Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Skeletal System: Bone Tissue

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 Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Skeletal System: Bone Tissue
Everything about bones in cellular level. Linked to the 'Childhood' case unit.

  
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  • 1. 
    This is a structure of a long bone that stores energy.
    • A. 

      Diaphysis

    • B. 

      Epiphysis

    • C. 

      Metaphysis

    • D. 

      Periosteum

    • E. 

      Marrow


  • 2. 
    This is the region of a long bone that articulates with other bones.
    • A. 

      Diaphysis

    • B. 

      Epiphysis

    • C. 

      Metaphysis

    • D. 

      Periosteum

    • E. 

      Marrow


  • 3. 
    This is the shaft of a logn bone.
    • A. 

      Diaphysis

    • B. 

      Epiphysis

    • C. 

      Metaphysis

    • D. 

      Periosteum

    • E. 

      Marrow


  • 4. 
    This is a lyaer of hyaline cartilage that reduces friction between bones involved in the joint.
    • A. 

      Periosteum

    • B. 

      Distal epiphysis

    • C. 

      Nutrient foramen

    • D. 

      Articular cartilage

    • E. 

      Epiphyseal plate


  • 5. 
    This is a layer of hyaline cartilage that allows the diaphysis to grow in length.
    • A. 

      Periosteum

    • B. 

      Distal epiphysis

    • C. 

      Nutrient foramen

    • D. 

      Articular cartilage

    • E. 

      Epiphyseal plate


  • 6. 
    This is the region in mature bone where the diaphysis and the epiphysis join.
    • A. 

      Epiphyseal plate

    • B. 

      Epiphyseal line

    • C. 

      Metaphysis

    • D. 

      Diaphyseal line

    • E. 

      Diaphyseal plate


  • 7. 
    This is a lining found in bone that promotes bone growth in width.
    • A. 

      Periosteum

    • B. 

      Endosteum

    • C. 

      Marrow

    • D. 

      Epiphysis

    • E. 

      Metaphysis


  • 8. 
    Put the bone cells in order of their maturation from unspecialised to specialised.
    • A. 

      Osteoblast, osteogenic, osteocytes

    • B. 

      Osteogenic, osteoblast, osteocytes

    • C. 

      Osteogenic, osteocytes, osteoblast

    • D. 

      Osteoblast, osteocytes, osteogenic

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 9. 
    These are considered bone-building cells.
    • A. 

      Osteogenic

    • B. 

      Osteoclast

    • C. 

      Osteocytes

    • D. 

      Osteoblasts

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 10. 
    These are considered bone-dissolving cells.
    • A. 

      Osteogenic

    • B. 

      Osteoclast

    • C. 

      Osteocytes

    • D. 

      Osteoblasts

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 11. 
    Which of the following structures contains osteocytes?
    • A. 

      Haversian

    • B. 

      Volkmann's

    • C. 

      Concentric

    • D. 

      Lacunae

    • E. 

      Canaliculi


  • 12. 
    These are extensions of the lacunae and are filled with extracellular fluid.
    • A. 

      Volkmann's canals

    • B. 

      Haversian canals

    • C. 

      Osteons

    • D. 

      Canaliculi

    • E. 

      Periosteum


  • 13. 
    Osteons in compact bone tissues are aligned along
    • A. 

      Horizontal to the metaphysis

    • B. 

      Parallel to the epiphysis

    • C. 

      Lines of stress

    • D. 

      Randomly between the epiphyseal plate

    • E. 

      Parallel to blood vessels


  • 14. 
    Bone remodelling does NOT
    • A. 

      Occur throughout life

    • B. 

      Involve bone resorption

    • C. 

      Involve bone deposition

    • D. 

      Occur at different rates at different locations

    • E. 

      Affect compact bone tissue but does affect spongy bone tissue


  • 15. 
    The renewal rate for compact bone tissue is
    • A. 

      4% per year

    • B. 

      15% per year

    • C. 

      20% per year

    • D. 

      25% per year

    • E. 

      10% per year


  • 16. 
    Which of the following minerals is needed when bones are growing?
    • A. 

      Chlorine

    • B. 

      Sulphur

    • C. 

      Magnesium

    • D. 

      Chlorine and sulphur

    • E. 

      Chlorine, sulphur and magnesium


  • 17. 
    The correct sequence of processes that occur during bone elongation at the epiphyseal plate are:
    • A. 

      Calcification, resting, proliferation, hypertrophication

    • B. 

      Resting, proliferation, calcification, hypertrophication

    • C. 

      Proliferation, resting, hypertrophication, calcification

    • D. 

      Resting, proliferation, hypertrophication, calcification

    • E. 

      Hypertrophication, calcification, proliferation, resting


  • 18. 
    During adulthood, which of the following does NOT contribute to bone remodeling and growth?
    • A. 

      Calcium

    • B. 

      Vitamins

    • C. 

      Enzymes

    • D. 

      Sex hormones

    • E. 

      Human growth hormone


  • 19. 
    This type of fracture is considered a partial fracture and is usally seen in children.
    • A. 

      Open

    • B. 

      Comminuted

    • C. 

      Impacted

    • D. 

      Greenstick

    • E. 

      Stress


  • 20. 
    About 25% of all stress fractures involve which bone?
    • A. 

      Rib

    • B. 

      Clavicle

    • C. 

      Humerus

    • D. 

      Ulna

    • E. 

      Tibia


  • 21. 
    Bone reduction
    • A. 

      Is the alignment of epiphyseal plates

    • B. 

      Can be open or closed

    • C. 

      Is followed by a period of mobilisation

    • D. 

      Is the alignment of epiphyseal plates and can be open or closed

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 22. 
    Bone mass reduction is promoted by which hormone?
    • A. 

      Calcitriol

    • B. 

      Calcitonin

    • C. 

      Human growth hormone

    • D. 

      Parathyroid

    • E. 

      Insulin


  • 23. 
    An increase in bone growth is promoted by which hormones?
    • A. 

      Calcitriol and human growth hormone

    • B. 

      Calcitonin and calcitriol

    • C. 

      Human growth hormone and parathyroid

    • D. 

      Parathyroid and insulin

    • E. 

      Insulin and human growth hormone


  • 24. 

    Where in the diagram is the distal epiphysis?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

    • E. 

      E


  • 25. 
    Where in the diagram can you find the medullary cavity?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

    • E. 

      E


  • 26. 

    Where in the diagram can you find red bone marrow in an adult?
    • A. 

      A and B

    • B. 

      B and D

    • C. 

      A and D

    • D. 

      C

    • E. 

      E


  • 27. 

    Where in the diagam is the metaphysis?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

    • E. 

      E


  • 28. 

    Where in the diagram is the only place not to have a periosteum?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

    • E. 

      E


  • 29. 

    Which of the following cells starts forming the bone matrix?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D


  • 30. 

    Which of the following cells is an osteoclast?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D


  • 31. 

    Which of the following cells helps the most to maintain bone tissue?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D


  • 32. 

    Which of the following cells is an osteogenic cell?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D


  • 33. 

    In the diagram, where is the Haversian canal?
    • A. 

      C

    • B. 

      A

    • C. 

      E

    • D. 

      F

    • E. 

      D


  • 34. 

    In the diagram, where is the Volkman's canal?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      E

    • E. 

      F


  • 35. 

    In the diagram, where is the osteon?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

    • E. 

      E


  • 36. 

    In the diagram, where is the trabeculae?
    • A. 

      B

    • B. 

      C

    • C. 

      D

    • D. 

      E

    • E. 

      F


  • 37. 

    In the diagram which of the following vessels supply the periosteum?
    • A. 

      A and B

    • B. 

      B and C

    • C. 

      C and D

    • D. 

      D and E

    • E. 

      E and F


  • 38. 

    In the diagram, where is the epiphyseal vein?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

    • E. 

      E


  • 39. 

    In the diagram, where is the nutrient artery?
    • A. 

      D

    • B. 

      E

    • C. 

      F

    • D. 

      G

    • E. 

      H


  • 40. 

    In the diagram, where is the zone of hypertrophic cartilage?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D


  • 41. 

    In the diagram, this zone contains dead chondrocytes with a calcified matrix.
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D


  • 42. 

    In the diagram, where is the zone of resting cartilage?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D


  • 43. 

    Which of the following correctly describes what is happening above?
    • A. 

      Fracture haematoma formation - fibrocartilaginous callus formation - bony callus formation - bone remodeling

    • B. 

      Bone remodeling - fracture haematoma formation - fibrocartilaganous callus formation - bony callus formation

    • C. 

      Fracture haematoma formation - bony callus formation - fibrocartilaginous callus formation - bone remodeling

    • D. 

      Fibrocartilaginous callus formation - fracture haematoma formation - bony callus formation - bone remodeling

    • E. 

      Fracture haematoma formation - bone remodeling - bony callus formation - fibrocartilaginous callus formation


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