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Unit 2 History Ch. 28

65 Questions
History Quizzes & Trivia

America: A Narrative History

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    During the 1932 presidential campaign, the Republican and Democratic candidates both promised generally to balance the budget.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    The Twentieth Amendment moved the presidential inauguration date from March to January.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    Early in his presidency, Roosevelt carried through on his promise to end Prohibition.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    The CCC addressed the problem of overcharging by doctors and others in the medical and health professions.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    John Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath told of Wall Street businessmen brought to their knees after Black Tuesday.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    The AAA required farmers to donate surplus crops and livestock to feed the poor.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    By 1935, the NRA had become unpopular.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    The American Liberty League opposed New Deal measures as violations of personal and property rights.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    FDR made black civil rights a major priority, ordering that New Deal programs not practice racial discrimination.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    The Wagner Act helped dramatically boost union membership.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    FDR called the Social Security Act the “supreme achievement” of the New Deal.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Eleanor Roosevelt was a shy person who shunned attention, but she did much work behind the scenes to raise support for her husband’s New Deal.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    By the end of the 1930s, FDR’s New Deal had pushed the country a large way toward socialism.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    Despite the New Deal, full recovery from the Depression did not come until the crisis of World War II.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    The Fair Labor Standards Act forbade racial discrimination in hiring.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    Franklin D. Roosevelt:
    • A. 

      Was permanently disabled after contracting polio

    • B. 

      Was twice elected governor of Georgia

    • C. 

      Was born into a family of sharecroppers

    • D. 

      Supported the continuation of Prohibition

  • 17. 
    In the presidential election of 1932:
    • A. 

      Radical Socialist and Communist party candidates won nearly 1 million votes

    • B. 

      FDR’s training as vice president under Herbert Hoover helped him win the Democratic nomination

    • C. 

      Republican Alfred Landon won the electoral votes of only six states

    • D. 

      FDR promised to continue the economic policies of Herbert Hoover

  • 18. 
    Whose campaign song was “Happy Days Are Here Again”?
    • A. 

      Al Smith

    • B. 

      Herbert Hoover

    • C. 

      Theodore Roosevelt

    • D. 

      Franklin D. Roosevelt

  • 19. 
    The main purpose of the Civilian Conservation Corps was to:
    • A. 

      Train young men for the Army Corps of Engineers

    • B. 

      Provide work relief for young men

    • C. 

      Give young women an opportunity to earn money for higher education

    • D. 

      Promote conservation practices by the general public

  • 20. 
    This organization sought to set workplace standards, such as child labor restrictions:
    • A. 

      AAA

    • B. 

      FERA

    • C. 

      NRA

    • D. 

      CCC

  • 21. 
    All of the following writers but two (listed as a pair below) found work writing travel guides for the Federal Writers’ Project:
    • A. 

      Ernest Hemingway and John Cheever

    • B. 

      Ralph Ellison and Saul Bellow

    • C. 

      John Cheever and Eugene O’Neil

    • D. 

      Eugene O’Neil and Ernest Hemingway

  • 22. 
    The goal of the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933 was to raise farm income mainly through:
    • A. 

      Cutbacks in production

    • B. 

      Intensive farming

    • C. 

      A government takeover of the commodity trade in Chicago

    • D. 

      State and federal subsidies

  • 23. 
    • A. 

      The production of cheap electric power

    • B. 

      Opening rivers to boats and barges

    • C. 

      Flood control

    • D. 

      The development of Smoky Mountain National Park

  • 24. 
    Codes of fair practice were part of:
    • A. 

      FDIC

    • B. 

      HOLC

    • C. 

      NRA

    • D. 

      PWA

  • 25. 
    Huey Long:
    • A. 

      Developed a program called Share the Wealth

    • B. 

      Founded the National Union for Social Justice

    • C. 

      Challenged FDR for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1936

    • D. 

      Complained that the New Deal had gone too far by infringing on “the rights of persons and property”

  • 26. 
    In the case of Schechter Poultry Corporation v. United States, the Supreme Court:
    • A. 

      Overturned the Farm Credit Act

    • B. 

      Overturned the National Industrial Recovery Act

    • C. 

      Decided that Schechter was involved in interstate, not local, trade

    • D. 

      Upheld the constitutionality of the second Agricultural Adjustment Act

  • 27. 
    The National Labor Relations Act:
    • A. 

      Was upheld by the Supreme Court in United States v. Butler

    • B. 

      Gave jobs to several thousand unemployed miners

    • C. 

      Was often called the Wagner Act

    • D. 

      Was struck down by the Supreme Court in 1935

  • 28. 
    Which of the following statements about the Social Security Act is NOT true?
    • A. 

      It was, according to Roosevelt, the “supreme achievement” of the New Deal.

    • B. 

      It committed the national government to a broad range of welfare activities.

    • C. 

      It provided old-age pensions.

    • D. 

      It was based on a progressive tax that took a larger percentage of higher incomes.

  • 29. 
    The Revenue Act of 1935 (sometimes called the Wealth-Tax Act):
    • A. 

      Provided for a regressive tax

    • B. 

      Increased federal revenue significantly and thus helped finance the New Deal

    • C. 

      Raised taxes on incomes above $50,000

    • D. 

      Created a more equal distribution of wealth in America

  • 30. 
    In the case of Norris v. Alabama, the Supreme Court:
    • A. 

      Upheld the state’s Democratic white primary

    • B. 

      Overturned a state law restricting the sale of petroleum products beyond certain quotas

    • C. 

      Upheld Alabama’s claim that the Scottsboro Boys were not entitled to public defenders

    • D. 

      Ruled that the systematic exclusion of blacks from juries denied defendants equal protection of the law

  • 31. 
    What made the dust storms worse than normal was the transition during the early twentieth century from:
    • A. 

      Widespread industrial agriculture to scattered subsistence farming

    • B. 

      Fertilization to naturalization

    • C. 

      Widespread scattered subsistence farming to industrial agriculture

    • D. 

      Forests to clear cuts across the Great Plains

  • 32. 
    In the presidential election of 1936:
    • A. 

      African Americans voted overwhelmingly Republican for the first time since Reconstruction

    • B. 

      Republicans won most of the western farm vote and almost upset Roosevelt

    • C. 

      Republicans hoped that third-party candidates might split the Democratic vote and throw the election to them

    • D. 

      Socialist and Communist candidates together received over 2 million votes

  • 33. 
    Roosevelt’s court-packing scheme became unnecessary when:
    • A. 

      The Supreme Court ruled that the president, and not Congress, has authority to adjust the number of justices

    • B. 

      The Supreme Court agreed to an extension of the number of justices

    • C. 

      Congress removed cases involving the New Deal from the Supreme Court’s jurisdiction

    • D. 

      The Supreme Court began reversing previous judgments and upholding the New Deal

  • 34. 
    The “sit-down strike” was used successfully in 1937 by:
    • A. 

      Black workers

    • B. 

      Southern workers

    • C. 

      Steel workers

    • D. 

      Automobile workers

  • 35. 
    Labor’s new direction in the late 1930s was toward:
    • A. 

      Decentralization of union organization

    • B. 

      Industrial unions

    • C. 

      Women in unions

    • D. 

      The Republican party

  • 36. 
    The 1937 economic slump was caused in part by:
    • A. 

      A sharp decrease in government spending

    • B. 

      A sharp rise in private spending

    • C. 

      The huge government deficit

    • D. 

      The repeal of the Revenue Act of 1935

  • 37. 
    By the end of 1937, which group had coalesced against the New Deal?
    • A. 

      African Americans

    • B. 

      Liberal Democrats

    • C. 

      All western Democrats

    • D. 

      A bipartisan conservative bloc

  • 38. 
    In the elections of 1938:
    • A. 

      Roosevelt was defeated in his bid for reelection

    • B. 

      Roosevelt’s attempts to “purge” the Democratic party were largely unsuccessful

    • C. 

      Republicans won control of the House and the Democrats kept a majority of only two in the Senate

    • D. 

      Republicans won control of the Senate and Democrats kept a majority of only two in the House

  • 39. 
    The Farm Security Administration:
    • A. 

      Administered the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1937 (the “Second AAA”)

    • B. 

      Offered loans to marginal farmers (so they could avoid falling into tenancy) and to tenant farmers (so they could purchase their own farms)

    • C. 

      Provided federal subsidies for the expansion of large farms

    • D. 

      Established educational programs to teach farmers new agricultural methods

  • 40. 
    The conservative Democratic opposition to the New Deal in the late 1930s:
    • A. 

      Was heaviest in the South

    • B. 

      Succeeded in removing three of Roosevelt’s cabinet members

    • C. 

      Supported plans to replace Roosevelt with Henry Wallace as the Democratic presidential candidate in 1936

    • D. 

      Supported plans to replace Roosevelt with Huey Long as the Democratic presidential candidate in 1936

  • 41. 
    Charles E. Coughlin:
    • A. 

      Was the “radio priest”

    • B. 

      Headed the TVA

    • C. 

      Headed the BIA

    • D. 

      Wrote Uncle Tom’s Children

  • 42. 
    Who was the economist whose ideas provided a theoretical justification of the New Deal?
    • A. 

      Henry Morgenthau

    • B. 

      Arthur Laffer

    • C. 

      Milton Friedman

    • D. 

      John Maynard Keynes

  • 43. 
    The Indian Reorganization Act:
    • A. 

      Attempted to reinvigorate traditional Indian cultures

    • B. 

      Broke up tribal lands and allocated them to individuals

    • C. 

      Had the support of western congressmen and assimilated Indians

    • D. 

      Was the brainchild of Henry Dawes

  • 44. 
    The literary work that best captured the ordeal of the Depression was The Grapes of Wrath by:
    • A. 

      Lucy Mercer

    • B. 

      Margaret Mitchell

    • C. 

      Paul Muni

    • D. 

      John Steinbeck

  • 45. 
    Richard Wright:
    • A. 

      Led the conservative outcry against New Deal business regulation

    • B. 

      Starred in the original version of Scarface

    • C. 

      Wrote Native Son, a story of racial prejudice

    • D. 

      Was the outspoken head of the Farm Security Administration

  • 46. 
    Just before his election to the presidency in 1932, Franklin D. Roosevelt was serving as:
    • A. 

      Secretary of state

    • B. 

      Vice president

    • C. 

      Governor of New York

    • D. 

      National chairman of the Democratic party

  • 47. 
    At the outset of his presidency, to deal with the banking crisis, Roosevelt:
    • A. 

      Pushed through a bank bailout bill worth more than $7 billion

    • B. 

      Used his emergency powers to nationalize the banking industry

    • C. 

      Put strict limits on the issuance of paper currency

    • D. 

      Declared a bank holiday, shutting the banks down briefly

  • 48. 
    The social worker who headed the WPA at its creation in 1935 was:
    • A. 

      Frances Perkins

    • B. 

      John Nance Garner

    • C. 

      Henry Wallace

    • D. 

      Harry Hopkins

  • 49. 
    The fair practices codes of the NRA did all of the following EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Prohibit child labor

    • B. 

      Establish minimum wages of $13 per week

    • C. 

      Set a forty-hour work week

    • D. 

      Break up large corporations

  • 50. 
    The dust bowl can be associated with:
    • A. 

      Large migrations from the impacted area to the Atlantic coast

    • B. 

      Terrible storms that plagued the Great Basin

    • C. 

      A severe blow to farmers in Illinois, Ohio, and Wisconsin

    • D. 

      The blowing away of millions of acres of topsoil

  • 51. 
    Eleanor Roosevelt:
    • A. 

      Primarily played the role of White House hostess

    • B. 

      Had more influence than her husband in shaping New Deal policies

    • C. 

      Was an official member of FDR’s cabinet

    • D. 

      Was especially supportive of women, blacks, and organized labor

  • 52. 
    Huey Long’s program to end the Depression:
    • A. 

      Was a plan to “share the wealth”

    • B. 

      Emphasized tax breaks for big business

    • C. 

      Involved the creation of a fascist dictatorship

    • D. 

      Called for unadulterated free-market capitalism

  • 53. 
    Which is true of the 1936 presidential election?
    • A. 

      FDR was reelected, but Republicans made big gains in Congress.

    • B. 

      Huey Long ran one of the strongest third-party campaigns in history.

    • C. 

      FDR defeated Alf Landon in a landslide.

    • D. 

      Concerns over the coming war in Europe dominated the campaign.

  • 54. 
    In early 1937, FDR proposed to reform the Supreme Court by:
    • A. 

      Requiring justices to retire at age 70

    • B. 

      Adding up to six additional members

    • C. 

      Removing justices appointed by previous presidents

    • D. 

      Making justices regularly run for election

  • 55. 
    The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938:
    • A. 

      Set a minimum wage of forty cents an hour

    • B. 

      Protected workers’ right to form unions

    • C. 

      Was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court

    • D. 

      Required equal pay for female workers

  • 56. 
    The Marx Brothers:
    • A. 

      Came up with the most revolutionary theory in the history of labor relations

    • B. 

      Consisted of Curly, Larry, and Moe

    • C. 

      Produced some of the most serious dramatic films of the thirties

    • D. 

      Produced plotless masterpieces of irreverent satire

  • 57. 
    In 1938, Martin Dies, a congressman from Texas, used ________ to brand New Dealers as ________.
    • A. 

      The radio; too conservative

    • B. 

      The Ways and Means Committee; spendthrifts

    • C. 

      The Republican national convention; socialists

    • D. 

      The Committee on Un-American Activities; Communists

  • 58. 
    One drawback of the Tennessee Valley Authority was that:
    • A. 

      A drought could cause electricity rates to increase

    • B. 

      It forced people to move if their land was needed for dams and lakes

    • C. 

      Tennessee became one of the most polluted states in the nation

    • D. 

      It put all of the private power companies in the South out of business

  • 59. 
    One third of the “Okies”:
    • A. 

      Died in California in 1937 and 1938

    • B. 

      Faked their status in order to get free food

    • C. 

      Returned to their home states

    • D. 

      Ended up working as miners in the Sierra

  • 60. 
    To earn the federal payments for reducing crops:
    • A. 

      Tenants and sharecroppers had to stick with lucrative staples such as cotton

    • B. 

      Farmers had to let fields go idle for three years in a row

    • C. 

      Many landowners kicked off black tenants in favor of whites

    • D. 

      Many landowners took their leased lands out of production

  • 61. 
    During the Depression, the U.S. government deported 500,000 Mexican Americans and their American-born children because:
    • A. 

      Officials wanted to protect them from the KKK in Texas and New Mexico

    • B. 

      Officials wanted to avoid the costs of providing them with public service

    • C. 

      Officials wanted to put Okies to work in the California cotton fields

    • D. 

      Officials felt that the race tensions in American cities was too great

  • 62. 
    Who came up with the metaphor of a government “frozen in the ice of its own indifference”?
    • A. 

      Huey Long

    • B. 

      Eleanor Roosevelt

    • C. 

      Franklin Delano Roosevelt

    • D. 

      Charles Coughland

  • 63. 
    All of the following is true of the National Youth Administration EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      It provided part-time employment to students

    • B. 

      It was part of the WPA

    • C. 

      It set up technical training programs

    • D. 

      It set up technical training programs

  • 64. 
    It set up technical training programs
    • A. 

      A history published sixteen years after FDR died

    • B. 

      A newspaper editorial in the New York Times

    • C. 

      A line in “Happy Days Are Here Again”

    • D. 

      A speech FDR gave on the campaign trail

  • 65. 
    FDR said that “the only thing we have to fear, is”:
    • A. 

      “fear itself”

    • B. 

      “analysis paralysis”

    • C. 

      “capitalism”

    • D. 

      “greed”