AP Bio Ch 28 Outline Quiz

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Ch 28 Outline Quiz, Classification

  
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  • 1. 
    The scientific name of the giant swallowtail is Heraclides cresphontes. Therefore,
    • A. 

      It belongs to the genus Heraclides.

    • B. 

      It belongs to the species cresphontes.

    • C. 

      The specific epithet is cresphontes.

    • D. 

      All of the above are correct.


  • 2. 
    If a phylogeny is based on the natural evolution of organisms, it could
    • A. 

      Explain the variations among fossils from rock strata.

    • B. 

      Explain why there are similarities and differences among modern living groups.

    • C. 

      Reflect patterns of shared and unique sections of DNA among groups of animals.

    • D. 

      Help predict where unresearched features will be in common, such as how widely a medicine will be effective among animals.

    • E. 

      All of the above are correct.


  • 3. 
    Which category is at the top of the classification hierarchy, that is, it includes the rest of the categories given?
    • A. 

      Order

    • B. 

      Genus

    • C. 

      Class

    • D. 

      Family

    • E. 

      Phylum


  • 4. 
    A/an _______ is one that is present in the common ancestor and all members of a group.
    • A. 

      Primitive character

    • B. 

      Clade

    • C. 

      Character trait

    • D. 

      Derived character

    • E. 

      Analogous structure


  • 5. 
    Parallel evolution involves
    • A. 

      Any two organisms with the same trait.

    • B. 

      Two organisms sharing the same trait because they have a common ancestor with that trait.

    • C. 

      Two lineages acquiring the same trait independently without the trait being present in a common ancestor.

    • D. 

      Possession of homologous structures.

    • E. 

      All of the above are part of parallel evolution.


  • 6. 
    The use of a molecular clock
    • A. 

      Depends on nucleic acid changes being neutral and not tied to adaptation.

    • B. 

      Nucleic acid changes occurring at a fairly constant rate.

    • C. 

      Still needs to be calibrated with the fossil record.

    • D. 

      All of the above are correct.


  • 7. 
    Which of the following best represents analogous structures?
    • A. 

      The arm of a human and the wing of a bat

    • B. 

      The arm of a human and the leg of a human

    • C. 

      The wing of a butterfly and the wing of a bee

    • D. 

      The wing of a bat and the wing of a butterfly


  • 8. 
    Which kingdom is characterized by organisms that are saprotrophic?
    • A. 

      Animal

    • B. 

      Plant

    • C. 

      Fungi

    • D. 

      Protists

    • E. 

      Prokaryotes


  • 9. 
    The evolution of organisms in the five kingdoms is most accurately described by which sequence?
    • A. 

      Monera to Protists to Plants, from Plants separately to both Animals and Fungi

    • B. 

      Monera to Fungi to Protists to Plants to Animals

    • C. 

      Monera to Protists, from Protists separately to Fungi, Plants and Animals

    • D. 

      Protists to Monera to Fungi, from Fungi separately to Plants and Animals

    • E. 

      Monera to Protists, separately to Animals and Plants with Fungi a loss of plant photosynthesis


  • 10. 
    The fossil record is usually derived from sedimentary rocks laid down millions of years ago.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


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