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A&p – Chapter 7 – The Muscular System

62 Questions  I  By Learninmama
A&P – Chapter 7 – The Muscular System
A&P – Chapter 7 – The Muscular System

  
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1.  Have unique dark bands called intercalated disks where the plasma membranes of adjacent _____ fibers come in contact with each other.Pg 156
A.
B.
C.
2.  The shutting off of impulses to certain skeletal muscles results in ______.Pg 160
3.  Of all the muscles contracting simultaneously, the one that is manily responsible for producing a particular movment is called the _______________.Pg 159
A.
B.
C.
4.  Have a smooth appearance when viewed under the microscope.Pg 156
A.
B.
C.
5.  Formation of ____ results in a rapid consumption of oxygen & nutrients.Pg 160
A.
B.
6.  Muscle fibers are said to respond ______.Pg 162
A.
B.
C.
7.  During prolonged inactivity, muscles usually shrink in mass, a condition called ____.Pg 164
8.  A more sustained and steady response than a twitch.Pg 162
A.
B.
C.
9.  Muscle hypertrophy can be enhanced by-Pg 164
A.
B.
10.  An organ composed mainly of striated muscle fibers & connective tissue.Pg 157
A.
B.
C.
11.  A contraction that does not always produce movement. Sometimes it increases the tension within a muscle but does not shorten it.Pg 162
A.
B.
12.  A single motor neuron, with the muscle fibers it innervates is called a ________/Pg 161
13.  A type of isotonic contraction wherea muscle produces tension as it lengthens and thus insertion moves away from the origin.Pg 162
A.
B.
14.  The ____ of muscle fibers produces most of the heat required to maintain body temperature.Pg 160
15.  When maintain body posture because of continuous, low-strenght muscle contractions called ______ contractions.Pg 160
16.  Muscles are named by-(Select all that apply)Pg 183
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  ______ anchor muscles firmly to bones.Pg 157
18.  Is a moment around a longitudinal axis.Pg 173
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Exercise may cause an increase in muscle size called ___.Pg 164
20.  In a type of isotonic contraction called ____, the insertion end moves towards the point of origin.Pg 162
A.
B.
21.  A quick, jerky response to stimulus.Pg 162
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Tension during muscle lengthening is often called ___ ___.Page 159
23.  Prefixes that refer to muscle-(Select all that apply)Pg 155
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Tendon ______ enclose some tendons.Pg 157
25.  Function: Raises eyebrowspg 168
A.
B.
C.
26.  Attachment of muscle to bone that doesn't move when contraction occurs.Pg G-23
A.
B.
27.  Hamstring group-Pg 167(select all that apply)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  The other muscles that helps in producing the movement are called ___.Pg 159
A.
B.
C.
29.  Smooth muscle is also referred to as-(Check all that apply)Pg 156
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Fibers are cylindrical, branch frequently, and then recombine into a continuous mass of interconnected tissue.Pg 156
A.
B.
C.
31.  Skeletal muscle is also referred to as-(Check all that apply)pg 156
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Any decrease below normal temperature is called-Pg 160
A.
B.
33.  Muscle fibers are stimulated by a nerve fiber called a __________.Pg 161
A.
B.
34.  Muscular movement occurs when chemical enery from nutrient molecules are transferred to protein filaments in each muscle fiber and then converted to mechanical energy that attempts to contract the muscle.Pg 155
A.
B.
35.  In order to create movement, muscle fibers usually _______.Pg 183
A.
B.
36.  What is the smallest functional unit of muscle?Pg 157-159
37.  A movement that makes the angle between two bones at their joint smaller than it was at the beginning of the movement.Pg 172
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  The term _____ describes the continued increased metabolism that must occur in a cell to remove excess lactic acid that accumulates during prolonged exercise.Pg 160
39.  Any increase above normal temperature is called-Pg 160
A.
B.
40.  Adductor Group-Pg 166(Select all that apply)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Thin myofilaments are made from a protein called-Pg 157
A.
B.
42.  Quadriceps group-Pg 166(Select all that apply)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Unique dark bands called _______ where the plasma membranes of adjacent cardiac fibers come in contact with each other.Pg 156
44.  The minimal level of stimulation required to cause a fiber to contract is called the ____ stimulus. Pg 162
45.  In most cases produces movement of a joint.pg 162
A.
B.
46.  What is required for contraction in the sliding filament model?Pg 158(Select all that apply)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Each fine thread is a muscle is called a muscle cell or a muscle _____.Pg 156
48.  The neuromuscular junction is where ________ meets.Pg 161
A.
B.
C.
49.  Made of dense, fibrous connective tissues in the shape of heavy cords.Pg 157
50.  Attachment of muscle to bone that moves when contractions occur.Pg G-17
A.
B.
51.  Most ___muscles attach to two bones that have a movable joint between them.Pg 157
52.  Functions of skeletal muscles-Pg 159(Select all that apply)
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  Aerobic training also causes an increase in the number of ______ in muscle fibers. This allows production of more ATP as a rapid energy source.Pg 165
54.  When muscles contract simultaneously, the other muscles that relax are called ____.Pg 159
A.
B.
C.
55.  If muscle fibers are stimulated repeatedly without adequate periods of rest, the strength of the muscle contraction decreases, resulting in _____.Pg 160
56.  Thick myofilaments are made from a protein called-Pg 157
A.
B.
57.  Isometric-Pg 164(Choose all that apply)
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  Isotonic-Pg 164-165(Choose all that apply)
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  Chemicals called _____ are released by the motor neuron in response to a nervous impulse.Pg 161
A.
B.
C.
60.  Function: Closes jawPg 168
A.
B.
C.
61.  Moving a part away from the midline of the body.Pg 173
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  Thick & thin myofilaments are formed by proteins called-Pg 157
A.
B.
C.
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