Practice Research Quiz For Ch. 1 - 3a

27 Questions  I  By Patriciawhalen
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  • 1. 
    How are research questions most often described?
    • A. 

      Arising within a laboratory setting

    • B. 

      Posed after important factors are identified

    • C. 

      May arise from our everyday life experiences

    • D. 

      Always answered if we follow a scientific method of inquiry


  • 2. 
    In general, when selecting factors for a study, you want to be sure of which of these?
    • A. 

      They have been investigated before

    • B. 

      They are available to investigate

    • C. 

      They are not of interest to you

    • D. 

      They do not lead to another question


  • 3. 
    Which of the following best describes a hypothesis?
    • A. 

      Statement that you set out to prove

    • B. 

      Tested by collecting only the data that support it

    • C. 

      Proposed before a good research question can be developed

    • D. 

      Posits a clear relationship between different factors


  • 4. 
    Experimental methods can typically be described by which of the following?<!--[endif]-->
    • A. 

      Descriptive

    • B. 

      Cause-and-effect

    • C. 

      Correlational

    • D. 

      Qualitative


  • 5. 
    Michael hands out a survey to find out the average age and schooling level of his class. What type of research is this?
    • A. 

      Historical

    • B. 

      Cause-and-effect

    • C. 

      Quasi-experimental

    • D. 

      Descriptive


  • 6. 
    Identify and select the correct order of steps in scientific inquiry (note:  these are not ALL of the steps in the process)
    • A. 

      Formulating a hypothesis, collecting relevant information, testing the hypothesis, working with the hypothesis

    • B. 

      Reconsidering the theory, asking new questions, identifying the important factors, collecting relevant information

    • C. 

      Asking the question, identifying the important factors, asking new questions, testing the hypothesis

    • D. 

      Asking new questions, reconsidering the theory, working with the hypothesis, testing the hypothesis


  • 7. 
    Which of the following is true of the scientific method of inquiry?
    • A. 

      Complete once the hypothesis has been tested

    • B. 

      Will vary depending on the specific research question

    • C. 

      Systematic process that is used to answer questions

    • D. 

      Different in basic research than in applied research


  • 8. 
    Nonexperimental research methods consist of which of the following?
    • A. 

      Test causal relationships between variables

    • B. 

      Only describe characteristics of existing phenomenon

    • C. 

      Can be descriptive, historical, or correlational

    • D. 

      Examine factors that are not related


  • 9. 
    Hannah assigns children to different teaching method groups and tests their math performance after six weeks.  This is an example of what type of research?
    • A. 

      Descriptive

    • B. 

      Historical

    • C. 

      Experimental

    • D. 

      Uncontrolled


  • 10. 
    What is the major difference between applied and basic research?
    • A. 

      Basic research takes longer to complete

    • B. 

      Applied research is less important

    • C. 

      Basic research is more traditional

    • D. 

      Basic research has no immediate application


  • 11. 
    Samantha is interested in studying the relationship between gender differences and verbal ability. This is an example of what type of research?
    • A. 

      Descriptive

    • B. 

      Quasi-experimental

    • C. 

      Correlational

    • D. 

      Gender research


  • 12. 
    When variables compete to explain the same effects, what are they sometimes called?
    • A. 

      Contradictory

    • B. 

      Intertwining

    • C. 

      Confounding

    • D. 

      Interdependent


  • 13. 
    In a study of the effect of the amount TV viewing on children’s aggressiveness, amount of TV viewing would be what type of variable?
    • A. 

      Independent variable

    • B. 

      Dependent variable

    • C. 

      Control variable

    • D. 

      Extraneous variable


  • 14. 
    Factorial designs are experiments that can best be defined by which of these statements?
    • A. 

      Have one independent variable

    • B. 

      Have one dependent variable

    • C. 

      Have more than one independent variable

    • D. 

      Are tested on math problems


  • 15. 
    What type of variable has an unpredictable impact on the dependent variable?
    • A. 

      Wild variable

    • B. 

      Independent variable

    • C. 

      Extraneous variable

    • D. 

      Moderator variable


  • 16. 
    The null hypothesis represents which of the following statements?
    • A. 

      No relationship between the variables under study

    • B. 

      A positive relationship between the independent and dependent variables

    • C. 

      A negative relationship between the independent and dependent variables

    • D. 

      A difference between the variables under study


  • 17. 
    Which type of study may NOT have an implied null hypothesis?
    • A. 

      Correlational

    • B. 

      Descriptive

    • C. 

      Quasi-experimental

    • D. 

      Experimental


  • 18. 
    Our job as researchers is to eliminate ___________ as a factor contributing to differences between groups.
    • A. 

      Chance

    • B. 

      Change

    • C. 

      The hypothesis

    • D. 

      An average score


  • 19. 
    What does a good research question usually pursue?
    • A. 

      A small part of a broad topic

    • B. 

      A topic unrelated to any other topics

    • C. 

      The same thing as the null hypothesis

    • D. 

      A broad topic


  • 20. 
    The interpretation of “differences are significant” means that the differences found are_________________.
    • A. 

      Probably not due to chance

    • B. 

      Due to chance

    • C. 

      Creative outcomes

    • D. 

      Not dictated by the hypothesis


  • 21. 
    There will be no relationship between children's time in day care and later academic achievement. This is an example of which of the following?
    • A. 

      A research question

    • B. 

      A factorial design

    • C. 

      A correlation

    • D. 

      A null hypothesis


  • 22. 
    The significance level reported in a research study can be explained by which of the following?
    • A. 

      Importance of the results to the benefit of society

    • B. 

      a statistical method

    • C. 

      Risk associated with not being 100% confident the difference is due to the treatment

    • D. 

      Importance of the results to the benefit of an individual


  • 23. 
    What is the term often associated with the random variability introduced into every study as a function of the group of subjects participating, as well as many other unforeseen factors?
    • A. 

      Systematic error

    • B. 

      Non-normality

    • C. 

      Biased sampling

    • D. 

      Chance


  • 24. 
    Which of the following is a characteristic of a well-written research hypothesis?
    • A. 

      Asks a pertinent question

    • B. 

      Based on researcher’s instinct

    • C. 

      Should be long and detailed

    • D. 

      Is testable


  • 25. 
    Which of the following is a good way to find a research topic?
    • A. 

      Personal experience

    • B. 

      Getting an idea from your advisor

    • C. 

      looking for the next step in the research process

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 26. 
    Which source should NOT be cited in a formal academic literature review?
    • A. 

      Newsweek

    • B. 

      Review of Educational Research

    • C. 

      Handbook of Child Psychology

    • D. 

      Journal of Educational Finance


  • 27. 
    Type anything in the box below to get credit for this answer.  Do not try to answer these here, but be sure to be able to answer the following for the midterm:A.  Explain why a control group is important in an experiment.B. Why is it important to conduct secondary research and to have some theory in mind and a hypothesis in place before collecting data?C.  Why is it important that research be replicable?D.  Why is it important to select a sample that represents the population as closely as possible?E.  What is meant by statistical significance ?F.  How is the independent variable different from the dependent variable?G.  Discuss how to develop an idea into a research question, then a hypothesis.  For the following example, write a research question and pose a hypothesis.

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