Arising within a laboratory setting
Posed after important factors are identified
May arise from our everyday life experiences
Always answered if we follow a scientific method of inquiry
They have been investigated before
They are available to investigate
They are not of interest to you
They do not lead to another question
Statement that you set out to prove
Tested by collecting only the data that support it
Proposed before a good research question can be developed
Posits a clear relationship between different factors
Descriptive
Cause-and-effect
Correlational
Qualitative
Historical
Cause-and-effect
Quasi-experimental
Descriptive
Formulating a hypothesis, collecting relevant information, testing the hypothesis, working with the hypothesis
Reconsidering the theory, asking new questions, identifying the important factors, collecting relevant information
Asking the question, identifying the important factors, asking new questions, testing the hypothesis
Asking new questions, reconsidering the theory, working with the hypothesis, testing the hypothesis
Complete once the hypothesis has been tested
Will vary depending on the specific research question
Systematic process that is used to answer questions
Different in basic research than in applied research
Test causal relationships between variables
Only describe characteristics of existing phenomenon
Can be descriptive, historical, or correlational
Examine factors that are not related
Descriptive
Historical
Experimental
Uncontrolled
Basic research takes longer to complete
Applied research is less important
Basic research is more traditional
Basic research has no immediate application
Descriptive
Quasi-experimental
Correlational
Gender research
Contradictory
Intertwining
Confounding
Interdependent
Independent variable
Dependent variable
Control variable
Extraneous variable
Have one independent variable
Have one dependent variable
Have more than one independent variable
Are tested on math problems
Wild variable
Independent variable
Extraneous variable
Moderator variable
No relationship between the variables under study
A positive relationship between the independent and dependent variables
A negative relationship between the independent and dependent variables
A difference between the variables under study
Correlational
Descriptive
Quasi-experimental
Experimental
Chance
Change
The hypothesis
An average score
A small part of a broad topic
A topic unrelated to any other topics
The same thing as the null hypothesis
A broad topic
Probably not due to chance
Due to chance
Creative outcomes
Not dictated by the hypothesis
A research question
A factorial design
A correlation
A null hypothesis
Importance of the results to the benefit of society
a statistical method
Risk associated with not being 100% confident the difference is due to the treatment
Importance of the results to the benefit of an individual
Systematic error
Non-normality
Biased sampling
Chance
Asks a pertinent question
Based on researcher’s instinct
Should be long and detailed
Is testable
Personal experience
Getting an idea from your advisor
looking for the next step in the research process
All of the above
Newsweek
Review of Educational Research
Handbook of Child Psychology
Journal of Educational Finance