We have sent an email with your new password.


Anatomy & Physiology - Final Exam (respiratory, Renal, & Reproduction)

190 Questions  I  By Seres21e
  • Share This on Twitter
  • +
Anatomy & Physiology - Final Exam (Respiratory, Renal, & Reproduction)
Bob Beregowitz

  
Changes are done, please start the quiz.


Question Excerpt

Removing question excerpt is a premium feature

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
1.  Inward projections of the tunica albuginea, known as septa, divide the testis into
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  The normal rate and depth of breathing is established by the ________ center.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  A patient with a connective tissue disease experiences increased pulmonary vascular resistance. Over a period of time you would expect to observe v
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Sperm are moved along the ductus deferens by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Dalton's law states that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  If a patient being tested inhales as deeply as possible and then exhales as much as possible, the volume of air expelled would be the patient's
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Under normal conditions, glomerular filtration depends on three main pressures. Which of those pressures is a pressure that favors the filtration pressure?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Which statement about the chloride shift is false?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  The organ that monitors and adjusts the composition of tubular fluid, recycles damaged spermatozoa, and is the site of sperm maturation is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Under quiet conditions, blood returning to the heart retains about ________ of its oxygen content when it leaves the lungs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  The partial pressure of carbon dioxide in the interstitial space of peripheral tissues is approximately
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Identify the structure labeled "5."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  At a PO2 of 70 mm Hg and normal temperature and pH, hemoglobin is ________ percent saturated with oxygen.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Boyle's Law of Gases states that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The dense layer of connective tissue that surrounds the testis is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Higher brain centers that alter the activity of the respiratory centers include all of the following, except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  The pneumotaxic center of the pons
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Which of the following muscles move the testes towards the body?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Pneumotaxic centers in the pons
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  What physiological process occurs at the structure labeled "2"?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Boyle's law states that gas volume is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  The outermost layer of the kidney is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Identify the structure labeled "10."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  As the filtrate passes through the renal tubules, approximately what percentage is reabsorbed and returned to the circulation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  The apneustic centers of the pons
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  The filtration barrier in the renal corpuscle consists of three layers:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Sperm cannot fertilize an ovum unless it has been in the female reproductive tract for several hours. This enhanced ability of the sperm to fertilize the ovum is called capacitation. In vitro studies indicate that freshly ejaculated sperm can fertilize the ovum if they are first rinsed in salt solution before being introduced to the ovum. These observations suggest that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  The average length of the uterine cycle is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Blocking afferent action potentials from the chemoreceptors in the carotid and aortic bodies would interfere with the brain's ability to regulate breathing in response to
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Use Figure 25-1 to answer the following questions: Identify the structure labeled "11."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  When the diaphragm and external intercostal muscles contract,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Which is the function of the ovaries?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Contraction of the dartos muscle
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Identify the structure labeled "8."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Nurse cells
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  The surge in luteinizing hormone that occurs during the middle of the ovarian cycle triggers
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Interstitial cells produce
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Autoregulation of the rate of glomerular filtration has which of the following properties?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Follicle-stimulating hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  In emphysema, which of these occur?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  A mature follicle releases an ovum in response to a surge in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  The male reproductive system is most closely associated with which of the following systems?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  The ________ delivers urine to a minor calyx.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  The primary follicle develops from the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Functions of the accessory glands of the male reproductive system include all of the following, except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  On which of the following days would the level of GnRH be highest in a female?
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  The organ that is posterior to the urinary bladder is (are) the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Which of the following muscles might be recruited to increase inspired volume?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Secretion of hydrogen ion by the DCT is by the process of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Renal columns are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  The filtrate first passes from the glomerular capsule to the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Substances larger than ________ do not pass through the filtration membrane.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  A sample of a woman's blood is analyzed for reproductive hormone levels. The results indicate a high level of progesterone, relatively high levels of inhibin, and low levels of FSH and LH. The female is most likely experiencing ________ of the uterine cycle.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  The organ that carries sperm from the epididymis to the urethra is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  A boy has a genetic mutation such that FSH is not produced, but LH is normal. After the boy grows to maturity, it is likely he will
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  In quiet breathing,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  The obstructive lung disease in which elastic fibers are lost, leading to collapse of alveoli and bronchioles, is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  Approximately ________ liters of glomerular filtrate enter glomerular capsules each day.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  Identify the structure labeled "6."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  Carbon dioxide is more soluble in water than oxygen. To get the same amount of oxygen to dissolve in plasma as carbon dioxide, you would have to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  The partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood is approximately
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  When the level of ADH (antidiuretic hormone) decreases,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  Which of the following is greater?
A.
B.
64.  Alveolar ventilation refers to the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  A patient excretes a large volume of very dilute urine on a continuing basis. This is may be due to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  Which of the following descriptions best matches the term renal papilla?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  Use Figure 20-2 to answer the following questions: Which muscle(s) produce(s) the movement labeled "1"?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  The spermatic cord is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  Most of the oxygen transported by the blood is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  Sperm production occurs in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  Major calyces are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  The term hypercapnia refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  Use Figure 25-1 to answer the following questions: What is produced by the structure labeled "7"?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  Which of the following would be greater?
A.
B.
C.
75.  Which of these components of the nephron is largely confined to the renal medulla?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  Where in the male reproductive system would you expect to find the most mature spermatozoa?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  What is the function of gonads?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  Pulmonary ventilation refers to the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  Contractions of the bulbospongiosus muscles result in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  A male bodybuilder starts taking injections of testosterone (an anabolic steroid) on a daily basis. After 3 weeks, which of the following would you expect to observe?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  The inflation reflex
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  Prolonged deep inspirations can result from stimulating the ________ center.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  When there is no air movement, the relationship between the intrapulmonary and atmospheric pressure is that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  Stimulation of the apneustic center would result in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  Which of the following factors would increase the amount of oxygen discharged by hemoglobin to peripheral tissues?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  Tubular reabsorption involves all of the following, except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  Contraction of the cremaster muscles
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  One mechanism the kidney uses to raise systemic blood pressure is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  Which of the following descriptions best matches the term nephron loop (loop of Henle)?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  Where does most nutrient reabsorption occur?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
91.  The portion of the nephron that empties into the collecting duct is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
92.  Most of the carbon dioxide in the blood is transported as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
93.  Menstruation is triggered by a drop in the levels of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
94.  The partial pressure of carbon dioxide in venous blood is approximately
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  During the secretory phase of the uterine cycle
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
96.  Asthma is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
97.  Carbonic anhydrase
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
98.  The primary function of the proximal convoluted tubule is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
99.  The partial pressure of oxygen in the interstitial space of peripheral tissues is approximately
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
100.  The unit of measurement for pressure preferred by many respiratory therapists is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
101.  Which of the following descriptions best matches the term endometrium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
102.  In response to increased levels of aldosterone, the kidneys produce
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
103.  Increasing the alveolar ventilation rate will
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
104.  This is the structure that ruptures during ovulation.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
105.  The structure known as the juxtaglomerular apparatus is located near the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
106.  The organ that delivers semen into the female reproductive tract is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
107.  Which of the following descriptions best matches the term calyx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
108.  Where does countercurrent multiplication occur?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
109.  Which of the following occurs after a spermatogonium completes cell division?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
110.  A rise in the blood levels of follicle-stimulating hormone at the beginning of the ovarian cycle is responsible for
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
111.  Which of the following can be calculated if the tidal volume and respiratory rate are known?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
112.  Which of the following is greater?
A.
B.
113.  Which of these age-based changes is false?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
114.  The primary role of FSH in males is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
115.  Which of the following statements about the uterine cycle is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
116.  The U-shaped segment of the nephron is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
117.  After ovulation, the ovary secretes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
118.  Testosterone is secreted by the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
119.  The most important chemical regulator of respiration is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
120.  The termination of the uterine cycle at age 45-55 is called ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
121.  Use Figure 20-2 to answer the following questions: What is the relationship between the pressures at label "3
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
122.  Secondary sexual characteristics
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
123.  Air moves out of the lungs when the pressure inside the lungs is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
124.  ________ equals the respiratory rate × (tidal volume - anatomic dead space).
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
125.  The cavity of the kidney that receives urine from the calyces is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
126.  Each 100 ml of blood leaving the alveolar capillaries carries away roughly ________ ml of oxygen.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
127.  During the menses
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
128.  Which of the following is greatest?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
129.  The erectile tissue that surrounds the urethra is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
130.  Increased sympathetic tone can do all of the following, except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
131.  Which area is sensitive to the hormone ADH?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
132.  The majority of glomeruli are located in the ________ of the kidney.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
133.  The condition resulting from inadequate production of surfactant and the resultant collapse of alveoli is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
134.  The uterine phase that develops because of a fall in progesterone levels is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
135.  The principal hormone secreted by the corpus luteum is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
136.  The mechanism for producing concentrated urine involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
137.  The function of pulmonary ventilation is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
138.  The glomeruli are best described as being tufts of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
139.  Identify the structure labeled "9."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
140.  The ability to form concentrated urine depends on the functions of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
141.  Low pH alters hemoglobin structure so that oxygen binds less strongly to hemoglobin at low PO2. This increases the effectiveness of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
142.  The process by which dissolved gases are exchanged between the blood and interstitial fluids is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
143.  The process of filtration is driven by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
144.  ________ is the amount of air that you can inhale above the resting tidal volume.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
145.  Which of the following would be greater?
A.
B.
C.
146.  A 10 percent increase in the level of carbon dioxide in the blood will
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
147.  Antidiuretic hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
148.  Chloride ion is reabsorbed in the thick ascending limb by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
149.  Use Figure 25-1 to answer the following questions: Identify the structure labeled "10."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
150.  The paired erectile bodies in the penis are the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
151.  The process of filtration occurs at
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
152.  The granulosa cells of developing follicles secrete
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
153.  The reproductive system includes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
154.  Glomerular (Bowman's) capsule and the glomerulus make up the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
155.  Triangular or conical structures located in the renal medulla are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
156.  The expanded beginning of the ureter connects to the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
157.  External respiration involves the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
158.  Each of the following statements concerning oogenesis is true, except that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
159.  If the dorsal respiratory group of neurons in the medulla oblongata were destroyed bilaterally,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
160.  The fold of skin that covers the glans penis is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
161.  The pituitary hormone that stimulates the interstitial cells to secrete testosterone is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
162.  Which of the following formulas will allow you to calculate the net filtration pressure (FP)? (Hint: GHP = glomerular hydrostatic pressure, BCOP = blood colloidal osmotic pressure, CsHP = capsular hydrostatic pressure.)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
163.  Use Figure 25-1 to answer the following questions: Identify the structure labeled "3."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
164.  Which of these descriptions best matches the term external intercostal?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
165.  ________ is the amount of air that moves into the respiratory system during a single respiratory cycle under resting conditions.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.