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Practice Research Quiz For Ch. 1 - 3a

27 Questions
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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      Arising within a laboratory setting

    • B. 

      Posed after important factors are identified

    • C. 

      May arise from our everyday life experiences

    • D. 

      Always answered if we follow a scientific method of inquiry

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      They have been investigated before

    • B. 

      They are available to investigate

    • C. 

      They are not of interest to you

    • D. 

      They do not lead to another question

  • 3. 
    Which of the following best describes a hypothesis?
    • A. 

      Statement that you set out to prove

    • B. 

      Tested by collecting only the data that support it

    • C. 

      Proposed before a good research question can be developed

    • D. 

      Posits a clear relationship between different factors

  • 4. 
    Experimental methods can typically be described by which of the following?<!--[endif]-->
    • A. 

      Descriptive

    • B. 

      Cause-and-effect

    • C. 

      Correlational

    • D. 

      Qualitative

  • 5. 
    Michael hands out a survey to find out the average age and schooling level of his class. What type of research is this?
    • A. 

      Historical

    • B. 

      Cause-and-effect

    • C. 

      Quasi-experimental

    • D. 

      Descriptive

  • 6. 
    Identify and select the correct order of steps in scientific inquiry (note:  these are not ALL of the steps in the process)
    • A. 

      Formulating a hypothesis, collecting relevant information, testing the hypothesis, working with the hypothesis

    • B. 

      Reconsidering the theory, asking new questions, identifying the important factors, collecting relevant information

    • C. 

      Asking the question, identifying the important factors, asking new questions, testing the hypothesis

    • D. 

      Asking new questions, reconsidering the theory, working with the hypothesis, testing the hypothesis

  • 7. 
    Which of the following is true of the scientific method of inquiry?
    • A. 

      Complete once the hypothesis has been tested

    • B. 

      Will vary depending on the specific research question

    • C. 

      Systematic process that is used to answer questions

    • D. 

      Different in basic research than in applied research

  • 8. 
    Nonexperimental research methods consist of which of the following?
    • A. 

      Test causal relationships between variables

    • B. 

      Only describe characteristics of existing phenomenon

    • C. 

      Can be descriptive, historical, or correlational

    • D. 

      Examine factors that are not related

  • 9. 
    Hannah assigns children to different teaching method groups and tests their math performance after six weeks.  This is an example of what type of research?
    • A. 

      Descriptive

    • B. 

      Historical

    • C. 

      Experimental

    • D. 

      Uncontrolled

  • 10. 
    What is the major difference between applied and basic research?
    • A. 

      Basic research takes longer to complete

    • B. 

      Applied research is less important

    • C. 

      Basic research is more traditional

    • D. 

      Basic research has no immediate application

  • 11. 
    Samantha is interested in studying the relationship between gender differences and verbal ability. This is an example of what type of research?
    • A. 

      Descriptive

    • B. 

      Quasi-experimental

    • C. 

      Correlational

    • D. 

      Gender research

  • 12. 
    When variables compete to explain the same effects, what are they sometimes called?
    • A. 

      Contradictory

    • B. 

      Intertwining

    • C. 

      Confounding

    • D. 

      Interdependent

  • 13. 
    In a study of the effect of the amount TV viewing on children’s aggressiveness, amount of TV viewing would be what type of variable?
    • A. 

      Independent variable

    • B. 

      Dependent variable

    • C. 

      Control variable

    • D. 

      Extraneous variable

  • 14. 
    Factorial designs are experiments that can best be defined by which of these statements?
    • A. 

      Have one independent variable

    • B. 

      Have one dependent variable

    • C. 

      Have more than one independent variable

    • D. 

      Are tested on math problems

  • 15. 
    What type of variable has an unpredictable impact on the dependent variable?
    • A. 

      Wild variable

    • B. 

      Independent variable

    • C. 

      Extraneous variable

    • D. 

      Moderator variable

  • 16. 
    The null hypothesis represents which of the following statements?
    • A. 

      No relationship between the variables under study

    • B. 

      A positive relationship between the independent and dependent variables

    • C. 

      A negative relationship between the independent and dependent variables

    • D. 

      A difference between the variables under study

  • 17. 
    Which type of study may NOT have an implied null hypothesis?
    • A. 

      Correlational

    • B. 

      Descriptive

    • C. 

      Quasi-experimental

    • D. 

      Experimental

  • 18. 
    Our job as researchers is to eliminate ___________ as a factor contributing to differences between groups.
    • A. 

      Chance

    • B. 

      Change

    • C. 

      The hypothesis

    • D. 

      An average score

  • 19. 
    What does a good research question usually pursue?
    • A. 

      A small part of a broad topic

    • B. 

      A topic unrelated to any other topics

    • C. 

      The same thing as the null hypothesis

    • D. 

      A broad topic

  • 20. 
    The interpretation of “differences are significant” means that the differences found are_________________.
    • A. 

      Probably not due to chance

    • B. 

      Due to chance

    • C. 

      Creative outcomes

    • D. 

      Not dictated by the hypothesis

  • 21. 
    There will be no relationship between children's time in day care and later academic achievement. This is an example of which of the following?
    • A. 

      A research question

    • B. 

      A factorial design

    • C. 

      A correlation

    • D. 

      A null hypothesis

  • 22. 
    • A. 

      Importance of the results to the benefit of society

    • B. 

      a statistical method

    • C. 

      Risk associated with not being 100% confident the difference is due to the treatment

    • D. 

      Importance of the results to the benefit of an individual

  • 23. 
    What is the term often associated with the random variability introduced into every study as a function of the group of subjects participating, as well as many other unforeseen factors?
    • A. 

      Systematic error

    • B. 

      Non-normality

    • C. 

      Biased sampling

    • D. 

      Chance

  • 24. 
    Which of the following is a characteristic of a well-written research hypothesis?
    • A. 

      Asks a pertinent question

    • B. 

      Based on researcher’s instinct

    • C. 

      Should be long and detailed

    • D. 

      Is testable

  • 25. 
    Which of the following is a good way to find a research topic?
    • A. 

      Personal experience

    • B. 

      Getting an idea from your advisor

    • C. 

      looking for the next step in the research process

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 26. 
    Which source should NOT be cited in a formal academic literature review?
    • A. 

      Newsweek

    • B. 

      Review of Educational Research

    • C. 

      Handbook of Child Psychology

    • D. 

      Journal of Educational Finance

  • 27.