Modern Topics 1950's Practice Test

33 Questions  I  By Chrisg
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  • 1. 
    Which of the following was seen as a symbol of worker conformity, while also serving as a white collar workers' uniform in the 1950's?
    • A. 

      Pin striped suit

    • B. 

      Grey flannel suit

    • C. 

      Dockers and sweater

    • D. 

      Mini skirt and blouse

    • E. 

      Poodle skirt and sweater


  • 2. 
    What did Jim Crow Laws do?
    • A. 

      Made it legal for blacks and whites to sit together in public places and use the same facilities.

    • B. 

      Made it illegal for blacks and whites to sit together in public places and use the same facilities

    • C. 

      Ended racial discrimination in the work place.

    • D. 

      Allowed women to demand equal pay for equal work.

    • E. 

      Terminated Native Americans from government assistance.


  • 3. 
    Which of the following is NOT true about the McCarthy era of the 1950's?
    • A. 

      Many actors and actresses were blacklisted for being communist sympathists and lost work for several years.

    • B. 

      The pledge of allegiance was changed during the McCarthy years to add the phrase "under god". This was meant to reinforce the values of America. It was also meant as a dig on the communists who were considered atheists/valueless.

    • C. 

      McCarthy was responsible for his own demise as the nation tuned in to see him making is reckless charges and bullying witnesses on television.

    • D. 

      People working in government were interviewed by the loyalty boards to determine if they were sympathetic to communist causes. The loyalty review boards were very effective and actually found and removed thousands of communists working in the government.

    • E. 

      Laws like the Smith Act and McCarran Act were passed making it illegal to be involved with communist organizations at this time.


  • 4. 
    Which of the following fashions would NOT have been popular in the 1950's?
    • A. 

      Short bob hair cut for girls

    • B. 

      The duck tail, often with greased hair for boys

    • C. 

      Jeans and rolled t-shirt (often w/ cigarettes in the sleeve)

    • D. 

      Bell bottoms and peasant tops


  • 5. 
    Which of the following books was NOT a popular 1950's book?
    • A. 

      Catcher in the Rye

    • B. 

      Farenheight 451

    • C. 

      On the Road

    • D. 

      Uncle Tom's Cabin

    • E. 

      A Separate Peace


  • 6. 
    Who claimed he had a list of 205 sate department workers that were communists during a rally in Wheeling, Virginia?
    • A. 

      Dwight Eisenhower

    • B. 

      Harry Truman

    • C. 

      Joseph McCarthy

    • D. 

      Douglass MacArthur

    • E. 

      Thurgood Marshall


  • 7. 
    Which of the following people is NOT accurately associated?
    • A. 

      Alger Hiss- accused spy

    • B. 

      Thomas Dewey- presidential candidate that was wrongly declared the loser in the 1948 election.

    • C. 

      Douglas MacArthur- Korean War general who would be controversially fired by Truman

    • D. 

      Harry Truman- president who integrated the troops and broke a strike of railroad workers after World War II

    • E. 

      Dwight Eisenhower- ordered the soldiers to protect the nine black students that were integrating Little Rock's Central High School


  • 8. 
    How did the Korean War end?
    • A. 

      Americans won.

    • B. 

      Koreans won.

    • C. 

      It ended in a stalemate. America restored the dividing line at the 38th parallel.

    • D. 

      We went to war with China.

    • E. 

      We went to war with Russia.


  • 9. 
    What was the nickname given to the 1946 midterm Congressional campaign that led Republicans to a victory because they campaigned on the frustrations that people were feeling with such a "liberal" philosophy?
    • A. 

      I like Ike campaign.

    • B. 

      Joe Six Pack Campaign.

    • C. 

      "had enough?" campaign

    • D. 

      McCarthyism

    • E. 

      Contract With America


  • 10. 
    Which of the following was NOT a pop culture trend of the 1950’s?
    • A. 

      A. 3-D movies which may have been played at popular drive in movie theatres

    • B. 

      Informal teen “sock hops” which might have featured new dance crazes like the “the hand jive”

    • C. 

      Telephone booth stuffing

    • D. 

      Wearing flowers in your long hair and peace beads around your neck.

    • E. 

      Mysteriously finding the graffiti statement “kilroy was here” in many locations


  • 11. 
    When Fidel Castro ousted Batista in Cuba in 1959,  about 10% of the Cuban population went into exile escaping the communist take over.  Where did a large majority of these Cuban refugees come and settle?
    • A. 

      In Florida.

    • B. 

      In Texas.

    • C. 

      In New York.

    • D. 

      In Mexico.


  • 12. 
    The refusal to bury World War II veteran Felix Longoria with an appropriate veteran’s funeral in Texas led to all of the following happening EXCEPT…
    • A. 

      The Greensboro sit-ins

    • B. 

      Increased Mexican American voter registration

    • C. 

      Running and promotion of pro-Mexican candidates in Texas


  • 13. 
    Which of the following best explains why Douglas MacArthur was fired during the Korean War?
    • A. 

      MacArthur objected to Truman’s integration of the troops and spoke out against it publicly hurting the war effort.

    • B. 

      It was discovered by the loyalty boards that MacArthur was a Communist.

    • C. 

      MacArthur was fired when Eisenhower took over in 1953 because the war wasn’t going anywhere.

    • D. 

      Truman fired him for publicly disagreeing with his war policies and publicly promoting the dropping of another nuclear bomb to end the war though Truman was opposed to that idea.


  • 14. 
    Which of the following is NOT true about the positions taken by the US/Soviets on Germany following World War II?
    • A. 

      Stalin wanted to keep Germany divided into the 4 spheres of influence with each of the big four maintaining control of their sphere.

    • B. 

      Stalin also wanted to see Germany pay back the Soviet Union for the war damages.

    • C. 

      The United States (Truman) wanted more of a united Germany and did not want to cripple Germany with a war debt.

    • D. 

      The US wanted to see German divided into a communist and non communist state as East Germany had been much harder hit economically during the war.


  • 15. 
    Where did many white families begin to move in the 1950's?
    • A. 

      The city.

    • B. 

      The country.

    • C. 

      The suburbs.


  • 16. 
    _______________ was a document signed by many members of Congress after the Brown vs: Board decision was handed down stating their disagreement with that decision. 
    • A. 

      Communist manifesto

    • B. 

      Southern Manifesto

    • C. 

      Treatise on the Rights of Man

    • D. 

      Social Contract

    • E. 

      Emancipation Proclamation


  • 17. 
    Which of the following is NOT true about rock n roll in the 1950’s?
    • A. 

      A huge scandal erupted when DJ’s were paid to play certain music (Payola scandal)

    • B. 

      Alan Freed was the first DJ to use the term

    • C. 

      Elvis' hip gyrations were considered obscene by some parents

    • D. 

      Rock n Roll helped accentuate the gap between white and black cultures in the 1950’s, as rock and roll was a white man’s music.

    • E. 

      Parents didn't necessarily approve of this new music at first as singers often emphasized "teen themes" (of love) and was very different than their own music.


  • 18. 
    Which of the following were not ‘en vogue’ during the 1950’s?
    • A. 

      Hula hooping

    • B. 

      Bomb shelters and drills like "duck and cover"

    • C. 

      Coon skin hats

    • D. 

      Drive in movie theatres

    • E. 

      Long hair and beards for men


  • 19. 
    The loss/failure of Chiang Kai-shek’s forces in China to Zedong’s communist forces can be largely blamed on…
    • A. 

      His weak and corrupt leadership

    • B. 

      US aid given to his opposition Zedong, gave the communists an unfair advantage

    • C. 

      The US fear and distrust of communism

    • D. 

      US lack of interest in the outcome of this war

    • E. 

      Douglas MacArthur refused to ever invade China


  • 20. 
    Which of the following did NOT result in the emergence of a new teen culture in the 1950’s?
    • A. 

      Psychologists began to recognize the teen years as an important developmental phase.

    • B. 

      A booming economy allowed this group to stay in school and out of work at this time.

    • C. 

      Movies and music as well as other consumer items began to target this group.

    • D. 

      Elvis mania, which many parents did not understand, began to further separate the two age groups.

    • E. 

      Women working long hours outside of the home leaving this age group with many new responsibilities around the home.


  • 21. 
    Which of the following was NOT used by African Americans desiring equality in the period following World War II to 1960?
    • A. 

      Calls for widespread violent demonstrations and responses by Blacks to mistreatments.

    • B. 

      Nonviolent sit-ins (such as the Greensboro sit-in) in places where segregation was taking place.

    • C. 

      Boycotts (such as in Montgomery) to economically hurt racist white businesses

    • D. 

      Formation of Civil Rights groups (such as SNCC and SCLC) to organize grass root efforts (freedom rides, marches, etc.)

    • E. 

      Groups like the NAACP used the courts as a means to change racist policies. They brought a series of cases demanding equal treatment.


  • 22. 
    The _______________ was adopted under Truman and offered education, unemployment benefits, health insurance and economic benefits (in the form of loans to buy homes/start businesses) for Veterans after World War II. 
    • A. 

      GI Bill of Rights

    • B. 

      Camp David Accords

    • C. 

      Great Society

    • D. 

      Newer Deal


  • 23. 
    Which of the following is NOT true about the beatnik movement?
    • A. 

      Beatnik writers rejected the materialism and conformity of the 1950’s.

    • B. 

      Their lyrics/prose vented frustrations often to a jazz beat and no topic was off limits. Some of these major works were even labeled as obscene as sexuality was a common topic.

    • C. 

      The beatniks rejected accepted norms of the 1950’s; suburbia, 9 to 5 jobs, clean cut appearance and images.

    • D. 

      This “mainstream” movement was championed by many pop culture icons like Elvis, Little Richard and Jerry Lee Lewis in the 1950’s.

    • E. 

      Beatniks were tied by disapproving mainstreamers to the Soviets (sputnik reference) as beats were against the conformity that McCarthyism mandated in the 1950’s.


  • 24. 
    Which of the following did NOT happen to the family after World War II?
    • A. 

      Initially many divorces would take place as families readjusted to returns from war.

    • B. 

      Women would return to traditional roles in the home in large numbers after the War.

    • C. 

      Families became larger, as a major baby boom took place.

    • D. 

      A major housing shortage would take place, until a new housing boom would take place and move many (mostly white) families out of the city and into the newly built suburbs.

    • E. 

      Women retained the power and independence they had developed while working during the War. Birth rates dropped as women waited to get married and have children.


  • 25. 
    Which of the following pop culture television shows was NOT popular in the 1950’s?
    • A. 

      Bonanza (western)

    • B. 

      Ed Sullivan Show

    • C. 

      Full House

    • D. 

      I Love Lucy

    • E. 

      Leave it to Beaver


  • 26. 
    What court case did Brown v. Board of Education overturn?
    • A. 

      Roe v. Wade

    • B. 

      Texas v. Johnson

    • C. 

      Plessy v. Ferguson

    • D. 

      Gideon v. Wainwright

    • E. 

      Dred Scott v. Sanford


  • 27. 
    Communist countries formed a group in 1955 that said that members would come to the aid of other attacked communist nations.  What is the name of this agreement?  
    • A. 

      United Nations

    • B. 

      NATO

    • C. 

      Warsaw Pact

    • D. 

      Marshall Plan


  • 28. 
    Which of the following countries was NOT part of the iron curtain?
    • A. 

      Poland

    • B. 

      Hungary

    • C. 

      Czechoslovakia

    • D. 

      Romania

    • E. 

      West Germany


  • 29. 
    What city did Stalin surround and cut off from outside resources in 1949, forcing the US and its allies to use planes to drop supplies to people there on the ground?
    • A. 

      Warsaw

    • B. 

      Berlin

    • C. 

      Praque

    • D. 

      Moscow

    • E. 

      London


  • 30. 
    Which of the following economic changes led to the conformity and “cookie cuttering” of 1950’s society?
    • A. 

      Spread of franchises

    • B. 

      Development of cheap manufactured housing for the suburbs

    • C. 

      Television advertising encouraging you to keep up with the Jones enhanced by planned obsoletism leading consumers to purchase the latest model

    • D. 

      Demand for “loyal personnel” and “company people” in white collar/service jobs

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 31. 
    Which of the following economic adjustments had to be made after World War II?
    • A. 

      A housing demand had to be met from the new baby boom.

    • B. 

      Price controls imposed during the war would be lifted causing major inflation.

    • C. 

      Wages had also been frozen during the war and would not quickly adjust to new costs of living.

    • D. 

      A high unemployment rate would initially occur as men returned from war. Formerly white male held positions had been filled during the war with women and minorities. These people would be eased out of these jobs.

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 32. 
    .______________ were affected by the government’s new “termination policy” which terminated its responsibility to look after this groups well being and tried in many ways to assimilate their culture into the mainstream by relocating them and finding them jobs.
    • A. 

      Native Americans

    • B. 

      Women

    • C. 

      Latinos

    • D. 

      Asians

    • E. 

      African Americans


  • 33. 
    Purposely defying a law to challenge an unjust law is known as ____________. 
    • A. 

      Containment

    • B. 

      Planned obsolescence

    • C. 

      Soul force

    • D. 

      Civil disobedience

    • E. 

      Freedom ride


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