Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Autonomic Nervous System

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 Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Autonomic Nervous System
Questions about the autonomic nervous system. Again introduced in the "Childhood" case unit, but also continued in the frame of treatments in "Young adult" and "Maturity 1"

  
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  • 1. 
    Interoceptors are found in
    • A. 

      Blood vessels

    • B. 

      Visceral organs

    • C. 

      Muscles

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 2. 
    Autonomic motor neurons regulate visceral activities by
    • A. 

      Increasing activities in effector tissue

    • B. 

      Decreasing activities in effector tissue

    • C. 

      Changing direction of synapse in the axons

    • D. 

      Both a and b

    • E. 

      A, b and c


  • 3. 
    The output of the ANS does NOT control
    • A. 

      Exocrine glands

    • B. 

      Skeletal muscle

    • C. 

      Cardiac muscle

    • D. 

      Smooth muscle

    • E. 

      Endocrine glands


  • 4. 
    Which of the below statments is NOT correct?
    • A. 

      Preganglionic neurons form the first part of an autonomic motor pathway

    • B. 

      Preganglionic neurons have their cell body in the brain or spinal cord

    • C. 

      Preganglionic neurons have their axon exiting the CNS with a cranial or spinal nerve

    • D. 

      Preganglionic neurons have myelinated axons

    • E. 

      Preganglionic neurons form a gap junction with the postganglionic neuron


  • 5. 
    A postganglionic neuron
    • A. 

      Releases neurotransmitter at the effector cell

    • B. 

      Has myelinated axons

    • C. 

      Is the first part of an autonomic motor pathway

    • D. 

      Has its cell body in the brain or spinal cord

    • E. 

      Has its axons exiting the CNS through cranial nerves


  • 6. 
    These normally have the shortest preganglionic axons.
    • A. 

      Sympathetic ganglia

    • B. 

      Parasympathetic ganglia

    • C. 

      Autonomic plexuses

    • D. 

      White ramus

    • E. 

      Gray ramus


  • 7. 
    Which of the below does NOT describe the sympathetic division?
    • A. 

      Short preganglionic neurons

    • B. 

      Ganglion in the head

    • C. 

      Thoracolumbar output

    • D. 

      Synapse with blood vessels

    • E. 

      Stimulate sweat glands


  • 8. 
    Which of the below does NOT describe the sympathetic division?
    • A. 

      Long preganglionic neurons

    • B. 

      Ganglion near vertebrae

    • C. 

      Cranialsacral output

    • D. 

      Synapses with blood vessels

    • E. 

      Does not stimulate sweat glands


  • 9. 
    Which of the below terms describes an effector innervated by both the parasympathetic and sympathetic divisions?
    • A. 

      Preganglionic stimulation

    • B. 

      Biganglion excitation

    • C. 

      Multi-autonomic output

    • D. 

      Reciprocal innervation

    • E. 

      Dual innervation


  • 10. 
    Which of the following is not considered a part of the prevertebral ganglia?
    • A. 

      Coeliac ganglion

    • B. 

      Terminal ganglion

    • C. 

      Superior mesenteric ganglion

    • D. 

      Inferior mesenteric ganglion

    • E. 

      All are prevertebral ganglia


  • 11. 
    Which is not an example of terminal ganglia?
    • A. 

      Ciliary ganglion

    • B. 

      Pterygopalatine ganglion

    • C. 

      Submandibular ganglion

    • D. 

      Otic ganglion

    • E. 

      All are parasympathetic terminal ganglion


  • 12. 
    This is the largest autoonomic plexus
    • A. 

      Superior mesenteric plexus

    • B. 

      Renal plexus

    • C. 

      Cardiac plexus

    • D. 

      Coeliac plexus

    • E. 

      Hypogastric plexus


  • 13. 
    This plexus is located anterior to the fifth lumbar vertebra and supplies pelvic viscera.
    • A. 

      Inferior mesenteric plexus

    • B. 

      Renal plexus

    • C. 

      Coeliac plexus

    • D. 

      Hypogastric plexus

    • E. 

      Superior mesenteric plexus


  • 14. 
    These are structures containing sympathetic preganglionic axons that connect the anterior ramus of the spinal nerve with the ganglia of the sympathetic trunk.
    • A. 

      Lumbar splanchnic nerve

    • B. 

      Greater splanchnic nerve

    • C. 

      Inferior cervical ganglion

    • D. 

      White rami communicantes

    • E. 

      Grey rami communicantes


  • 15. 
    These send postganglionic axons to the parotid salivary gland.
    • A. 

      Ciliary ganglia

    • B. 

      Pterygopalatine ganglia

    • C. 

      Submandibular ganglia

    • D. 

      Otic ganglia

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 16. 
    Which of the following neurotransmitters bind to autonomic receptors?
    • A. 

      Nicotine and adrenalin

    • B. 

      Muscarine and acetylcholine

    • C. 

      Noradrenalin and muscarine

    • D. 

      Noradrenalin and acetylcholine

    • E. 

      Somatin and nicotine


  • 17. 
    Acetylcholine is released by ________________ postganglionic neurons and is removed ____________ than noradrenaline.
    • A. 

      Sympathetic and slower

    • B. 

      Sympathetic and faster

    • C. 

      Parasympathetic and slower

    • D. 

      Parasympathetic and faster


  • 18. 
    Which of the following are classified as cholinergic receptors?
    • A. 

      Nicotinic and adrenergic receptors

    • B. 

      Muscarinic and somatic receptors

    • C. 

      Adrenergic and somatic receptors

    • D. 

      Nicotinic and muscarinic receptors

    • E. 

      Somatic and nicotinic


  • 19. 
    Autoomic tone is regulated by
    • A. 

      Medulla oblongata

    • B. 

      Cerebellum

    • C. 

      Cerebrum

    • D. 

      Vermis

    • E. 

      Hypothalamus


  • 20. 
    Which of the below responses is NOT caused by the paraympathetic division?
    • A. 

      Decreased heart rate

    • B. 

      Airway dilation

    • C. 

      Decreased pupil diameter

    • D. 

      Increased digestion

    • E. 

      Increased urine production


  • 21. 
    Which of the below conditions does NOT cause the longer lasting and more widespread sympathetic effects, compared to the parasympatethic division?
    • A. 

      Greater divergence of sympathetic motor pathways

    • B. 

      Acetylcholine is more rapidly removed from the synapse

    • C. 

      Decreased blood flow to hypothalamus when sympathetic stimulation occurs

    • D. 

      Catecholamine production from the adrenal gland


  • 22. 
    Which of the below response is NOT caused by the sympathetic division?
    • A. 

      Increased heart rate

    • B. 

      Airway constriction

    • C. 

      Decrease blood flow to kidneys and gastrointestinal tract

    • D. 

      Increased blood flow to skeletal and cardiac muscle, liver and fat

    • E. 

      Increased blood glucose level


  • 23. 

    What does this figure represent?
    • A. 

      Somatic nervous system motor pathway

    • B. 

      Somatic nervous system sensory pathway

    • C. 

      Autonomic nervous system motor pathway

    • D. 

      Autonomic nervous system sensory pathway

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 24. 

    What type of neurotransmitter is used by the pathway represented in the figure?
    • A. 

      Noradrenaline

    • B. 

      Acetylcholine

    • C. 

      Adrenalin

    • D. 

      Dopamine

    • E. 

      Serotonin


  • 25. 
    What region does the superior cervical ganglion serve?
    • A. 

      Abdominal

    • B. 

      Pelvic

    • C. 

      Heart

    • D. 

      Head

    • E. 

      Limbs


  • 26. 
    Which ganglion supplies the stomach with postganglionic neurons?
    • A. 

      Middle cervical ganglion

    • B. 

      Inferior cervical ganglion

    • C. 

      Coeliac ganglion

    • D. 

      Inferior mesenteric ganglion

    • E. 

      Prevertebral ganglion


  • 27. 
    Which nerve supplies the inferior mesenteric ganglion with preganglionic neurons?
    • A. 

      Lumbar splanchnic nerve

    • B. 

      Lowest splanchnic nerve

    • C. 

      Greater splanchnic nerve

    • D. 

      Cardiac plexus

    • E. 

      Pulmonary plexus


  • 28. 
    The coeliac ganglion supplies preganglionic neurons to
    • A. 

      Lesser splanchnic nerve

    • B. 

      Lowest splanchnic nerve

    • C. 

      Superior mesenteric ganglion

    • D. 

      Inferior mesenteric ganglion

    • E. 

      Lumbar splanchnic nerve


  • 29. 
    Preganglionic neurons are supplied to the submandibular ganglion by which cranial nerve?
    • A. 

      Cranial nerve III

    • B. 

      Cranial nerve VII

    • C. 

      Cranial nerve IX

    • D. 

      Cranial nerve X

    • E. 

      Cranial nerve XI


  • 30. 
    Postganglionic neurons from the otic ganglion supply the
    • A. 

      Head

    • B. 

      Heart

    • C. 

      Lungs

    • D. 

      Liver

    • E. 

      Ureter


  • 31. 
    Preganglionic neurons from which nerve supply the genitals?
    • A. 

      Cranial nerve III

    • B. 

      Cranial nerve VII

    • C. 

      Cranial nerve IX

    • D. 

      Cranial nerve X

    • E. 

      Pelvic splanchnic nerve


  • 32. 
    Postganglionic neurons from what ganglion supply the lacrimal gland?
    • A. 

      Ciliary ganglion

    • B. 

      Pterygopalatine ganglion

    • C. 

      Submandibular ganglion

    • D. 

      Otic ganglion

    • E. 

      Coeliac ganglion


  • 33. 

    Where is the right vagus nerve in the figure?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      H

    • E. 

      K


  • 34. 

    Where is the lesser splanchnic nerve in the figure?
    • A. 

      C

    • B. 

      D

    • C. 

      K

    • D. 

      E

    • E. 

      L


  • 35. 

    Where is the right sympathetic trunk ganglion?
    • A. 

      E

    • B. 

      G

    • C. 

      N

    • D. 

      M

    • E. 

      H


  • 36. 

    Where is the cardiac plexus in the figure?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      H

    • D. 

      I

    • E. 

      J


  • 37. 

    Where is the superior mesenteric ganglion in the figure?
    • A. 

      E

    • B. 

      F

    • C. 

      G

    • D. 

      M

    • E. 

      N


  • 38. 

    Where is the hypogastric plexus in the figure?
    • A. 

      J

    • B. 

      K

    • C. 

      D

    • D. 

      F

    • E. 

      N


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