Anatomy & Physiology - Final Exam (respiratory, Renal, & Reproduction)

190 Questions  I  By Seres21e
Bob Beregowitz

  
Changes are done, please start the quiz.


Question Excerpt

Removing question excerpt is a premium feature

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
1.  Increased sympathetic tone can do all of the following, except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  A mature follicle releases an ovum in response to a surge in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Where does most nutrient reabsorption occur?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Identify the structure labeled "9."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  What percentage of nutrients (glucose, amino acids, etc) are reabsorbed in the PCT?
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  All of the following provide chemoreceptor input to the respiratory centers of the medulla oblongata, except the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  The pneumotaxic center of the pons
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  For erection to occur
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  The normal rate and depth of breathing is established by the ________ center.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Sperm are moved along the ductus deferens by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Secretion of hydrogen ion by the DCT is by the process of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Increasing the alveolar ventilation rate will
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Which of the following descriptions best matches the term calyx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  The ________ delivers urine to a minor calyx.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The most important chemical regulator of respiration is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  ________ is the amount of air that moves into the respiratory system during a single respiratory cycle under resting conditions.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Use Figure 25-1 to answer the following questions: Identify the structure labeled "3."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Identify the structure labeled "8."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  During the menses
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Menstruation is triggered by a drop in the levels of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Blocking afferent action potentials from the chemoreceptors in the carotid and aortic bodies would interfere with the brain's ability to regulate breathing in response to
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Use Figure 20-2 to answer the following questions: Which muscle(s) contract(s) to cause the movement indicated by the arrows labeled "6" and "7"?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  In response to increased levels of aldosterone, the kidneys produce
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Most of the oxygen transported by the blood is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  At a PO2 of 70 mm Hg and normal temperature and pH, hemoglobin is ________ percent saturated with oxygen.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  The expanded beginning of the ureter connects to the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Which statement about the chloride shift is false?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Approximately ________ liters of glomerular filtrate enter glomerular capsules each day.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  The small paired structures at the base of the penis that secrete a thick, alkaline mucus are the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  For maximum loading of hemoglobin with oxygen at the lungs, the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  A glomerulus is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  The uterine phase that develops because of a fall in progesterone levels is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  The organ that is posterior to the urinary bladder is (are) the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Which is the function of the ovaries?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Carbon dioxide is more soluble in water than oxygen. To get the same amount of oxygen to dissolve in plasma as carbon dioxide, you would have to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Use Figure 25-1 to answer the following questions: Identify the structure labeled "4."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  If a patient being tested inhales as deeply as possible and then exhales as much as possible, the volume of air expelled would be the patient's
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Which of the following descriptions best matches the term nephron loop (loop of Henle)?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Which of the following muscles might be recruited to increase inspired volume?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Henry's law states that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Sperm cannot fertilize an ovum unless it has been in the female reproductive tract for several hours. This enhanced ability of the sperm to fertilize the ovum is called capacitation. In vitro studies indicate that freshly ejaculated sperm can fertilize the ovum if they are first rinsed in salt solution before being introduced to the ovum. These observations suggest that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  The structure known as the juxtaglomerular apparatus is located near the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Expiratory movements are produced by contraction of the ________ muscle(s).
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  The ________ connect the seminiferous tubules to the epididymis.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Triangular or conical structures located in the renal medulla are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  The dense layer of connective tissue that surrounds the testis is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Each 100 ml of blood leaving the alveolar capillaries carries away roughly ________ ml of oxygen.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Emission and ejaculation
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Functions of the accessory glands of the male reproductive system include all of the following, except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  A male bodybuilder starts taking injections of testosterone (an anabolic steroid) on a daily basis. After 3 weeks, which of the following would you expect to observe?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  As the filtrate passes through the renal tubules, approximately what percentage is reabsorbed and returned to the circulation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  The U-shaped segment of the nephron is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  If the dorsal respiratory group of neurons in the medulla oblongata were destroyed bilaterally,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  The primary follicle develops from the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  Autoregulation of the rate of glomerular filtration has which of the following properties?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  The fold of skin that covers the glans penis is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  Contraction of the dartos muscle
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  Testosterone is secreted by the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  On which of the following days would the level of GnRH be highest in a female?
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  A patient excretes a large volume of very dilute urine on a continuing basis. This is may be due to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  Boyle's Law of Gases states that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  This is the structure that ruptures during ovulation.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  Use Figure 20-2 to answer the following questions: What is the relationship between the pressures at label "8"?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  The apneustic centers of the pons
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  Interstitial cells produce
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  Substances secreted by the distal convoluted tubule include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  Follicle-stimulating hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  Major calyces are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  Which of these age-based changes is false?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  Tubular reabsorption involves all of the following, except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  Arrange the four structures listed below into the order in which sperm pass from the testis to the urethral meatus.
  1. ductus deferens
  2. urethra
  3. ejaculatory duct
  4. epididymis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  Which of the following descriptions best matches the term endometrium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  The external marking of the boundary between the two testes is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  A sample of a woman's blood is analyzed for reproductive hormone levels. The results indicate a high level of progesterone, relatively high levels of inhibin, and low levels of FSH and LH. The female is most likely experiencing ________ of the uterine cycle.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  What is the function of gonads?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  The function of pulmonary ventilation is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  Sperm production occurs in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  A boy has a genetic mutation such that FSH is not produced, but LH is normal. After the boy grows to maturity, it is likely he will
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  The average length of the uterine cycle is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  Most of the carbon dioxide in the blood is transported as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  Contractions of the bulbospongiosus muscles result in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  Which of the following descriptions best matches the term renal papilla?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  Use Figure 20-2 to answer the following questions: What is the relationship between the pressures at label "3
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  Which of the following is greater?
A.
B.
C.
85.  During the secretory phase of the uterine cycle
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  Which of the following is greatest?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  Which of the following occurs after a spermatogonium completes cell division?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  The obstructive lung disease in which elastic fibers are lost, leading to collapse of alveoli and bronchioles, is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  Which of the following is greater?
A.
B.
90.  The pneumotaxic center
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
91.  Which of these components of the nephron is largely confined to the renal medulla?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
92.  After ovulation, the ovary secretes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
93.  Antidiuretic hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
94.  The spermatic cord is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  Which of the following can be calculated if the tidal volume and respiratory rate are known?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
96.  Which of the following muscles move the testes towards the body?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
97.  The partial pressure of oxygen in the interstitial space of peripheral tissues is approximately
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
98.  The partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood is approximately
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
99.  Which of the following statements about the uterine cycle is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
100.  Pneumotaxic centers in the pons
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
101.  Secondary sexual characteristics
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
102.  The process of filtration is driven by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
103.  The primary role of FSH in males is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
104.  Chloride ion is reabsorbed in the thick ascending limb by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
105.  When the diaphragm and external intercostal muscles contract,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
106.  The principal hormone secreted by the corpus luteum is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
107.  Alveolar ventilation refers to the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
108.  Use Figure 20-2 to answer the following questions: What pressure will be present in the space labeled "5"?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
109.  Boyle's law states that gas volume is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
110.  The glomeruli are best described as being tufts of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
111.  The unit of measurement for pressure preferred by many respiratory therapists is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
112.  The majority of glomeruli are located in the ________ of the kidney.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
113.  Identify the structure labeled "6."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
114.  One mechanism the kidney uses to raise systemic blood pressure is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
115.  External respiration involves the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
116.  Each of the following factors affects the rate of external respiration, except the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
117.  Low pH alters hemoglobin structure so that oxygen binds less strongly to hemoglobin at low PO2. This increases the effectiveness of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
118.  Air moves out of the lungs when the pressure inside the lungs is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
119.  The paired erectile bodies in the penis are the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
120.  The partial pressure of carbon dioxide in venous blood is approximately
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
121.  When there is no air movement, the relationship between the intrapulmonary and atmospheric pressure is that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
122.  Which of the following is greater?
A.
B.
123.  The inflation reflex
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
124.  ________ is the amount of air that you can inhale above the resting tidal volume.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
125.  The outermost layer of the kidney is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
126.  Dalton's law states that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
127.  A rise in the blood levels of follicle-stimulating hormone at the beginning of the ovarian cycle is responsible for
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
128.  Under normal conditions, glomerular filtration depends on three main pressures. Which of those pressures is a pressure that favors the filtration pressure?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
129.  A patient with a connective tissue disease experiences increased pulmonary vascular resistance. Over a period of time you would expect to observe v
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
130.  Substances larger than ________ do not pass through the filtration membrane.
A.
B.
C.
D.