# AP Human Geography Development (rubenstein)

75 Questions  I  By Redwall1521
This test is from An Introduction to Human Geography by James M. Rubenstein. This is about the Development chapter of the textbook. NOTE: All textbooks concerning human geography or are related to the course or used for the course of Human Geography are compatible with this textbook by Rubenstein.

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 1 Which region of the world would have the lowest HDI?
 A. Anglo-America
 B. South Pacific
 C. Sub-Saharan Africa
 D. Middle East
 E. Latin America
 2 Which country has the highest HDI in the world in recent years?
 A. United States
 B. United Kingdom
 C. Norway
 D. Australia
 3 Which is not a main factor in creating the HDI?
 A. Health Expenditure
 B. Literacy Rate
 C. Education
 D. Gross Domestic Product per capita
 E. Life Expectancy
 4 To get the GDP, geographers get the incomes of everyone working in the country and average them together.
 A. True
 B. False
 5 What is the average GDP per capita for MDCs?
 A. Below \$1000
 6 What is the average GDP per capita for LDCs?
 A. Below \$1000
 7 Numerically, the GDP per capita rose more in MDCs than in LDCs from 1990 to 2005.
 A. True
 B. False
 8 As a percentage, the GDP per capita rose more in MDCs than in LDCs from 1990 to 2005.
 A. True
 B. False
 9 The GDP per capita of all LDCs grow at the same rate.
 A. True
 B. False
 10 If a country has a very high GDP, that means every citizen is living in a luxurious state.
 A. True
 B. False
 11 Match the definition of the type of sector to that sector.
A. Provision of goods and services to people in exchange for payment
A.
B. Directly extracts materials from Earth through agriculture, and sometimes by mining, fishing, and forestry
B.
C. Manufactures the raw materials into useful products
C.
 12 What is the value of a particular product compared to the amount of labor needed to make it known as?  (Capitalization does not matter)
 13 What is the gross value of the product minus the costs of raw materials and energy known as?  (Capitalization does not matter)
 14 What has enabled MDCs to produce materials with a high value added?  (Check all that apply)
 A. Machines
 B. Tools
 C. Laziness
 D. Animal Power
 E. Equipment
 15 What kind(s) of power do LDCs depend on for production of resources?
 A. Solar
 B. Human
 C. Animal
 D. Machine
 E. Hydroelectric
 16 European countries get resources from the ground.  To ensure that there is an adequate supply of raw materials, what did the countries do?
 A. They stole from other European countries
 B. They formed colonies in Africa and Asia
 C. They mass produced resources with a cloning machine
 D. They made slaves work in the mines and at logging camps
 E. They did nothing
 17 LDCs are able to benefit from selling raw materials to MDCs.
 A. True
 B. False
 18 Technological improvements diffused from _________________ areas to __________________ areas in LDCs.  (Put a semicolon (;) and a space between the two words)  (Capitalization does not matter)
 19 What is/are the social factor(s) of the HDI?  (Check all that apply)
 A. Education
 B. Income
 C. Health Expenditure
 D. Literacy
 E. Calorie Intake
 20 What is/are the demographic factor(s) of the HDI?  (Check all that apply)
 A. Life Expectancy
 B. Infant Mortality Rate
 C. Natural Increase Rate
 D. Crude Birth Rate
 E. Crude Death Rate
 21 The world is divided by a line that runs from the east to the west at about 30° north latitude into two regions in which MDCs take the northern section and the LDCs take the southern section.  Which more developed region does not follow this description?
 A. East Asia
 B. South Asia
 C. Middle East
 D. Eastern Europe
 E. South Pacific
 22 Anglo-Americans speak ________________ and adhere to _______________________.  (Place a semicolon (;) and a space between the terms (ex. a; b))  (Capitalization DOES matter)
 23 Anglo-America is the world's largest manufacturer.
 A. True
 B. False
 24 Western Europeans speak a(n) ______________________ (name of a language family, branch, or group) language and adhere to __________________________.  (Place a semicolon (;) and a space between the terms (ex. a; b))  (Capitalization DOES matter)
 25 What two wars have resulted from the multiple nationalities in Western Europe?  (Place a semicolon (;) and a space between the terms (ex. a; b))  (Do not use abbreviations, spell the terms out)
 26 What kind of people have been offsetting the cultural uniformity that has been in place since the end of World War 2?  (Both are needed, separated by the word "and")  (Capitalization does matter)
 27 What is the main reason that Western European countries produce high value goods and services?
 A. To show off they are better than the rest of the world
 B. To allow for their citizens to live a luxurious life while the rest of the world lives in poverty
 C. To pay for importation of raw materials
 D. To provide the leaders with luxury items
 28 The HDI has dropped in Eastern Europe since 1990, when the index was created by the UN.
 A. True
 B. False
 29 What did the Soviets emphasize to the countries in Eastern Europe that could possibly improve development rates?  (Check all that apply)
 A. Heavy industry, such as machines
 B. Transportation
 C. Mining and other primary sector jobs
 D. Spread of factories to lessen the vulnerability of vital industries
 E. Locate manufacturing sites near raw materials
 F. Locate manufacturing sites near customers
 G. Give priority to producing customer goods
 30 Eastern European countries rejected the Soviet plan because they had experienced central planning before.  What did they experience before?  (Check all that apply)
 A. Scarce funds were used for long term investments
 B. Eastern Europe did not have efficient agricultural practices
 C. They had to import much food from other regions
 D. The government often checked the factories
 E. The orders sent from the government were often not put into effect
 F. There was much pollution
 G. The government tried to control the pollution, so the factories were not that efficient
 31 Japan has a very high ______________________ density.  (Capitalization does not matter)
 32 Japanese people are abundant and work at very low wages to provide high-quality, high-value products.
 A. True
 B. False
 33 Japan spends twice as much money as the United States on research and development.
 A. True
 B. False
 34 Austrailia and New Zealand were colonies of which country?
 A. United States
 B. France
 C. Germany
 D. Japan
 E. United Kingdom
 35 What two languages do most Latin Americans speak?  (Check two)
 A. English
 B. Spanish
 C. Portuguese
 D. Spanglish
 E. Brazilian
 36 Latin Americans tend to live in ________________ areas, unlike all other less developed regions.  (Capitalization does not matter)
 37 Match the country to their rank of global economy.
A. Provision of goods and services to people in exchange for payment
A.
B. Directly extracts materials from Earth through agriculture, and sometimes by mining, fishing, and forestry
B.
C. Manufactures the raw materials into useful products
C.
D. 1
D.
E. 2
E.
F. 3
F.
G. 4
G.
 38 China has had the world's largest population through recorded history.
 A. True
 B. False
 39 What retailer does China have a bond with?  (Capitalization does matter)
 40 What is/are the main global effect(s) of having a large population working in factories under low wages producing low-cost products?  (Check all that apply)
 A. Getting larger populations
 B. Building more factories
 C. Lowering wages
 D. Lowering product costs produced by other factories
 41 What is the main resource found in the Middle East that the countries in that region use to sell to MDCs for a profit?  (Check all that apply)
 A. Petroleum
 B. Gold
 C. Diamonds
 D. Uranium
 42 All Middle Eastern countries are able to gain profits off of petroleum.
 A. True
 B. False
 43 What did the UN create that helped create information based on the lack of resources for women in the Middle East?  (Acronym and what it stands for; separated by semicolon and space)  (Capitalization does matter)
 44 What is the relationship between troubles with development in the Middle East and Israel?
 45 What is the most populous country in Southeast Asia?
 A. China
 B. India
 C. Indonesia
 D. Vietnam
 E. Thailand
 F. Philippines
 46 What does this region produce that boosts its development?
 A. Food
 B. Services
 C. Tourist Attractions
 D. Textiles
 E. Nuts
 47 What is needed for agriculture every year in South Asia?
 A. Green Revolution
 B. Monsoon Rains
 C. Fertile Soil
 D. Foreign Aid
 48 What does India provide the most?
 A. Manufactured goods
 B. Services
 C. Food
 D. Textiles
 49 What does GDI stand for?  (Capitalization does matter)
 50 What does GEM stand for?  (Capitalization does matter)
 51 The GDI has the same factors as the HDI.
 A. True
 B. False
 52 What is the highest possible value for the GDI?  (Number, not word)
 53 There is a country with a GEM of 1.0.
 A. True
 B. False
 54 Numerically, the difference between the average income for men and the average income for females in MDCs is larger than the difference between the average income for men and the average income for females in LDCs.
 A. True
 B. False
 55 Match the region to its education and literacy patterns.
A. Provision of goods and services to people in exchange for payment
A.
B. Directly extracts materials from Earth through agriculture, and sometimes by mining, fishing, and forestry
B.
C. Manufactures the raw materials into useful products
C.
D. 1
D.
E. 2
E.
F. 3
F.
G. 4
G.
H. Low attendance, minimal differences between males and females
H.
I. Low attendance, high differences between males and females
I.
J. High atttendance, minimal differences between males and females
J.
 56 On average, women live longer than men in every country.
 A. True
 B. False
 57 What is the highest possible value for the GEM?  (Number, not word)
 58 There is a country with a GEM of 1.0.
 A. True
 B. False
 59 What is/are the economic factor(s) of the GEM?  (Check all that apply)
 A. Women's income compared to men's income
 B. Percentage of women in managerial jobs
 C. Percentage of women in professional or technical jobs
 D. Percentage of women enrolled in school
 60 What is/are the political factor(s) of the GEM?  (Check all that apply)
 A. Percentage of women in professional jobs
 B. Percentage of women in managerial jobs
 C. Percentage of women literate
 D. Percentage of women elected to public office
 61 The GDI is always higher than the GEM.
 A. True
 B. False
 62 Describe self-sufficiency; its positives and negatives.
 63 Place the five stages of Rostow's Development Model in order.
A. Provision of goods and services to people in exchange for payment
A.
B. Directly extracts materials from Earth through agriculture, and sometimes by mining, fishing, and forestry
B.
C. Manufactures the raw materials into useful products
C.
D. 1
D.
E. 2
E.
F. 3
F.
G. 4
G.
H. Low attendance, minimal differences between males and females
H.
I. Low attendance, high differences between males and females
I.
J. High atttendance, minimal differences between males and females
J.
K. 1
K.
L. 2
L.
M. 3
M.
N. 4
N.
O. 5
O.
 64 Which is not part of the Four Asian Dragons?
 A. Mainland China
 B. Taiwan
 C. Hong Kong
 D. Singapore
 E. South Korea
 65 Describe the problems of the International Trade option.
 66 What does WTO stand for?  (Capitalization does matter)
 67 The majority of foreign trade investments are from MDCs to LDCs.
 A. True
 B. False
 68 Fill in with the acronym. The ________________ provides loans to countries to help reform public administration and legal institutions and transportation and social services projects.
 69 Fill in with the acronym. The ________________ provides support for poor countries that are considered too risky for the IBRD.
 70 The IBRD and IDA are part of the _________________.
 71 Fill in with the acronym. The _________________ provides loans to countries that have problems that threaten their ability of international trade.
 72 Countries in which region have accumulated the largest debts, numerically?
 A. Anglo-America
 B. Middle East
 C. Sub-Saharan Africa
 D. Latin America
 E. East Asia
 73 Countries in which region have the largest debts based on a percentage of the GNI (Gross National Income)?
 A. Western Europe
 B. Middle East
 C. Latin America
 D. Sub-Saharan Africa
 E. South Asia
 74 The ____________________ includes economic goals and strategies for LDCs in development.  (Fill in with three words.  Capitalization does not matter)
 75 ________________ is an alternative to international trade that emphasizes small businesses and worker owned and democratically run cooperatives and requires employees to pay workers fair wages, permit union organizing, and comply with minimum environmental and safety standards.  (Fill in with two words.  Capitalization does not matter)
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