Antibiotics Quiz

47 Questions  I  By Smensah
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Medicine Quizzes & Trivia
MEDS FOR ANTIBIOTICS AND THEIR USES

  
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  • 1. 
    FILL IN THE BLANKSBACILLI ARE WHAT SHAPE

  • 2. 
    FILL IN THE BLANKCOCCI ARE WHAT SHAPE

  • 3. 
    FILL IN THE BLANKSPIRILLA ARE WHAT SHAPE

  • 4. 
    TRUE OR FALSEANTIBIOTICS DOES NOT CREATE MUTATION
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 5. 
    WHEN PATIENTS DEVELOPS INFECTIONS RESISTANCE TO COVENTIONAL DRUG THERAPY.THIS PHENOMENON IS CALLED:
    • A. 

      ACQUIRED RESISTANCE

    • B. 

      PLASMIDS

    • C. 

      MUTATION


  • 6. 
    BACTERIA MAY PASS THE RESISTANCE GENE TO OTHER BACTERIA BY TRANSFERRING SMALL PIECES OF CIRCULAR DNA CALLED:
    • A. 

      MUTATION

    • B. 

      PLASMIDS

    • C. 

      ACQUIRED RESISTANCE


  • 7. 
    NOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONS ARE NOT RESISTANT TO COMMON ANTIBIOTICS
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 8. 
    THIS IS THE PROCESS OF ROWING ISOLATED ORGANISMS AND IDENTIFYING THE MOST EFFECTIVE ANTIBIOTIC FOR TREATMENT.THIS PROCESS IS CALLED
    • A. 

      CULTURE AND SENSITIVITY

    • B. 

      NOCOMIAL INFECTION

    • C. 

      SUPERINFECTION


  • 9. 
    THESE ARE SECONDARY INFECTIONS CAUSED BY ANTIINFECTIVE THERAPY. - OCCURS WHEN HOST FLORA ARE DESTROYED BY THE ANTIBIOTIC-HOST FLORA PREVENT GROWTH OF PATHOGENIC MICROORGANISMS
    • A. 

      ANT-INFECTIVES

    • B. 

      SUPERINFECTION

    • C. 

      CULTURE AND SENSITIVITY


  • 10. 
    THIS IS ONE OF THE OLDEST AND SAFEST GROUP OF ANTI-INFECTIVES
    • A. 

      CEPHALOSPORIN

    • B. 

      AMINOGLYCOSIDES

    • C. 

      PENICILLIN


  • 11. 
    TRUE OR FALSE:PENICCILINS ARE BACTERIOCIDALS
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 12. 
    THE CHEMICAL STRUCTURE OF PCN THAT IS RESPONSIBLE FOR ITS ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY
    • A. 

      AMINO GLYCOSIDE

    • B. 

      PROTEIN

    • C. 

      BETA-LACTAM RING


  • 13. 
    WHAT CLASS OF DRUGS ARE THESE?PFIZERPENAMOCILPRINCIPEN
    • A. 

      TETRACYCLINES

    • B. 

      PENICILLIN

    • C. 

      ISONICID INH


  • 14. 
    WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE ENZYME THAT ALLOWS BACTERIA TO BECOME RESISTANT TO MOST PENICILLIN?
    • A. 

      TRIGLYCERIDES

    • B. 

      BETA LACTHAM RING

    • C. 

      AMINOGLYCOSIDES


  • 15. 
    WHAT ARE SOME ADVERSE EFFECTS OF PENICILLIN?
    • A. 

      RASH, FEVER, ANAPHYLAXIS

    • B. 

      DIARRHEA, ORANGE URINE

    • C. 

      NAUSEA, VOMITTING


  • 16. 
    ALONG WITH PENICILLIN THIS LINE OF DRUGS ALSO CONTAIN A BETA-LACTAM THAT IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THEIR ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY
    • A. 

      MICROLIDES

    • B. 

      CEPHALOSPORINS

    • C. 

      TETRACYCLINES


  • 17. 
    WHAT IS THE THERAPEUTIC USE OF CEPHALOSPORINS?
    • A. 

      USE TO TREAT UTI

    • B. 

      USE TO TREAT GRAM-POSITIVE INFECTIONS

    • C. 

      USE TO TREAT GRAM-NEGETIVE INFECTION


  • 18. 
    TRUE OR FALSE:CLIENTS THAT ARE ALLERGIC TO TO PENICILLIN ARE ALSO ALLERGIC TO CEPHALOSPORINS
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 19. 
    CEFAZOLINS ARE WHICH GENERATION

  • 20. 
    CEFACLOR (CECLOR) ARE WHICH GENERATION

  • 21. 
    CEFOTAXIME ARE WHAT GENERATION

  • 22. 
    CEFTRIAXONE ARE WHAT GENERATION?

  • 23. 
    2ND GENERATION ARE MORE POTENT AND ARE LESS RESISTANT
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 24. 
    WHAT GENERATION HAS A LONGER DURATION AND HAS A VERY BROAD SPECTRUM
    • A. 

      1ST GENERATION

    • B. 

      2ND GENERATION

    • C. 

      3RD GENERTION

    • D. 

      4TH GENERATION


  • 25. 
    WHAT DRUG CLASS HAS A BROAD SPECTRUM, INHIBITS BACTERIAL SYNTHESIS AND IS THE DRUG OF CHOICE FOR RELATIVELY FEW DISEASES
    • A. 

      MACROLIDES

    • B. 

      TETRACYCLINES

    • C. 

      PENICILLINS


  • 26. 
    WHAT ARE SOME SIDE EFFECTS OF TETRACYLINES
    • A. 

      N,V,D

    • B. 

      ORANGE TEETH

    • C. 

      RASHES


  • 27. 
    WHAT PRODUCT SHOULD NOT BE TAKEN WITH TETRACYCLINES?
    • A. 

      TOMATO JUICE

    • B. 

      MILK

    • C. 

      ORANGE JUICE


  • 28. 
    WHAT CLASS OF MEDS ARE:DOXYCYCLINE (VIBRAMYCIN)TETRACYCLINE (ACHROMYCIN)
    • A. 

      AMINOGLYCOSIDES

    • B. 

      MACLIDES

    • C. 

      TETRACYCLINES


  • 29. 
    THIS CLASS OF DRUG IS USUALLY A SAFE ALTERNATIVE TO PENICILLIN AND IS ALSO PRESCRIBED FOR INFECTIONS THAT ARE RESISTANT  TO PENICILLIN
    • A. 

      CEPHALOSPORINS

    • B. 

      AMINOGLYCOSIDES

    • C. 

      MACROLIDES


  • 30. 
    TRUE OR FALSE:MACROLIDES ARE BOTH BACTERIOCIDAL AND BACTERIOSTATIC
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 31. 
    WHAT ARE SOME SIDE EFFECTS OF MACROGLIDES
    • A. 

      MILD GI UPSET AND SUPERINFECTION

    • B. 

      BLEEDING

    • C. 

      N,V,D


  • 32. 
    WHAT CLASSES OF DRUGS ARE:ERYTHROMYCIN AND AZITHTHROMYCIN
    • A. 

      FLUOROQUINOLONES

    • B. 

      CEPHALOSPORINS

    • C. 

      MACROLIDES


  • 33. 
    TRUE OR FALSE:AMONIGLYCOSIDES ARE NARROW SPECTRUM DRUGS
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 34. 
    THIS DRUG IS AN OTOTOXICITY, MAY BE PERMANENT AND NEPHROTOXICITY
    • A. 

      MACOLIDES

    • B. 

      AMINOGLYCOSIDES

    • C. 

      CEPHALOSPORINS


  • 35. 
    WHAT ARE SOME MEASURES TO BE TAKEN WHEN USING AMINOGLYCOSIDES?
    • A. 

      CONDUCT A LIVER TEST

    • B. 

      CONDUCT AN EYE TEST

    • C. 

      CONDUCT A HEARING TEST


  • 36. 
    WHAT CLASS OF DRUGS ARE THESE:GENTAMYCIN (GARAMYCIN)TOBRAMYCIN (TOBRAMYCIN)
    • A. 

      AMINOGLYCOSIDES

    • B. 

      MICROLIDES

    • C. 

      PENICILLIN


  • 37. 
    THIS DRUG IS EFFECTIVE AGAINST GRAM-NEGATIVE AND GRAM-POSITIVE PATHOGENS-WELL ABSORBED ORALLY-ONCE RESERVED FOR UTIs BECAUSE OF THEIR TOXICITY
    • A. 

      AMINOGLYCOSIDES

    • B. 

      FLUOROQUINOLONES

    • C. 

      MICROLIDES


  • 38. 
    WHAT ARE SOME SIDE EFFECTS OF FLUOROQUINOLONES
    • A. 

      DYSRHYTHMIAS, LIVER FAILURE

    • B. 

      RASH, FEVER

    • C. 

      HEART FAILURE, HA


  • 39. 
    WHAT DRUG CLASS ARE THESE:CIPROFLACIN (CIPRO)(DRUG OF CHOICE FOR ANTHRAX)LEVOFLOXACIN (LEVAQUIN)
    • A. 

      SULFONAMIDES

    • B. 

      MICROBACTERIUM

    • C. 

      FLUOROQUIOLONES


  • 40. 
    WHAT CLASS OF DRUGS ARE USED FOR UTIs
    • A. 

      CEPHOLOSPORINS

    • B. 

      SULFONAMIDES

    • C. 

      PENICILLINS


  • 41. 
    WHAT ARE SOME ADVERSE EFFECTS OF SULFONAMIDES
    • A. 

      RASHES

    • B. 

      BLOOD ABNORMALITIES

    • C. 

      UTICARIA


  • 42. 
    THIS MED IS A COMBINATION OF SULFA DRUG WITH ANOTHER ANTI INFECTIVEMOST COMMONLY USED WITH UTIs
    • A. 

      MICROLIDES

    • B. 

      PENICILLIN

    • C. 

      SULFONAMIDES


  • 43. 
    WHAT CLASS OF DRUGS ARE THESE:CLINDAMYCINVACOMYCINMETRONIDAZOLE
    • A. 

      SULFONAMIDES

    • B. 

      AMINOGLYCOSIDES

    • C. 

      MICORLIDES


  • 44. 
    HOW LONG ARE TUBERCOLOSIS INFECTIOUS THERAPY ARE FOR?
    • A. 

      3-4 YEARS

    • B. 

      6-12 MONTHS

    • C. 

      1-6 MONTHS


  • 45. 
    -THESE ARE ANTITUBERCOLOSIS DRUGS USED TO PREVENT THE DISEASE-CLOSE CONTACTS AND/OR FAMILY MEMBERS OF RECENTLY INFECTED TB CLIENT-FOR CLIENTS WITH AIDS, HIV PSOITIVE, OR RECIEVING IMMUNOSUPPRESSANTS
    • A. 

      GENTAMICIN

    • B. 

      ISONIAZID (INH)

    • C. 

      CHEMOPROPHYLAXIS


  • 46. 
    THIS DRUG IS:-ANTITUBULAR DRUGS-DRUG OF CHOICE FOR TB TREATMENT-BACTERIOCIDAL FOR ACTIVELY GROWING BACTERIA, BUT BACTERIOSTATIC FOR DORMANT MYCOBACTERIA
    • A. 

      CEPHALOSPORINS

    • B. 

      AMOXICILLIN

    • C. 

      ISONIAZID INH


  • 47. 
    WHAT TEST IS IMPORTANT TO PERFORM WHILE ON ISONIAZID (INH)
    • A. 

      EYE TEST

    • B. 

      LIVER ENZYMES

    • C. 

      GLUCOSE TEST


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