NCLEX-rn Exam Free Review By NCLEX Masters

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1.  Mr. T. is a C4 quadriplegic in a nursing home. Which of the following techniques would the nurse use to transfer him from bed to wheelchair?
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  A 5 years old child has been admitted to the pediatric unit after swallowing a household cleaner. Which of these findings is more commonly associated with the fact that the poison was a corrosive?
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Ms. O'Brien is bedridden. The nurse is evaluating whether the family members understand how to position the client correctly. Which of the following should the nurse observe?
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  The nurse is responsible for assisting in the decisions about client room assignments. Which of these possible roommates would be most appropriate for a three year-old child with minimal change nephrotic syndrome?
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Marty Cole, 7 years old, is admitted to the pediatric service with a diagnosis of juvenile diabetes mellitus. He has not been under treatment previously. When counseling Marty about his diabetes and its treatment, you would advise against eating
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  The nurse is beginning to establish a nurse­client relationship with Ms. E. who was referred for help in managing her children. Ms. E. arrives late for appointments and focuses on her busy schedule, the difficulty in parking, and other reasons for being late. The nurse best interprets this behavior as
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Which of these protocols would be essential for the nurse to implement during the care of a client with active tuberculosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  A child is admitted to the pediatric unit with a diagnosis of suspected meningococcal meningitis. Which of these nursing actions should the nurse expect to do first?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  The nurse is reviewing a handout on infant feeding to be distributed to families visiting the clinic. Which information should be included in the teaching materials?  
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Which newly admitted client would be most appropriate to assign to the unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP)?
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  A young adult is involuntarily admitted to the psychiatric unit in a manic state. Upon arrival on the unit he is unable to sit, and it is very difficult to follow what he is saying because of the rate and content of speech. He is very provocative and refuses to eat or drink. The area of disturbance that poses the greatest physical danger to this client is
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  A client receiving chlorpromazine HCL (Thorazine) is in psychiatric home care. During a home visit the nurse observes the client smacking the lips alternately with grinding of the teeth. The nurse assesses this as
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  The community health nurse is making a newborn follow-up home visit. During the visit the two-year-old sibling has a temper tantrum. The parent asks the nurse for guidance in dealing with the toddler's temper tantrums. Which of the following is the most appropriate nursing action?
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  A client has been taking Procardia for Raynaud's disease and hypertension. Which finding would indicate that the client may be having a side effect of the medication?
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  A client frequently compliments the nurse and invites the nurse to go to a movie and dinner. The nurse should take which approach?
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  The nurse recognizes that the client with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), is improving when he
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  In the last 48 hours of life, a hospice client may complain of dry mouth from a poor fluid intake. The nurse should only offer to moisten the mouth because:
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Which one of these tasks could be assigned to the certified nursing assistant (cna)? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  A 14 month-old child ingested half a bottle of aspirin tablets. Which finding would the nurse expect to see in the child?
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  A two month-old infant has both a cleft lip and palate which will be repaired in stages. In the immediate postoperative period for a cleft lip repair, which of these nursing actions should be the priority?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Following change-of-shift report on an orthopedic unit, which client should the nurse see first?
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  A client with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and a history of coronary artery disease is receiving Aminophylline, 25mg/hour. Which finding by the nurse would require immediate intervention?
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  In the last 48 hours of life, a hospice client may complain of dry mouth from a poor fluid intake. The nurse should only offer to moisten the mouth because:
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  Ms. P. is transferred to a skilled nursing facility from the hospital because she is unable to ambulate due to a left femoral fracture. The nurse knows Ms. P.'s greatest risk factor for developing a pressure ulcer is that she
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  A nurse is to collect a sputum specimen for acid-fast bacillus (AFB) from a client. Which action should the nurse take first?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  The nurse is dangling Ms. S. prior to transferring her from the bed to a wheelchair. Which of the following assessments is essential for the nurse to make before moving the client?
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  The nurse is caring for a four year-old two hours after tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy. Which observation must be reported immediately?
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  A nurse has been named in a lawsuit. The best evidence a nurse can use for self- protection in a court of law is which of these items?
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  A ten year-old child has a history of tonic-clonic seizures. The school nurse should instruct the classroom teacher that if the child experiences a seizure in the classroom, the most important action during the seizure activity would be to
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  The nurse is to apply a dressing to a stage II pressure ulcer. Which of the following dressings is best?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  The nurse would anticipate that an eight month-old would be able to  do one or more of the following:
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Which one of these tasks for a 69 year-old client with a diagnosis of hyperglycemia could the nurse assign to the unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP)?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  A client calls the evening health clinic to state "I know I have a severely low sugar since the Lantus insulin was given three hours ago and it peaks in two hours." What should be the nurse's initial response to the client?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Several clients are admitted to an adult medical unit. The nurse would expect airborne precautions for a client with which of the following medical conditions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.   The nurse is talking with a mother to assess her child. A positive response to which question would indicate the child is in the anal stage of psychosexual development as described by Freud?
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  In addition to handwashing, an appropriate infection control intervention during the care of a newly admitted adult client with a diagnosis of Hepatitis A would be which action?
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  A three year-old child is treated in the emergency room after ingestion of an ounce from a liquid narcotic bottle. What action should the nurse take first?
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  The nurse is caring for a post-operative client who develops an abdominal wound evisceration. The first nursing intervention should be to
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  PharmacologyAn antibiotic (intramuscular) IM injection for a two year-old child is ordered. The total volume of the injection equals 2.0 ml The correct action is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  While caring for a client, the nurse notes a pulsating mass in the client's periumbilical area. Which of the following actions is appropriate for the nurse to perform?
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  The best action to establish correct placement of a gastric tube is for the nurse to
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  The mother of a three-month-old infant asks the nurse when she can start feeding her baby solid food. Which of the following should the nurse include in teaching this mother about the nutritional needs of infants?
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  The nurse is assisting in the assessment of a client's home in preparation for discharge. Which focus should be given priority consideration?
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  What is the primary nursing intervention to limit transmission of organisms for a client with a salmonella infection?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  A client with paranoid delusions stares at the nurse over a period of several days. The client suddenly walks up to the nurse and shouts "You think you're so perfect and pure and good." The appropriate response for the nurse is:  
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  The nurse is observing a client with an obsessive-compulsive disorder in an inpatient setting. Which behavior is consistent with this diagnosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  The parents of a child who has suddenly been hospitalized for an acute illness state that they should have taken the child to the pediatrician earlier. Which approach by the nurse is appropriate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  A client calls the evening health clinic to state "I know I have a severely low sugar since the Lantus insulin was given three hours ago and it peaks in two hours." What should be the nurse's initial response to the client?
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  A nurse arranges for an interpreter to assist with communication between the health care team and a non-English speaking client. To promote therapeutic communication when working with an interpreter, the utmost thing for the nurse to remember is to :
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  Mr. A. has sprained his ankle. The physician would order cold applied to the injured area to
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Mr. D. has a disorder of the hypothalamus and is on a hypothermia blanket. The nurse should make which of the following assessments?
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.     Mr. Manor's family brought him into the hospital because of his many somatic complaints. He has been seen by many medical specialists in     the past without discovery of organic pathology  .The nurse assesses that Mr. Manor is experiencing which of the following problems?            
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  A client tells the nurse, "I have something very important to tell you if you promise not to tell anyone." The appropriate response by the nurse would be
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  When reinforcing teaching to a depressed client about a new prescription for nortriptyline (Pamelor), the nurse must emphasize
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  A nurse is reinforcing teaching with a client about compromised host precautions. The client is receiving filgrastim (Neupogen) for neutropenia. The selection of which lunch suggests the client has learned about necessary dietary changes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  Which nursing diagnosis would indicate that an 86 year-old client is at greatest risk for falls?
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  The nurse should begin considering discharge concerns for a hospitalized client considering one fo of the following:
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  The nurse is observing a client with an obsessive-compulsive disorder in an inpatient setting. Which behavior is consistent with this diagnosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  A child, injured on the school playground, appears to have a fractured leg. The first action the school nurse should take is
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  Before administering digoxin (Lanoxin) to a client, which nursing action is a priority?
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  The mother of an infant who is being treated for pesticide poisoning asks why activated charcoal is the treatment. What is the nurse's best response?
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  The mother of a two year-old hospitalized child asks the nurse's advice about the child's screaming every time the mother gets ready to leave the hospital room. The best response of the nurse would be to:    
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  The nurse is collecting data on a client with a stage 2 skin ulcer. Which treatment is considered most effective to promote healing?
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  A 14 years child goes into seizures. Which nursing action is a priority for a client during a seizure
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  The nurse is reinforcing teaching to a 24 year-old woman receiving acyclovir (Zovirax) for a Herpes Simplex Virus type 2 infection. The nurse should be sure to include which information?
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  A school nurse plans to reinforce information about the most effective methods to prevent the spread of head lice in school age children at a teacher's conference . The most appropriate information to give would be that
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  Which one of these tasks for a 69 year-old client with a diagnosis of hyperglycemia could the nurse assign to the unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP)?
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  A 14 month-old child ingested half a bottle of aspirin tablets. Which finding would the nurse expect to see in the child?
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  An adult is admitted to the hospital to undergo a stapedectomy for the treatment of otosclerosis. Which findings elicited during physical assessment are most indicative of otosclerosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  Mr. Reynolds, 69 years of age, is found unconscious by his wife at 7:00 a.m. An ambulance is summoned by the physician, and Mr. Reynolds is admitted to the medical unit, where you work as a practical nurse, with a diagnosis of cerebral vascular accident (CVA). As you assist the team leader with the admission process, you note a previous history of hypertension. His wife has also revealed that Mr. Reynolds complained of a headache before retiring the night before. Unresponsive patients like Mr. Reynolds may develop a drying of the cornea, which is usually caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  Four-year-old Amy has been blind since birth. She has been attending a nursery program for the visually impaired. To continue independence in her activities of daily living, when her lunch tray arrives, the nurse will
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  While giving nursing care to a hospitalized adolescent, the nurse should be aware that the major threat felt by the hospitalized adolescent is :
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  The parents of a four year-old hospitalized child tell the nurse they will leave for a time and return at 6 PM. When the child asks when the parents will come again, the nurse can best respond by saying:
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  9.    Miss Rodriguez is an 88-year-old client at a long-term care facility. Prior to administering any medication or treatment to this client the nurse must confirm identity by asking the client if she is Miss Rodriguez
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  The nurse is assisting with teaching a group of college students about breast self-examination. A woman asks when to perform the monthly exam. The appropriate reply by the nurse would be which of these?
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  The nurse observes a newborn whose Apgar score was 8 and 9. This score would be most closely associated with which of these areas?
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  The nurse is caring for a client who is receiving TPA (altipase) For a cerebral vascular accident (CVA). Which of these nursing interventions should receive priority?
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  Which of the following is least likely to influence the potential for patient to comply with lithium therapy after discharge?
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  The nurse would anticipate that an eight month-old would be able to  do one or more of the following:
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  Marty Cole, 7 years old, is admitted to the pediatric service with a diagnosis of juvenile diabetes mellitus. He has not been under treatment previously. As a practical nurse, you would expect Marty to exhibit all of the following symptoms EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  Mr. Reynolds, 69 years of age, is found unconscious by his wife at 7:00 a.m. An ambulance is summoned by the physician, and Mr. Reynolds is admitted to the medical unit, where you work as a practical nurse, with a diagnosis of cerebral vascular accident (CVA). As you assist the team leader with the admission process, you note a previous history of hypertension. His wife has also revealed that Mr. Reynolds complained of a headache before retiring the night before. The team leader instructs you to remove Mr. Reynolds's dentures. You do so because
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  The mother of a two year-old hospitalized child asks the nurse's advice about the child's screaming every time the mother gets ready to leave the hospital room. The best response of the nurse would be to:    
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  The nurse uses a wide stance when moving a heavy box of supplies. Which of the following is the best reason the nurse would do this? Because it
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  19.    The nurse is caring for a 48-hour full-term infant whose mother abused cocaine and heroin throughout pregnancy. The mother does not wish to go into rehabilitation at this time. The nursing care plan should include which of the following?            
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  A client receiving chlorpromazine HCL (Thorazine) is in psychiatric home care. During a home visit the nurse observes the client smacking the lips alternately with grinding of the teeth. The nurse assesses this as
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  For which procedure would the nurse use aseptic technique and which would require the nurse to use sterile technique?
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  A client refuses to take the medication prescribed because the client prefers to take an herbal preparation. What is the first action the nurse should take?
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  A 74 year-old male is admitted due to inability to void. He has a history of an enlarged prostate and has not voided in 14 hours. When assessing for bladder distention, the best method for the nurse to use is to check for
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  A child is admitted to the pediatric unit with a diagnosis of suspected meningococcal meningitis. Which of these nursing actions should the nurse expect to do first?
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  The nurse is caring for a client with advanced cancer of the breast. She complains of hypoguesia. The nurse should recommend
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  A client is admitted to the emergency room following an acute asthma attack. Which of the following findings would be most important to report?
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  A client tells the nurse, "I have something very important to tell you if you promise not to tell anyone." The appropriate response by the nurse would be
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  The parents of a four year-old hospitalized child tell the nurse they will leave for a time and return at 6 PM. When the child asks when the parents will come again, the nurse can best respond by saying:
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  The health care provider order reads "aspirate nasogastric feeding (NG) tube every four hours and check pH of aspirate". The pH of the aspirate is 10. Which action should the nurse take?
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  Which of these actions best describes the application of time management strategies for the role of the PN charge nurse?
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  The nurse is collecting data on a client with a stage 2 skin ulcer. Which treatment is considered most effective to promote healing?
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  The nurse is caring for a client several days following a cerebral vascular accident (CVA). Coumadin (warfarin) has been prescribed. Today's prothrombin level is abnormally elevated. Which item is a priority to check?
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  Which of these actions is the first priority in the prevention of infections, whether in the hospital or home setting?
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  After a client has an intestinal feeding tube inserted, the most accurate method for verification of placement is
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.  The nurse checks a client with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The client has oxygen per mask for low PaO2 levels. A nursing priority would be to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
101.  A client says, "It's raining outside and it's raining in my heart. Did you know that St. Patrick drove the snakes out of Ireland? I've never been to Ireland." The nurse reviews this data and determines that this client is experiencing a speech pattern commonly seen in manic episodes called
A.
B.
C.
D.
102.  The mother of an infant who is being treated for pesticide poisoning asks why activated charcoal is the treatment. What is the nurse's best response?
A.
B.
C.
D.
103.  A client calls the PN because of an onset of chest pain. Which of these statements would require the most immediate action?
A.
B.
C.
D.
104.  Pediatric Nursing The nurse is testing reflexes in a four-month­old infant as part of the neurologic asse,ssment. Which of the following findings would indicate an abnormal reflex pattern and an area of concern in a four-month-old -infant?
A.
B.
C.
D.
105.  The nurse will administer liquid medicine to a nine month-old child. Which method is appropriate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
106.  A client is receiving a nitroglycerin (NTG) infusion for unstable angina. What would be a priority for monitoring the effects of this medication?
A.
B.
C.
D.
107.  An important goal in the development of a therapeutic inpatient milieu is providing a A) businesslike atmosphere where clients can work on individual goals forum in which clients deB) group cide on unit rules, regulations, and policies
A.
B.
C.
D.
108.  Postoperative nursing care for an infant who has had a pyloromyotomy would include which of these items?
A.
B.
C.
D.
109.  The nurse is preparing to administer lithium (Eskalith) to a client with bipolar disorder. The client complains of nausea and muscle weakness, and his speech is slurred. His lithium level is 1.6 mEq/L. The best action for the nurse to take is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
110.  After working with a very demanding client, an unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) tells the nurse, "I have had it with that client. I just can't do anything that pleases him. I'm not going in there again." The nurse's appropriate response should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
111.  A young man was arrested by the police for indecent exposure, loitering, and disturbing the peace. He became hyperactive, stripped off his clothes, and terrorized people living in the area near the house. He was then admitted to the psychiatric unit. Upon admission he was speaking very rapidly, and moved quickly around the unit, never sitting. He refused to eat or drink. The nursing diagnosis that would most appropriately describe the behavior that is of greatest concern is :
A.
B.
C.
D.
112.  The client is receiving an intravenous piggyback infusion of penicillin. Which client statement would require the nurse's immediate attention?
A.
B.
C.
D.
113.  The nurse is reinforcing teaching to a 24 year-old woman receiving acyclovir (Zovirax) for a Herpes Simplex Virus type 2 infection. The nurse should be sure to include which information?
A.
B.
C.
D.
114.  A client is admitted to the emergency room following an acute asthma attack. Which of the following findings would be most important to report?
A.
B.
C.
D.
115.  In taking the history of a pregnant woman, which factor would the nurse recognize as the primary contraindication for breast feeding?
A.
B.
C.
D.
116.  The health care provider order reads "aspirate nasogastric feeding (NG) tube every four hours and check pH of aspirate". The pH of the aspirate is 10. Which action should the nurse take?
A.
B.
C.
D.
117.  The nurse is checking a woman in early labor. While positioning for a vaginal exam, she complains of dizziness and nausea and appears pale. Her blood pressure has dropped slightly. What is the appropriate initial nursing action?
A.
B.
C.
D.
118.  Mr. C. has just been admitted for acute asthma exacerbation and placed in a high Fowler's position. The nurse knows this position is best because it
A.
B.
C.
D.
119.  A 14 years child goes into seizures. Which nursing action is a priority for a client during a seizure
A.
B.
C.
D.
120.  A client who has just joined a health maintenance organization (HMO) asks for information about the payment obligations with this plan. The most accurate description of health care costs is that the client will be charged
A.
B.
C.
D.
121.  X-RN A client with a diagnosis of methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has died. Which type of transmission-based precautions is the appropriate type to use when performing postmortem care?
A.
B.
C.
D.
122.  A nurse arranges for an interpreter to assist with communication between the health care team and a non-English speaking client. To promote therapeutic communication when working with an interpreter, the utmost thing for the nurse to remember is to :
A.
B.
C.
D.
123.  Which of these protocols would be essential for the nurse to implement during the care of a client with active tuberculosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
124.  The partner of a client with Alzheimer's disease expresses concern about the burden of caregiving. Which action by the nurse should be a priority?
A.
B.
C.
D.
125.  A 52 year-old post menopausal woman asks the nurse how frequently she should have a mammogram. The nurse's best response is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
126.  The hospice nurse is visiting a 75 year-old client with end-stage cancer. For chronic malignant pain management in this client the nurse understands that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
127.  A nurse who works at an extended care facility has just reviewed a new medication order which is not legible. Which statement best reflects assertive communication to the health care provider who wrote the order?
A.
B.
C.
D.
128.  Randy, age 8, is admitted with rheumatic fever. Which clinical finding indicates to the nurse that Randy needs to continue taking the salicylates he had received at home?
A.
B.
C.
D.
129.  A nurse has been named in a lawsuit. The best evidence a nurse can use for self- protection in a court of law is which of these items?
A.
B.
C.
D.
130.  Several clients are admitted to an adult medical unit. The nurse would expect airborne precautions for a client with which of the following medical conditions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
131.  While caring for a client, the nurse notes a pulsating mass in the client's periumbilical area. Which of the following actions is appropriate for the nurse to perform?
A.
B.
C.
D.
132.  The nurse finds, during the initial assessment of the star player on the basketball team, that he is not concerned about the sudden paralysis of his "shooting arm." This behavior is known as :
A.
B.
C.
D.
133.  A nurse observes a family member administer a rectal suppository by having the client lie on the left side for the administration. The family member pushed the suppository until the finger went up to the second knuckle. After 10 minutes the client was told by the family member to turn to the right side and the client did this. What is the appropriate comment for the nurse to make?
A.
B.
C.
D.
134.  The nurse is caring for a client who is receiving procainamide (Pronestyl) intravenously. What is a priority for the nurse to do for her client?
A.
B.
C.
D.
135.  A 64 year-old client scheduled for surgery with a general anesthetic refuses to remove her dentures prior to leaving the unit for the operating room. The most appropriate intervention by the nurse is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
136.  If a nurse is uncertain about whether he or she is licensed to perform certain tasks, they should first check information in which of these resources?
A.
B.
C.
D.
137.  Which statement by the nurse is appropriate when asking an unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) to assist a 69 year-old surgical client to ambulate for the first time?
A.
B.
C.
D.
138.  Which nursing diagnosis would indicate that an 86 year-old client is at greatest risk for falls?
A.
B.
C.
D.
139.  Which statement by the nurse is appropriate when asking an unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) to assist a 69 year-old surgical client to ambulate for the first time?
A.
B.
C.
D.
140.  A client who has just joined a health maintenance organization (HMO) asks for information about the payment obligations with this plan. The most accurate description of health care costs is that the client will be charged
A.
B.
C.
D.
141.  The nurse is responsible for assisting in the decisions about client room assignments. Which of these possible roommates would be most appropriate for a three year-old child with minimal change nephrotic syndrome?
A.
B.
C.
D.
142.  An important goal in the development of a therapeutic inpatient milieu is providing a A) businesslike atmosphere where clients can work on individual goals forum in which clients deB) group cide on unit rules, regulations, and policies
A.
B.
C.
D.
143.  The nurse is gathering data from a client who states her last menstrual period was March 16, and she has missed one period. She reports episodes of nausea and vomiting. After confirming pregnancy, the nurse calculates the estimated date of delivery (EDD) to be about:
A.
B.
C.
D.
144.  7.    Bumping into a crib, the nurse notices that the newborn infant demonstrates the Moro (startle) reflex. This is seen as the following:
A.
B.
C.
D.
145.  A ten year-old child has a history of tonic-clonic seizures. The school nurse should instruct the classroom teacher that if the child experiences a seizure in the classroom, the most important action during the seizure activity would be to
A.
B.
C.
D.
146.  The nurse would reinforce the need to take alendronate (Fosamax) as prescribed by the physician,
A.
B.
C.
D.
147.  After working with a very demanding client, an unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) tells the nurse, "I have had it with that client. I just can't do anything that pleases him. I'm not going in there again." The nurse's appropriate response should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
148.  The nurse is reinforcing teaching about the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAIDs) drugs to a group of arthritic clients. To minimize the side effects, the nurse should emphasize
A.
B.
C.
D.
149.  The nurse is assigned to a client with HIV infection. The client also has a secondary herpes simplex 1 (HSV 1) infection. The nurse knows that the most likely cause of the HSV 1 infection is which of these items?
A.
B.
C.
D.
150.  Which one of these tasks could be assigned to the certified nursing assistant (cna)? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
151.  When a client is diagnosed with tuberculosis, the public health department is to be notified for what reason?
A.
B.
C.
D.
152.  A female client is admitted for a breast biopsy. She says, tearfully to the nurse, "If this turns out to be cancer and I have to have my breast removed, my companion will never come near me." The nurse's best response would be "Are you:
A.
B.
C.
D.
153.  Mrs. Wyatt is hospitalized for treatment of a conversion disorder. She complained of paralysis of her right side after her husband threatened to leave her and their children. She seems unconcerned about her paralysis. An appropriate long-term goal for the nurse to formulate is that Mrs. Waytt. will
A.
B.
C.
D.
154.  A client is admitted with a diagnosis of schizophrenia. The client states "I don't need medication. It makes me sleepy." The client insists that the nurse explain the use and side effects of the medication. The nurse should understand that the best intervention is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
155.  Which of the following agents should be avoided by clients on methotrexate therapy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
156.  A client receives high doses of potassium over 30 minutes. Which is a priority to check prior to giving this medication?
A.
B.
C.
D.
157. 
Scoliosis a C S curvature of the spine; it cna a temporary or permanent condidtion. At what time would the nurse expect early findings of scoliosis to appear?                                                                                      
A.
B.
C.
D.
158.  Which of these points should be reinforced during the discharge instructions to a client who is prescribed warfarin sodium (Coumadin) for the next six months?
A.
B.
C.
D.
159.  Which of these actions is the first priority in the prevention of infections, whether in the hospital or home setting?
A.
B.
C.
D.
160.  The nurse is working in a high risk antepartal clinic. A 40 year-old woman in the first trimester gives a thorough health history. Which of the following collected data should receive priority attention by the nurse?
A.
B.
C.
D.
161.  A client frequently compliments the nurse and invites the nurse to go to a movie and dinner. The nurse should take which approach?
A.
B.
C.
D.
162.  The nurse is caring for a client who is four days post-op for a transverse colostomy. The client is ready for discharge and asks the nurse to empty the colostomy pouch. The nurse's best response to the client is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
163.  The nurse is assisting with teaching a group of college students about breast self-examination. A woman asks when to perform the monthly exam. The appropriate reply by the nurse would be which of these?
A.
B.
C.
D.
164.  When planning for the care of a client with a pressure ulcer on the sacrum, the nurse would include which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
165.  Mr. S. is to have a tepid sponge bath to lower his fever. What temperature should the nurse make the water?
A.
B.
C.
D.
166.  Which of the followwing entries in the progress notes of a client is the most complete?
A.
B.
C.
D.
167.  A nurse is to administer meperidine hydrochloride (Demerol) 100 mg, atropine sulfate (Atropisol) 0.4 mg, and promethizine hydrochloride (Phenergan) 50 mg IM to a pre-operative client. Which action should the nurse take first?
A.
B.
C.
D.
168.  A client is recovering from a hip replacement and is taking Tylenol #3 every 3 hours for pain. In checking the client, which finding suggests a side effect of the analgesic?
A.
B.
C.
D.
169. 
Scoliosis a C S curvature of the spine; it cna a temporary or permanent condidtion. At what time would the nurse expect early findings of scoliosis to appear?                                                                                      
A.
B.
C.
D.
170.  The nurse should be informed about cultural issues related to the client's background because one of the following:
A.
B.
C.
D.
171.  A client states, "People think I'm no good, you know what I mean?" Which nursing response would be most therapeutic for this client?
A.
B.
C.
D.
172.  The nurse is reinforcing instructions for a client with asthma. Which item should be stressed for the client to monitor on a daily basis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
173.  The nurse is caring for a client who is four days post-op for a transverse colostomy. The client is ready for discharge and asks the nurse to empty the colostomy pouch. The nurse's best response to the client is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
174.  The nurse is assisting with a pre-kindergarten physical on a five year-old. The last MMR vaccine will be administered. Allergy to which item might be a contraindication to giving the vaccine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
175.  The nurse knows which of the following is the proper technique for medical asepsis selecting:
A.
B.
C.
D.
176.  The nurse is assessing a six-month-old infant during a well child visit. The nurse makes all of the following observations. Which of the following assessments made by the nurse is an area of concern indicating a need for further evaluation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
177.  A client with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder has been referred to a local boarding home to be considered for placement. The social worker telephoned the hospital unit for information about the client's mental status and adjustment. The nurse should know that the most acceptable is : 
A.
B.
C.
D.
178.  The nurse should begin considering discharge concerns for a hospitalized client considering one fo of the following:
A.
B.
C.
D.
179.  Mrs. F. has remained close to the nurse all day. When the nurse talked with other clients during dinner, Mrs. F. tried to regain the nurse's attention and then began to shout "You're just like my mother. You pay attention to everyone but me!" The best interpretation of this behavior is that
A.
B.
C.
D.
180.  A three year-old child is treated in the emergency room after ingestion of an ounce from a liquid narcotic bottle. What action should the nurse take first?
A.
B.
C.
D.
181.  Which action would be the best strategy for the nurse to use when reinforcing insulin injection techniques to a newly diagnosed adult client with diabetes mellitus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
182.  An outpatient client is scheduled to receive an oral solution of radioactive iodine. In order to reduce hazards, the nurse should reinforce to the client that
A.
B.
C.
D.
183.  A school nurse plans to reinforce information about the most effective methods to prevent the spread of head lice in school age children at a teacher's conference . The most appropriate information to give would be that
A.
B.
C.
D.
184.  When evaluating a client with a pressure ulcer, the nurse understands that the best response to treatment of the sacral pressure ulcer on a client with a hip fracture would be indicated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
185.  A client refuses to take the medication prescribed because the client prefers to take an herbal preparation. What is the first action the nurse should take?
A.
B.
C.
D.
186.  The physician's orders for Mr. C. include warm compresses to the left leg three times a day for treatment of an open wound. The nurse should
A.
B.
C.
D.