Anatomy & Physiology - Final Exam (respiratory, Renal, & Reproduction)

190 Questions  I  By Seres21e
Bob Beregowitz

  
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1.  Most of the carbon dioxide in the blood is transported as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Secondary sexual characteristics
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Major calyces are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  For maximum loading of hemoglobin with oxygen at the lungs, the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  The function of pulmonary ventilation is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Use Figure 25-1 to answer the following questions: Identify the structure labeled "10."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Where does most nutrient reabsorption occur?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Which of the following statements about the uterine cycle is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  The condition resulting from inadequate production of surfactant and the resultant collapse of alveoli is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  The principal hormone secreted by the corpus luteum is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  In quiet breathing,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Follicle-stimulating hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  A patient with a connective tissue disease experiences increased pulmonary vascular resistance. Over a period of time you would expect to observe v
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Contraction of the cremaster muscles
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Which of the following descriptions best matches the term endometrium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  The fold of skin that covers the glans penis is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  The spermatic cord is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Expiratory movements are produced by contraction of the ________ muscle(s).
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Nurse cells
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Emission and ejaculation
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  In response to increased levels of aldosterone, the kidneys produce
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  The reproductive system includes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  The organ that monitors and adjusts the composition of tubular fluid, recycles damaged spermatozoa, and is the site of sperm maturation is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  The obstructive lung disease in which elastic fibers are lost, leading to collapse of alveoli and bronchioles, is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  The most important chemical regulator of respiration is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Sperm are moved along the ductus deferens by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Prolonged deep inspirations can result from stimulating the ________ center.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  The unit of measurement for pressure preferred by many respiratory therapists is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  At a PO2 of 70 mm Hg and normal temperature and pH, hemoglobin is ________ percent saturated with oxygen.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Which of the following occurs after a spermatogonium completes cell division?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  The paired erectile bodies in the penis are the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Contractions of the bulbospongiosus muscles result in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  A male bodybuilder starts taking injections of testosterone (an anabolic steroid) on a daily basis. After 3 weeks, which of the following would you expect to observe?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Identify the structure labeled "6."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Under normal conditions, glomerular filtration depends on three main pressures. Which of those pressures is a pressure that favors the filtration pressure?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  A mature follicle releases an ovum in response to a surge in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  The external marking of the boundary between the two testes is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Most of the oxygen transported by the blood is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Identify the structure labeled "10."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Identify the structure labeled "8."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  On which of the following days would the level of GnRH be highest in a female?
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  The structure known as the juxtaglomerular apparatus is located near the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Use Figure 20-2 to answer the following questions: What is the relationship between the pressures at label "8"?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  The term hypercapnia refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  The filtration barrier in the renal corpuscle consists of three layers:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  The organ that is posterior to the urinary bladder is (are) the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Use Figure 25-1 to answer the following questions: What is produced by the structure labeled "7"?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Use Figure 25-1 to answer the following questions: Identify the structure labeled "3."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Contraction of the dartos muscle
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  The primary function of the proximal convoluted tubule is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Which of the following descriptions best matches the term renal papilla?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Use Figure 25-1 to answer the following questions: Identify the structure labeled "4."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  The primary follicle develops from the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Spermatozoa are functionally matured within the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  The pituitary hormone that stimulates the interstitial cells to secrete testosterone is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  After ovulation, the ovary secretes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  Boyle's law states that gas volume is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  The erectile tissue that surrounds the urethra is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  Henry's law states that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  Which of the following descriptions best matches the term nephron loop (loop of Henle)?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  The majority of glomeruli are located in the ________ of the kidney.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  External respiration involves the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  One mechanism the kidney uses to raise systemic blood pressure is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  The partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood is approximately
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  Which of the following factors would increase the amount of oxygen discharged by hemoglobin to peripheral tissues?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  The dense layer of connective tissue that surrounds the testis is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  The normal rate and depth of breathing is established by the ________ center.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  The partial pressure of carbon dioxide in venous blood is approximately
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  The cavity of the kidney that receives urine from the calyces is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  The process of filtration occurs at
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  Inward projections of the tunica albuginea, known as septa, divide the testis into
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  The process by which dissolved gases are exchanged between the blood and interstitial fluids is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  Which of the following would be greater?
A.
B.
C.
74.  Testosterone is secreted by the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  A rise in the blood levels of follicle-stimulating hormone at the beginning of the ovarian cycle is responsible for
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  Substances larger than ________ do not pass through the filtration membrane.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  Where in the male reproductive system would you expect to find the most mature spermatozoa?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  Substances secreted by the distal convoluted tubule include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  A 10 percent increase in the level of carbon dioxide in the blood will
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  ________ equals the respiratory rate × (tidal volume - anatomic dead space).
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  Higher brain centers that alter the activity of the respiratory centers include all of the following, except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  Which of the following formulas will allow you to calculate the net filtration pressure (FP)? (Hint: GHP = glomerular hydrostatic pressure, BCOP = blood colloidal osmotic pressure, CsHP = capsular hydrostatic pressure.)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  Dalton's law states that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  The male reproductive system is most closely associated with which of the following systems?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  Sperm cannot fertilize an ovum unless it has been in the female reproductive tract for several hours. This enhanced ability of the sperm to fertilize the ovum is called capacitation. In vitro studies indicate that freshly ejaculated sperm can fertilize the ovum if they are first rinsed in salt solution before being introduced to the ovum. These observations suggest that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  For erection to occur
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  Pneumotaxic centers in the pons
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  Functions of the accessory glands of the male reproductive system include all of the following, except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  A patient excretes a large volume of very dilute urine on a continuing basis. This is may be due to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  The process of filtration is driven by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
91.  Secretion of hydrogen ion by the DCT is by the process of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
92.  The granulosa cells of developing follicles secrete
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
93.  The average length of the uterine cycle is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
94.  If the dorsal respiratory group of neurons in the medulla oblongata were destroyed bilaterally,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  Glomerular (Bowman's) capsule and the glomerulus make up the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
96.  Menstruation is triggered by a drop in the levels of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
97.  Blocking afferent action potentials from the chemoreceptors in the carotid and aortic bodies would interfere with the brain's ability to regulate breathing in response to
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  ________ is the amount of air that you can inhale above the resting tidal volume.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
99.  Use Figure 20-2 to answer the following questions: What is the relationship between the pressures at label "3
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
100.  Increased sympathetic tone can do all of the following, except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
101.  Tubular reabsorption involves all of the following, except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
102.  The uterine phase that develops because of a fall in progesterone levels is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
103.  Which is the function of the ovaries?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
104.  Approximately ________ liters of glomerular filtrate enter glomerular capsules each day.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
105.  Which of the following descriptions best matches the term calyx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
106.  This is the structure that ruptures during ovulation.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
107.  The pneumotaxic center of the pons
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
108.  During the menses
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
109.  Antidiuretic hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
110.  What is the function of gonads?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
111.  Which of the following muscles might be recruited to increase inspired volume?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
112.  The ________ connect the seminiferous tubules to the epididymis.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
113.  A boy has a genetic mutation such that FSH is not produced, but LH is normal. After the boy grows to maturity, it is likely he will
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
114.  The organ that surrounds the urethra and produces an alkaline secretion is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
115.  Identify the structure labeled "5."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
116.  The pneumotaxic center
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
117.  The apneustic centers of the pons
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
118.  If a patient being tested inhales as deeply as possible and then exhales as much as possible, the volume of air expelled would be the patient's
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
119.  Each of the following is a normal constituent of urine, except .
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
120.  The renal sinus is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
121.  The termination of the uterine cycle at age 45-55 is called ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
122.  Renal columns are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
123.  As the filtrate passes through the renal tubules, approximately what percentage is reabsorbed and returned to the circulation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
124.  When the diaphragm and external intercostal muscles contract,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
125.  Which of the following is greater?
A.
B.
126.  The mechanism for producing concentrated urine involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
127.  The small paired structures at the base of the penis that secrete a thick, alkaline mucus are the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
128.  The outermost layer of the kidney is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
129.  Interstitial cells produce
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
130.  Which area is sensitive to the hormone ADH?
A.
B.