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A&p – Chapter 7 – The Muscular System

62 Questions  I  By Learninmama
A&P – Chapter 7 – The Muscular System
A&P – Chapter 7 – The Muscular System

  
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1.  Formation of ____ results in a rapid consumption of oxygen & nutrients.Pg 160
A.
B.
2.  Muscular movement occurs when chemical enery from nutrient molecules are transferred to protein filaments in each muscle fiber and then converted to mechanical energy that attempts to contract the muscle.Pg 155
A.
B.
3.  Adductor Group-Pg 166(Select all that apply)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  When muscles contract simultaneously, the other muscles that relax are called ____.Pg 159
A.
B.
C.
5.  What is the smallest functional unit of muscle?Pg 157-159
6.  The other muscles that helps in producing the movement are called ___.Pg 159
A.
B.
C.
7.  Isotonic-Pg 164-165(Choose all that apply)
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Quadriceps group-Pg 166(Select all that apply)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Attachment of muscle to bone that doesn't move when contraction occurs.Pg G-23
A.
B.
10.  The ____ of muscle fibers produces most of the heat required to maintain body temperature.Pg 160
11.  Skeletal muscle is also referred to as-(Check all that apply)pg 156
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  When maintain body posture because of continuous, low-strenght muscle contractions called ______ contractions.Pg 160
13.  Each fine thread is a muscle is called a muscle cell or a muscle _____.Pg 156
14.  Tendon ______ enclose some tendons.Pg 157
15.  Muscles are named by-(Select all that apply)Pg 183
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Prefixes that refer to muscle-(Select all that apply)Pg 155
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Muscle fibers are said to respond ______.Pg 162
A.
B.
C.
18.  Chemicals called _____ are released by the motor neuron in response to a nervous impulse.Pg 161
A.
B.
C.
19.  A quick, jerky response to stimulus.Pg 162
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Any increase above normal temperature is called-Pg 160
A.
B.
21.  The minimal level of stimulation required to cause a fiber to contract is called the ____ stimulus. Pg 162
22.  A movement that makes the angle between two bones at their joint smaller than it was at the beginning of the movement.Pg 172
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  Fibers are cylindrical, branch frequently, and then recombine into a continuous mass of interconnected tissue.Pg 156
A.
B.
C.
24.  Any decrease below normal temperature is called-Pg 160
A.
B.
25.  Attachment of muscle to bone that moves when contractions occur.Pg G-17
A.
B.
26.  Have a smooth appearance when viewed under the microscope.Pg 156
A.
B.
C.
27.  Of all the muscles contracting simultaneously, the one that is manily responsible for producing a particular movment is called the _______________.Pg 159
A.
B.
C.
28.  Muscle fibers are stimulated by a nerve fiber called a __________.Pg 161
A.
B.
29.  If muscle fibers are stimulated repeatedly without adequate periods of rest, the strength of the muscle contraction decreases, resulting in _____.Pg 160
30.  The term _____ describes the continued increased metabolism that must occur in a cell to remove excess lactic acid that accumulates during prolonged exercise.Pg 160
31.  Most ___muscles attach to two bones that have a movable joint between them.Pg 157
32.  The shutting off of impulses to certain skeletal muscles results in ______.Pg 160
33.  Muscle hypertrophy can be enhanced by-Pg 164
A.
B.
34.  An organ composed mainly of striated muscle fibers & connective tissue.Pg 157
A.
B.
C.
35.  Thick myofilaments are made from a protein called-Pg 157
A.
B.
36.  Made of dense, fibrous connective tissues in the shape of heavy cords.Pg 157
37.  Hamstring group-Pg 167(select all that apply)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Moving a part away from the midline of the body.Pg 173
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  In a type of isotonic contraction called ____, the insertion end moves towards the point of origin.Pg 162
A.
B.
40.  ______ anchor muscles firmly to bones.Pg 157
41.  Thick & thin myofilaments are formed by proteins called-Pg 157
A.
B.
C.
42.  Aerobic training also causes an increase in the number of ______ in muscle fibers. This allows production of more ATP as a rapid energy source.Pg 165
43.  Smooth muscle is also referred to as-(Check all that apply)Pg 156
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  A more sustained and steady response than a twitch.Pg 162
A.
B.
C.
45.  A contraction that does not always produce movement. Sometimes it increases the tension within a muscle but does not shorten it.Pg 162
A.
B.
46.  Function: Raises eyebrowspg 168
A.
B.
C.
47.  What is required for contraction in the sliding filament model?Pg 158(Select all that apply)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  In most cases produces movement of a joint.pg 162
A.
B.
49.  In order to create movement, muscle fibers usually _______.Pg 183
A.
B.
50.  Unique dark bands called _______ where the plasma membranes of adjacent cardiac fibers come in contact with each other.Pg 156
51.  The neuromuscular junction is where ________ meets.Pg 161
A.
B.
C.
52.  Function: Closes jawPg 168
A.
B.
C.
53.  Have unique dark bands called intercalated disks where the plasma membranes of adjacent _____ fibers come in contact with each other.Pg 156
A.
B.
C.
54.  Functions of skeletal muscles-Pg 159(Select all that apply)
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  Exercise may cause an increase in muscle size called ___.Pg 164
56.  A type of isotonic contraction wherea muscle produces tension as it lengthens and thus insertion moves away from the origin.Pg 162
A.
B.
57.  A single motor neuron, with the muscle fibers it innervates is called a ________/Pg 161
58.  Thin myofilaments are made from a protein called-Pg 157
A.
B.
59.  During prolonged inactivity, muscles usually shrink in mass, a condition called ____.Pg 164
60.  Tension during muscle lengthening is often called ___ ___.Page 159
61.  Is a moment around a longitudinal axis.Pg 173
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  Isometric-Pg 164(Choose all that apply)
A.
B.
C.
D.
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