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Anatomy & Physiology: Biochemistry

22 Questions
Anatomy & Physiology: Biochemistry

A quiz testing knowledge of biochemistry.

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
  • 2. 
    Describe some of the differences between DNA and RNA. Where is RNA synthesized? DNA? How many strands do each have? What is the function of RNA? DNA? What binds to adenine in both?
  • 3. 
    Which is not an organic molecule or compound within the body?
    • A. 

      Carbohydrates

    • B. 

      Salts

    • C. 

      Nucleotides

    • D. 

      Lipids

    • E. 

      Proteins

  • 4. 
    Salts, acids, and bases are all examples of electrolytes found in the human body.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    Carbohydrates are found in many different forms within the body. Carbohydrates that are made up of only 3-6 carbons and form rings are called ______________________. These are used for quick energy. Another type of quick energy carbohydrates are _____________________, which are made up of 2 ___________________ bound together. Other carbohydrates are stored away for later use. These are made up of many _____________________ and are called _______________________. [separate answer with a comma]
  • 6. 
    (a)                (b) Identify the carboyhdrates and choose the correct labels for (a) and (b).
    • A. 

      (a) polysaccharide (b) disaccharide

    • B. 

      (a) monosaccharide (b) polysaccharide

    • C. 

      (a) nucleotide (b)disaccharide

    • D. 

      (a) monosaccharide (b) disaccharide

  • 7. 
    Polysaccharides can only be straight in formation.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    Which of the characteristics below is not a characteristic of fats?
    • A. 

      Can be saturated or saturated

    • B. 

      Protection

    • C. 

      Polar

    • D. 

      Storage

    • E. 

      Nonpolar

  • 9. 
    • A. 

      Activation of the inflammatory responses at the sites of damaged tissue

    • B. 

      Production of pain and fever

    • C. 

      Storage of important steroids

    • D. 

      Are produced as a result of white blood cells flooding to the site of damaged tissue

    • E. 

      Secrete acidic solutions during digestion

    • F. 

      Send signals to the nervous system regarding pain

    • G. 

      Involved in cell growth

    • H. 

      Involved in immune system response

  • 10. 
    Phosopholipids can be found in the cell membrane.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    This is model of an amino acid. It is made up of a carboxyl group, on one end, an amine group on the other and the alkyl group is what distinguishes each individual amino acid. Amino acids are the smaller units that make up _______________________.
    • A. 

      Nucleotides

    • B. 

      Carboyhydrates

    • C. 

      Lipids

    • D. 

      Proteins

  • 12. 
    The bond formed between amino acid molecules is an ionic bond.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    Which is not an example of a steroid?
    • A. 

      Testosterone

    • B. 

      Tryiglyceride

    • C. 

      Cholesterol

    • D. 

      Estrogen

    • E. 

      (b) and (c)

  • 14. 
    What are the functions of proteins in the body? Check all that apply.
    • A. 

      Support

    • B. 

      Movement

    • C. 

      Insulation

    • D. 

      Transport

    • E. 

      Buffering

    • F. 

      Lubrication

    • G. 

      Defense

  • 15. 
    Temperature, pH, salinity, and chemical make-up can all influence protein conformation.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    ___________________ are proteins that catalyze reactions. They work by SPECIFICITY, SATURATION, AND REGULATION.
  • 17. 
    Are enzymes always entirely made of amino acids?
    • A. 

      Yes

    • B. 

      No

    • C. 

      Maybe

    • D. 

      I have no idea

  • 18. 
    Order these words from smallest unit to largest:nucleotidenitrogenous basenucleic acid[separate with comma]
    • A. 

      Nucleic acid, nitrogenous base, nucleotide

    • B. 

      Nucletotide, nucleic acid, nitrogenous base

    • C. 

      Nitrogenous base, nucleotide, nucleic acid

  • 19. 
    The full name of DNA is _________________________ _________.
  • 20. 
    The full name of RNA is ___________________  ___________.
  • 21. 
    What other important molecule contains a nitrogenous base and a ribose???
    • A. 

      Bile

    • B. 

      Adenosine triphosphate

    • C. 

      Fructose

    • D. 

      Polysaccharides

  • 22. 
    The complementary base pairs are ___________ - thymine and cytosine-_____________. [separate with comma]