Anatomy & Physiology - Final Exam (respiratory, Renal, & Reproduction)

190 Questions  I  By Seres21e on July 1, 2013
Bob Beregowitz

  
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1.  The partial pressure of carbon dioxide in the interstitial space of peripheral tissues is approximately
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Spermatozoa are functionally matured within the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Substances larger than ________ do not pass through the filtration membrane.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  The ________ delivers urine to a minor calyx.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Chloride ion is reabsorbed in the thick ascending limb by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Which of these descriptions best matches the term external intercostal?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Air moves out of the lungs when the pressure inside the lungs is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Identify the structure labeled "5."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Where does most nutrient reabsorption occur?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Where in the male reproductive system would you expect to find the most mature spermatozoa?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  The fold of skin that covers the glans penis is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  ________ is the amount of air that moves into the respiratory system during a single respiratory cycle under resting conditions.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Boyle's law states that gas volume is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Each of the following factors affects the rate of external respiration, except the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Which of the following is greater?
A.
B.
16.  The spermatic cord is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  External respiration involves the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Which of the following is greatest?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Antidiuretic hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Approximately ________ liters of glomerular filtrate enter glomerular capsules each day.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  The term hypercapnia refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Which of the following descriptions best matches the term nephron loop (loop of Henle)?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Functions of the accessory glands of the male reproductive system include all of the following, except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  The external marking of the boundary between the two testes is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  After ovulation, the ovary secretes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Use Figure 20-2 to answer the following questions: What pressure will be present in the space labeled "5"?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  The glomeruli are best described as being tufts of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Inward projections of the tunica albuginea, known as septa, divide the testis into
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Nurse cells
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  A sample of a woman's blood is analyzed for reproductive hormone levels. The results indicate a high level of progesterone, relatively high levels of inhibin, and low levels of FSH and LH. The female is most likely experiencing ________ of the uterine cycle.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Carbon dioxide is more soluble in water than oxygen. To get the same amount of oxygen to dissolve in plasma as carbon dioxide, you would have to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  The function of pulmonary ventilation is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Identify the structure labeled "8."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  The paired erectile bodies in the penis are the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Testosterone is secreted by the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  The ________ connect the seminiferous tubules to the epididymis.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Use Figure 20-2 to answer the following questions: Which muscle(s) contract(s) to cause the movement indicated by the arrows labeled "6" and "7"?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  The process of filtration is driven by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  If the dorsal respiratory group of neurons in the medulla oblongata were destroyed bilaterally,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  The small paired structures at the base of the penis that secrete a thick, alkaline mucus are the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Which area is sensitive to the hormone ADH?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  For maximum loading of hemoglobin with oxygen at the lungs, the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  ________ is the amount of air that you can inhale above the resting tidal volume.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  The filtrate first passes from the glomerular capsule to the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Each of the following statements concerning oogenesis is true, except that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  During the menses
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Low pH alters hemoglobin structure so that oxygen binds less strongly to hemoglobin at low PO2. This increases the effectiveness of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Which of the following muscles move the testes towards the body?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  The average length of the uterine cycle is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Renal columns are
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B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Glomerular (Bowman's) capsule and the glomerulus make up the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  The granulosa cells of developing follicles secrete
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  For erection to occur
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B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Interstitial cells produce
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  Which of these components of the nephron is largely confined to the renal medulla?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  The erectile tissue that surrounds the urethra is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  The organ that monitors and adjusts the composition of tubular fluid, recycles damaged spermatozoa, and is the site of sperm maturation is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  Most of the carbon dioxide in the blood is transported as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  The pneumotaxic center
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  Use Figure 20-2 to answer the following questions: What is the relationship between the pressures at label "8"?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  All of the following provide chemoreceptor input to the respiratory centers of the medulla oblongata, except the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  The pneumotaxic center of the pons
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  Where does countercurrent multiplication occur?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  Arrange the four structures listed below into the order in which sperm pass from the testis to the urethral meatus.
  1. ductus deferens
  2. urethra
  3. ejaculatory duct
  4. epididymis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  Each 100 ml of blood leaving the alveolar capillaries carries away roughly ________ ml of oxygen.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  Henry's law states that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  In response to increased levels of aldosterone, the kidneys produce
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  Substances secreted by the distal convoluted tubule include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  The dense layer of connective tissue that surrounds the testis is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  Follicle-stimulating hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  The mechanism for producing concentrated urine involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  Sperm are moved along the ductus deferens by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  Which of the following descriptions best matches the term endometrium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  Which of the following can be calculated if the tidal volume and respiratory rate are known?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  As the filtrate passes through the renal tubules, approximately what percentage is reabsorbed and returned to the circulation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  A glomerulus is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  Which of the following is greater?
A.
B.
C.
78.  Use Figure 20-2 to answer the following questions: What is the relationship between the pressures at label "3
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  Emission and ejaculation
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  A 10 percent increase in the level of carbon dioxide in the blood will
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  The process by which dissolved gases are exchanged between the blood and interstitial fluids is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  Which of the following statements about the uterine cycle is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.