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A&p - Lower Extremity - Muscle

50 Questions
AP Quizzes & Trivia

A&P - Lower Extremity - Muscle (Fill In The Blank Questions - First Letter Caps)

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The primary function of the Quadraceps Group is
    • A. 

      Flexion

    • B. 

      Extension

    • C. 

      Dorsiflexion

    • D. 

      Medial Rotation

  • 2. 
    What muscles comprise the quadriceps femoris group?
    • A. 

      Rectus Femoris, Gracilis, Semitendinosus, Semimembranosus

    • B. 

      Rectus Femoris, Biceps Femoris (Long Head), Biceps Fermoris (Short Head)

    • C. 

      Rectius Femoris, Vastus Lateralis, Vastus Intermedius, Vastus Medialis

  • 3. 
    The distal end of the quadriceps and the patellar ligament are the same structure.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    The Rectus Femoris has another muscle action besides extending the knee, which is to:
    • A. 

      Abduct the thigh @ the hip

    • B. 

      Flex the thigh @ the hip

    • C. 

      Laterally rotate the thigh @ the hip

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 5. 
    The Rectus Femoris originates at the:
    • A. 

      Greater Trochanter

    • B. 

      AIIS

    • C. 

      Linea Aspera

    • D. 

      Pubic Bone

  • 6. 
    The Tensor Fascia Latae originates at the:
    • A. 

      Greater Trochanter

    • B. 

      Linea Aspera

    • C. 

      Pubic Bone

    • D. 

      ASIS

  • 7. 
    The Sartorious originates at the:
    • A. 

      ASIS

    • B. 

      AIIS

    • C. 

      Greater Trochanter

    • D. 

      Linea Aspera

  • 8. 
    Vastus Lateralis originates at the
    • A. 

      ASIS

    • B. 

      Intertrochanteric Line

    • C. 

      Greater trochanter

    • D. 

      Linea Aspera

  • 9. 
    Vastus Intermedius originates at the
    • A. 

      ASIS

    • B. 

      Greater trochanter

    • C. 

      Anterior/Lateral Femoral Shaft

    • D. 

      Linea aspera

  • 10. 
    The Vastus Medialis originates at the
    • A. 

      Greater trochanter

    • B. 

      Linea Aspera

    • C. 

      Intertrochanteric line

    • D. 

      Anterior/Lateral Femoral Shaft

  • 11. 
    Pectineus originates at?
    • A. 

      Pectineal Line of Femur

    • B. 

      Pubic bone (Pectin)

    • C. 

      Pubic tubercle

  • 12. 
    The Adductor Longus originates?
    • A. 

      Pubic Bone (Pectin)

    • B. 

      Pubic Tubercle

    • C. 

      Pectineal Line

    • D. 

      Body/Inferior Ramus of Pubis

  • 13. 
    The adductor brevis originates at
    • A. 

      Pubic bone

    • B. 

      Obturator Foramen

    • C. 

      Body/Inferior Ramus of Pubis

    • D. 

      ASIS

  • 14. 
    The Obturator Externus originates at
    • A. 

      Pubic Bone

    • B. 

      Pectineal line

    • C. 

      Body/Inferior Ramus of Pubis

    • D. 

      Obturator Foramen

  • 15. 
    The Adductor Magnus originates at
    • A. 

      Inferior Ramus of Pubis

    • B. 

      Ramus of the Ischium

    • C. 

      Ischial Tuberosity

    • D. 

      AIIS

  • 16. 
    The Gracilis originates at the
    • A. 

      Body of the Pubis

    • B. 

      Inferior Ramus of the Ischium

    • C. 

      Inferior Ramus of the Pubis

    • D. 

      Ischial Tuberosity

  • 17. 
    The Gemellus originates at the
    • A. 

      Inferior Ramus of the Pubis

    • B. 

      Ischial Tuberosity (Inferior)

    • C. 

      Illium between posterior/anterior gluteal lines

    • D. 

      Spine of the ischium (Superior)

  • 18. 
    The Obturator Internus originates at the
    • A. 

      Illium between posterior/anterior gluteal lines

    • B. 

      Spine of the ischium

    • C. 

      Obturator

    • D. 

      Pelvic bones

  • 19. 
    The Biceps Femoris Long Head, Semitendinosus, Semimembranosus and Quadratus Femoris all originate at the
    • A. 

      Spine of the Ischium

    • B. 

      Ischial Tuberosity

    • C. 

      Inferior Ramus of Pubis

    • D. 

      Dorsal Surface of the Sacrum & Coccyx

  • 20. 
    The Gluteus Maximus originates at the
    • A. 

      Obturator, Pelvic Bone

    • B. 

      S2-4

    • C. 

      Illium between anterior/posterior gluteal lines

    • D. 

      Line of Illium & Dorsal Surface of the Sacrum & Coccyx

  • 21. 
    The Gluteus Medius and Gluteus Minimus both originate at the illium between the anterior /inferior gluteal lines
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    The Biceps Femoris (short head) originates at?
    • A. 

      ASIS

    • B. 

      Linea aspera

    • C. 

      Upper 2/3 of lateral surface of tibia

    • D. 

      Supracondylar line of head of femur

  • 23. 
    The Peroneous (Fibularis) Longus originates?
    • A. 

      Inea aspera

    • B. 

      Upper 2/3 of lateral surface of tibia

    • C. 

      Supracondylar line of head of femur

    • D. 

      Interosseous membrane

    • E. 

      Head of fibula & proximal 2/3 of lateral fibula

  • 24. 
    The Peroneous (Fibularis) Brevis originates?
    • A. 

      Head of fibula & proximal 2/3 of lateral fibula

    • B. 

      Distal 2/3 of lateral fibula

    • C. 

      Supracondylar line of head of femur

    • D. 

      Linea Aspera of Femur

  • 25. 
    The Tibialis Anterior originates at the
    • A. 

      Lateral condyle of tibia

    • B. 

      Proximal, lateral surface of tibia

    • C. 

      Head of the fibula

    • D. 

      Interosseous membrane

  • 26. 
    Extensor Hallucis Longus orginates at?
    • A. 

      Lateral condyle of the tibia

    • B. 

      Medial of the tibia

    • C. 

      Mid-anterior surface of the fibula

    • D. 

      Interosseous membrane

  • 27. 
    Extensor Digitorum Longus originates at?
    • A. 

      Lateral condyle of tibia

    • B. 

      Interosseous membrane

    • C. 

      Lateral surface of tibia

    • D. 

      Proximal, anterior shaft of fibula

  • 28. 
    The Gastrocnemius originates on the poserior aspect of the knee at the condyles of the femur
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 29. 
    The Soleus originates at the
    • A. 

      Soleal line

    • B. 

      Proximal, posterior surface of tibia

    • C. 

      Posterior aspect of fibula

    • D. 

      Supracondylar line of femur

  • 30. 
    The Plantaris originates at the?
    • A. 

      Proximal posterior aspect of tibia

    • B. 

      Lateral condyle of femur

    • C. 

      Lateral supracondylar line of femur

    • D. 

      Oblique Popliteal ligament

  • 31. 
    Popliteus originates at the?
    • A. 

      Oblique Popliteal ligament

    • B. 

      Lateral supracondylar line of femur

    • C. 

      Lateral condyle of femur

  • 32. 
    The semimembranosus is part of the pes anserinus?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 33. 
    The Gracilis, Sartorious and the Semitendinosus comprise the Pes Anserinus group?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 34. 
    The femoral triangle consists of the inguinal ligament, the adductor longus and the sartorius.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 35. 
    The lateral rotators mnemonic "Preforming GOGO Queens" stands for Piriformis, Gemelleus (superior), Obturator Internous, Gemelleus (inferior), Obturator Externous, Quadratis Femoris
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 36. 
    The muscles which include the Piriformis, Gemellus, Obturators and the Quadratus femoris act to _________ ____________ the leg
    • A. 

      Extend and Flex the leg at the thigh

    • B. 

      Medially Rotate the leg

    • C. 

      Laterally Rotate the leg

  • 37. 
    The Lateral Rotators - Preforming GOGO Queens" stands for Piriformis, Gemelleus (superior), Obturator Internous, Gemelleus (inferior), Obturator Externous, Quadratis Femoris - all insert at the trochanter
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 38. 
    The Lateral Rotators - Preforming GOGO Queens" stands for Piriformis, Gemelleus (superior), Obturator Internous, Gemelleus (inferior), Obturator Externous, Quadratis Femoris - all are innervated by the sacral plexus except the Obturator Externus which is innervated by the Obturator
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 39. 
    The Quadraceps (Rectus Femoris, Vastus Lateralis, Vastus Intermedialis and Vastus Medialis)  all originate at the linea aspera of the femur except for the Rectus Femoris which originates at the AIIS.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 40. 
    The ADDuctors include the Pectineus, ADDuctor Brevis, ADDuctor Longus, Gracillis and ADDuctor Magnus (P,AB,AL, G,AM) and all Adduct the hip, Medially Rotate the Hip. All Flex the hip except the Gracillis
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 41. 
    The Semimembranosus, Semitendinosus and the Biceps Femoris (the hamstrings, all flexors of the knee) all originate at the Ischial Tuberosity
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 42. 
    The extensors of the ankle and toes consist of the Tibialis Anterior, the Extensor Digitorum Longus and the Extensor Hallucis Longus
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 43. 
    The flexors of the ankle and toes consists of the Tibialis Posterior, the Flexor Digitorum Longus and the Flexor Hallucis Longus.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 44. 
    The psoas major and the iliacus are powerful hip flexors.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 45. 
    Extensors are located along the anterior and lateral surfaces and the flexors lie along the posterior and medial surfaces of the leg.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 46. 
    The flexors of the knee include the:
    • A. 

      Biceps Femoris

    • B. 

      Gracillis

    • C. 

      Semitendinosus

    • D. 

      Semimebranous

    • E. 

      Sartorius

  • 47. 
    The flexors of the knee considered the hamstrings (biceps femoris, semitendinosus and semimembranosus) product both flexion of the knee and extension at the hip.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 48. 
    The popliteus muscle
    • A. 

      Originates on the femur near the lateral condyle

    • B. 

      Inserts on the posterior tibial shaft

    • C. 

      All of the above

  • 49. 
    In the hamstring group, the biceps femoris is on the lateral side of the body and the semitendinosus is more medial.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 50. 
    The gracillis is the only adductor that crosses the knee
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False