Political Science 6

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  • 1. 
    The 2008 presidential election was important because it
    • A. 

      Demonstrated that the white power structure still controls the political parties.

    • B. 

      demonstrated that women and African Americans can be serious contenders for the presidency.

    • C. 

      Demonstrated that a woman could not run for the presidency unless she stressed “women’s issues.”

    • D. 

      Demonstrated that African Americans are still not taken seriously as presidential candidates.


  • 2. 
    Suspect classification
    • A. 

      Is a classification used to place suspected racists on a watch list.

    • B. 

      Is a method of classifying suspects as to whether their crimes are hate crimes.

    • C. 

      is used for situations involving handicapped persons.

    • D. 

      Creates a very high barrier to laws treating a suspect group differently from others.


  • 3. 
    The Supreme Court designated race a suspect class in
    • A. 

      The 1950s.

    • B. 

      the 1930s.

    • C. 

      the 1890s.

    • D. 

      The 1870s.


  • 4. 
    Attempts to ensure that blacks enjoyed equal citizenship in fact as well as theory after the Civil War
    • A. 

      Were blocked by Republicans in Congress.

    • B. 

      ended with the end of Reconstruction.

    • C. 

      were not successful until the passage of the Fourteenth Amendment.

    • D. 

      Were not successful until the passage of the Fifteenth Amendment.


  • 5. 
    Blacks were kept from exercising their rights in the South after Reconstruction by all of the following methods EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Jim Crow laws.

    • B. 

      Poll taxes.

    • C. 

      literacy tests.

    • D. 

      Civil suits.


  • 6. 
    The rights given blacks in the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments did not really help African Americans following the Civil War because
    • A. 

      Congress, the president, and southern state governments made little effort to enforce them. Congress, the president, and southern state governments made little effort to enforce them. Congress, the president, and southern state governments made little effort to enforce them.

    • B. 

      Congress, the president, and southern state governments made little effort to enforce them. the wording of rights in these amendments did not specifically mention African Americans.

    • C. 

      the nation was slow to ratify these amendments.

    • D. 

      The amendments did not apply to all the states.


  • 7. 
    The decision in _______ overturned Plessy v. Ferguson.
    • A. 

      Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka Kansas

    • B. 

      Korematsu v. United States.

    • C. 

      Sweatt v. Painter.

    • D. 

      Missouri ex rel Gaines v. Canada.


  • 8. 
    Korematsu v. United States
    • A. 

      Ended the doctrine of "separate but equal."

    • B. 

      declared immigration restrictions on Japanese Americans to be unconstitutional.

    • C. 

      limited the civil rights of Japanese Americans in the interest of national security.

    • D. 

      Held that the poll tax violated the Fourteenth Amendment.


  • 9. 
    In Brown v. Board of Education, the Supreme Court ruled unanimously that
    • A. 

      Segregated schools were inherently unequal because the very fact of segregation made blacks feel unequal.

    • B. 

      All segregated facilities were unconstitutional.

    • C. 

      School integration was the responsibility of state governments.

    • D. 

      School districts should integrate within five years


  • 10. 
    _____ discrimination is discrimination in fact.
    • A. 

      Ad hoc

    • B. 

      De jure

    • C. 

      De facto

    • D. 

      Ex post facto


  • 11. 
    The candidacy and election of Barack Obama had all of the following effects EXCEPT
    • A. 

      it increased optimism among blacks about their future.

    • B. 

      It clearly improved the candidacies of blacks in future elections.

    • C. 

      It led to criticism of the Obama administration that seemed to have a racial tinge.

    • D. 

      it led to a dramatically increased turnout among blacks in 2008.


  • 12. 
    All of the following statements concerning affirmative action are true EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Statistics indicate that blacks are now even with whites on most economic measures.

    • B. 

      It is intended to be a substantive remedy for past discrimination

    • C. 

      A majority of Americans support the principles behind affirmative action

    • D. 

      It is intended to be a substantive remedy for past discrimination


  • 13. 
    Congressional policy toward Native Americans has historically varied between
    • A. 

      Restricting Native Americans to reservations and reducing the size of reservations.

    • B. 

      Giving them status as independent nations and lumping them with other minorities.

    • C. 

      Creating a national tribal council and developing local tribal councils.

    • D. 

      Assimilating Native Americans into a European-based culture and encouraging independence and self-government.


  • 14. 
    Native Americans face the dilemma that
    • A. 

      They are asked to make concessions that are incompatible with their culture, but they depend on the American government to get them out of poverty.

    • B. 

      Hey want to join American culture completely but are blocked from doing so

    • C. 

      They could benefit from the gambling industry, but taking advantage of the gambling industry would it violate their values.

    • D. 

      They are divided over what to do with all the wealth they are obtaining from selling mineral rights on their lands.


  • 15. 
    Which of the following is NOT an important fact concerning Hispanic Americans?
    • A. 

      The Hispanic population is very diverse.

    • B. 

      Hispanics are the fastest growing ethnic group in the United States.

    • C. 

      They are considered to be an insignificant voting bloc in elections.

    • D. 

      The vast majority of Hispanics are Mexican Americans.


  • 16. 
    The lack of immigration from Asia during much of the first half of the twentieth century can be attributed most directly to
    • A. 

      Legislation passed by Congress that restricted immigration from China and Japan

    • B. 

      The fact that Asians have never seen the United States as providing economic opportunities for them.

    • C. 

      Japan's alliance with Germany in World War I, which created anti-American feelings that deterred immigration from Asia.

    • D. 

      The lack of political opportunities available to Asians in the United States.


  • 17. 
    During World War II, Japanese Americans
    • A. 

      Were placed in detainment camps for national security purposes.

    • B. 

      Lost their citizenship if they still had family members in Japan.

    • C. 

      Were often required to return to Japan.

    • D. 

      Fled America to live in Western Europe.


  • 18. 
    All of the following statements concerning Hispanics are true EXCEPT
    • A. 

      They face a negative political reaction to their immigration to the United States.

    • B. 

      They face hostility because they speak a different language.

    • C. 

      Issues surrounding their immigration to the United States are likely to fade in the near future.

    • D. 

      They represent a rapidly increasing proportion of the population.


  • 19. 
    The first Hispanic Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court
    • A. 

      Is Elian Gonzales.

    • B. 

      Is Sonia Sotomayor.

    • C. 

      Has yet to be appointed.

    • D. 

      Is Alberto Gonzales.


  • 20. 
    Which of the following statements concerning the status of women in the early nineteenth century America is NOT true?
    • A. 

      They could not initiate divorce proceedings.

    • B. 

      They could not bring a law suit.

    • C. 

      They could not gain custody of their children in case of divorce.

    • D. 

      They were not permitted to give up their American citizenship if they married a man who was not a citizen.


  • 21. 
    Women gained the right to vote by a strategy of
    • A. 

      Gaining the right to vote in states where they had support and expanding their support over time. gaining the right to vote in states where they had support and expanding their support over time.

    • B. 

      Winning support at the national level and then using that to win in the states.

    • C. 

      Getting sympathetic male voters to write in the names of women who won a surprising number of legislative seats.

    • D. 

      Gaining the support of the president.


  • 22. 
    Laws that treat men and women differently are subject to
    • A. 

      Strict scrutiny.

    • B. 

      The Lemon test.

    • C. 

      An intermediate standard of review.

    • D. 

      The Miller test.


  • 23. 
    The Lilly Ledbetter Act
    • A. 

      Requires a woman claiming gender discrimination in the workplace to do so within the first 150 days of employment.

    • B. 

      Extended the time period available to a woman claiming gender discrimination in the workplace.

    • C. 

      Was pushed through Congress by business interests to water down gender discrimination regulations.

    • D. 

      Requires affirmative action remedies in cases of gender discrimination in the workplace.


  • 24. 
    Women are
    • A. 

      Overrepresented in the Senate but underrepresented in the House of Representatives.

    • B. 

      Achieving a greater level of representation in Congress than are African Americans

    • C. 

      Overrepresented in many state legislatures.

    • D. 

      the most underrepresented group in Congress and state legislatures.


  • 25. 
    In Lawrence v. Texas, the Supreme Court ruled that
    • A. 

      State sodomy laws were a violation of the right to privacy.

    • B. 

      The right to same-sex marriage is protected by the U.S. Constitution.

    • C. 

      Fair employment policies for gays were unconstitutional.

    • D. 

      Gay couples have the right to receive social benefits available to married heterosexual couple


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