To be very honest with you, orchestras can be conducted without a conductor if the members are disciplined enough and are adept at teamwork. Most of a conductor’s work is behind the scenes.
The conductor is responsible for orchestrating the musical piece they’re going to play. The pun aside, the conductor decides the number of members that will perform in the orchestra and who the soloist will be.
Soloist (In Blue)
It is a well-known fact that the music you hear in an orchestra is not through the composer’s mind who created it but through the interpretation of the conductor who studied it. The conductor has a definite impact on the piece and it’s often easy to spot it.
Pierre Boulez (most influential conductor of the 20th century)
The conductor creates the chord books for the respective musicians of the orchestra and conducts singular and collective rehearsals for the performance. The conductor is mostly one of the senior most members on the team for a simple reason. An orchestral work requires a gazillion hours of dedication and study. It often takes months to orchestrate half an hour of music.
Many people say that the conductor is unnecessary on stage and having him wave his hands is just a glorified thank you for his work behind the scenes, but that is a gross understatement. An orchestra is generally comprised of at least 50 musicians seated around a large auditorium and their notes can go out of tune due to the delays in sound propagation, especially between the violin and timpani. A good performance is ruined by a mistimed timpani.
The conductor acts a focal point for the whole band and they follow his lead. No matter how good a musician is, the pressure can make him forget count of the notes and lose his way but by following the conductor he can reduce the chances of such a thing happening. The gestures conductors use are choreographed during rehearsal and help a lot on the stage.
There are 4 instruments in the orchestra strings, percussion, brass and woodwind.
Orchestra is a large group of musicians that play together using different musical instrument like strings, brass instruments, percussion instruments and wood wind instruments. It is a collection of musicians and musical instruments led by a conductor. Orchestra play all type of music including classical.
Symphony is the common classical that is played by orchestra while Opera is a theatrical work that combines drama, song and sometimes dance. In opera, orchestra plays the music and the vocalist sings and act on the stage. There is no speaking in opera, the vocalist sings all the text.
Richard Wagner played a big role in making orchestra popular. Wagner was an opera and orchestra composer. He made orchestra bigger and popular by introducing many musical instruments aside the typical orchestra instruments that were mostly string instruments in the 17th century.
He introduced these instruments mainly for his compositions. This made orchestra bigger and theater halls larger. Other composers started composing music piece for variety of sounds. Before Wagner introduced extra instruments, orchestras were small and were limited to certain instruments.
Mozart, Beethoven and Mahler are also composers that made orchestras popular.
There is no specific number of members required for an orchestra performance. Orchestra is an ensemble of musicians and musical instruments. There are mainly four groups of instruments played in an orchestra. It is okay to say at least 10 - 15 members will be required for an orchestra performance. The number of members required depends on the musical piece the orchestra will perform.
An orchestra with less than 50 members is considered small and is called chamber orchesta. An orchestra with over 50 - 100 members is called symphony orchestra.
Orchestra is an Italian word that refers to a large group of instrumentalists playing different musical instruments together led by a conductor who directs the performance with the movement of his hands. A large orchestra is also referred to as symphony orchestra.
In Greek, "orkheisthai" which is orchestra in English means "to dance". It refers to a semicircular space where chorus is sang or danced.
Orchestra also means the main floor of a theater or cinema.
Orchestra became popular in the 19th century. It became bigger and larger in the 20th century. Orchestra was first seen in Greece. Orchestra in Greek refers to the front part of stage reserved for instruments. Violin was the primary string instrument played in orchestra. More instruments were added and removed as time passed.
Johann Sebastian Bach, Gustav Mahler, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart were some of the influential people that made orchestra popular. They composed some of the most popular piece played in orchestra. Kings and wealthy aristocrats had orchestra at their residence to entertain them, most people watched orchestra perform on stages. The composers, musicians and people made orchestra popular in the 19th century.
It will not be easy to answer this question properly as it would be difficult to determine who is the most famous orchestral conductor. A conductor might be praised by certain people and disliked by others. This is the same with musicians, footballers and many others.
Here are some of the well known orchestral conductors: Carlos Kleiber, Claudio Abbado, Leonard Bernstein, Colin Davis, Gustavo Dudamel, Nadia Boulanger, Valery Gergier, Pierre Boulez, Simon Rattle, Herbert Von Karajan, Wilhelm Furtwangler, Arturo Toscanini and Carlo Maria Giulini.
Orchestra has became a fading artform. Many orchestras have folded up. This is mainly due to a decrease in the demand for orchestra. Most young adult see orchestra as old-fashioned so they prefer to spend their leisure on other things. This has not only affected orchestra, it has affected performing art as a whole. Over half of those that go to orchestra these days are the elderly.
Running an orchestra is very expensive and they do not make much money from their performances. Even with the support of the government, it is still expensive to run an orchestra group.
In conclusion, orchestras are fading out because of the decrease in demand for them and decrease in revenue to run them.
For orchestras to remain relevant, it must recognize the need to change with time.
Yes, Chopin wrote orchestra pieces, most of Chopin's compositions were for solo piano. Chopin also wrote for piano concertos and orchestras. Most of his works include: waltzes, mazurkas, polonaises, études, impromptus, nocturnes, scherzos, sonatas and many others.
Chopin's most popular compositions are Sonatas and nocturnes. Chopin is mostly known for his solo piano compositions. Some of his musical piece are now played on other musical instruments like the violin.