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A&p – Chapter 7 – The Muscular System

62 Questions  I  By Learninmama
A&P – Chapter 7 – The Muscular System
A&P – Chapter 7 – The Muscular System

  
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1.  Tension during muscle lengthening is often called ___ ___.Page 159
2.  When muscles contract simultaneously, the other muscles that relax are called ____.Pg 159
A.
B.
C.
3.  Thin myofilaments are made from a protein called-Pg 157
A.
B.
4.  Have unique dark bands called intercalated disks where the plasma membranes of adjacent _____ fibers come in contact with each other.Pg 156
A.
B.
C.
5.  Adductor Group-Pg 166(Select all that apply)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Aerobic training also causes an increase in the number of ______ in muscle fibers. This allows production of more ATP as a rapid energy source.Pg 165
7.  The neuromuscular junction is where ________ meets.Pg 161
A.
B.
C.
8.  ______ anchor muscles firmly to bones.Pg 157
9.  Have a smooth appearance when viewed under the microscope.Pg 156
A.
B.
C.
10.  In most cases produces movement of a joint.pg 162
A.
B.
11.  In a type of isotonic contraction called ____, the insertion end moves towards the point of origin.Pg 162
A.
B.
12.  Fibers are cylindrical, branch frequently, and then recombine into a continuous mass of interconnected tissue.Pg 156
A.
B.
C.
13.  The term _____ describes the continued increased metabolism that must occur in a cell to remove excess lactic acid that accumulates during prolonged exercise.Pg 160
14.  Quadriceps group-Pg 166(Select all that apply)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  If muscle fibers are stimulated repeatedly without adequate periods of rest, the strength of the muscle contraction decreases, resulting in _____.Pg 160
16.  The shutting off of impulses to certain skeletal muscles results in ______.Pg 160
17.  Prefixes that refer to muscle-(Select all that apply)Pg 155
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Of all the muscles contracting simultaneously, the one that is manily responsible for producing a particular movment is called the _______________.Pg 159
A.
B.
C.
19.  Formation of ____ results in a rapid consumption of oxygen & nutrients.Pg 160
A.
B.
20.  A single motor neuron, with the muscle fibers it innervates is called a ________/Pg 161
21.  Any increase above normal temperature is called-Pg 160
A.
B.
22.  Isometric-Pg 164(Choose all that apply)
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  The other muscles that helps in producing the movement are called ___.Pg 159
A.
B.
C.
24.  Is a moment around a longitudinal axis.Pg 173
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Each fine thread is a muscle is called a muscle cell or a muscle _____.Pg 156
26.  Muscle fibers are stimulated by a nerve fiber called a __________.Pg 161
A.
B.
27.  Any decrease below normal temperature is called-Pg 160
A.
B.
28.  Muscles are named by-(Select all that apply)Pg 183
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Function: Closes jawPg 168
A.
B.
C.
30.  Attachment of muscle to bone that doesn't move when contraction occurs.Pg G-23
A.
B.
31.  Chemicals called _____ are released by the motor neuron in response to a nervous impulse.Pg 161
A.
B.
C.
32.  A type of isotonic contraction wherea muscle produces tension as it lengthens and thus insertion moves away from the origin.Pg 162
A.
B.
33.  A quick, jerky response to stimulus.Pg 162
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Thick myofilaments are made from a protein called-Pg 157
A.
B.
35.  Tendon ______ enclose some tendons.Pg 157
36.  Smooth muscle is also referred to as-(Check all that apply)Pg 156
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Muscle hypertrophy can be enhanced by-Pg 164
A.
B.
38.  In order to create movement, muscle fibers usually _______.Pg 183
A.
B.
39.  Attachment of muscle to bone that moves when contractions occur.Pg G-17
A.
B.
40.  Most ___muscles attach to two bones that have a movable joint between them.Pg 157
41.  A contraction that does not always produce movement. Sometimes it increases the tension within a muscle but does not shorten it.Pg 162
A.
B.
42.  The ____ of muscle fibers produces most of the heat required to maintain body temperature.Pg 160
43.  Moving a part away from the midline of the body.Pg 173
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  What is the smallest functional unit of muscle?Pg 157-159
45.  A movement that makes the angle between two bones at their joint smaller than it was at the beginning of the movement.Pg 172
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Unique dark bands called _______ where the plasma membranes of adjacent cardiac fibers come in contact with each other.Pg 156
47.  Functions of skeletal muscles-Pg 159(Select all that apply)
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  Muscle fibers are said to respond ______.Pg 162
A.
B.
C.
49.  Thick & thin myofilaments are formed by proteins called-Pg 157
A.
B.
C.
50.  Isotonic-Pg 164-165(Choose all that apply)
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  The minimal level of stimulation required to cause a fiber to contract is called the ____ stimulus. Pg 162
52.  Hamstring group-Pg 167(select all that apply)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Made of dense, fibrous connective tissues in the shape of heavy cords.Pg 157
54.  During prolonged inactivity, muscles usually shrink in mass, a condition called ____.Pg 164
55.  A more sustained and steady response than a twitch.Pg 162
A.
B.
C.
56.  Function: Raises eyebrowspg 168
A.
B.
C.
57.  Skeletal muscle is also referred to as-(Check all that apply)pg 156
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  When maintain body posture because of continuous, low-strenght muscle contractions called ______ contractions.Pg 160
59.  What is required for contraction in the sliding filament model?Pg 158(Select all that apply)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  An organ composed mainly of striated muscle fibers & connective tissue.Pg 157
A.
B.
C.
61.  Muscular movement occurs when chemical enery from nutrient molecules are transferred to protein filaments in each muscle fiber and then converted to mechanical energy that attempts to contract the muscle.Pg 155
A.
B.
62.  Exercise may cause an increase in muscle size called ___.Pg 164
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