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Anatomy And Physiology Chapter 1

67 Questions
Anatomy And Physiology Chapter 1

BODY PART. BODY DIRECTION

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    DEFINE ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
  • 2. 
    DEFINE THIS DEFINITION Body standing erect, facing forward, upper limbs at the sides, palms facing forward
  • 3. 
    DEFINE THE THIS TYPE OF ANATOMICAL POSITION:SUPERIOR VS INFERIOR
  • 4. 
    DEFINE THE FOLOWING POSITION:ANTERIOR VS POSTERIOR
  • 5. 
    DEFINE THE FOLLOWING POSITION:MEDIAL VS LATERAL
  • 6. 
    DEFINE THE FOLLOWING POSITIONS:IPILATERAL VS CONTRALATERAL
  • 7. 
    DEFINE THE FOLLOWING POSITION:PROXIMAL VS DISTAL
  • 8. 
    DEFINE THE FOLLOWING POSITION:SUPERFICIAL VS DEEP
  • 9. 
    NAME THE THREE TYPES OF BODY SECTIONS
  • 10. 
    WHAT IS ANOTHER NAME FOR THE FRONTAL PLANE ACCORDING TO THE TYPES OF BODY SECTIONS
  • 11. 
    NAME THE TWO MAJOR TYPES OF BODY CAVITY AND THEIR ANATOMICAL POSITION
  • 12. 
    WHAT TWO MAJOR COMPONENTS MAKES UP THE DORSAL CAVITY?
  • 13. 
    THE VENTRAL CAVITY IS DIVIDED BY THE DIAPHRAGM INTO WHAT TWO CAVITIES 
  • 14. 
     THIS SEROUS FLUIDS SURROUNDS WHICH CAVITY
  • 15. 
    WHICH ORGAN DOES THE PERCARDIUM ENVELOPS
    • A. 

      LUNGS

    • B. 

      HEART

    • C. 

      ESOPHAGUS

    • D. 

      SPINAL CORD

    • E. 

      STOMACH

  • 16. 
    WHICH TYPE OF PERICARDIUM THAT HAS:THIN LAYER ON THE SURFACE OF THE HEART 
  • 17. 
    THIS IS A TYPE OF PERICARDIUM:THICK/DOUBLE LAYER THAT FORMS A SAC AROUND THE HEART 
  • 18. 
    DEFINE THE TYPE OF CAVITY AS FOLLOWS:SPACE BETWEEN THE VISCERAL AND PARIETAL PERICARDIA 
  • 19. 
    THIS LINES THE ABDOMINAL CAVITY  AND SURFACES OF THE ORGAN IN THAT CAVITY
    • A. 

      PERICARDIUM

    • B. 

      PARIETAL

    • C. 

      VISCERAL

    • D. 

      PERITONEUM

    • E. 

      PATELLA

  • 20. 
    THIS LINES THE WALL OF THE ABDOMINAL CAVITY ONLY.  
  • 21. 
    THIS IS AN EXTENSION OF THE PARIETAL PERITONEUM AND  COVERS THE SURFACE OF THE ABDOMINAL ORGANS
  • 22. 
    NAME ONE FUNCTION OF THE VISCERAL PERITONEUM
  • 23. 
    THE SPACE BETWEEN MEMBRANES IN THE ABDOMINAL CAVITY IS CALLED:
  • 24. 
    IN THE VENTRAL CAVITY SEROUS MEMBRANES LINING THE THORCIC CAVITY ARE CALLED: 
  • 25. 
    THE LEFT AND RIGHT CELL IS LINED WITH WHICH MEMBRANE WITHIN THE THORACIC CAVITY?
  • 26. 
    THE OUTER SURFACE OF THE LUNGS ARE COVERED WITH WHAT SEROUS MEMBRANE WITHIN THE THORACIC CAVITY
  • 27. 
    THE POTENTIAL SPACE BETWEEN THE PARIETAL AND PLEURAE WALL IS KNOWN AS:
  • 28. 
    THE ABDOMINOPELVIC SURFACE IS DIVIDED INTO HOW MANY QUADRANTS
  • 29. 
    HOW MANY REGIONS MAKES UP THE ABDOMINO PELVIC SUBDIVISION
  • 30. 
    NAME THE NINE REGIONS OF THE ABDOMINOPELVIC REGION
  • 31. 
    NAME THE TWO PORTIONS THE BODY IS CONSIST OF:
  • 32. 
    NAME THE SIX LEVELS OF ORGANIZATIONS BEGINNING FROM SIMPLEST TO MOST COMPLEX:
  • 33. 
    NAME THE LEVEL THAT THESE COMPONENTS ARE IN:  ATOMSMOLECULES
    • A. 

      ORGANISM LEVEL

    • B. 

      ORGAN LEVEL

    • C. 

      CHEMICAL LEVEL

    • D. 

      TISSUE LEVEL

    • E. 

      CELLULAR LEVEL

  • 34. 
    NAME THE LEVEL THESE COMPONENT ARE STORED:  –Cells are the basic structural and functional unit of the body –Organelle (Little organs)
    • A. 

      ORGANISM LEVEL

    • B. 

      TISSUE LEVEL

    • C. 

      ORGAN LEVEL

    • D. 

      CELLULAR LEVEL

    • E. 

      CHEMICAL LEVEL

  • 35. 
    NAME THE LEVEL THESE COMPONENTS ARE IN:  AGGREGATION OF SIMILAR CELLS THAT PERFORM SIMILAR FUNCTIONSSEVERAL DIFFERENT TYPES  
    • A. 

      ORGAN LEVEL

    • B. 

      ORGANISM LEVEL

    • C. 

      CHEMICAL LEVEL

    • D. 

      CELLULAR LEVEL

    • E. 

      TISSUE LEVEL

  • 36. 
    NAME THIS BODY SYSTEM:STRUCTURESKINFUNCTION:PROTECTIONBODY TEMPERATURESENSATION 
    • A. 

      REPIRATORY

    • B. 

      ENDOCRINE

    • C. 

      INTEGUMENTARY

    • D. 

      REPRODUCTIVE

    • E. 

      NERVOUS

  • 37. 
    NAME THIS BODY SYSTEM:STRUCTUREBRAIN SPINAL CORDNERVESFUNCTIONCOMMUNICATIONINTEGRATIONCONTROL  
    • A. 

      INTEGUMENTARY

    • B. 

      ENDOCRINE

    • C. 

      REPRODUCTIVE

    • D. 

      RESPIRATORY

    • E. 

      NERVOUS

  • 38. 
    NAME THIS BODY SYSTEM:  STRUCTUREHYPOTHALMUSPITUARYFUNCTIONREGULATIONLONGER TERM CONTROL  
    • A. 

      REPIRATORY

    • B. 

      REPRODUCTIVE

    • C. 

      ENDOCRINE

    • D. 

      INTEGUMENTARY

    • E. 

      SKELETAL

  • 39. 
    NAME THE BODY SYSTEM:STRUCTURE:HEARTVESSELSFUNCTIONTRANSPORTATIONTEMPERATURE REGULATORIMMUNITY 
    • A. 

      CARDIOVASCULAR

    • B. 

      REPRODUCTION

    • C. 

      ENDOCRINE

    • D. 

      NERVOUS

    • E. 

      RESPIRATORY

  • 40. 
    NAME THIS BODY SYSTEM:  Structure: •Nodes •Vessels •Thymus •Spleen Function: (COLLECTS, CLEANSES AND RETURN INTERSTITIAL FLUID TO THE BLOOD) •Fluid transport •Immunity
    • A. 

      CARDIOVASCULAR

    • B. 

      ENDOCRINE

    • C. 

      NERVOUS

    • D. 

      LYMPHATIC

    • E. 

      REPIRATORY

  • 41. 
    NAME THIS BODY SYSTEM:STRUCTUREBONESJOINTSFUNCTIONSUPPORTMOVEMENT   
    • A. 

      MUSCLE

    • B. 

      SKELETAL

    • C. 

      NERVOUS

    • D. 

      LYMPHATIC

    • E. 

      ENDOCRINE

  • 42. 
    NAME THIS BODY SYSTEM:STRUCTURE:3 KINDSFUNCTION:MOVEMENT POSTURETEMPERATURE 
    • A. 

      REPIRATORY

    • B. 

      CARDIOVASCULAR

    • C. 

      MUSCULAR

    • D. 

      INTEGUMENTARY

    • E. 

      ENDOCRINE

  • 43. 
    NAME THIS BODY SYSTEM:STRUCTURE:NOSE, PHARNYX, LARNYXTRACHEA, BRONCHI, LUNGSFUNCTION:GAS EXCHANGEACID BASE BALANCE   
    • A. 

      CARDIOVASCULAR

    • B. 

      SKELETAL

    • C. 

      INTEGUMENTARY

    • D. 

      ENDOCRINE

    • E. 

      REPIRATORY

  • 44. 
    NAME THIS BODY SYSTEM:  Structure: •Mouth, Pharynx, Esophagus •Stomach, Intestines, Rectum •Liver, Gallbladder, Pancreas Function: •Breakdown food •Nutrient absorption •Solid waste removal
    • A. 

      ENDOCRINE

    • B. 

      INTEGMENTARY

    • C. 

      LYMPHATIC

    • D. 

      DIGESTIVE

    • E. 

      MUSCULAR

  • 45. 
    NAME THIS BODY SYSTEM:Structure: •Kidneys, Ureters •Urinary Bladder, Urethra Function: •Nitrogenous waste removal •Acid-base balance •Water balance
    • A. 

      CARDIOVASCULAR

    • B. 

      NERVOUS

    • C. 

      LYMPHATIC

    • D. 

      DIGESTIVE

    • E. 

      URINARY

  • 46. 
    NAME THIS BODY SYSTEM:  Structure: Ovaries, Uterine tubes,  Uterus, Vagina Testes, Ducts, Prostate,  Penis, Scrotum Function: •Hormones
    • A. 

      SKELETAL

    • B. 

      REPRODUCTION

    • C. 

      ENDOCRINE

    • D. 

      LYMPHATIC

    • E. 

      DIGESTIVE

  • 47. 
    THIS IS CONSIST OF ALL THE CHEMICAL REACTIONS THAT ARE COLLECTIVELY KNOWN AS LIFE 
  • 48. 
    NAME THE FIVE SURVIVAL NEEDS OF LIFE (ANSWER IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER) 
  • 49. 
    NAME THE TWO TYPES OF METABOLISM AND THEIR DEFINITION
  • 50. 
    THIS IS THE BODY MAINTENANCE OF A STABLE INTERNAL ENVIRONMENT
  • 51. 
    THIS MONITORS ASPECTS OF THE INTERNAL ENVIRONMENT AND CORRECT ANY CHANGES.
  • 52. 
    NAME THE THREE TYPES OF HOMEOSTATIC MECHANISM.SELECT ALL THAT APPLIES
    • A. 

      RECEPTORS

    • B. 

      CONTROL CENTER

    • C. 

      ECCEPTORS

    • D. 

      EFFECTORS

    • E. 

      SIGNALS

  • 53. 
    WHAT TWO MECHANISMS REGULATES THE HOMEOSTASIS CONTROL
  • 54. 
    IDENTIFY THIS HOMEOSTASIS MECHANISM REGULATOR:MOST COMMON TYPE OF REGULARTORY MECHANISMMINIMIZES DEVIATION FROM THE NORM   
  • 55. 
    IDENTIFY THIS HOMEOSTASIS REGULATOR:RARESTIMULATE AND PROMOTE A CHANGE IN A BODY CONDITION 
  • 56. 
    THE HEAD IS ______ TO THE NECK
    • A. 

      PERIPHERAL

    • B. 

      INFERIOR

    • C. 

      PROXIMAL

    • D. 

      LATERAL

    • E. 

      SUPERIOR

  • 57. 
    THE HAND IS ______________ TO THE WRIST
    • A. 

      SUPERIOR

    • B. 

      PROXIMAL

    • C. 

      ANTERIOR

    • D. 

      LATERAL

    • E. 

      POSTERIOR

  • 58. 
    THE SKIN IS ______ TO THE MUSCLE 
    • A. 

      EXTERNAL

    • B. 

      INTERNAL

    • C. 

      INFERIOR

    • D. 

      SUPERIOR

    • E. 

      MEDIAL

  • 59. 
    THE MOUTH IS ___ TO THE NOSE
    • A. 

      SUPERIOR

    • B. 

      PROXIMAL

    • C. 

      MEDIAL

    • D. 

      INFERIOR

    • E. 

      LATERAL

  • 60. 
    THE ELBOW IS _________ TO THE WRIST
    • A. 

      PERIPHERAL

    • B. 

      LATERAL

    • C. 

      POSTERIOR

    • D. 

      PROXIMAL

    • E. 

      SUPERIOR

  • 61. 
    THER EAR IS ON THE ______ SURFACE OF THE HEAD
    • A. 

      ANTERIOR

    • B. 

      LATERAL

    • C. 

      POSTERIOR

    • D. 

      PERIPHERAL

    • E. 

      MEDIAL

  • 62. 
    THE UMBILICUS IS ON THE _______ BODY SURFACE
    • A. 

      ANTERIOR

    • B. 

      PROXIMAL

    • C. 

      MEDIAL

    • D. 

      POSTERIOR

    • E. 

      EXTERNAL

  • 63. 
    THE HIP IS ON THE ________ BODY SURFACE
    • A. 

      MEDIAL

    • B. 

      POSTERIOR

    • C. 

      LATERAL

    • D. 

      INFERIOR

    • E. 

      INTERNAL

  • 64. 
    THE BUTTOCKS ARE ON THE ______ BODY SURFACE
    • A. 

      MEDIAL

    • B. 

      PERIPHERAL

    • C. 

      SUPERIOR

    • D. 

      INFERIOR

    • E. 

      POSTERIOR

  • 65. 
    DIVIDES THE BODY INTO LEFT AND RIGHT PORTIONS
  • 66. 
    DIVIDES THE BODY INTO SUPERIOR AND INFERIOR PORTIONS
  • 67. 
    DIVIDES THE BODY INTO ANTERIOR AND POSTER PORTIONS