Punishment and obedience orientation

    • B. 

      Instrument and relativity orientation

    • C. 

      Social contract orientation

    • D. 

      Law and order orientation


  • 20. 
    Which of Kohlberg's moral stages has an interpersonal concordance orientation
    • A. 

      Stage 1

    • B. 

      Stage 2

    • C. 

      Stage 3

    • D. 

      Stage 4


  • 21. 
    During Kohlberg's (blank) level, the person approaches a moral issue motivated purely by personal interests
    • A. 

      Pre-conventional

    • B. 

      Post-conventional

    • C. 

      Un-conventional

    • D. 

      Conventional


  • 22. 
    During Kohlberg's (blank) level, a person moves beyond the norms and laws of society to determine universal good, that is, what is good for all societies
    • A. 

      Pre-conventional

    • B. 

      Post-conventional

    • C. 

      Un-convetional

    • D. 

      Conventional


  • 23. 
    During Kohlberg's (blank) level, people perceive themsevles as member of society, and living up to role responsibilities is paramount in believe oneself to be good
    • A. 

      Pre-conventional

    • B. 

      Post-conventional

    • C. 

      Un-conventional

    • D. 

      Conventional


  • 24. 
    Which of Kohlberg's moral stages centers on universal ethical principles
    • A. 

      Stage 3

    • B. 

      Stage 4

    • C. 

      Stage 5

    • D. 

      Stage 6


  • 25. 
    Kohlberg advanced the possibility of a seventh stage described as a
    • A. 

      "enlightened" stage involving law-and-order orientation

    • B. 

      "soft" stage of ethical awareness with an orientation of cosmic or religious thinking

    • C. 

      "universal" stage where the child becomes aware of and is concerned with others needs

    • D. 

      "final" stage where the individual performs conventionally determined good behavior to be considered a good person


  • 26. 
    Which of the following individuals added a "care perspective" to Kohlberg's theory
    • A. 

      Jean Piaget

    • B. 

      Albert Bandura

    • C. 

      Carol Gilligan

    • D. 

      Jackson Flanagan


  • 27. 
    which of the following statements about the developmental theories is true
    • A. 

      Developmental theories propose that individuals mature physically, cognitively, and emotionally

    • B. 

      Developmental theorists believe that exceptionally bright individuals can skip stages

    • C. 

      Bentham is a well-known developmental theorists

    • D. 

      Developmental theories argue that individual have normal "moral imaginations"


  • 28. 
    According to the "corruption continuum" organizations can become corrupt through all the following except
    • A. 

      Administrative indifference toward integrity

    • B. 

      Ignoring obvious ethical problem

    • C. 

      Hypocrisy and fear dominated culture

    • D. 

      Charismatic leadership


  • 29. 
    The My Lai incident took place in
    • A. 

      Iraq

    • B. 

      Korea

    • C. 

      Japan

    • D. 

      Vietnam


  • 30. 
    According to the text, the condition in which a worker has abandoned the mission of the organization and it just "going through the motions" is called
    • A. 

      Burnout

    • B. 

      Anomie

    • C. 

      Catatonia

    • D. 

      Alienation


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