A.p. Biology Chapter 5 (macromolecules)

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This is a quiz on chapter 5 of A. P. Biology. This chapter is on the same test as Chapters 6-8.

  
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  • 1. 
    What is a monomer?
    • A. 

      A single unit of macromolecules

    • B. 

      Multiple units of macromolecules

    • C. 

      A type of protein

    • D. 

      An organic compound


  • 2. 
    What is a polymer?
    • A. 

      A single unit of macromolecules

    • B. 

      Multiple units of macromolecules

    • C. 

      A type of protein

    • D. 

      An organic compound


  • 3. 
    How do you get from a monomer to a polymer?
    • A. 

      Add water

    • B. 

      Add carbon

    • C. 

      Remove water

    • D. 

      Remove carbon


  • 4. 
    How do you get from a polymer to a monomer?
    • A. 

      Add water

    • B. 

      Add carbon

    • C. 

      Remove water

    • D. 

      Remove carbon


  • 5. 
    What is a dehydration/condensation reaction?
    • A. 

      The addition of water

    • B. 

      The removal of water

    • C. 

      How to get from a polymer to a monomer

    • D. 

      How to get from a monomer to a polymer

    • E. 

      A and C

    • F. 

      B and D


  • 6. 
    What is hydrolysis?
    • A. 

      The addition of water

    • B. 

      The removal of water

    • C. 

      How to get from a polymer to a monomer

    • D. 

      How to get from a monomer to a polymer

    • E. 

      A and C

    • F. 

      B and D


  • 7. 
    What are carbohydrates?
    • A. 

      Proteins

    • B. 

      Fats, oils, etc..

    • C. 

      Sugars, starches, etc..

    • D. 

      The basis of genetics


  • 8. 
    What is the ratio of carbohydrate chemical formulas?
    • A. 

      CHO3O

    • B. 

      CH2O

    • C. 

      CHO

    • D. 

      CHO2


  • 9. 
      How many calories are in 1g of carbohydrate?
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      4

    • C. 

      9

    • D. 

      15


  • 10. 
    What is the monomer of carbs?
    • A. 

      Nucleotide

    • B. 

      Amino Acid

    • C. 

      Monosaccharide

    • D. 

      Glycerol


  • 11. 
    What are the 3 monosaccharides?
    • A. 

      Glucose, Sucrose, Lactose

    • B. 

      Maltose, Fructose, Galactose

    • C. 

      Glucose, Fructose, Galactose

    • D. 

      Maltose, Sucrose, Lactose


  • 12. 
    What is the polymer of a carbohydrate?
    • A. 

      Phospholipid

    • B. 

      Disaccharide

    • C. 

      DNA

    • D. 

      Secondary Structure


  • 13. 
    What holds 2 monosaccharides together?
    • A. 

      Glycosidic linkage

    • B. 

      Ester linkage

    • C. 

      Phosphodiester linkage

    • D. 

      Peptide bond


  • 14. 
    What does glucose+glucose give you?
    • A. 

      Maltose

    • B. 

      Sucrose

    • C. 

      Lactose

    • D. 

      Galactose


  • 15. 
    What does glucose+fructose give you?
    • A. 

      Maltose

    • B. 

      Sucrose

    • C. 

      Lactose

    • D. 

      Galactose


  • 16. 
    What does glucose+galactose give you?
    • A. 

      Maltose

    • B. 

      Sucrose

    • C. 

      Lactose

    • D. 

      Sucrose


  • 17. 
    What is starch?
    • A. 

      A form of protein

    • B. 

      A combination of many glucose molecules

    • C. 

      A storage polysaccharide

    • D. 

      Both B and C


  • 18. 
    What are the alpha glucoses?
    • A. 

      Animal and Plant starch

    • B. 

      Cellulose and chitin

    • C. 

      Animal starch and chitin

    • D. 

      Plant starch and cellulose


  • 19. 
    What are the beta glucoses (structural polysaccharides?
    • A. 

      Animal and Plant starch

    • B. 

      Cellulose and chitin

    • C. 

      Animal starch and chitin

    • D. 

      Plant starch and cellulose


  • 20. 
    What are the 2 plant starches?
    • A. 

      Amylaose and Glycogen

    • B. 

      Amylopectin and Glycogen

    • C. 

      Amylose and Amylopectin

    • D. 

      Glycogen and Glucose


  • 21. 
    What is animal starch called?
    • A. 

      Amylopectin

    • B. 

      Glucose

    • C. 

      Amylose

    • D. 

      Glycogen


  • 22. 
    What is cellulose used for?
    • A. 

      Fungi and arthropod exoskeletons

    • B. 

      Animal skeletons

    • C. 

      Plant cell walls

    • D. 

      Cell membranes


  • 23. 
    What is chitin used for?
    • A. 

      Fungi and arthropod exoskeletons

    • B. 

      Animal skeletons

    • C. 

      Plant cell walls

    • D. 

      Cell membranes


  • 24. 
    What are lipids?
    • A. 

      Proteins

    • B. 

      The basis for genetics

    • C. 

      Sugars, starches ,etc..

    • D. 

      Fats, oils, etc...


  • 25. 
    What are lipids made with?
    • A. 

      Glycerol and Glucose

    • B. 

      Phosphate and Glucose

    • C. 

      Glycerol and Fatty Acid

    • D. 

      Phosphate and Fatty Acid


  • 26. 
    How many carbons do fatty acids have?
    • A. 

      14-16

    • B. 

      16-18

    • C. 

      18-20

    • D. 

      20-22


  • 27. 
    What links fatty acids with glycerol?
    • A. 

      Phosphodiester linkage

    • B. 

      Peptide bond

    • C. 

      Glycosidic linkage

    • D. 

      Ester linkage


  • 28. 
    What is a monoglyceride?
    • A. 

      1 glycercol + 1 fatty acid

    • B. 

      Monomer of a protein

    • C. 

      Monomer of a carbohydrate

    • D. 

      A type of nucleic acid


  • 29. 
    What is a diglyceride?
    • A. 

      1 glycercol + 2 fatty acids

    • B. 

      Monomer of a protein

    • C. 

      Monomer of a carbohydrate

    • D. 

      A type of nucleic acid


  • 30. 
    What is a triglyceride?
    • A. 

      1 glycercol + 2 fatty acids

    • B. 

      Monomer of a protein

    • C. 

      Monomer of a carbohydrate

    • D. 

      A type of nucleic acid


  • 31. 
    What is another name for a triglyeride?
    • A. 

      Sugar

    • B. 

      Protein

    • C. 

      Fat

    • D. 

      DNA


  • 32. 
    How many calories are in 1g of fat?
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      4

    • C. 

      9

    • D. 

      15


  • 33. 
    What does fat do?
    • A. 

      Stores energy

    • B. 

      Insulates heat and electricity

    • C. 

      Absorbs shock

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 34. 
    What is a saturated fat?
    • A. 

      A fat maxed out with hydrogens, which is bad

    • B. 

      A fat maxed out with carbons, which is bad

    • C. 

      A fat maxed out with hydrogens, which is good

    • D. 

      A fat maxed out with carbons, which is good


  • 35. 
    Are saturated fats straight or bent?
    • A. 

      Straight

    • B. 

      Bent

    • C. 

      Neither


  • 36. 
    Are unsaturated fats straight or bent?
    • A. 

      Straight

    • B. 

      Bent

    • C. 

      Neither


  • 37. 
    Name a quality of saturated fats
    • A. 

      They are diglycerides

    • B. 

      Bent molecule

    • C. 

      Solid at room temp.

    • D. 

      Liquid at room temp.


  • 38. 
    Name a quality of unsaturated fats
    • A. 

      They are diglycerides

    • B. 

      Straight molecule

    • C. 

      Solid at room temp.

    • D. 

      Liquid at room temp.


  • 39. 
    What does it mean if an unsaturated fat is bent?
    • A. 

      It takes up more space, thus keeping membrane fluid

    • B. 

      It takes up less space, thus keeping membrane fluid

    • C. 

      It takes up more space, thus keeping membrane closed

    • D. 

      It takes up less space, thus keeping membrane closed


  • 40. 
    What is a polyunsaturated fat?
    • A. 

      An unsaturated fat that has many bent carbons

    • B. 

      An unsaturated fat that is as close to being saturated as possible

    • C. 

      An unsaturated fat that has been unsaturated many times

    • D. 

      Nothing, no such term exists


  • 41. 
    How do phospholips form?
    • A. 

      Phosphate attaches to one of the carbons of a lipid

    • B. 

      Phosphorus attaches to one of the carbons of a lipid

    • C. 

      Phosphate attaches to one of the oxygens of a lipid

    • D. 

      Phosphorus attaches to one of the oxygens of a lipid


  • 42. 
    What do phospholips do?
    • A. 

      Make up cell walls

    • B. 

      Give cells energy

    • C. 

      Make up cell membranes

    • D. 

      Carry out photosynthesis


  • 43. 
    What is the polar/hydrophyllic part of the phospholipid?
    • A. 

      Phosphate part

    • B. 

      Lipid part

    • C. 

      Both

    • D. 

      Neither


  • 44. 
    What is the non-polar/hydrophobic part of the phospholipid?
    • A. 

      Phosphate part

    • B. 

      Lipid part

    • C. 

      Both

    • D. 

      Neither


  • 45. 
    What are cell membranes made of?
    • A. 

      Chitin

    • B. 

      Cellulose

    • C. 

      Phospholipid Bilayer

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 46. 
    What is the head of a phospholipd?
    • A. 

      Glycerol and phosphate

    • B. 

      Fatty acids

    • C. 

      Neither

    • D. 

      Both


  • 47. 
    What is are the tails of a phospholipid?
    • A. 

      Glycerol and phosphate

    • B. 

      Fatty acids

    • C. 

      Neither

    • D. 

      Both


  • 48. 
    What is cholesterol?
    • A. 

      A steroid lipid with 5 fused rings

    • B. 

      A phospholipid with 5 fused rings

    • C. 

      A steroid lipid with 4 fused rings

    • D. 

      A phospholipid with 4 fused rings


  • 49. 
    How much dry weight is made of protein?
    • A. 

      30%

    • B. 

      40%

    • C. 

      50%

    • D. 

      60%


  • 50. 
    What is the monomer of protein?
    • A. 

      Monosaccharide

    • B. 

      Glycerol

    • C. 

      Nucleotide

    • D. 

      Amino acid


  • 51. 
    What is an amino acid made of?
    • A. 

      Amino + Methyl

    • B. 

      Amino + Carboxyl

    • C. 

      Amino + Hydroxyl

    • D. 

      Amino + Carbonyl


  • 52. 
    What are 2 amino acids called? 3+?
    • A. 

      Dinucleotide. Polynucleotide.

    • B. 

      Diglyceride. Polyglyceride.

    • C. 

      Disaccharide. Polysaccharide.

    • D. 

      Dipeptide. Polypeptide.


  • 53. 
    What is the 3D shape of proteins called?
    • A. 

      Formation

    • B. 

      Cisformation

    • C. 

      Conformation

    • D. 

      Transformation


  • 54. 
    What are primary proteins held together by?
    • A. 

      Peptide bonds

    • B. 

      Hydrogen bonds

    • C. 

      Disulfide bridge that latches onto cystine

    • D. 

      Covalent bonds


  • 55. 
    What are secondary proteins held together by?
    • A. 

      Peptide bonds

    • B. 

      Hydrogen bonds

    • C. 

      Disulfide bridge that latches onto cystine

    • D. 

      Covalent bonds


  • 56. 
    What are tertiary proteins held together by?
    • A. 

      Peptide bonds

    • B. 

      Hydrogen bonds

    • C. 

      Disulfide bridge that latches onto cystine

    • D. 

      Covalent bonds


  • 57. 
    What are quarternary proteins held together by?
    • A. 

      Peptide bonds

    • B. 

      Hydrogen bonds

    • C. 

      Disulfide bridge that latches onto cystine

    • D. 

      Covalent bonds


  • 58. 
    What is the difference between beta-pleated sheet and alpha-pleated helix?
    • A. 

      Beta is looped, alpha is zig zag

    • B. 

      Beta is zig zag, alpha is looped

    • C. 

      One is for primary proteins, another for secondary

    • D. 

      There is no difference.


  • 59. 
    What creates the conformation of a protein? (puts if from primary to quarternary?)
    • A. 

      The cytoplasm of the cell

    • B. 

      ATP

    • C. 

      Chaperonin organelle

    • D. 

      Chaperonin protein


  • 60. 
    What does it mean to denature a protein?
    • A. 

      Disable all bonds

    • B. 

      Permanently change conformation

    • C. 

      Change it to a cerbohydrate

    • D. 

      Take it from quarternary to tertiary structure


  • 61. 
    How do you denature a protein?
    • A. 

      Intense amounts of heat

    • B. 

      PH change

    • C. 

      Change salt concentration

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 62. 
    Give an example of a nucleic acid.
    • A. 

      DNA

    • B. 

      RNA

    • C. 

      ATP

    • D. 

      A and B

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 63. 
    What is the monomer of nucleic acids?
    • A. 

      Monosaccharide

    • B. 

      Glycerol

    • C. 

      Amino Acid

    • D. 

      Nucleotide


  • 64. 
    What 3 things do you need to make a nucleotide?
    • A. 

      Sugar, carbonic base, phosphate

    • B. 

      Sugar, nitrogenous base, phosphate

    • C. 

      ATP, RNA, DNA

    • D. 

      AMP, ADP, ATP


  • 65. 
    Which 5 carbon sugar do you need for nucleotide?
    • A. 

      Deoxyribose

    • B. 

      Ribose

    • C. 

      Neither

    • D. 

      Either is okay


  • 66. 
    What are the 2 types of nitrogenous bases?
    • A. 

      Actosine and Purine

    • B. 

      Mitchosine and Purine

    • C. 

      Pyrimidine and Structine

    • D. 

      Pyrimidine and Purine


  • 67. 
    What are the 3 pyrimidines?
    • A. 

      Cytosine, Thymine, Uricil

    • B. 

      Adenine, Guamine, Cytosine

    • C. 

      Uricil, Thymine, Guamine

    • D. 

      Cytosine, Uricil, Adenine


  • 68. 
    What is cytosine used in?
    • A. 

      DNA

    • B. 

      RNA

    • C. 

      Both

    • D. 

      Neither


  • 69. 
    What is thymine used in?
    • A. 

      DNA

    • B. 

      RNA

    • C. 

      Both

    • D. 

      Neither


  • 70. 
    What is uricil used in?
    • A. 

      DNA

    • B. 

      RNA

    • C. 

      Both

    • D. 

      Neither


  • 71. 
    How do you make the polymer of nucleotide?
    • A. 

      Bond carbon 2 with phosphate

    • B. 

      Bond carbon 3 with phosphate

    • C. 

      Bond carbon 4 with phosphate

    • D. 

      Bond carbon 5 with phosphate


  • 72. 
    What links a phosphate and a sugar of nucleotide?
    • A. 

      Ester linkage

    • B. 

      Phosphodiester linkage

    • C. 

      Peptide bond

    • D. 

      Glycosidic linkage


  • 73. 
    Is RNA double or single stranded?
    • A. 

      Double

    • B. 

      Single

    • C. 

      Neither

    • D. 

      Both


  • 74. 
    Is DNA double or single stranded?
    • A. 

      Double

    • B. 

      Single

    • C. 

      Neither

    • D. 

      Both


  • 75. 
    In DNA, how many H bonds do you need between C and G?
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      2

    • C. 

      3

    • D. 

      4


  • 76. 
    In DNA, how many H bonds are between T and A?
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      2

    • C. 

      3

    • D. 

      4


  • 77. 
    What does antiparallel refer to?
    • A. 

      DNA going from 5' to 3' on one side and 3' to 5' on the other side

    • B. 

      DNA going from 5' to 3' on both sides

    • C. 

      RNA going from 5' to 3' on one side and 3' to 5' on the other side

    • D. 

      RNA going from 5' to 3' on both sides


  • 78. 
    What is the radius of DNA?
    • A. 

      1 nm

    • B. 

      3.4 nm

    • C. 

      0.34 nm

    • D. 

      10 nm


  • 79. 
    What is the height of DNA staircase?
    • A. 

      1 nm

    • B. 

      3.4 nm

    • C. 

      0.34 nm

    • D. 

      10 nm


  • 80. 
    What is the distance between steps on DNA?
    • A. 

      1 nm

    • B. 

      3.4 nm

    • C. 

      0.34 nm

    • D. 

      10 nm


  • 81. 
    How many steps are in one turn of DNA?
    • A. 

      7

    • B. 

      8

    • C. 

      9

    • D. 

      10


  • 82. 
    What does a double helix refer to?
    • A. 

      Twisted ladder of DNA

    • B. 

      Untwisted ladder of DNA

    • C. 

      Twisted ladder of RNA

    • D. 

      Untwisted ladder of RNA


  • 83. 
    What compliments A?
    • A. 

      T

    • B. 

      C

    • C. 

      G

    • D. 

      A


  • 84. 
    What compliments C?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      T

    • C. 

      G

    • D. 

      C


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