A&p – Chapter 7 – The Muscular System

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A&P – Chapter 7 – The Muscular System.?

  
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1.  Attachment of muscle to bone that doesn't move when contraction occurs.Pg G-23
A.
B.
2.  Any decrease below normal temperature is called-Pg 160
A.
B.
3.  Thick & thin myofilaments are formed by proteins called-Pg 157
A.
B.
C.
4.  An organ composed mainly of striated muscle fibers & connective tissue.Pg 157
A.
B.
C.
5.  Any increase above normal temperature is called-Pg 160
A.
B.
6.  In order to create movement, muscle fibers usually _______.Pg 183
A.
B.
7.  Isotonic-Pg 164-165(Choose all that apply)
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Made of dense, fibrous connective tissues in the shape of heavy cords.Pg 157
9.  Smooth muscle is also referred to as-(Check all that apply)Pg 156
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Of all the muscles contracting simultaneously, the one that is manily responsible for producing a particular movment is called the _______________.Pg 159
A.
B.
C.
11.  ______ anchor muscles firmly to bones.Pg 157
12.  A movement that makes the angle between two bones at their joint smaller than it was at the beginning of the movement.Pg 172
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Quadriceps group-Pg 166(Select all that apply)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Attachment of muscle to bone that moves when contractions occur.Pg G-17
A.
B.
15.  Muscular movement occurs when chemical enery from nutrient molecules are transferred to protein filaments in each muscle fiber and then converted to mechanical energy that attempts to contract the muscle.Pg 155
A.
B.
16.  Tension during muscle lengthening is often called ___ ___.Page 159
17.  The neuromuscular junction is where ________ meets.Pg 161
A.
B.
C.
18.  Most ___muscles attach to two bones that have a movable joint between them.Pg 157
19.  Aerobic training also causes an increase in the number of ______ in muscle fibers. This allows production of more ATP as a rapid energy source.Pg 165
20.  Chemicals called _____ are released by the motor neuron in response to a nervous impulse.Pg 161
A.
B.
C.
21.  Function: Closes jawPg 168
A.
B.
C.
22.  If muscle fibers are stimulated repeatedly without adequate periods of rest, the strength of the muscle contraction decreases, resulting in _____.Pg 160
23.  The minimal level of stimulation required to cause a fiber to contract is called the ____ stimulus. Pg 162
24.  Have a smooth appearance when viewed under the microscope.Pg 156
A.
B.
C.
25.  Formation of ____ results in a rapid consumption of oxygen & nutrients.Pg 160
A.
B.
26.  When maintain body posture because of continuous, low-strenght muscle contractions called ______ contractions.Pg 160
27.  Have unique dark bands called intercalated disks where the plasma membranes of adjacent _____ fibers come in contact with each other.Pg 156
A.
B.
C.
28.  The term _____ describes the continued increased metabolism that must occur in a cell to remove excess lactic acid that accumulates during prolonged exercise.Pg 160
29.  In most cases produces movement of a joint.pg 162
A.
B.
30.  When muscles contract simultaneously, the other muscles that relax are called ____.Pg 159
A.
B.
C.
31.  Thick myofilaments are made from a protein called-Pg 157
A.
B.
32.  In a type of isotonic contraction called ____, the insertion end moves towards the point of origin.Pg 162
A.
B.
33.  Moving a part away from the midline of the body.Pg 173
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Function: Raises eyebrowspg 168
A.
B.
C.
35.  Fibers are cylindrical, branch frequently, and then recombine into a continuous mass of interconnected tissue.Pg 156
A.
B.
C.
36.  Skeletal muscle is also referred to as-(Check all that apply)pg 156
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Muscle hypertrophy can be enhanced by-Pg 164
A.
B.
38.  The other muscles that helps in producing the movement are called ___.Pg 159
A.
B.
C.
39.  A quick, jerky response to stimulus.Pg 162
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  Is a moment around a longitudinal axis.Pg 173
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Functions of skeletal muscles-Pg 159(Select all that apply)
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  A single motor neuron, with the muscle fibers it innervates is called a ________/Pg 161
43.  During prolonged inactivity, muscles usually shrink in mass, a condition called ____.Pg 164
44.  Hamstring group-Pg 167(select all that apply)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Muscle fibers are said to respond ______.Pg 162
A.
B.
C.
46.  What is the smallest functional unit of muscle?Pg 157-159
47.  Each fine thread is a muscle is called a muscle cell or a muscle _____.Pg 156
48.  Isometric-Pg 164(Choose all that apply)
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  Prefixes that refer to muscle-(Select all that apply)Pg 155
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Adductor Group-Pg 166(Select all that apply)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Thin myofilaments are made from a protein called-Pg 157
A.
B.
52.  A type of isotonic contraction wherea muscle produces tension as it lengthens and thus insertion moves away from the origin.Pg 162
A.
B.
53.  A contraction that does not always produce movement. Sometimes it increases the tension within a muscle but does not shorten it.Pg 162
A.
B.
54.  A more sustained and steady response than a twitch.Pg 162
A.
B.
C.
55.  What is required for contraction in the sliding filament model?Pg 158(Select all that apply)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  The ____ of muscle fibers produces most of the heat required to maintain body temperature.Pg 160
57.  Muscles are named by-(Select all that apply)Pg 183
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  Exercise may cause an increase in muscle size called ___.Pg 164
59.  Unique dark bands called _______ where the plasma membranes of adjacent cardiac fibers come in contact with each other.Pg 156
60.  Tendon ______ enclose some tendons.Pg 157
61.  The shutting off of impulses to certain skeletal muscles results in ______.Pg 160
62.  Muscle fibers are stimulated by a nerve fiber called a __________.Pg 161
A.
B.
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