American Government: The Federal Court System

24 Questions  I  By Swingintheblues7
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A quiz on the material from my American Government class regarding the Federal Court System.

  
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  • 1. 
    Define Jurisdiction.
    • A. 

      Authority of the accused to defend themselves independently in a case.

    • B. 

      Authority of a judge to hear, or try a case.

    • C. 

      Authority of a court to hear, or try, a case.

    • D. 

      Authority of a lawyer to hear, or try, a case.


  • 2. 
    The Framers created the national judiciary in what Article of the Constitution?
    • A. 

      Article I

    • B. 

      Article III

    • C. 

      Article II

    • D. 

      Article IV


  • 3. 
    Cases that can only be heard in federal courts give federal courts...
    • A. 

      Concurrent Jurisdiction

    • B. 

      Original Jurisdiction

    • C. 

      Appellate Jurisdiction

    • D. 

      Exclusive Jurisdiction


  • 4. 
    When a case can be tried in both State and/or federal courts, the State and federal courts have...
    • A. 

      Concurrent Jurisdiction

    • B. 

      Original Jurisdiction

    • C. 

      Appellate Jurisdiction

    • D. 

      Exclusive Jurisdiction


  • 5. 
    A court in which a case is first heard is said to have...
    • A. 

      Concurrent Jurisdiction

    • B. 

      Original Jurisdiction

    • C. 

      Appellate Jurisdiction

    • D. 

      Exclusive Jurisdiction


  • 6. 
    A court that hears a case on appeal from a lower court has...
    • A. 

      Concurrent Jurisdiction

    • B. 

      Original Jurisdiction

    • C. 

      Appellate Jurisdiction

    • D. 

      Exclusive Jurisdiction


  • 7. 
    The Supreme Court has both...
    • A. 

      Original and Exclusive Jurisdiction

    • B. 

      Original and Appellate Jurisdiction

    • C. 

      Appellate and Exclusive Jurisdiction

    • D. 

      Concurrent and Original Jurisdiction


  • 8. 
    Power to appoint judges to federal courts falls on...
    • A. 

      Vice President

    • B. 

      Chief Justice

    • C. 

      President

    • D. 

      Ambassadors


  • 9. 
    President nominates...
    • A. 

      Supreme Court Justices

    • B. 

      Federal Court Judges

    • C. 

      Both A and B

    • D. 

      None of the Above


  • 10. 
    The Presidents nominees are then subject to the approval of...
    • A. 

      Congress

    • B. 

      The House of Representatives

    • C. 

      The Senate

    • D. 

      The People


  • 11. 
    Judges appointed to the constitutional courts, including the Supreme Court, have terms that last...
    • A. 

      10 Years

    • B. 

      20 Years

    • C. 

      30 Years

    • D. 

      For Life


  • 12. 
    The power of a court to determine the constitutionality of a government action is called...
    • A. 

      The Court's Decision

    • B. 

      Judicial Review

    • C. 

      The Court's Choice

    • D. 

      The Court Vote


  • 13. 
    The Supreme Court first asserted its power of Judicial Review in the case of...
    • A. 

      Marbury vs. Madison

    • B. 

      Rowe vs. Wade

    • C. 

      Brown vs. The Board of Education

    • D. 

      John vs. Jack


  • 14. 
    The Court's decision aid the foundation for its involvement in the development of...
    • A. 

      Popular Sovereignty

    • B. 

      Death Row

    • C. 

      Jails

    • D. 

      The American system of government.


  • 15. 
    The Supreme Court has original jurisdiction over cases involving...
    • A. 

      Two or More States

    • B. 

      Ambassadors

    • C. 

      Public Ministers

    • D. 

      A,B, and C


  • 16. 
    Most cases heard by the Supreme Court are...
    • A. 

      Appeals Cases

    • B. 

      Concurrent Cases

    • C. 

      Exclusive Cases

    • D. 

      Original Cases


  • 17. 
    The Supreme Court hears only one to two cases per year in which it has...
    • A. 

      Concurrent Jurisdiction

    • B. 

      Appellate Jurisdicion

    • C. 

      Original Jurisdiction

    • D. 

      Exclusive Jurisdiction


  • 18. 
    Once the Supreme Court accepts a case, it sets a date on which lawyers on both sides will present...
    • A. 

      A Brief

    • B. 

      Oral Arguments

    • C. 

      A Court Conference

    • D. 

      NONE


  • 19. 
    Written documents filed with the Supreme Court before Oral Arguments are known as....
    • A. 

      Briefs

    • B. 

      Oral Argument Letters

    • C. 

      Court Conference Address

    • D. 

      None


  • 20. 
    The _________ presides over a closed-door conference in which justices present their views on the case at hand.
    • A. 

      Chief of State

    • B. 

      President

    • C. 

      Chief Justice

    • D. 

      Commanding Chief


  • 21. 
    The "Opinion of the Court" is formally known as the...
    • A. 

      Majority Opinion

    • B. 

      Opinion of the Court

    • C. 

      Presidents Opinion

    • D. 

      Minority Opinion


  • 22. 
    Examples (such as Majority Opinions) to be followed in similar cases are known as...
    • A. 

      Dissenting Opinions

    • B. 

      Following Examples

    • C. 

      Precedents

    • D. 

      None.


  • 23. 
    Written by those Justices who do not agree with the Court's majority opinion.
    • A. 

      Dissenting Opinions

    • B. 

      Following Examples

    • C. 

      Precedents

    • D. 

      None


  • 24. 
    The Court of Chief Justice Earl Warren was known as an "___________" for its use of judicial action to deal with America's social problems.
    • A. 

      Activist Court

    • B. 

      Anarchist Court

    • C. 

      Independent Court

    • D. 

      Isolated Court


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