AP Gov. - Fall Semester Finals Review

33 Questions  I  By Jadeyng
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  • 1. 
    Legitimate political authority in the United States comes from
    • A. 

      The courts

    • B. 

      The Federalist Papers

    • C. 

      The Constitution

    • D. 

      The Magna Carta


  • 2. 
    Which of the following statements about the U.C. democratic republic is correct?
    • A. 

      It has never been tried elsewhere.

    • B. 

      It thrived in the United States despite the existence of feudal aristocracy.

    • C. 

      It thrived in the United States despite the large number of legal restraints on it.

    • D. 

      It emphasizes social equality over personal liberty.

    • E. 

      It has been tried without great success by many other countries.


  • 3. 
    The surveys that were conducted in Cincinnati and nationally concerning the Monetary Control Act were significant because 
    • A. 

      Public opinion was deeply divided.

    • B. 

      Public opinion unanimously condemned the legislation.

    • C. 

      Many people expressed views about the legislation, which was entirely fictitious.

    • D. 

      The legislation was still pending.

    • E. 

      Congress had passed the legislation only two days before the surveys were conducted.


  • 4. 
    By world standards, American voter turnout is
    • A. 

      Low.

    • B. 

      About average.

    • C. 

      Little different from other democracies.

    • D. 

      Quite high.


  • 5. 
    Federalism implied that each level of government will have
    • A. 

      Complete sovereignty.

    • B. 

      The ability to tax other levels of government.

    • C. 

      Independent authority to pass laws.

    • D. 

      All of these.


  • 6. 
    All of the following were major players in the two-party system in American history EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Federalists.

    • B. 

      Democratic-Republicans.

    • C. 

      Whigs.

    • D. 

      Democrats.

    • E. 

      Progressives.


  • 7. 
    Which of the following statements about the nomination process in the United States is correct?
    • A. 

      Parties play a minor role compared to Europe.

    • B. 

      Parties play a larger role today than at the turn of the century.

    • C. 

      In the United States, nomination is usually tantamount to election.

    • D. 

      The nomination process in the United States is more of an organizational effort than in Europe.

    • E. 

      The nomination is less influenced by organized interests than in Europe.


  • 8. 
    Under the Articles of Confederation, the national government could NOT
    • A. 

      Declare war.

    • B. 

      Levy taxes on individuals.

    • C. 

      Print money.

    • D. 

      Make tax assessment requests of states.


  • 9. 
    The French observer who noted the influence of Democracy in a variety of contexts was
    • A. 

      The Marquis de Montespan.

    • B. 

      Guy LaFleur.

    • C. 

      Alexander Dumas.

    • D. 

      Alexis de Tocqueville.

    • E. 

      Voltaire.


  • 10. 
    Some 60 percent of adults adopt the party preference of their
    • A. 

      Peers.

    • B. 

      Employers.

    • C. 

      Teachers.

    • D. 

      Physicians.

    • E. 

      Parents.


  • 11. 
    The right to vote is also called the
    • A. 

      Turnout.

    • B. 

      Elector.

    • C. 

      Franchise.

    • D. 

      Fairness clause.


  • 12. 
    The vast majority of countries in the world today have a --- system of government. 
    • A. 

      Confederal.

    • B. 

      Federal.

    • C. 

      Unitary.

    • D. 

      Republican.


  • 13. 
    All of the following are reasons for the decline in the importance of political parties EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Loss of power of party machines to give out patronage jobs.

    • B. 

      Establishment of primary elections to choose party candidates.

    • C. 

      The growth of the "personalized campaign," specific to individual candidates.

    • D. 

      The increasing influence electronic media in determining voter choices.

    • E. 

      The tendency of parties to avoid new campaign techniques resulting in a lack of adequate campaign funds.


  • 14. 
    A major difference between presidential campaigns and congressional campaigns is that
    • A. 

      Fewer people vote in presidential elections.

    • B. 

      Presidential incumbents can better serve their constituents.

    • C. 

      Presidential incumbents can more easily avoid responsibility.

    • D. 

      Presidential races are generally more competitive.

    • E. 

      Congressional incumbents are generally more competitive.


  • 15. 
    James Madison examined historical data on republics, confederations and aristocracies to learn about the formation of government. His conclusions are found in
    • A. 

      The Federalist Papers.

    • B. 

      The White Papers.

    • C. 

      Madison's Digest.

    • D. 

      Revolutionary Governments.


  • 16. 
    A political __________ deals with what a government should do, while a political __________ deals with how the government should operate.
    • A. 

      Constitution, administration

    • B. 

      Administration, constitution

    • C. 

      Culture, ideology

    • D. 

      Ideology, culture

    • E. 

      Culture, agenda


  • 17. 
    In recent years, the ability of the family to promote a partisan identification has
    • A. 

      Stayed about the same.

    • B. 

      Declined, then risen.

    • C. 

      Risen.

    • D. 

      Declined.

    • E. 

      Demonstrated no recognizable pattern of change.


  • 18. 
    For most Americans, _________ is the only form of participation.
    • A. 

      Protesting.

    • B. 

      Voting.

    • C. 

      Working for a political party.

    • D. 

      Giving money to a campaign.


  • 19. 
    Many Republicans believe that
    • A. 

      Feudalism is an inefficient way to run a political system.

    • B. 

      A unitary government is the ideal form of governmental authority.

    • C. 

      Unfunded mandates are reasonable and constitutional.

    • D. 

      The powers of the national government should be limited.


  • 20. 
    During which period in history did the Democrats first advocate a strong central government control of the economy?
    • A. 

      The era of Jacksonian Democracy.

    • B. 

      During the Progressive era of the early 1900s.

    • C. 

      During the 1930s, with FDR'S New Deal.

    • D. 

      During the 1960s, with LBJ'S Great Society.


  • 21. 
    In 2000, George W. Bush chose ____________ as a theme for his campaign.
    • A. 

      The need for change

    • B. 

      Trust

    • C. 

      Compassionate conservatism

    • D. 

      Competence

    • E. 

      Strength


  • 22. 
    In an early test of powers of the Confederation, the Continental Congress failed to deal with an uprising in western Massachusetts known as:
    • A. 

      The Massachusetts Conspiracy.

    • B. 

      The Whig Uprising.

    • C. 

      The Springfield Conspiracy.

    • D. 

      Shay's Rebellion.


  • 23. 
    Liberty and individualism are two key elements of
    • A. 

      All Western democracies.

    • B. 

      All twentieth-century nations.

    • C. 

      Most nations throughout history.

    • D. 

      U.S. political culture.

    • E. 

      European nations in the 1700s.


  • 24. 
    Religious influences on public opinion are most pronounced with respect to __________ issues and less evident on others.
    • A. 

      Foreign policy.

    • B. 

      State and local.

    • C. 

      Ideological.

    • D. 

      Economic.

    • E. 

      Social.


  • 25. 
    In 1870, the right to vote was granted to all black males by
    • A. 

      Congressional statute.

    • B. 

      The Fifteenth Amendment.

    • C. 

      The Nineteenth Amendment.

    • D. 

      State law.


  • 26. 
    Federal regulations the impose regulatory costs on state and local government without supplying appropriate federal money are called
    • A. 

      Federal dictates.

    • B. 

      Unfunded mandates.

    • C. 

      Improper regulations.

    • D. 

      Illegal.


  • 27. 
    In the United States, political parties started
    • A. 

      In most colonial legislatures by 1742.

    • B. 

      After the Civil War.

    • C. 

      During the election of Andrew Jackson in 1828.

    • D. 

      In the 1790s.


  • 28. 
    Since 1962, over ____ percent of the House incumbents who sought reelection won it.
    • A. 

      60

    • B. 

      65

    • C. 

      75

    • D. 

      80

    • E. 

      90


  • 29. 
    The net result of the Great Compromise was
    • A. 

      Balancing the interest of the central government and states.

    • B. 

      Balancing interests of the large and small states.

    • C. 

      Settling the colonists financial obligations to England.

    • D. 

      Settlement of the slavery issue among the states.


  • 30. 
    All of the following are the basic elements of the U.S. political culture except
    • A. 

      Liberty.

    • B. 

      Democracy.

    • C. 

      Individualism.

    • D. 

      Civic duty.

    • E. 

      Economic equality.


  • 31. 
    A gender gap is most likely to occur in an election in which the major issue is
    • A. 

      War.

    • B. 

      Women's rights.

    • C. 

      Gun control.

    • D. 

      Political ethics.


  • 32. 
    The first state to grant women the right to vote was
    • A. 

      Maryland.

    • B. 

      Wyoming.

    • C. 

      Massachusetts.

    • D. 

      Wisconsin.


  • 33. 
    Many Democrats believe that
    • A. 

      The powers of the national government should be limited.

    • B. 

      Federalism is an inefficient way to run a political system.

    • C. 

      Many problems are too large to be resolved at the state or local level.

    • D. 

      Devolution is good public policy.


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