Weather Final Practice Quiz (exam 1)

50 Questions  I  By Bailee
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Quiz of previous exam questions that may possibly be on the final - trying to memorize the answers.  

  
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1.  In middle latitudes, which cloud will have the lowest base?
2.  In the Northern Hemisphere, this day has the fewest hours of daylight
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  On the average, about what percentage of the solar energy that strikes the outer atmosphere eventually reaches the earth's surface?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  The rate at which the temperature changes inside a rising (or descending) parcel of saturated air is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Which of the following is considered a variable gas in the earth's atmosphere?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Which of the following weather elements ALWAYS decreases as we climb upward in the atmosphere?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Heat energy is taken from the environment, cooling the air when 
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  A supercooled cloud droplet refers to a droplet whose temperature is below
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  The earth's radiation is often referred to as _______ radiation, while the sun's radiation is often referred to as _______ radiation
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  A rising parcel of air that does not exchange heat with its surroundings is referred to as
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  A knowledge of air stability is important because
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Which of the following is NOT a heat-transport process in the atmosphere?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  When the air temperature increases, the saturation vapor pressure will
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  The combined albedo of the earth and the atmosphere is approximately 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The Earth's surface receives about ______ as much direct solar radiation compared to longwave radiation from the atmosphere 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  The nitrogen gas (N2) in the atmosphere is removed by
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Water vapor is
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  In the middle latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere on december 22nd, the sun
19.  If the air temperature in a room is 70 degrees f, the saturation vapor pressure is 25 mb, the dew point temperature is 45 degrees f, and the actual vapor pressure is 10 mb, the relative humidity must be _____ percent 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  The word "weather" is defined as
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Incoming solar radiation in middle latitudes is less in winter than in summer because
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  The flat top of a thunderstorm about 30,000 feet or 10km high would mark the top of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  The order of the layers of the atmosphere from lowest to highest is
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  Which of the following provides a measure of the average speed of air molecules
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  A dim, water sun visible through a gray sheet-like cloud layer is often a good indication of _____ clouds
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  The amount of forced exerted over an area of surface is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  If an air parcel initially has a temperature of 20 degrees c, what is the temperature of the parcel after lifting it a distance of 2 kilometers at the dry adiabatic rate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Atmospheric pressure changes _____ near the surface and ______ at higher altitudes
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Which of the following would remain constant if you traveled up through the troposphere?
30.  Which of the following is generally true at night?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  The atmospheric greenhouse effect is due primarily to the fact that
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  The earth's atmosphere is divided into layers based on changes in the vertical profile of
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  If the environmental lapse rate is 8 degrees c per kilometer and the moist adiabatic rate is 6 degrees per kilometer, the atmosphere is
A.
B.
C.
34.  During the ice crystal process of rain formation
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  The collision and coalescence precipitation process involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  At any given time, the atmosphere contains the equivalent of _____ globally distributed precipitation
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  As the air temperature increases, with no addition of water vapor to the air, the dew point will
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  The growth of a precipitation particle by the collision of an ice crystal (or snowflake) with a supercooled liquid droplet is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  The process of condensation and freezing
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  A temperature of 27 degrees c would be equal to what temperature on the Kelvin scale?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Although the polar regions radiate away more heat energy than they receive by insolation in the course of a year, they are prevented from becoming progressively colder each year by the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  The difference between "moist" and "dry" adiabatic rates is due to the fact that
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Which cloud type is composed of ice crystals and can cause a halo to form around the sun or moon?
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  The temperature to which air must be cooled in order to become saturated is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  If very cold air is brought indoors and warmed with no change in its moisture content, the saturation vapor pressure of this air will ______ and the relative humidity of this air will ______
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  If an air parcel initially has a temperature of 10 degrees c, what is the temperature of the parcel after lifting it a distance of 1 kilometer at a moist adiabatic rate of 7 degrees c per kilometer?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  In clear weather the air next to the ground is usually ______ than the air above during the night , and _______ than the air above during the day
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  Cloud condensation nuclei are classified as 
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  In a volume of air near the earth's surface, _______ occupies 78%, and _____ nearly 21%
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  In the middle latitudes, which cloud will have the highest base?
A.
B.
C.
D.
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