Multiple Choice Practice--quiz 1

14 Questions  I  By Missweilnau
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Questions 1-14. Read the passage carefully before you choose your answers. The passage is from a contemporary British book about the English language. There is only one right answer.

  
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  • 1. 
    In the passage as a whole, a major shift in the development of the argument occurs at which of the following points?
    • A. 

      "More than five hundred years ago" (line 13)

    • B. 

      "Take a straightforward example" (line 20)

    • C. 

      "so what's really going on" (line 40)

    • D. 

      "Language often becomes" (line 54)

    • E. 

      "Compare the reactions of many Australians" (lines 64-65)


  • 2. 
    The author presents John Wallis (line 6), Samuel Johnson (lines 7-8), and Johnathan Swift (line 55) as hostile to
    • A. 

      Faulty studies of word origins

    • B. 

      Tedious debates about grammar

    • C. 

      Local misunderstandings of historical events

    • D. 

      Snobbish rejections of modern vocabulary

    • E. 

      Unnecessary changes in word usage in their eras


  • 3. 
    The chief effect of the word "hygienists" (line 16) is to
    • A. 

      Lend a tone of mock humor to the discussion

    • B. 

      Expand the argument to a subject other than language

    • C. 

      Establish a deferential attitude about the subject

    • D. 

      Provide an objective approach to the argument

    • E. 

      Set up a contrast between Roman and modern English standards of usage


  • 4. 
    What the author refers to as "weeds" (line 34) are 
    • A. 

      Usage changes

    • B. 

      Obsolete terms

    • C. 

      Diction errors

    • D. 

      Cliches

    • E. 

      Metaphors


  • 5. 
    The word "chopsticked" (line 38)is used as an examples of
    • A. 

      A new usage that is unlikely to persist

    • B. 

      A verb form created from a noun

    • C. 

      a verb in the past tense used as an adjective

    • D. 

      Fashionable slang used by international travelers

    • E. 

      foreign-language words becoming part of English


  • 6. 
    Paragraph three (lines 40-53) implies that those who would strictly follow rules of the English language feel 
    • A. 

      Timid whenever they must correct others' lingusitic errors

    • B. 

      Admiring of others linguistic creativity

    • C. 

      Free to break rules of social etiquette

    • D. 

      Satisfied that the flexibility of the English languageis superior to that of all others

    • E. 

      Anxious about how their use of language affects others' perception of them


  • 7. 
    In paragraphs three and four (lines 40-74), the author's discussion of reaction to changes in language developes by
    • A. 

      Accumulating evidence of changes in language that occur unintentionally and changes that are intended to manipulate situations

    • B. 

      Broadening from people's immediate circle of contacts to their own larger society and then to international perspective

    • C. 

      intensifying as it moves from spelling variations that annoy to word choices that express bias to larger communications that antagonize

    • D. 

      Contrasting examples of changes that reflect social concord and examples of changes that reflect social discord

    • E. 

      Drawing a parallel between examples from the world of business and examples from the world of internation relations


  • 8. 
    Examples in paragarph 4 (lines 54-74) provide evidence that
    • A. 

      Language usage can survive political turmoil

    • B. 

      Nationalism influence reactions to linguistic changes

    • C. 

      Generalizations about language usage or usual inaccurate

    • D. 

      Linguistic changes occur frequently now than in the past

    • E. 

      Dominant nations undergo more linguistic changes than less powerful nations


  • 9. 
    The example of Alfred the Great (lines 75-80) serves to
    • A. 

      Build on the point made in lines 1-5

    • B. 

      Underscore the example of Australians' reaction to American spellings (lines 64-72)

    • C. 

      Contrast views of past leaders with those of contemporary leaders

    • D. 

      Document the earliest changes to the English language

    • E. 

      Point out the parallel views of Noah Webster (lines 60-64)


  • 10. 
    The author indicates that international reactions to Americanized spellings of words can reflect
    • A. 

      A desire to return to simpler times

    • B. 

      Anxiety about pleasing American tourists

    • C. 

      Contempt for inaccuracies in the American usage

    • D. 

      Resentment of America's cultural and economic status

    • E. 

      Confident that local usage will ultimately prevail


  • 11. 
    The attitude of the author toward the English language is one of
    • A. 

      High regard for the early scholars of English grammar

    • B. 

      Acceptance of the changes in English despite a strong sense of loss

    • C. 

      Disdain for those condoning the linguistic flexibility of English

    • D. 

      Interest in the past of and optimism for the future of English

    • E. 

      Preoccupation with the accuracy of expression of English


  • 12. 
    The tone of the passage is best described as
    • A. 

      Dramatic

    • B. 

      Confidential

    • C. 

      Impressionistic

    • D. 

      Thoughtful yet playful

    • E. 

      Moralistic and rigid


  • 13. 
    The author employs which of the following in developing the arguments in the passage? I. Rhetorical Questions II. References to grammatical terms III. Quotations from famous writers IV. Examples from diverse eras
    • A. 

      III only

    • B. 

      I and II only

    • C. 

      II and IV only

    • D. 

      I, III, and IV only

    • E. 

      I, II, III, and IV


  • 14. 
    The author's relation to the reader is best described as that of
    • A. 

      An informed commentator

    • B. 

      A sympathetic allay

    • C. 

      An angry critic

    • D. 

      An amused colleague

    • E. 

      An aloof judge


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