Anatomy & Physiology - Final Exam (respiratory, Renal, & Reproduction)

190 Questions  I  By Seres21e
Bob Beregowitz

  
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1.  Substances secreted by the distal convoluted tubule include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  When the diaphragm and external intercostal muscles contract,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  The organ that delivers semen into the female reproductive tract is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  If the dorsal respiratory group of neurons in the medulla oblongata were destroyed bilaterally,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Blocking afferent action potentials from the chemoreceptors in the carotid and aortic bodies would interfere with the brain's ability to regulate breathing in response to
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Use Figure 20-2 to answer the following questions: Which muscle(s) contract(s) to cause the movement indicated by the arrows labeled "6" and "7"?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Which of the following muscles might be recruited to increase inspired volume?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Which of the following descriptions best matches the term nephron loop (loop of Henle)?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  The condition resulting from inadequate production of surfactant and the resultant collapse of alveoli is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Stimulation of the apneustic center would result in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  The majority of glomeruli are located in the ________ of the kidney.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Glomerular (Bowman's) capsule and the glomerulus make up the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  For maximum loading of hemoglobin with oxygen at the lungs, the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  The ________ delivers urine to a minor calyx.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The apneustic centers of the pons
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Testosterone is secreted by the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  A patient excretes a large volume of very dilute urine on a continuing basis. This is may be due to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  A male bodybuilder starts taking injections of testosterone (an anabolic steroid) on a daily basis. After 3 weeks, which of the following would you expect to observe?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  All of the following provide chemoreceptor input to the respiratory centers of the medulla oblongata, except the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Antidiuretic hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  A 10 percent increase in the level of carbon dioxide in the blood will
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Interstitial cells produce
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  The granulosa cells of developing follicles secrete
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  What physiological process occurs at the structure labeled "2"?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Which of the following would be greater?
A.
B.
C.
26.  Where does most nutrient reabsorption occur?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Prolonged deep inspirations can result from stimulating the ________ center.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Substances larger than ________ do not pass through the filtration membrane.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  A patient with a connective tissue disease experiences increased pulmonary vascular resistance. Over a period of time you would expect to observe v
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  A boy has a genetic mutation such that FSH is not produced, but LH is normal. After the boy grows to maturity, it is likely he will
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  The most important chemical regulator of respiration is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Identify the structure labeled "10."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Which of the following is greater?
A.
B.
34.  The fold of skin that covers the glans penis is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Which of the following is greater?
A.
B.
36.  The obstructive lung disease in which elastic fibers are lost, leading to collapse of alveoli and bronchioles, is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Use Figure 20-2 to answer the following questions: What pressure will be present in the space labeled "5"?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Spermatozoa are functionally matured within the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Identify the structure labeled "5."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Tubular reabsorption involves all of the following, except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  The external marking of the boundary between the two testes is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  The unit of measurement for pressure preferred by many respiratory therapists is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Boyle's Law of Gases states that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Sperm production occurs in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Functions of the accessory glands of the male reproductive system include all of the following, except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Alveolar ventilation refers to the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  The U-shaped segment of the nephron is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  In emphysema, which of these occur?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  The male reproductive system is most closely associated with which of the following systems?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Asthma is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Renal columns are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  The mechanism for producing concentrated urine involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  The organ that carries sperm from the epididymis to the urethra is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Sperm are moved along the ductus deferens by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  A rise in the blood levels of follicle-stimulating hormone at the beginning of the ovarian cycle is responsible for
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Autoregulation of the rate of glomerular filtration has which of the following properties?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  External respiration involves the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  The ________ connect the seminiferous tubules to the epididymis.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  Henry's law states that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  Where does countercurrent multiplication occur?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  The glomeruli are best described as being tufts of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  Where in the male reproductive system would you expect to find the most mature spermatozoa?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  Under quiet conditions, blood returning to the heart retains about ________ of its oxygen content when it leaves the lungs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  Use Figure 25-1 to answer the following questions: Identify the structure labeled "4."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  Which of the following is greater?
A.
B.
C.
66.  The organ that monitors and adjusts the composition of tubular fluid, recycles damaged spermatozoa, and is the site of sperm maturation is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  A mature follicle releases an ovum in response to a surge in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  After ovulation, the ovary secretes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  The dense layer of connective tissue that surrounds the testis is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  The partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood is approximately
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  The termination of the uterine cycle at age 45-55 is called ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  Most of the carbon dioxide in the blood is transported as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  ________ is the amount of air that you can inhale above the resting tidal volume.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  Major calyces are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  The pneumotaxic center of the pons
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  The primary role of FSH in males is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  Each 100 ml of blood leaving the alveolar capillaries carries away roughly ________ ml of oxygen.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  A glomerulus is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  Which of the following descriptions best matches the term endometrium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  The filtration barrier in the renal corpuscle consists of three layers:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  The small paired structures at the base of the penis that secrete a thick, alkaline mucus are the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  Secondary sexual characteristics
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  Low pH alters hemoglobin structure so that oxygen binds less strongly to hemoglobin at low PO2. This increases the effectiveness of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  Expiratory movements are produced by contraction of the ________ muscle(s).
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  Which of the following would be greater?
A.
B.
C.
86.  The average length of the uterine cycle is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  Use Figure 20-2 to answer the following questions: What is the relationship between the pressures at label "3
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  At a PO2 of 70 mm Hg and normal temperature and pH, hemoglobin is ________ percent saturated with oxygen.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  The organ that is posterior to the urinary bladder is (are) the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  Which is the function of the ovaries?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
91.  Approximately ________ liters of glomerular filtrate enter glomerular capsules each day.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
92.  Higher brain centers that alter the activity of the respiratory centers include all of the following, except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
93.  The pituitary hormone that stimulates the interstitial cells to secrete testosterone is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
94.  Each of the following is a normal constituent of urine, except .
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  Which of these age-based changes is false?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
96.  The portion of the nephron that empties into the collecting duct is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
97.  The principal hormone secreted by the corpus luteum is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
98.  The primary follicle develops from the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
99.  The process by which dissolved gases are exchanged between the blood and interstitial fluids is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
100.  During the proliferative phase of the uterine cycle,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
101.  Use Figure 25-1 to answer the following questions: Identify the structure labeled "10."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
102.  Most of the oxygen transported by the blood is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
103.  When the level of ADH (antidiuretic hormone) decreases,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
104.  Each of the following factors affects the rate of external respiration, except the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
105.  In response to increased levels of aldosterone, the kidneys produce
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
106.  One mechanism the kidney uses to raise systemic blood pressure is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
107.  The reproductive system includes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
108.  When there is no air movement, the relationship between the intrapulmonary and atmospheric pressure is that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
109.  The outermost layer of the kidney is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
110.  The partial pressure of carbon dioxide in the interstitial space of peripheral tissues is approximately
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
111.  Triangular or conical structures located in the renal medulla are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
112.  Pulmonary ventilation refers to the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
113.  Contraction of the dartos muscle
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
114.  What is the function of gonads?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
115.  Pneumotaxic centers in the pons
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
116.  During the secretory phase of the uterine cycle
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
117.  Arrange the four structures listed below into the order in which sperm pass from the testis to the urethral meatus.
  1. ductus deferens
  2. urethra
  3. ejaculatory duct
  4. epididymis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
118.  Each of the following statements concerning oogenesis is true, except that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
119.  Carbonic anhydrase
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
120.  For erection to occur
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
121.  Under normal conditions, glomerular filtration depends on three main pressures. Which of those pressures is a pressure that favors the filtration pressure?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
122.  Sperm cannot fertilize an ovum unless it has been in the female reproductive tract for several hours. This enhanced ability of the sperm to fertilize the ovum is called capacitation. In vitro studies indicate that freshly ejaculated sperm can fertilize the ovum if they are first rinsed in salt solution before being introduced to the ovum. These observations suggest that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
123.  Use Figure 20-2 to answer the following questions: Which muscle(s) produce(s) the movement labeled "1"?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
124.  Which of the following formulas will allow you to calculate the net filtration pressure (FP)? (Hint: GHP = glomerular hydrostatic pressure, BCOP = blood colloidal osmotic pressure, CsHP = capsular hydrostatic pressure.)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
125.  The expanded beginning of the ureter connects to the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
126.  Which of these components of the nephron is largely confined to the renal medulla?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
127.  Dalton's law states that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
128.  Which of the following statements about the uterine cycle is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
129.  Use Figure 25-1 to answer the following questions: What is produced by the structure labeled "7"?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
130.  Which of the following factors would increase the amount of oxygen discharged by hemoglobin to peripheral tissues?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.