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Political Science 4

25 Questions
Political Science Quizzes & Trivia
Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The Constitution represents
    • A. 

      The founders’ views of the philosophically best government.

    • B. 

      The official rules for who gets what, when, and how in American politics.

    • C. 

      The justification for the Revolution.

    • D. 

      The most extreme example of popular sovereignty ever created.

  • 2. 
    In the United States,
    • A. 

      The legislative and executive branches have gradually come to share all institutional powers.

    • B. 

      Legislative powers include the ability to initiate and implement laws.

    • C. 

      Legislative, executive, and judicial powers are handled by separate institutions.

    • D. 

      The judiciary takes precedence over the legislative and executive branches by design.

  • 3. 
    All of the following comparisons between the House and the Senate are true EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Only House members have always been chosen by the public.

    • B. 

      Senators have longer terms than members of the House.

    • C. 

      Senate terms are staggered whereas all House members are elected at the same time.

    • D. 

      The House of Representatives was modeled after the British House of Lords whereas the Senate was modeled after the House of Commons.

  • 4. 
    The founders hoped that the Senate would be __________ the House of Representatives.
    • A. 

      More responsive to the public than

    • B. 

      More stable than

    • C. 

      Similar in every way to

    • D. 

      More accessible to the people than

  • 5. 
    An advantage of the unicameral legislature over the bicameral legislature is that
    • A. 

      Many more interests can be represented in it.

    • B. 

      It is much more responsive to public opinion.

    • C. 

      It can represent different levels of a federal government.

    • D. 

      It divides the power of government more than a bicameral legislature.

  • 6. 
    The Supreme Court has interpreted the ______ clause of the Constitution so broadly that there are very few restrictions on what Congress can do.
    • A. 

      Necessary and proper

    • B. 

      National supremacy

    • C. 

      Full faith and credit

    • D. 

      Commerce

  • 7. 
    The powers of the president include all of the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      He is commander-in-chief of the armed forces.

    • B. 

      He negotiates treaties

    • C. 

      He can call Congress into session under extraordinary circumstances.

    • D. 

      He can declare war.

  • 8. 
    The founders created the ________ as an intermediate body to elect the president.
    • A. 

      House of Representatives

    • B. 

      Electoral College

    • C. 

      Council of Governors

    • D. 

      Federal Election Commission

  • 9. 
    All of the following comparisons between the American presidential and parliamentary systems are true EXCEPT
    • A. 

      A prime minister can call new elections, whereas the president cannot.

    • B. 

      The prime minister is a member of parliament, whereas the president cannot be a member of Congress.

    • C. 

      Parliament chooses the head of the executive branch, whereas Congress normally does not.

    • D. 

      The prime minister is not chosen directly by the people, whereas the president is chosen directly by the people.

  • 10. 
    All of the following comparisons between the president and senators are true EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Senators have always been chosen by direct election.

    • B. 

      The minimum age to be president is older than the minimum age to be a senator.

    • C. 

      Presidents cannot be naturalized citizens.

    • D. 

      Presidents have shorter terms than senators.

  • 11. 
    In Federalist No. 78, Hamilton argue that the judiciary would be the least threatening branch of government because
    • A. 

      Judges are naturally peaceful.

    • B. 

      Its members can be impeached.

    • C. 

      It does not control the military or the budget of the nation.

    • D. 

      Its functions are totally passive.

  • 12. 
    The power of the Supreme Court to declare acts unconstitutional
    • A. 

      Is limited to acts of Congress.

    • B. 

      Was argued by Hamilton to be consistent with the Constitution.

    • C. 

      Can be overruled by laws passed by Congress.

    • D. 

      Is subject to presidential veto.

  • 13. 
    Article III of the Constitution
    • A. 

      Defines a ten-year term for federal judges.

    • B. 

      Forbids Congress from adjusting the structure and organization of federal courts

    • C. 

      Creates the Supreme Court but allows Congress to establish lower courts.

    • D. 

      Spells out in detail the structure and organization of the federal judiciary.

  • 14. 
    Legislative supremacy
    • A. 

      Is an alternative system to judicial review.

    • B. 

      Grew more important after the Civil War.

    • C. 

      Was never seriously considered by the founders.

    • D. 

      Is provided for in Article I of the Constitution.

  • 15. 
    The constitutional safeguard that places legislative, executive, and judicial powers in different hands is called
    • A. 

      Separation of powers.

    • B. 

      Checks and balances.

    • C. 

      Fusion of powers.

    • D. 

      Federalism.

  • 16. 
    Aspects of the system of checks and balances include all of the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Presidents can veto legislation.

    • B. 

      Presidents can force Congress to adjourn.

    • C. 

      Congress can impeach members of the judiciary. Congress can impeach members of the judiciary. the Supreme Court can declare acts of Congress or the president to be unconstitutional.

    • D. 

      Congress can impeach members of the judiciary.

  • 17. 
    The congressional abilities specifically listed in Article I, Section 8, are called the
    • A. 

      Concurrent powers.

    • B. 

      Elastic powers.

    • C. 

      Enumerated powers.

    • D. 

      Necessary and proper powers.

  • 18. 
    Which of the following is NOT a consequence of federalism?
    • A. 

      It creates a tendency for states to cut social benefits to better compete with each other.

    • B. 

      It creates a tendency for states to engage in “smokestack chasing.”

    • C. 

      It creates greater flexibility at local levels of government.

    • D. 

      It creates a more uniform environment for business activity across the country.

  • 19. 
    The “necessary and proper clause”
    • A. 

      States that it is necessary and proper for Congress to have sufficient reasons to impeach the president.

    • B. 

      States that the authorities must have a necessary and proper clause for search and seizure of private property.

    • C. 

      Is used by Congress to justify the exercise of powers not mentioned in Article I, Section 8, of the Constitution.

    • D. 

      Is used by the Supreme Court as justification for the power of judicial review.

  • 20. 
    Both the states and the national government may exercise all of the following powers EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Borrowing and spending money for the general welfare.

    • B. 

      Levying import or export taxes on goods.

    • C. 

      Establishing highways.

    • D. 

      Taking private property for public purposes.

  • 21. 
    The theory that defines the state and national governments as essentially separate from each other and carrying out independent functions is
    • A. 

      Cooperative federalism.

    • B. 

      Dual federalism.

    • C. 

      Separation of powers federalism.

    • D. 

      Ndependent federalism.

  • 22. 
    Cooperative federalism is a theory that
    • A. 

      Was an accurate depiction of American federalism during the eighteenth century

    • B. 

      Defines state and national powers as interdependent, requiring the cooperation of each other to get things done.

    • C. 

      Reflects the formal distribution of powers by the Constitution.

    • D. 

      Is modeled after a layer cake.

  • 23. 
    In McCulloch v. Maryland (1819), the Supreme Court held that
    • A. 

      The Supreme Court could declare acts of Congress to be unconstitutional.

    • B. 

      The federal government had the implied power to create a national bank.

    • C. 

      Congress was not allowed to outlaw slavery in U.S. territories

  • 24. 
    McCulloch v. Maryland increased the power of the federal government by
    • A. 

      Interpreting the commerce clause of the Constitution very broadly.

    • B. 

      Interpreting the “necessary and proper” clause of the Constitution very broadly.

    • C. 

      Interpreting the federal police power very broadly.

    • D. 

      Establishing that the states did not have the power to secede from the union.

  • 25. 
    Gibbons v. Ogden increased the power of the national government by interpreting the
    • A. 

      Federal police power very broadly.

    • B. 

      Congressional power to declare war very broadly.

    • C. 

      Commerce clause of the Constitution very broadly.