We have sent an email with your new password.


Anatomy & Physiology - Final Exam (respiratory, Renal, & Reproduction)

190 Questions  I  By Seres21e
  • Share This on Twitter
  • +
Anatomy & Physiology - Final Exam (Respiratory, Renal, & Reproduction)
Bob Beregowitz

  
Changes are done, please start the quiz.


Question Excerpt

Removing question excerpt is a premium feature

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
1.  Which statement about the chloride shift is false?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Higher brain centers that alter the activity of the respiratory centers include all of the following, except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Which of these age-based changes is false?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Expiratory movements are produced by contraction of the ________ muscle(s).
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  The term hypercapnia refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  The obstructive lung disease in which elastic fibers are lost, leading to collapse of alveoli and bronchioles, is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  The partial pressure of oxygen in the interstitial space of peripheral tissues is approximately
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Most of the oxygen transported by the blood is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  For maximum loading of hemoglobin with oxygen at the lungs, the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Identify the structure labeled "6."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  The expanded beginning of the ureter connects to the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Approximately ________ liters of glomerular filtrate enter glomerular capsules each day.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  The process of filtration occurs at
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  The termination of the uterine cycle at age 45-55 is called ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The process of filtration is driven by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Emission and ejaculation
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  The paired erectile bodies in the penis are the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Which of the following is greater?
A.
B.
19.  Testosterone is secreted by the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Boyle's Law of Gases states that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Stimulation of the apneustic center would result in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Increased sympathetic tone can do all of the following, except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  The most important chemical regulator of respiration is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  What physiological process occurs at the structure labeled "2"?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  One mechanism the kidney uses to raise systemic blood pressure is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Which of the following muscles might be recruited to increase inspired volume?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Renal columns are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Where in the male reproductive system would you expect to find the most mature spermatozoa?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  As the filtrate passes through the renal tubules, approximately what percentage is reabsorbed and returned to the circulation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Chloride ion is reabsorbed in the thick ascending limb by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Use Figure 20-2 to answer the following questions: What pressure will be present in the space labeled "5"?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  The primary role of FSH in males is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Which of the following descriptions best matches the term renal papilla?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Which of the following descriptions best matches the term calyx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  The granulosa cells of developing follicles secrete
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  The organ that is posterior to the urinary bladder is (are) the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Functions of the accessory glands of the male reproductive system include all of the following, except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  The reproductive system includes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  A glomerulus is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  When there is no air movement, the relationship between the intrapulmonary and atmospheric pressure is that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Which of the following is greater?
A.
B.
42.  Use Figure 20-2 to answer the following questions: Which muscle(s) produce(s) the movement labeled "1"?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Triangular or conical structures located in the renal medulla are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  If a patient being tested inhales as deeply as possible and then exhales as much as possible, the volume of air expelled would be the patient's
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Which of the following is greater?
A.
B.
C.
46.  In quiet breathing,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  The principal hormone secreted by the corpus luteum is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  If the dorsal respiratory group of neurons in the medulla oblongata were destroyed bilaterally,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  The organ that monitors and adjusts the composition of tubular fluid, recycles damaged spermatozoa, and is the site of sperm maturation is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  The U-shaped segment of the nephron is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  The function of pulmonary ventilation is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  The mechanism for producing concentrated urine involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  A boy has a genetic mutation such that FSH is not produced, but LH is normal. After the boy grows to maturity, it is likely he will
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Which of these descriptions best matches the term external intercostal?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  The inflation reflex
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Sperm production occurs in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  Which area is sensitive to the hormone ADH?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  ________ is the amount of air that you can inhale above the resting tidal volume.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  Inward projections of the tunica albuginea, known as septa, divide the testis into
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  The glomeruli are best described as being tufts of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  A patient with a connective tissue disease experiences increased pulmonary vascular resistance. Over a period of time you would expect to observe v
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  The condition resulting from inadequate production of surfactant and the resultant collapse of alveoli is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  The ________ delivers urine to a minor calyx.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  Interstitial cells produce
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  In response to increased levels of aldosterone, the kidneys produce
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  Which of the following can be calculated if the tidal volume and respiratory rate are known?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  Identify the structure labeled "5."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  Low pH alters hemoglobin structure so that oxygen binds less strongly to hemoglobin at low PO2. This increases the effectiveness of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  Use Figure 25-1 to answer the following questions: Identify the structure labeled "4."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  Spermatozoa are functionally matured within the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  The fold of skin that covers the glans penis is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  All of the following provide chemoreceptor input to the respiratory centers of the medulla oblongata, except the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  The partial pressure of carbon dioxide in the interstitial space of peripheral tissues is approximately
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  The filtration barrier in the renal corpuscle consists of three layers:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  Increasing the alveolar ventilation rate will
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  The primary follicle develops from the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  The external marking of the boundary between the two testes is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  Identify the structure labeled "9."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  Alveolar ventilation refers to the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  Tubular reabsorption involves all of the following, except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  Where does countercurrent multiplication occur?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  Use Figure 25-1 to answer the following questions: What is produced by the structure labeled "7"?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  Which of the following factors would increase the amount of oxygen discharged by hemoglobin to peripheral tissues?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  The primary function of the proximal convoluted tubule is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  The uterine phase that develops because of a fall in progesterone levels is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  Substances secreted by the distal convoluted tubule include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  The apneustic centers of the pons
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  The ________ connect the seminiferous tubules to the epididymis.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  Each of the following statements concerning oogenesis is true, except that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  ________ is the amount of air that moves into the respiratory system during a single respiratory cycle under resting conditions.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
91.  The erectile tissue that surrounds the urethra is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
92.  Use Figure 25-1 to answer the following questions: Identify the structure labeled "3."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
93.  Identify the structure labeled "10."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
94.  Which of the following occurs after a spermatogonium completes cell division?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  What is the function of gonads?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
96.  A sample of a woman's blood is analyzed for reproductive hormone levels. The results indicate a high level of progesterone, relatively high levels of inhibin, and low levels of FSH and LH. The female is most likely experiencing ________ of the uterine cycle.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
97.  Use Figure 20-2 to answer the following questions: What is the relationship between the pressures at label "8"?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
98.  Which of the following formulas will allow you to calculate the net filtration pressure (FP)? (Hint: GHP = glomerular hydrostatic pressure, BCOP = blood colloidal osmotic pressure, CsHP = capsular hydrostatic pressure.)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
99.  Under quiet conditions, blood returning to the heart retains about ________ of its oxygen content when it leaves the lungs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
100.  Sperm are moved along the ductus deferens by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
101.  Use Figure 25-1 to answer the following questions: Identify the structure labeled "10."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
102.  Autoregulation of the rate of glomerular filtration has which of the following properties?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
103.  The filtrate first passes from the glomerular capsule to the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
104.  The pituitary hormone that stimulates the interstitial cells to secrete testosterone is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
105.  Nurse cells
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
106.  Pulmonary ventilation refers to the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
107.  Each 100 ml of blood leaving the alveolar capillaries carries away roughly ________ ml of oxygen.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
108.  In emphysema, which of these occur?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
109.  Pneumotaxic centers in the pons
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
110.  On which of the following days would the level of GnRH be highest in a female?
A.
B.
C.
D.
111.  The outermost layer of the kidney is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
112.  After ovulation, the ovary secretes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
113.  At a PO2 of 70 mm Hg and normal temperature and pH, hemoglobin is ________ percent saturated with oxygen.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
114.  Carbonic anhydrase
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
115.  During the secretory phase of the uterine cycle
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
116.  Antidiuretic hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
117.  Henry's law states that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
118.  The organ that carries sperm from the epididymis to the urethra is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
119.  Contraction of the cremaster muscles
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
120.  This is the structure that ruptures during ovulation.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
121.  Which of the following descriptions best matches the term endometrium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
122.  The partial pressure of carbon dioxide in venous blood is approximately
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
123.  Blocking afferent action potentials from the chemoreceptors in the carotid and aortic bodies would interfere with the brain's ability to regulate breathing in response to
A.
B.
C.
D.
124.  Asthma is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
125.  What percentage of nutrients (glucose, amino acids, etc) are reabsorbed in the PCT?
A.
B.
C.
D.
126.  During the menses
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
127.  During the proliferative phase of the uterine cycle,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
128.  Arrange the four structures listed below into the order in which sperm pass from the testis to the urethral meatus.
  1. ductus deferens
  2. urethra
  3. ejaculatory duct
  4. epididymis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
129.  Contraction of the dartos muscle
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
130.  The partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood is approximately
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
131.  Sperm cannot fertilize an ovum unless it has been in the female reproductive tract for several hours. This enhanced ability of the sperm to fertilize the ovum is called capacitation. In vitro studies indicate that freshly ejaculated sperm can fertilize the ovum if they are first rinsed in salt solution before being introduced to the ovum. These observations suggest that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
132.  A patient excretes a large volume of very dilute urine on a continuing basis. This is may be due to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
133.  The small paired structures at the base of the penis that secrete a thick, alkaline mucus are the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
134.  Secondary sexual characteristics
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
135.  When the diaphragm and external intercostal muscles contract,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
136.  The normal rate and depth of breathing is established by the ________ center.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
137.  Each of the following is a normal constituent of urine, except .
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
138.  Each of the following factors affects the rate of external respiration, except the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
139.  ________ equals the respiratory rate × (tidal volume - anatomic dead space).
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
140.  Where does most nutrient reabsorption occur?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
141.  The male reproductive system is most closely associated with which of the following systems?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
142.  The surge in luteinizing hormone that occurs during the middle of the ovarian cycle triggers
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
143.  Which of the following descriptions best matches the term nephron loop (loop of Henle)?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
144.  The dense layer of connective tissue that surrounds the testis is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
145.  Which is the function of the ovaries?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
146.  Use Figure 20-2 to answer the following questions: What is the relationship between the pressures at label "3
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
147.  A mature follicle releases an ovum in response to a surge in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
148.  Boyle's law states that gas volume is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
149.  The unit of measurement for pressure preferred by many respiratory therapists is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
150.  Which of the following would be greater?
A.
B.
C.
151.  Prolonged deep inspirations can result from stimulating the ________ center.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
152.  The process by which dissolved gases are exchanged between the blood and interstitial fluids is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
153.  The organ that delivers semen into the female reproductive tract is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
154.  Substances larger than ________ do not pass through the filtration membrane.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
155.  Which of the following is greatest?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
156.  Glomerular (Bowman's) capsule and the glomerulus make up the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
157.  Secretion of hydrogen ion by the DCT is by the process of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
158.  Which of the following would be greater?
A.
B.
C.
159.  The pneumotaxic center
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
160.  The average length of the uterine cycle is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
161.  The ability to form concentrated urine depends on the functions of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
162.  Major calyces are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
163.  Contractions of the bulbospongiosus muscles result in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
164.  The pneumotaxic center of the pons
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
165.  The organ that surrounds the urethra and produces an alkaline secretion is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
166.  Use Figure 20-2 to answer the following questions: Which muscle(s) contract(s) to cause the movement indicated by the arrows labeled "6" and "7"?
A.
B.