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A&p – Chapter 7 – The Muscular System

62 Questions  I  By Learninmama
A&P – Chapter 7 – The Muscular System
A&P – Chapter 7 – The Muscular System

  
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1.  The other muscles that helps in producing the movement are called ___.Pg 159
A.
B.
C.
2.  The ____ of muscle fibers produces most of the heat required to maintain body temperature.Pg 160
3.  Isotonic-Pg 164-165(Choose all that apply)
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  ______ anchor muscles firmly to bones.Pg 157
5.  Quadriceps group-Pg 166(Select all that apply)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  The term _____ describes the continued increased metabolism that must occur in a cell to remove excess lactic acid that accumulates during prolonged exercise.Pg 160
7.  A quick, jerky response to stimulus.Pg 162
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  If muscle fibers are stimulated repeatedly without adequate periods of rest, the strength of the muscle contraction decreases, resulting in _____.Pg 160
9.  Chemicals called _____ are released by the motor neuron in response to a nervous impulse.Pg 161
A.
B.
C.
10.  Muscular movement occurs when chemical enery from nutrient molecules are transferred to protein filaments in each muscle fiber and then converted to mechanical energy that attempts to contract the muscle.Pg 155
A.
B.
11.  Prefixes that refer to muscle-(Select all that apply)Pg 155
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  In order to create movement, muscle fibers usually _______.Pg 183
A.
B.
13.  When muscles contract simultaneously, the other muscles that relax are called ____.Pg 159
A.
B.
C.
14.  A movement that makes the angle between two bones at their joint smaller than it was at the beginning of the movement.Pg 172
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Most ___muscles attach to two bones that have a movable joint between them.Pg 157
16.  In most cases produces movement of a joint.pg 162
A.
B.
17.  Tension during muscle lengthening is often called ___ ___.Page 159
18.  Have unique dark bands called intercalated disks where the plasma membranes of adjacent _____ fibers come in contact with each other.Pg 156
A.
B.
C.
19.  Attachment of muscle to bone that doesn't move when contraction occurs.Pg G-23
A.
B.
20.  Exercise may cause an increase in muscle size called ___.Pg 164
21.  Smooth muscle is also referred to as-(Check all that apply)Pg 156
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Thick myofilaments are made from a protein called-Pg 157
A.
B.
23.  Each fine thread is a muscle is called a muscle cell or a muscle _____.Pg 156
24.  Aerobic training also causes an increase in the number of ______ in muscle fibers. This allows production of more ATP as a rapid energy source.Pg 165
25.  Adductor Group-Pg 166(Select all that apply)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Is a moment around a longitudinal axis.Pg 173
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  In a type of isotonic contraction called ____, the insertion end moves towards the point of origin.Pg 162
A.
B.
28.  What is the smallest functional unit of muscle?Pg 157-159
29.  A contraction that does not always produce movement. Sometimes it increases the tension within a muscle but does not shorten it.Pg 162
A.
B.
30.  Attachment of muscle to bone that moves when contractions occur.Pg G-17
A.
B.
31.  Unique dark bands called _______ where the plasma membranes of adjacent cardiac fibers come in contact with each other.Pg 156
32.  Function: Closes jawPg 168
A.
B.
C.
33.  Thin myofilaments are made from a protein called-Pg 157
A.
B.
34.  A type of isotonic contraction wherea muscle produces tension as it lengthens and thus insertion moves away from the origin.Pg 162
A.
B.
35.  Muscle fibers are said to respond ______.Pg 162
A.
B.
C.
36.  The shutting off of impulses to certain skeletal muscles results in ______.Pg 160
37.  A single motor neuron, with the muscle fibers it innervates is called a ________/Pg 161
38.  The minimal level of stimulation required to cause a fiber to contract is called the ____ stimulus. Pg 162
39.  Fibers are cylindrical, branch frequently, and then recombine into a continuous mass of interconnected tissue.Pg 156
A.
B.
C.
40.  Functions of skeletal muscles-Pg 159(Select all that apply)
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  A more sustained and steady response than a twitch.Pg 162
A.
B.
C.
42.  Skeletal muscle is also referred to as-(Check all that apply)pg 156
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Tendon ______ enclose some tendons.Pg 157
44.  When maintain body posture because of continuous, low-strenght muscle contractions called ______ contractions.Pg 160
45.  Function: Raises eyebrowspg 168
A.
B.
C.
46.  Muscle hypertrophy can be enhanced by-Pg 164
A.
B.
47.  An organ composed mainly of striated muscle fibers & connective tissue.Pg 157
A.
B.
C.
48.  Hamstring group-Pg 167(select all that apply)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Muscle fibers are stimulated by a nerve fiber called a __________.Pg 161
A.
B.
50.  Made of dense, fibrous connective tissues in the shape of heavy cords.Pg 157
51.  Any decrease below normal temperature is called-Pg 160
A.
B.
52.  Muscles are named by-(Select all that apply)Pg 183
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Isometric-Pg 164(Choose all that apply)
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  During prolonged inactivity, muscles usually shrink in mass, a condition called ____.Pg 164
55.  Of all the muscles contracting simultaneously, the one that is manily responsible for producing a particular movment is called the _______________.Pg 159
A.
B.
C.
56.  The neuromuscular junction is where ________ meets.Pg 161
A.
B.
C.
57.  Formation of ____ results in a rapid consumption of oxygen & nutrients.Pg 160
A.
B.
58.  Any increase above normal temperature is called-Pg 160
A.
B.
59.  Moving a part away from the midline of the body.Pg 173
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  What is required for contraction in the sliding filament model?Pg 158(Select all that apply)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  Have a smooth appearance when viewed under the microscope.Pg 156
A.
B.
C.
62.  Thick & thin myofilaments are formed by proteins called-Pg 157
A.
B.
C.
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