Nclex-rn Exam Free Review By Nclex Masters

265 Questions  I  By Rneducator on May 3, 2009
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1.  When evaluating a client with a pressure ulcer, the nurse understands that the best response to treatment of the sacral pressure ulcer on a client with a hip fracture would be indicated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Mr. Reynolds, 69 years of age, is found unconscious by his wife at 7:00 a.m. An ambulance is summoned by the physician, and Mr. Reynolds is admitted to the medical unit, where you work as a practical nurse, with a diagnosis of cerebral vascular accident (CVA). As you assist the team leader with the admission process, you note a previous history of hypertension. His wife has also revealed that Mr. Reynolds complained of a headache before retiring the night before. In addition to the headache and hypertension, which of the following symptoms would you expect Mr. Reynolds to exhibit?
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  The nurse is collecting data on a client with a stage 2 skin ulcer. Which treatment is considered most effective to promote healing?
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  12.    A young woman with a history of bipolar disorder is admitted to the psychiatric unit. She is talking excitedly and walking rapidly around the unit. During the initial period of hospitalization, the nurse would most likely encourage the client to participate in group and therapeutic activities.
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Which statement by the nurse is appropriate when asking an unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) to assist a 69 year-old surgical client to ambulate for the first time?
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Mr. Reynolds, 69 years of age, is found unconscious by his wife at 7:00 a.m. An ambulance is summoned by the physician, and Mr. Reynolds is admitted to the medical unit, where you work as a practical nurse, with a diagnosis of cerebral vascular accident (CVA). As you assist the team leader with the admission process, you note a previous history of hypertension. His wife has also revealed that Mr. Reynolds complained of a headache before retiring the night before. The team leader instructs you to remove Mr. Reynolds's dentures. You do so because
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  While caring for a client, the nurse notes a pulsating mass in the client's periumbilical area. Which of the following actions is appropriate for the nurse to perform?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  A client calls the PN because of an onset of chest pain. Which of these statements would require the most immediate action?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  The mother of a three-month-old infant asks the nurse when she can start feeding her baby solid food. Which of the following should the nurse include in teaching this mother about the nutritional needs of infants?
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  A client is recovering from a hip replacement and is taking Tylenol #3 every 3 hours for pain. In checking the client, which finding suggests a side effect of the analgesic?
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Mr. D. has a disorder of the hypothalamus and is on a hypothermia blanket. The nurse should make which of the following assessments?
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  A client with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder has been referred to a local boarding home to be considered for placement. The social worker telephoned the hospital unit for information about the client's mental status and adjustment. The nurse should know that the most acceptable is : 
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  The parent of a three-year-old child brings the child to the clinic for a well child checkup. Which of these assessment findings made by the nurse is an area of concern and requires further investigation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  A child is admitted to the pediatric unit with a diagnosis of suspected meningococcal meningitis. Which of these nursing actions should the nurse expect to do first?
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  After working with a very demanding client, an unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) tells the nurse, "I have had it with that client. I just can't do anything that pleases him. I'm not going in there again." The nurse's appropriate response should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  A nurse is reinforcing teaching with a client about compromised host precautions. The client is receiving filgrastim (Neupogen) for neutropenia. The selection of which lunch suggests the client has learned about necessary dietary changes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Marty Cole, 7 years old, is admitted to the pediatric service with a diagnosis of juvenile diabetes mellitus. He has not been under treatment previously. As a practical nurse, you would expect Marty to exhibit all of the following symptoms EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  The nurse is responsible for assisting in the decisions about client room assignments. Which of these possible roommates would be most appropriate for a three year-old child with minimal change nephrotic syndrome?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  A school nurse plans to reinforce information about the most effective methods to prevent the spread of head lice in school age children at a teacher's conference . The most appropriate information to give would be that
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Miss Peters is found wandering on campus after a fraternity party. She is disheveled and does not know who she is. She has no recollection of the evening. She is diagnosed with dissociative amnesia subsequent to a rape. The most appropriate nursing diagnosis for the nurse to formulate is :
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  After a client has an intestinal feeding tube inserted, the most accurate method for verification of placement is
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  A 64 year-old client scheduled for surgery with a general anesthetic refuses to remove her dentures prior to leaving the unit for the operating room. The most appropriate intervention by the nurse is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  PharmacologyAn antibiotic (intramuscular) IM injection for a two year-old child is ordered. The total volume of the injection equals 2.0 ml The correct action is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  A client was just taken off the ventilator following surgery and has a nasogastric tube draining bile colored liquids. Which nursing measure will provide the most comfort to the client?
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  A client says, "It's raining outside and it's raining in my heart. Did you know that St. Patrick drove the snakes out of Ireland? I've never been to Ireland." The nurse reviews this data and determines that this client is experiencing a speech pattern commonly seen in manic episodes called
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  The nurse will administer liquid medicine to a nine month-old child. Which method is appropriate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  A client frequently compliments the nurse and invites the nurse to go to a movie and dinner. The nurse should take which approach?
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  A nurse has been named in a lawsuit. The best evidence a nurse can use for self- protection in a court of law is which of these items?
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  A ten year-old child has a history of tonic-clonic seizures. The school nurse should instruct the classroom teacher that if the child experiences a seizure in the classroom, the most important action during the seizure activity would be to
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  A child is admitted to the pediatric unit with a diagnosis of suspected meningococcal meningitis. Which of these nursing actions should the nurse expect to do first?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  A client is admitted with a diagnosis of schizophrenia. The client states "I don't need medication. It makes me sleepy." The client insists that the nurse explain the use and side effects of the medication. The nurse should understand that the best intervention is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Which statement by the nurse is appropriate when asking an unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) to assist a 69 year-old surgical client to ambulate for the first time?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  What is the primary nursing intervention to limit transmission of organisms for a client with a salmonella infection?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  The nurse checks a client with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The client has oxygen per mask for low PaO2 levels. A nursing priority would be to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  The nurse is caring for a client who is four days post-op for a transverse colostomy. The client is ready for discharge and asks the nurse to empty the colostomy pouch. The nurse's best response to the client is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  Mr. Reynolds, 69 years of age, is found unconscious by his wife at 7:00 a.m. An ambulance is summoned by the physician, and Mr. Reynolds is admitted to the medical unit, where you work as a practical nurse, with a diagnosis of cerebral vascular accident (CVA). As you assist the team leader with the admission process, you note a previous history of hypertension. His wife has also revealed that Mr. Reynolds complained of a headache before retiring the night before. Unresponsive patients like Mr. Reynolds may develop a drying of the cornea, which is usually caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  A child, injured on the school playground, appears to have a fractured leg. The first action the school nurse should take is
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  A client has been taking Procardia for Raynaud's disease and hypertension. Which finding would indicate that the client may be having a side effect of the medication?
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  Which action would be the best strategy for the nurse to use when reinforcing insulin injection techniques to a newly diagnosed adult client with diabetes mellitus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  A client is admitted with a diagnosis of schizophrenia. The client states "I don't need medication. It makes me sleepy." The client insists that the nurse explain the use and side effects of the medication. The nurse should understand that the best intervention is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Ms. Jordan is bedridden and positioned on her right side. There is a pillow beneath her head. Her right arm is extended near her hip. Her left leg is extended and parallel with the right leg. Which of the following is correct?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  The nurse would reinforce the need to take alendronate (Fosamax) as prescribed by the physician,
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.   The nurse is talking with a mother to assess her child. A positive response to which question would indicate the child is in the anal stage of psychosexual development as described by Freud?
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  A young adult is involuntarily admitted to the psychiatric unit in a manic state. Upon arrival on the unit he is unable to sit, and it is very difficult to follow what he is saying because of the rate and content of speech. He is very provocative and refuses to eat or drink. The area of disturbance that poses the greatest physical danger to this client is
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  A client with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and a history of coronary artery disease is receiving Aminophylline, 25mg/hour. Which finding by the nurse would require immediate intervention?
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  The health care provider order reads "aspirate nasogastric feeding (NG) tube every four hours and check pH of aspirate". The pH of the aspirate is 10. Which action should the nurse take?
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  X-RN A client with a diagnosis of methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has died. Which type of transmission-based precautions is the appropriate type to use when performing postmortem care?
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  After working with a very demanding client, an unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) tells the nurse, "I have had it with that client. I just can't do anything that pleases him. I'm not going in there again." The nurse's appropriate response should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  Ms. L. is to go home with her family. The nurse is evaluating that the family members can correctly move Ms. L. from the bed to a chair. Which of the following should be seen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  The nurse observes a newborn whose Apgar score was 8 and 9. This score would be most closely associated with which of these areas?
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Which newly admitted client would be most appropriate to assign to the unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP)?
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  The nurse is checking a woman in early labor. While positioning for a vaginal exam, she complains of dizziness and nausea and appears pale. Her blood pressure has dropped slightly. What is the appropriate initial nursing action?
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  Which cognitive skill would the nurse expect a six-year-old child to be in the process of developing?
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  In taking the history of a pregnant woman, which factor would the nurse recognize as the primary contraindication for breast feeding?
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  A client in a long term care facility complains of pain. The nurse collects data about the client's pain. The first step in pain assessment is for the nurse to
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  While giving nursing care to a hospitalized adolescent, the nurse should be aware that the major threat felt by the hospitalized adolescent is :
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  When planning for the care of a client with a pressure ulcer on the sacrum, the nurse would include which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  A client states, "People think I'm no good, you know what I mean?" Which nursing response would be most therapeutic for this client?
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  Scoliosis a C S curvature of the spine; it cna a temporary or permanent condidtion. At what time would the nurse expect early findings of scoliosis to appear?                                                                                      
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  Ms. F. suffered a stroke and has right-sided hemiparesis. The nurse is going to transfer her from bed to wheelchair. Which of the following is the best method?
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  The hospice nurse is visiting a 75 year-old client with end-stage cancer. For chronic malignant pain management in this client the nurse understands that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  A school nurse plans to reinforce information about the most effective methods to prevent the spread of head lice in school age children at a teacher's conference . The most appropriate information to give would be that
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  The nurse is reinforcing instructions for a client with asthma. Which item should be stressed for the client to monitor on a daily basis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  The nurse is caring for a client who is receiving procainamide (Pronestyl) intravenously. What is a priority for the nurse to do for her client?
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  Several clients are admitted to an adult medical unit. The nurse would expect airborne precautions for a client with which of the following medical conditions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  The nurse is assessing a six-month-old infant during a well child visit. The nurse makes all of the following observations. Which of the following assessments made by the nurse is an area of concern indicating a need for further evaluation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  In taking the history of a pregnant woman, which factor would the nurse recognize as the primary contraindication for breast feeding?
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  The nurse is reinforcing instructions for a client with asthma. Which item should be stressed for the client to monitor on a daily basis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  A client tells the nurse, "I have something very important to tell you if you promise not to tell anyone." The appropriate response by the nurse would be
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  The best action to establish correct placement of a gastric tube is for the nurse to
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  9.    Miss Rodriguez is an 88-year-old client at a long-term care facility. Prior to administering any medication or treatment to this client the nurse must confirm identity by asking the client if she is Miss Rodriguez
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  An elderly male client is transferred to a skilled nursing facility from the hospital because he is unable to ambulate due to a left femoral fracture. When doing a skin assessment, the nurse notices a 3-cm, round area partial thickness skin loss that looks like a blister on the client's sacrum. The nurse knows this is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  A client is receiving a nitroglycerin (NTG) infusion for unstable angina. What would be a priority for monitoring the effects of this medication?
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  In addition to handwashing, an appropriate infection control intervention during the care of a newly admitted adult client with a diagnosis of Hepatitis A would be which action?
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  Mr. Lowell is brought in after a motor vehicle accident. He has suffered a head injury and possible spinal injury. When moving him from the stretcher to the bed, the nurse should do the following
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  A nurse who works at an extended care facility has just reviewed a new medication order which is not legible. Which statement best reflects assertive communication to the health care provider who wrote the order?
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  X-RN A client with a diagnosis of methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has died. Which type of transmission-based precautions is the appropriate type to use when performing postmortem care?
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  Mr. Warren, a client with paranoid schizophrenia, has a delusion of persecution. He tells the nurse, "They are out to get me. They're spying on me." The nurse's best initial response is :
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  The health care provider order reads "aspirate nasogastric feeding (NG) tube every four hours and check pH of aspirate". The pH of the aspirate is 10. Which action should the nurse take?
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  The nurse is caring for a client with advanced cancer of the breast. She complains of hypoguesia. The nurse should recommend
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  A client tells the nurse, "I have something very important to tell you if you promise not to tell anyone." The appropriate response by the nurse would be
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  An adult is admitted to the hospital to undergo a stapedectomy for the treatment of otosclerosis. Which findings elicited during physical assessment are most indicative of otosclerosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  The nurse should be informed about cultural issues related to the client's background because one of the following:
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  A nurse is part of a community task force on teenage suicide. The task force is considering all of the following steps in an effort to reduce teen suicide. Which action represents primary prevention?
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  A client calls the evening health clinic to state "I know I have a severely low sugar since the Lantus insulin was given three hours ago and it peaks in two hours." What should be the nurse's initial response to the client?
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  The parents of a child who has suddenly been hospitalized for an acute illness state that they should have taken the child to the pediatrician earlier. Which approach by the nurse is appropriate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  Which one of these tasks could be assigned to the certified nursing assistant (cna)? 
A.
B.
C.
D.