Anatomy & Physiology: Biochemistry

22 Questions  I  By Carlyh
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Anatomy & Physiology: Biochemistry
A quiz testing knowledge of biochemistry.

  
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1.  Carbohydrates are found in many different forms within the body. Carbohydrates that are made up of only 3-6 carbons and form rings are called ______________________. These are used for quick energy. Another type of quick energy carbohydrates are _____________________, which are made up of 2 ___________________ bound together. Other carbohydrates are stored away for later use. These are made up of many _____________________ and are called _______________________. [separate answer with a comma]
2. 
This is model of an amino acid. It is made up of a carboxyl group, on one end, an amine group on the other and the alkyl group is what distinguishes each individual amino acid. Amino acids are the smaller units that make up _______________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Order these words from smallest unit to largest:nucleotidenitrogenous basenucleic acid[separate with comma]
A.
B.
C.
4.  Which are common functions of prostaglandins in the human body?Check all that apply.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
5.  Salts, acids, and bases are all examples of electrolytes found in the human body.
A.
B.
6.  The bond formed between amino acid molecules is an ionic bond.
A.
B.
7.  Are enzymes always entirely made of amino acids?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Describe some of the differences between DNA and RNA. Where is RNA synthesized? DNA? How many strands do each have? What is the function of RNA? DNA? What binds to adenine in both?
9.  What other important molecule contains a nitrogenous base and a ribose???
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Phosopholipids can be found in the cell membrane.
A.
B.
11.  What are the functions of proteins in the body? Check all that apply.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
12.  The complementary base pairs are ___________ - thymine and cytosine-_____________. [separate with comma]
13.  Which is not an example of a steroid?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Temperature, pH, salinity, and chemical make-up can all influence protein conformation.
A.
B.
15.  Which is not an organic molecule or compound within the body?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Polysaccharides can only be straight in formation.
A.
B.
17.  Which of the characteristics below is not a characteristic of fats?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Expain what the function of steriods is in the body and give 2 or 3 examples.
19.  ___________________ are proteins that catalyze reactions. They work by SPECIFICITY, SATURATION, AND REGULATION.
20.  The full name of RNA is ___________________  ___________.
21. 
(a)                (b) Identify the carboyhdrates and choose the correct labels for (a) and (b).
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  The full name of DNA is _________________________ _________.
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